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South Carolina State Implementation Plan

REGULATION NUMBER 62.5
STANDARD NUMBER 5
VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS



SECTION I - GENERAL PROVISIONS

Part A. Definitions.  Unless specifically designed elsewhere in
this Standard the definitions below and those contained in the
South Carolina Pollution Control Act and Regulation 62.1, Section
I will apply to this Standard.

1. "Air Dried Coatings" are coatings which are dried by the use
of air at temperatures up to 90 degrees Celsius (194 F).

2. "Air/vapor interface" means the combined areas of the entrance
and the exit openings of a conveyorized degreaser.

3. "Bead Dipping" means the dipping of an assembled tire bead
into a solvent based cement.

4. "Bulk Gasoline Terminal" means a gasoline storage plant which
receives gasoline from refineries primarily by pipeline, ship, or
barge, and delivers gasoline to bulk plants or to commercial or
retail accounts primarily by tank truck, and has a daily
throughout of more than 20, 000 gallons (76,000 liters) of
gasoline.

5. "Capture system" means the equipment (including hoods, ducts,
fans, etc.) used to contain, capture, or transport a pollutant to
a control device.

6. "Class II Hardboard Paneling Finish" is a finish which meets
the specifications of Voluntary Product Standard PS-59-73 as
approved by the American National Standards Institute. 

7. "Clear Coat" is a coating which lacks color and opacity or is
transparent and uses the under coat as a reflectant base or
undertone color.

8. "Coating Application System" means all operations and
equipment which apply, convey, and dry a surface coating,
including, but not limited to, spray booths, flow coaters,
conveyers, flashoff areas, air dryers and ovens.

9. "Coil Coatings" means the coating of any flat metal sheet or
strip that comes in rolls or coils.  This includes protective,
decorative, and functional coatings.

10. "Cold cleaning" means the batch process of cleaning and
removing soils from metal surfaces by spraying, brushing,
flushing, or immersion while maintaining the solvent below its
boiling point.  Wipe cleaning is not included in this definition.

11. "Condenser" is a device which cools a gas stream to a
temperature which removes specific organic compounds by
condensation.

12. "Construction" means on-site fabrication, erection, or
installation of an emission source, air pollution control
equipment, or a plant.

13. "Control device"  means equipment (incinerator, adsorber, or
the like) used to destroy, contain, or remove air pollutant(s)
prior to discharge.

14. "Control System" means any number of control devices and
associated equipment designed and operated to reduce the quantity
of VOC emitted.

15. "Conveyorized degreasing" means the continuous process of
cleaning metal surfaces using either cold or vaporized solvents.

16. "Cutback Asphalt" is asphalt cement which has been liquefied
by blending with petroleum solvents (diluents).

17. "Emission" means the release or discharge, whether directly
or indirectly, of any air pollutant from any source.

18. "Existing process" is any process described in any Part of
Section II of this Standard which was in existence or under
construction on the effective date of that Part.  July 1, 1979 is
the effective date for Parts A,B,C,D,E,N,O,S and T.  July 1, 1980
is the effective date for Parts F,G,H,P,Q and R.

19. "External Floating Roof" means a storage vessel cover in an
open top tank consisting of a double deck or pontoon single deck
which rests upon and is supported by the petroleum liquid being
contained and is equipped with a closure seal or seals to close
the space between the roof and tank shell.

20. "Extreme Environmental Conditions" means  constant exposure
to the weather, exposure to temperatures consistently above 95 C,
detergents, scouring, solvents, corrosive atmospheres, or similar
environmental conditions.

21. "Extreme Performance Coatings" means coatings designed for
harsh exposure or extreme environmental conditions.

22. "Fabric Coating" includes all types of coatings applied to
fabric including protective, decorative, and functional coatings.

23. "Flat Wood Paneling" includes wood construction products made
of plywood, particle wood, and hardboard for interior paneling. 
Not included are tileboard or particleboard used as furniture
component, or exterior siding.

24. "Flexographic Printing" is the application of words, designs,
and pictures to a substrate by means of a roll printing technique
in which the pattern to be applied is raised above the printing
roll and the image carrier is made of rubber or other rubber-like
synthetic materials.

25. "Freeboard height" means the distance from the top of the
vapor zone to the top of the degreaser tank.

26. "Freeboard ratio" means the freeboard height divided by the
width of the degreaser.

27. "Functional Coating" a coating that serves a purpose beyond
decoration or protection of the substrate being coated.  An
example  of functional coatings could include a layer of light
sensitive coating which helps form the photographic image on
photographic film.  Also, the camouflaging outercoat used by the
army on its vehicles is a functional coating.

28. "Gasoline" means a petroleum distillate having a Reid vapor
pressure of 4 psi (27.6 k Pa) or greater that is used as fuel for
internal combustion engines.

29. "Gasoline Tanker Truck" means tanker truck (or trailer
equipped with a storage tank) used for the transport of gasoline
to or from bulk gasoline terminals.

30. "Green Tires" means the assembled tires before molding and
curing.

31. "Green Tires Spraying" means the spraying of green tires,
both inside and outside, with release compounds which help remove
air from the tire during molding and which prevent the tire from
sticking to the mold after curing.

32. "Hardboard" is a panel manufactured primarily from inter-
felted ligna-cellulosic fibers which are consolidated under heat
and pressure in a hot press.

33. "Hardwood Plywood" is plywood whose surface layer is veneer
of hardwood.

34. "Heavy Coverage' means thick or large areas of a given color.

35. "Internal Floating Roof" means a cover or roof in a fixed
roof tank which rests upon or is floated upon the petroleum
liquid being contained, and which is equipped with a closure seal
or seals to close the space between the roof edge and tank shell.
36. "Large Appliances" includes doors, cases, lids, panels and
interior support parts of residential and commercial washers,
dryers, ranges, refrigerators, freezers, water heaters,
dishwashers, trash compactors, air conditioners and other similar
products.

37. "Light Coverage" is thin or small areas of a given color.

38. "Liquid-Mounted Seal" means a primary seal in continuous
contact with liquid between the tank wall and the floating roof
around the circumference of the tank.

39. "Low Solvent Coatings" are coatings which emit organic
solvent in amounts equal to or less than that required by the
Standard in specified applications.

40. "Magnet Wire Coating" means the process of applying a coating 
of electrically insulating varnish or enamel to aluminum or
copper wire used in electrical machinery.  This includes
protective, decorative, and functional coatings.

41. "Manufacture of Pneumatic Rubber Tires" means the production
of passenger car tires, light and medium truck tires and other
tires manufactured on assembly lines using automated equipment.

42. "Metal Furniture" includes any furniture made of metal or any
metal part which will be assembled with other metal, wood,
fabric, plastic or glass parts to form a furniture piece.

43. "Natural Finish Hardwood Plywood Panels" are panels whose
grain pattern is enhanced by essentially transparent finishes
frequently supplemented with fillers and toner.

44. "Non-attainment county" means a county which is determined by
the Department to exceed any National Ambient Air Quality
Standard.

45. "Non-designated county" means any county which has neither
been exempted in Section I, Part B nor listed as a non-attainment
county.

46. "Open top vapor degreasing" means the batch process of
cleaning metal surfaces by condensing hot solvent vapor on the
colder metal parts.

47. "Organic material"  means a chemical compound of carbon
excluding carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, carbonic acid,
metallic carbides or carbonates, and ammonium carbonate.

48. "Oven" means a heated chamber used to bake, cure, polymerize,
and/or dry a surface coating.

49. "Overall Emission Reduction Efficiency is the weight (per
unit of time) of VOC removed by a control device divided by the
weight per identical unit of time of VOC emissions generated by a
source, expressed as a percentage.

50. "Owner or operator" means any person who owns, leases,
controls, operates or supervises a facility, emission source, or
air pollution control equipment.

51. "Packaging Rotogravure Printing" means rotogravure printing
upon paper, paper board, metal foil, plastic film, and other
substrates, which are, in subsequent operations, formed into
containers and/or labels for articles to be sold.

52. "Paper Coating" means a coating put on paper and pressure
sensitive tapes regardless of substrate.  Related web coating
processes on plastic film, decorative coatings on metal foil and
functional coating are included in this definition.

53. "Passenger Type Tire" means agricultural, airplane,
industrial, mobile home, light and medium duty truck, and
passenger vehicle tires with a bead diameter up to 20.0 inches
and cross section dimension up to 12.8 inches.

54. "Petroleum Liquids" means petroleum, condensate, and any
finished or intermediate products manufactured in a petroleum
refinery but does not mean Number 2 through Number 6 fuel oils as
specified in A.S.T.M. D396-80, gas turbine fuel oils Number 2- GT
through 4-GT as specified in A.S.T.M. D2880-83, or diesel fuel
oils Number 2-D and 4-D specified in A.S.T.M. D975-82.

55. "Prime Coat" means the first film of coating applied in a
multicoat operation.

56. "Printed Interior Panels" are panels whose grain or natural
surface is obscured by fillers and basecoats upon which a
simulated grain or decorative pattern is printed.

57. "Production Equipment Exhaust System" is a device for
collecting and directing out of the work area VOC fugitive
emissions from reactor openings, centrifuge openings, and other
vessel openings for the purpose of protecting workers from
excessive VOC exposure.

58. "Publication Rotogravure Printing" is printing upon paper
which is subsequently formed into books, magazines, catalogues,
brochures, directories, newspaper supplements, or similar types
of printed materials.

59. "Roll Printing" is the application of words, designs, and
pictures to substrate by means of hard rubber or steel rolls,
each with only partial coverage.

60. "Saturation Process" - Saturation processes include coatings
which saturate throughout the body of a web, fabric or paper and
do not merely coat the surface of the web.  Textile dyeing
processes are not included.

61. "Reactor" means a vat or vessel, which may be jacketed too
permit temperature control, designed to contain chemical
reactions.

62. "Separation Operation" is a process that separates a mixture
of compounds and solvents into two or more components.  Specific
mechanisms include extraction, centrifugation, filtration, and
crystallization.

63. "Single Coat" means only one film of coating applied on the
metal substrate.

64. "Solvent" means organic materials which are liquid at
standard conditions and which are used as dissolvers, viscosity
reducers, or cleaning agents.

65. "Solvent metal cleaning" means the process of cleaning soils
from metal surfaces by cold cleaning or open top vapor degreasing
or conveyorized degreasing.

66. "Synthesized Pharmaceutical Manufacturing" means manufacture
of pharmaceutical products by one or more chemical reaction
followed by a series of purifying operations.  Organic chemicals
are used as raw materials and as solvents.

67. "Thin Particleboard" is a manufactured board one-quarter inch
or less in thickness made of individual wood particles which have
been coated with a binder and formed into flat sheets by
pressure.

68. "Tileboard" is paneling that has a colored waterproof surface
coating.

69. "Topcoat" means the final film of coating applied in a
multicoat operation.

70. "Total potential emissions" means the maximum capacity of a
plant or portion of a plant (of a type governed by this
regulation) to emit a pollutant under its physical or operational
design, in the absence of air pollution control equipment.  Any
physical or operational limitations which affect the capacity of
the plant to emit a pollutant, including restrictions on hours of
operation or on the type or amount of material combusted, stored
or processed, shall be treated as part of its design if the
limitation or the effect it would have on emissions is
enforceable.

71. "True Vapor Pressure" means the equilibrium partial pressure
exerted by petroleum liquid as determined in accordance with
methods described in American Petroleum Institute Bulletin 2517,
"Evaporation Loss From Floating Roof Tanks"' 1962.

72. "Tread End Cementing" means the application of solvent based
cement to the tire tread ends.

73. "Undertread cementing" means the application of a solvent
based cement to the tire tread ends.

74. "Vapor Collection System" means a vapor transport system
which uses direct displacement by the gasoline being transferred
to force vapors from the vessels being loaded into either a
vessel being unloaded or a vapor control system or vapor holding
tank.

75. "Vapor Control System" means a system that prevents release
to the atmosphere of at least 90 percent by weight of organic
compounds in the vapors displaced from a vessel during transfer
of gasoline.

76. "Vapor-Mounted Seal" means any primary seal mounted so that
there is an annular space underneath the seal.  The annular vapor
space is bounded by the bottom of the primary seal, the tank
wall, the liquid surface, and the floating roof.

77. "Vinyl Coating" refers to any protective, decorative, or
functional topcoat applied over vinyl coated fabric or vinyl
sheets.  It does not include the application of vinyl plastisol
to the fabric (emissions from the application of plastisol are
near zero).  Also, organisol and plastisol coatings cannot be
used to bubble emissions from vinyl printing and topcoating.

78. "Water Based Sprays" means release compounds, sprayed on the
inside and outside of green tires, in which solids, water, and
emulsifiers have been substituted for organic solvents for all
but 10% by weight of the total.




















Part B.  General Applicability

1. This standard will apply to existing sources statewide except
in the following counties: Anderson, Bamberg, Barnwell,
Chesterfield, Darlington, and Hampton.

2. This standard will apply to plants described under one of the
Parts of Section II when such a plant has potential emissions of
VOC more than 550 pounds (250 kilograms) in any one day (nominal
size - 100 tons per year) or more than 150 pounds (68 kilograms)
in any one hour.  This paragraph does not apply to Part N.

3. A plant having an existing process which was not required to
be regulated due to plant size will be subject to the Regulation
when that plant increases emissions sufficiently to meet the
applicability requirements regardless of the time frame. 
Conversely, a source which is subject to the requirements of the
Regulation, but which decreases emissions sufficiently so that
their total potential emissions are below the applicability
requirements, may petition the Department for relief from the
emission limits of the Regulation.  Approval of the petition will
be based, in part, on showing that the reductions are not
temporary and a consent to be permitted at the reduced level.

4. Further applicability requirements or limitations may be
listed under the individual Parts of Section II.

Part C. Alternatives and Exceptions to Control Requirements

1. Alternative Controls
     
     a. If the owner or operator of a source of volatile organic
compounds regulated by this Standard can demonstrate that
compliance with Section II would not be feasible, he may petition
the Department to allow the use of alternative operational and/or
equipment controls for the reduction of volatile organic compound
emissions of such source.  Petition must be made for each source
within a given plant and nothing herein should be interpreted as
permitting a source regulated by this Standard to exceed
emissions limits for that source as given in Section II.  The
petition must be submitted in writing to the Department and must
contain:

                    (i) the name and address of the company and the name
          address and telephone number of a company officer over
          whose signature the petition is submitted; and,

                    (ii) a description of all operations conducted at the
          location to which the petition applies and the purpose
          that the volatile organic compounds emitting equipment
          serves within the operations; and,

                    (iii) reference to the specific operational and/or
          equipment controls under Section II for which
          alternative operational and/or equipment controls are
          proposed; and,

                    (iv) a detailed description of the proposed alternative
          operational and/or equipment controls, the magnitude of
          volatile organic compound emission reduction which will
          be achieved, and the quantity and composition of
          volatile organic compounds which will be emitted if the
          alternative operational and/or equipment controls are
          instituted; and,

                    (v) a schedule for installation and/or institution of
          the alternative operational and/or equipment controls
          in conformance with Section II.

     b. The  Department may approve a Petition for Alternative
Control if:

          (i) the petition is submitted in accordance with
Paragraph a above; and,

          (ii) the Department determines that the petitioner
cannot comply with Section II below because of technological
infeasibility (considering costs); and,

          (iii) the petition contains a schedule for achieving
and maintaining reduction of volatile organic compound emissions
to the maximum extent feasible and as expeditiously as
practicable; and,

          (iv) a nuisance condition will not result from
operation of the source as proposed in the Petition; and,

          (v) the alternative control approach must assure
control levels system at least as stringent as those listed in
the appropriate part of Section II; and

          (vi) the petition is approved by USEPA as a source-
specific State Implementation Plan revision.


     2. Alternative Emission Limitations

     a. If the owner or operator of a source of volatile organic
compounds regulated by this standard can demonstrate that
compliance with applicable portions of Section II would not be
economically feasible, the Department may, on a case-by-case
basis, allow emission limitations less stringent than those
required by applicable parts of Section II.
     All data pertinent to the showing of economic infeasibility
must accompany a petition for this relief; and shall include a
present value analysis showing economic infeasibility.

     b.  Exceptions granted under this part are not effective
until submitted to and approved by the Administrator of the
United States Environmental Protection Agency as a revision of
the State Implementation Plan pursuant to Section 110 (a)(3)(A)
of the Clean Air Act as amended August 1977.

Part D. Compliance Schedules

     The following schedules of compliance apply to the
individual Parts of Section II as indicated by the references
given in these individual parts.  The "date of notification"
refers to the date that a plant or source is notified in writing
that it is subject to  one of the VOC Regulations.

                         Schedule No. 1
                                
          1. Submit construction permit applications and final plans for
     the emission control system and/or new process equipment
     and/or modification of existing process equipment within two 
     (2) months from date of notification.

          2. Issue purchase orders and contracts for the emission
     control systems and/or process equipment and or modification
     of existing process to accomplish emission control within (5)
     months from notification.

          3. Initiate on-site construction or installation of the
     emission control and/or process equipment and/or modification
     of existing process equipment within eight (8) months from 
     date of notification.

          4. Complete on-site construction or installation of the
     emission control and/or process equipment and/or modification
     of existing process equipment within (16) months from the date
     of notification. 

          5. Achieve final compliance within eighteen (18) months from
     the date of notification.

                         Schedule No. 2
                                
          1. Submit construction permit applications and final plan for
     the application of low solvent technology within two (2)
     months from date of notification.

          2. Complete evaluation of product quality and commercial
     acceptance within seven (7) months from notification.

          3. Issue purchase orders and contracts for low solvent
     technology and process modifications within nine (9) months
     from the date of notification.

          4. Begin process modifications within eleven (11) months from
     date of notification.

          5. Complete process modifications and begin use of low solvent
     technology within seventeen (17) months from date of
     notification.

          6. Achieve final compliance within eighteen (18) months from
     date of notification.

                         Schedule No.3
                                
          1. Submit construction permit applications and final plans for
     the application of low solvent content coating technology
     within two (2) months from date of notification.

          2. Complete research and development of low solvent content
     coating within eight (8) months from date of notification.

          3. Complete evaluation of product quality and commercial
     acceptance within fourteen (14) months from date of
     notification.

          4. Issue purchase orders and contracts for low solvent content
     coatings and process modifications within sixteen (16) months
     from date of notification.

          5. Begin process modifications within eighteen (18) months
     from date of notification.

          6. Complete process modifications and begin use of low solvent
     content coatings within twenty-three (23) months from date of
     notification.

          7. Achieve final compliance within twenty-four (24) months
     from the date of notification.  

Part E. Volatile Organic Compound Compliance Testing

1. The owner or operator f any volatile organic compound source
required to comply with Section II below shall, at his own expense,
conduct tests to demonstrate complete compliance unless the
Department determines that the compliance status of the source can
be monitored as described in Part F.

If tests are required, the following conditions shall apply:

1. Test frequencies for VOC abatement equipment will be as follows:

     a. every four (4) years for source utilizing solvent recovery
emission control devices (e.g. carbon adsorption, refrigeration).

     b. every two (2) years for sources utilizing catalytic
incineration/destruction.

     c. every four (4) years for sources utilizing flame
incineration provided the source operates, calibrates, and maintain
a recorder for each incinerator which continuously records the
combustion zone temperature and such temperature is maintained at
a value no less than that recorded during the last stack test
during which compliance was verified.

2. Testing of VOC capture systems will be performed annually.
However, only an initial test will be required provided:

     a. capture system flow rate indicators (e.g. magnehelic
gauges, manometers) are operated, calibrated, and maintained, and

     b. the indicated values are maintained at a level no less than
that recorded during the last stack test during which compliance
was verified, and
     c. the type and location of the flow rate indicators are
approved by this Department, and

     d. No process, capture system, nor VOC abatement equipment
modifications have been made.

3. Other sources will be placed on two (2) year test cycle.

4. The test methods and procedures used shall be as specified in
the source operating permit. 

5. All tests shall be made by, or under the direction of a person
qualified by training and/or experience in the field of air
pollution testing.

6. Tests shall be conducted while the source is operating at
expected maximum production rate or other production rate or
operating conditions which would result in the highest emissions. 
Any production rate less than rated capacity may result in
production limitations on the permits.

7.  No volatile organic compound emissions compliance test results
will be accepted, unless prior notification has been supplied to
the Department as required under paragraphs 8. and 9. below and the
Department has granted approval.

8. Any person proposing to conduct a volatile organic compound
emissions compliance test shall notify the Department, in the
manner set forth under paragraph 9. below of the intent of the
test, not less two weeks before the proposed initiation of the
tests so the Department may at its option observe the test.

9. Any person notifying the Department of a proposed volatile
organic compound emissions compliance test shall include, as part
of notification, the following minimum information:

     a. a statement indicating the purpose of the proposed test;

     b. a description of the source to be tested;

     c. a description of the test procedures, equipment, and
sampling sites; and,

     d. a timetable, setting forth the dates on which the testing
will be started and concluded.

10. The final test reports must be submitted no later than 30 days
after completion of on-site testing, containing as a minimum, the
following supporting information:

     a. process weight rates (lb/hr.)

     b. process design and load rates at which the test was
conducted

     c. procedure used to determine process weight rates.

     d. calculations used to determine process weight rates.

     e. signature of responsible company official.

11. For compliance testing, the owner or operator of any volatile
organic compound emissions source shall be responsible for
providing:

     a. sampling ports, pipes, lines, or appurtenances for the
collection of samples and data required by the test procedure;

     b. safe access to the sample and data collection locations;
and,

     c. light, electricity, and other utilities required for sample
and data collection.

12. The Department or the USEPA may verify test results submitted
by companies with independent tests.  EPA or state conducted tests
will take precedence.

Part F. Recordkeeping, Reporting, Monitoring

1. The owner or operator of any volatile organic compound emission
source or control equipment shall maintain, as a minimum: records
detailing all activities relating to any compliance schedule under
Part D above, records of all compliance testing conducted under
Part E above, and records of all monitoring conducted under
paragraphs 4.a. and 4.b. below.

2. The owner or operator of any applicable volatile organic
compound emission source or control equipment shall, on request,
make available to the Department, or the U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency, reports detailing the nature, specific sources,
and total annual quantities of all volatile organic compound
emissions.

3. If the applicable volatile organic compound emission source or
control equipment is located on an ozone nonattainment area (as
designated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency) the owner
or applicable volatile organic compound emission source is
determined to be in noncompliance with an applicable emission
standard, the Department reserves the right to require the owner or
operator to maintain daily records of operations.  The records, or
summaries, shall be made available to the Department or the U.S.
Environmental upon request.  The records shall include, but not be
limited to, the following:

     a. The standard number and part applicable to the operation
for which the records are being maintained.

     b. The application method and substrate type (metal, plastic,
paper, etc.)

     c. The amount and type of adhesive, coatings (including
catalyst and reducer for multicomponent coating), solvent, and/or
graphic arts materials used at each point of application, including
exempt compounds.

     d. The VOC content as applied in each adhesive coating,
solvent, and/or graphic arts material.

     e. The date for each application of adhesive coating, solvent,
and/or graphic arts material.

     f. The amount of surface preparation, clean-up, or wash-up
solvent (including exempt compounds) used and the VOC content of
each.

     g. Oven temperature (where applicable).

     h. Line number (where applicable).

     I. For control equipment:

          (i) Thermal incinerator- Combustion temperatures, inlet
and outlet VOC concentration from emission tests, how and when
these concentrations were determined, destruction or removal
efficiency, and manufacture data.

          (ii) Catalytic incinerator- Exhaust temperature, change
in temperature across catalyst bed, date of last change of catalyst
bed, inlet and outlet VOC concentration from emission tests, how
and when these concentrations were determined, destruction or
removal efficiency, and manufacturer data.

          (iii) Condenser- Inlet temperatures of cooling medium,
outlet temperatures of cooling medium, inlet and outlet VOC
concentrations from emission tests, how and when these
concentrations were determined, removal efficiency, and
manufacturer data.

VOC content shall be calculated using a percent solids basis (less
water and exempt solvents) for adhesives, coatings, and inks; using
EPA Reference method 24, July 1, 1989.  VOC content and density of
rotogravure publication ink shall be determined by EPA Reference
Method 24 A, July 1, 1989. Once initial VOC content calculations
have been made for existing adhesives, coatings, and inks, only new
or modified adhesives, coatings, and inks must be tested for VOC
content.  Records must be kept in units necessary to verify
compliance, i.e. lb VOC/gal of coating less water and exempt
solvents for surface coating.

      Copies of all records and reports required under this Part
shall be made available for inspection during normal working hours
and furthermore, copies of the required records and reports shall
be furnished within ten working days after receipt of a written
request from the Department. 

4. The owner or operator of any volatile organic compound emission
source or control equipment shall:

     a. install, operate, and maintain process and/or control
equipment monitoring instruments or procedures as necessary to
comply with paragraphs 1 and 2 above; and,

     b. maintain, in writing, data and/or reports relating to
monitoring instruments or procedures which will, upon review,
document the compliance status of the volatile organic compound
emission source or control equipment to the satisfaction of the
Department.

5. Copies of all records and reports under paragraphs 1,2, ad 3
above, shall be retained by the owner or operator for two years
after the date on which the record was made or the reports
submitted.

Part G. Equivalency Calculations

     In determining the amount of reduction required within
coating/printing industries from a non-complying application,
equivalency calculations must be made on a mass of VOC per volume
of solids basis in accordance with the Department policy and
methodology.  These determinations must be made when compliance
demonstrations are based on reformulation, alternative emission
limitation options (bubbles), or add-on control.




SECTION II - PROVISIONS FOR SPECIFIC SOURCES

Part A. Surface Coating of Cans

1. Emission Limitations

No owner or operator of a can coating application system subject to
this Part may cause, allow, or permit the discharge into the
atmosphere of any volatile organic compounds in excess of the
following levels:

     a. 2.8 pounds per gallon (0.34 kilograms per liter) of
coating, excluding water, delivered to the coating applicator from
sheet basecoat (exterior and interior) and overvarnish or two-piece
can exterior (basecoat and overvarnish) operations.

     b. 4.2 pounds per gallon (0.51 kilograms per liter) of
coating, excluding water, delivered to the coating applicator from
two and three-piece can interior body spray and two-piece can
exterior end (spray or roll coat) operations.

     c. 5.5 pounds per gallon (0.66 kilograms per liter) of
coating, excluding water, delivered to the coating applicator from
three- piece can side-seam spray operations.

     d. 3.7 pounds per gallon (0.44 kilograms per liter) of
coating, excluding water, delivered to the coating applicator from
end sealing compound operations.

2. Control Technology

The emissions limitations in Paragraph 3 of this Part can be
achieved by:

     a. the application of low solvent coating technology;

     b. incineration, provided that 90 percent of the non-methane
volatile organic compounds (VOC measured as total combustible
carbon) which enter the incinerator are oxidized to carbon dioxide
and water; or

     c. carbon bed recovery system; or,

     d. alternative controls as allowed under Section I, Part .;
and,

     e. a capture system must be used in conjunction with emission
control equipment systems.  The design and operation of a capture
system must be consistent with good engineering practice, and shall
be required to provide for an overall VOC emission reduction
efficient to meet the emission limitation in paragraph 3 of this
part.

3. Compliance Schedules.

The owner or operator of a volatile organic compound source subject
to this Part shall meet one of the following schedules as
applicable:

     a. A source utilizing emission control equipment and/or
replacement process equipment and/or modification of existing
process equipment  and/or modification of existing process
equipment to comply with Paragraph 1 shall comply with Schedule 1
of Section I, Part D.

     b. A source utilizing low solvent technology where the
Department determines that low solvent content coating technology
has been sufficiently researched and developed for a particulate
application to comply with emission limitations in Paragraph 1
shall comply with Schedule 2 of Section I, Part D.

     c. A source utilizing low solvent technology which does not
qualify under (b) above to comply with emission limitations in
Paragraph 1 shall comply with Schedule 3 of Section I, Part D

Any owner or operator of a source subject to any compliance
schedule shall certify to the Department within five days after the
deadline for each increment of progress, whether the  required
increment of progress has been met.


Part B. Surface Coating of Coils

1. Emission Limitations

     No owner or operator of a coil coating application system
subject to this Part may cause, allow, or permit the discharge into
the atmosphere of any volatile organic compound in excess of 2.6
pounds per gallon (0.31 kilograms per liter) of coating, excluding
water, delivered to the coating applicator from prime and topcoat
or single coat operations.

2. Control Technology

The emission limitation in Paragraph 1 of this Part can be achieved
by: 

     a. the application of low solvent technology; or,

     b. incineration, provided that 90 percent of the nonmethane
volatile organic compounds (VOC measured as total combustible
carbon) which enter the incinerator are oxidized to carbon dioxide
and water; or,

     c. carbon bed solvent recovery system; or,

     d. alternative controls as allowed under Section I, Part C;

     e. a capture system must be use in conjunction with emission
control equipment systems.  The design and operation of a capture
system must be consistent with good engineering practice, and shall
be required to provide for an overall VOC emission reduction
efficiency sufficient to meet the emission limitations in Paragraph
1 of this Part.

Compliance may be demonstrated by 24-hour weighted averaging of
emissions for two or more coatings having the same emission limits
for the same type of operation on the same line. Averaging times of
longer than 24 hours are not allowed.

3. Compliance Schedules 

 The owner or operator of a volatile organic compound source
subject to this Part shall meet one of following schedules as
applicable:

     a. Sources utilizing emission control equipment and/or
replacement process equipment and/or modification of existing
process equipment to comply with Paragraph 1 shall comply with
Schedule 1 of Section I, Part D.

     b. Sources utilizing low solvent technology where the
Department determines that low solvent content coating technology
has been sufficiently researched and developed for a particulate
application to comply with emission limitations in Paragraph 1
shall comply with Schedule 2 of Section I, Part D.

     c. Sources utilizing low solvent technology which does not
qualify under (b) above to comply with emission limitations in
Paragraph 1 shall comply with Schedule 3 of Section I, Part D

Any owner or operator of a source subject to any compliance
schedule shall certify to the Department within five days after the
deadline for each increment of progress, whether the  required
increment of progress has been met.

Part C. Surface Coating of Paper, Vinyl, and Fabric.

1. Emission Limitations

No owner or operator of a fabric, vinyl, or paper coating
application system subject to this Part may cause, allow, or permit
the discharge into the atmosphere subject to this Part may cause,
allow or permit the discharge into the atmosphere of any volatile
organic compounds in excess of the following levels;

     a. 2.9 pounds per gallon (0.35 kilograms per liter) of
coating, excluding water, delivered to the fabric or paper coating
applicator system;

     b. 3.8 pounds per gallon (0.45 kilograms per liter) of
coating, excluding water, delivered to the vinyl coating applicator
system. 

2. Control Technology

The emission limitations in Paragraph 3 of this Part can be
achieved by:

     a. The application of low solvent technology; or,

     b. incineration, provided that 90 percent of the nonmethane
volatile organic compounds (VOC measured as total combustible
carbon) which enter the incinerator are oxidized to carbon dioxide
and water; or,

     c. carbon bed solvent recovery system; or,

     d. alternative controls as allowed under Section I, Part C;

     e. capture system must be used in conjunction with emission
control equipment systems.  The design and operation of a capture
system must be consistent with good engineering practice, and shall
be required to provide for an overall VOC emission reduction
efficiency sufficient to meet the emission limitations in Paragraph
3 of this Part.

Compliance may be demonstrated by 24-hour weighted averaging of
emissions for two or more coatings having the same emission limits
for the same type of operation on the same line. Averaging times of
longer than 24 hours are not allowed.

3. Compliance Schedules 

 The owner or operator of a volatile organic compound source
subject to this Part shall meet one of following schedules as
applicable:

     a. Sources utilizing emission control equipment and/or
replacement process equipment and/or modification of existing
process equipment to comply with Paragraph 1 shall comply with
Schedule 1 of Section I, Part D.

     b. Sources utilizing low solvent technology where the
Department determines that low solvent content coating technology
has been sufficiently researched and developed for a particulate
application to comply with emission limitations in Paragraph 1
shall comply with Schedule 2 of Section I, Part D.

     c. Sources utilizing low solvent technology which does not
qualify under (b) above to comply with emission limitations in
Paragraph 1 shall comply with Schedule 3 of Section I, Part D.

Any owner or operator of a source subject to any compliance
schedule shall certify to the Department within five days after the
deadline for each increment of progress, whether the  required
increment of progress has been met.

Part D. Surface Coating of Metal Furniture and Large Appliances

1. Emission Limitations

     No owner or operator of a metal furniture or a large appliance
coating application system subject to this Part may cause, allow or
permit the discharge into the atmosphere of any volatile organic
compounds in excess of the following levels:

     a. 3.0 pounds per gallon (0.36 kilograms per liter) of
coating, excluding water, delivered to the coating applicator from
prime and topcoat or single coat operations from a metal furniture
coating application system;
     
     b. 2.8 pounds per gallon (0.34 kilograms per liter) of
coating, excluding water, delivered to the coating applicator from
prime, single or topcoat coating operations from a large appliance
coating application system. This emission limit will not apply to
the use of quick-drying lacquers for repair of scratches and nicks
that occur during assembly, provided that the volume of coating
does not exceed 1 quart (0.95 liters) in any one-hour period.

2. Control Technology 

The emission limitations in Paragraph 3 of this Part can be
achieved by:

     a. the application of low solvent content coating technology;
or,

     b. incineration, provided that 90 percent of the nonmethane
volatile organic compounds (VOC measured as total combustible
carbon) which enter the incinerator are oxidized to carbon dioxide
and water; or,

     c. carbon bed solvent recovery system; or

     d. alternative controls as allowed under Section I, Part C;

     e. a capture system must be used in conjunction with emission
control equipment systems. The design and operation of a capture
system must be consistent with good engineering practice, and shall
be required to provide for an overall VOC emission reduction
efficiency sufficient to meet the emission limitations in Paragraph
3 of this Part.

Compliance may be demonstrated by 24-hour weighted averaging of
emissions for two or more coatings having the same emission limits
for the same type of operation on the same line. Averaging times of
longer than 24 hours are not allowed.

3. Compliance Schedules 

 The owner or operator of a volatile organic compound source
subject to this Part shall meet one of following schedules as
applicable:

     a. Sources utilizing emission control equipment and/or
replacement process equipment and/or modification of existing
process equipment to comply with Paragraph 1 shall comply with
Schedule 1 of Section I, Part D.

     b. Sources utilizing low solvent technology where the
Department determines that low solvent content coating technology
has been sufficiently researched and developed for a particulate
application to comply with emission limitations in Paragraph 1
shall comply with Schedule 2 of Section I, Part D.

     c. Sources utilizing low solvent technology which does not
qualify under (b) above to comply with emission limitations in
Paragraph 1 shall comply with Schedule 3 of Section I, Part D

Any owner or operator of a source subject to any compliance
schedule shall certify to the Department within five days after the
deadline for each increment of progress, whether the  required
increment of progress has been met.

Part E. Surface Coating of Magnet Wire. 

1.Emission Limitations

No owner or operator of a magnet wire coating oven subject to this
Part may cause, allow or permit the discharge into the atmosphere
of any volatile organic compounds in excess of 1.7 pounds per
gallon (0.20 kilograms per liter) of coating, excluding water,
delivered to the coating applicator from magnet wire coating
operations.

2. Control Technology 

The emission limitations in Paragraph 3 of this Part can be
achieved by:
     
     a. the application of low solvent content coating technology;
or,
     b. incineration, provided that 90 percent of the nonmethane
volatile organic compounds (VOC measured as total combustible
carbon) which enter the incinerator are oxidized to carbon dioxide
and water; or,

     c. carbon bed solvent recovery system;
     
     d. alternative controls as allowed under Section I, Part C;

     e. a capture system must be used in conjunction with emission
control equipment systems.  The design and operation of a capture
system must be consistent with good engineering practice, and shall
be required to provide for an overall VOC emission reduction
efficiency sufficient to meet the emission limitations in Paragraph
3 of this Part.

Compliance may be demonstrated by 24-hour weighted averaging of
emissions for two or more coatings having the same emission limits
for the same type of operation on the same line. Averaging times of
longer than 24 hours are not allowed.

3. Compliance Schedules 

 The owner or operator of a volatile organic compound source
subject to this Part shall meet one of following schedules as
applicable:

     a. Sources utilizing emission control equipment and/or
replacement process equipment and/or modification of existing
process equipment to comply with Paragraph 1 shall comply with
Schedule 1 of Section I, Part D.

     b. Sources utilizing low solvent technology where the
Department determines that low solvent content coating technology
has been sufficiently researched and developed for a particulate
application to comply with emission limitations in Paragraph 1
shall comply with Schedule 2 of Section I, Part D.

     c. Sources utilizing low solvent technology which does not
qualify under (b) above to comply with emission limitations in
Paragraph 1 shall comply with Schedule 3 of Section I, Part D

Any owner or operator of a source subject to any compliance
schedule shall certify to the Department within five days after the
deadline for each increment of progress, whether the  required
increment of progress has been met.


Part F. Surface Coating of Miscellaneous Metal Parts and Products.

1.  Applicability

     a. This Standard will apply to plants whose operations include
at least one of the affected sources in Paragraph b.

     b. Affected sources include those which utilize coating
application systems for miscellaneous metal parts and products in
the following industries:

                    (i) Large farm machinery;

                    (ii) Small Farm machinery;

                    (iii) Commercial machinery;

                    (iv) Industrial machinery;

                    (v) Fabricated metal products;

                    (vii) any other industrial category which coats metal
          parts or products under the Standard Industrial
          Classification Code of Major Group 33 (primary metal
          industries, Major Group 34 (fabricated metal products),
          Major Group 35 (non-electric machinery), Major Group 36
          (electric machinery), Major Group 37 (transportation
          equipment), Major Group 38 (miscellaneous instruments),
          and Major Group 39 (miscellaneous manufacturing
          industries);
     
     c. Not included is the surface coating of the following metal
parts and products:

                    (i) automobiles and light duty trucks;

                    (ii) metal cans;

                    (iii) flat metal sheets and strips in the form of rolls
          or       coils;

                    (iv) magnet wire for use in electrical machinery;

                    (v) metal furniture;

                    (vi)large appliances;

                    (vii) exterior of airplanes;

                    (viii) automobile refinishing;

                    (ix) Customized coating of automobiles and trucks, if
          production is less than 35 vehicles per day; and,

                    (x) Exterior of marine vessels.


2. Emission Limitations

No owner or operator of a miscellaneous metal parts and products
coating application system subject to this Part may cause, allow,
or permit the discharge into the atmosphere of any volatile organic
compounds in excess of the following levels;

     a. 0.52 kilograms/1 (4.3 lb/gal) of coating, excluding water,
delivered to a coating applicator that applies clear coatings;

     b. 0.42 kilograms/1 (3.5 lb/gal) of coating, excluding water,
delivered to a coating applicator in a coating application system
that utilizes air dried or forced warm air dried at temperatures up
to 90oC (194oF);

     c. 0.42 kilograms/1 (3.5 lb/gal) of coating, excluding water,
delivered to a coating applicator that applies extreme performance
coatings; and,

     d. 0.36 kilograms/l (3.0 lb/gal) of coating, excluding water,
delivered to a coating applicator for all other coatings and
coating application systems.

     e. If more than one emission limitation in paragraph 3 applies
to a specific coating, then the least stringent emission limitation
shall be applied.

3. Control Technology.

The emission limits set forth in paragraph 3 can be achieved by:

     a. the application of low solvent content coating technology;
or,
     b. incineration, provided that 90 percent of the nonmethane
volatile organic compounds (VOC measured as total combustible
carbon) which enter the incinerator are oxidized to carbon dioxide
and water; or,
     
     c. Carbon bed solvent recovery system; or,


     d. alternative controls as allowed under Section I, Part C;

     e. A capture system must be used in conjunction with emission
control equipment systems.  The design and operation of a capture
system must be consistent with good engineering practice, and shall
be required to provide for an overall VOC emission reduction
efficiency sufficient to meet the emission limitations in paragraph
2 of this Part.

Compliance may be demonstrated by 24-hour weighted averaging of
emissions for two or more coatings having the same emission limits
for the same type of operation on the same line. Averaging times of
longer than 24 hours are not allowed.

4. Compliance Schedules 

 The owner or operator of a volatile organic compound source
subject to this Part shall meet one of following schedules as
applicable:

     a. Sources utilizing emission control equipment and/or
replacement process equipment and/or modification of existing
process equipment to comply with Paragraph 2 shall comply with
Schedule 1 of Section I, Part D.

     b. Sources utilizing low solvent technology where the
Department determines that low solvent content coating technology
has been sufficiently researched and developed for a particulate
application to comply with emission limitations in Paragraph 2
shall comply with Schedule 2 of Section I, Part D.

Any owner or operator of a source subject to any compliance
schedule shall certify to the Department within five days after the
deadline for each increment of progress, whether the  required
increment of progress has been met.



Part G.  Surface Coating of Flat Wood Paneling.

1. Applicability

     Affected plants include all flat wood manufacturing operations
which produce:

     (i) printed interior panels made of hardwood plywood and thin
particleboard; or,

     (ii) natural finish hardwood plywood panels; or,

     (iii) hardboard paneling with Class II finishes.

Not included is the manufacture of exterior, siding, tileboard, or
particleboard used as a furniture component.

2. Emission Limitation

     No owner or operator of a flat wood paneling coating
application system subject to this Part may cause, allow, or permit
the discharge into the atmosphere of any volatile organic compounds
in excess of the following levels:

     a. 2.9 kg per 100 square meters of coated finished products
(6.0 lb/1,000 sq ft) from printed interior panels, regardless of
the number of coats applied;

     b. 5.8 kg per 100 square meters of coated finished product
(12.0 lb/1,000 sq ft) from natural finish hardwood plywood panels,
regardless of the number of coats applied; and,
     
     c. 4.8 kg per 100 square meters of coated finished products
(10.0 lb/1,000 sq ft) from Class II finishes on hardboard panels,
regardless of the number of coats applied.

3. Control Technology

The  emission limits in Paragraph 3 of the Part can be achieved by:

     a. the application of low solvent content coating technology;
or,

     b. incineration, provided that 90 percent of the nonmethane
volatile organic compounds (VOC measured as total combustible
carbon) which enter the incinerator are oxidized to carbon dioxide
and water; or,

     c. carbon bed solvent recovery system; or,

     d. alternative controls as allowed under Section I, Part C;

     e. a capture system must be used in conjunction with emission
equipment control systems.  The design and operation of a capture
system must be consistent with good engineering practice and shall
be required to provide for an overall emission reduction efficiency
sufficient to meet the emission limitations in Paragraph 2 of this
Part.

Compliance may be demonstrated by 24-hour weighted averaging of
emissions for two or more coatings having the same emission limits
for the same type of operation on the same line. Averaging times of
longer than 24 hours are not allowed.

4. Compliance Schedules 

 The owner or operator of a volatile organic compound source
subject to this Part shall meet one of following schedules as
applicable:

     a. Sources utilizing emission control equipment and/or
replacement process equipment and/or modification of existing
process equipment to comply with Paragraph 2 shall comply with
Schedule 1 of Section I, Part D.

     b. Sources utilizing low solvent technology where the
Department determines that low solvent content coating technology
has been sufficiently researched and developed for a particulate
application to comply with emission limitations in Paragraph 2
shall comply with Schedule 2 of Section I, Part D.

Any owner or operator of a source subject to any compliance
schedule shall certify to the Department within five days after the
deadline for each increment of progress, whether the  required
increment of progress has been met.



Part H.  Graphic Arts - Rotogravure and Flexography

1. Applicability

Affected plants include all packaging rotogravure, publication
rotogravure, and flexographic printing operations.  Potential
emissions are calculated on historical records of actual
consumption of solvent and ink.


2. Emission Limitations

No owner or operator of a packaging rotogravure, publication
rotogravure, or flexographic printing operation subject to this
Part may cause, allow, or permit the discharge into the atmosphere
of any volatile organic compound unless:

     a. The volatile fraction of water-borne inks, as applied to
the substrate, contains 25 percent by volume or less of organic
solvent and 75 percent by volume or more of water for heavy
coverage.

     b. The source achieves a 70 percent by volume overall
reduction of solvent usage as compared to all solvent-borne ink
usage for light coverage.

     c. The facility prints with high solids ink which contains
less water, 60 percent by volume or more nonvolatile materials.

3. Control Technology

The emission limitations in paragraph 3 of this Part can be
achieved by:

     a. the application of low solvent content coating technology;
or,

     b. a carbon adsorption system which reduces the volatile
organic emissions from the capture system by at least 90 percent by
weight; or, 

c. Incineration;

     d. An alternative VOC emission reduction system;

     e. A capture system must be used in conjunction with the
control equipment systems and provide for an overall VOC emission
reduction of at least:
                    (i) 75 percent where a publication rotogravure process is
          employed;

                    (ii) 65 percent where a packaging rotogravure process is
          employed; and,

                    (iii) 60 percent where a flexographic printing process is
          employed.
     
     f.  Alternative controls as allowed under Section I, Part C.

4. Compliance Schedules
The owner or operator of a source of VOC subject to this Part must
comply with Schedule 1 of Section I, Part D.

The owner or operator of a source subject to any compliance
schedule shall certify to the Department within five days after the
deadline for each increment of progress, whether the required
increment of progress has been met.


Part N. Solvent Metal Cleaning

1. Applicability

     a. This Standard will apply in the following manner:

                    (i) control system A shall apply to cold cleaning, open
          top vapor degreasing and conveyorized degreasing
          operation, if the plant is located in a non-designated
          county and uses more than 100 tons per year of solvents
          on a plant-wide basis based upon annual solvent purchase
          records.

                    (ii) control system B shall apply to cold cleaning, open
          top vapor degreasing and conveyorized degreasing
          operations, if the plant is located in a non-attainment
          county and uses more than 100 tons per year of solvents
          on a plant-wide basis based upon annual solvent purchase
          records.

     b. In lieu of meeting the requirements of 2(a)(i), a plant in
a non-designated county may choose to retain all solvent purchase
and return records, including making them available to the
Department and if the potential loss to the ambient air, by
evaporation or by other means, of solvent is less than 100
tons/year, then the plant is exempted from control system A
requirements.  Potential loss for this purpose shall be determined
by subtracting returned solvent from purchased solvent.

     c. The provisions of this Part shall apply with the following
exceptions:

                    (i) open top vapor degreasers with an open area smaller
          than one square meter (10.8 square feet) shall be exempt
          from paragraphs 4(b)(iii)b and 4(b)(iii)d of this Part.

                    (ii) conveyorized degreasers with an air/vapor interface
          smaller than 2.0 square meters (21.6 square feet) shall
          be exempt from paragraphs 5(b)(iii) of this Part.

2. Control Provisions for Cold Cleaning

Except as provided under paragraph 1c of this Part, the owner or
operator of a cold cleaning operation shall:

     a. for Control System A;
                    
                    (i) equip the cleaner with a cover; and,

                    (ii) equip the cleaner with a facility for draining
          cleaned parts; and,

                    (iii) provide a permanent, conspicuous label, summarizing
          the operating requirements; as such,

                    (iv) drain the cleaned parts for at least 15 seconds or
          until dripping ceases; and,

                    (v) close degreaser cover whenever parts are not handled
          in the cleaner; and,

                    (vi) store waste solvent only in covered containers; and,

                    (vii) do not dispose of waste solvent nor transfer it to
          another party, such that greater than 20 percent of the
          waste (by weight) can evaporate into the atmosphere.

     b. for Control System B;
                    
     (i) equip the cleaner with a cover and the cover shall be so
designed that it can be easily operated with one hand; if,

                    (a) the solvent volatility is greater than 2 kilo Pascals
          (15 millimeters of mercury or 0.3 pounds per square inch)
          measured at 38 oC (100oF); or,

                    (b) the solvent is agitated; or,

                    (c) the solvent is heated; and,

     (ii) equip the cleaner with some means for draining cleaned
parts and the drainage mechanism shall be constructed internally so
that parts are enclosed under the cover while draining if the
solvents volatility is greater than 4.3 kilo Pascals (32
millimeters of mercury or 0.6 pounds per square inch) measured at
38oC (100oF),except that the drainage mechanism may be external for
applications where an internal type cannot fit into the cleaning
system; and,

     (iii) install one of the following control devices if the
solvent volatility is greater than 4.3 kilo Pascals (33 millimeters
of mercury or 0.6 pounds per square inch) measured at 38 C (100 F),
or if the solvent is heated above 50oC(122oF);

          (a) freeboard that gives a freeboard ratio greater than
or equal to 0.7; or,

          (b) water cover (solvent must be insoluble in water and
heavier than water); or,

          (c) other systems of equivalent control, such as
refrigerated chiller or carbon adsorption, approved by the
Department; and,

     (iv) provide a permanent, conspicuous label, summarizing the
operating requirements; and,

     (v) store waste solvent only in covered containers and not
dispose of waste solvent or transfer it to another party, such that
greater than 20 percent of the waste solvent (by weight) can
evaporate into the atmosphere; and,

     (vi) close the cover whenever parts are not being handled in
the cleaner; and,

     (vii) drain the cleaned parts for at least 15 seconds or until
dripping ceases; and,

     (viii) if used, supply a solvent spray that is sold fluid
stream (not a fine, atomized or shower type spray) at a pressure
which does not cause excessive splashing.

3. Control Provisions for Vapor Degreasers

Except as provided under paragraph 2c of this Part,the owner or
operator of an open top degreaser shall:
     
     a. for Control System A;

          (i) equip the vapor degreaser with a cover that can be opened
     and closed easily without disturbing the vapor zone; and,

          (ii) keep the cover closed at all times except when processing
     work loads through the degreaser; and,

          (iii) minimize solvent carryout by:

                    (a) racking parts to allow complete drainage; and,

                    (b) moving parts in and out of the degreaser at less than
          3.3 meters per minute (11 feet per minute); and,

                    (c) holding the parts in the vapor zone at least 30
          seconds or until condensation ceases; and,

                    (d) tipping out any pools of solvent on the cleaned parts
          before removal from the vapor zone;and,

                    (e) allowing parts to dry within the degreaser for at
          least 15 seconds or until visually dry; and,

          (iv) not degrease porous or absorbent materials, such as
     cloth, leather, wood, or rope; and,

          (v) not occupy more than half of the degreaser's open top area
     with a workload; and,
          
          (iv) not load the degreaser to the point where the vapor level
     would drop more than 10 centimeters (4 inches) when the
     workload is removed from the vapor zone; and,

          (vii) always spray below the vapor level; and,

          (viii) repair solvent leaks immediately, or shutdown the
     degreaser; and,

          (ix) store waste solvent only in covered containers and not
     dispose of waste solvent or transfer it to another party, such
     that greater than 20 percent of the waste solvent (by weight)
     can evaporate into the atmosphere; and,

          (x) not operate the cleaner so as to allow water to be
     visually detectable in solvent exiting the water separator;
     and,

          (xi) not use ventilation fans near the degreaser opening, nor
     provide exhaust ventilation exceeding 20 cubic meters per
     minute per square meter (65 cubic feet per minute per square
     foot) of degreaser open area, unless necessary to meet OSHA
     requirements.

          b. for Control System B;

          (i) equip the vapor degreaser with a cover that can be opened
     and closed easily without disturbing the vapor zone; and,

          (ii) provide the following safety switches:

                    (a) a condenser flow switch and thermostat which shut off
          the pump heat if the condenser coolant is either not
          circulating or too warm; and,

                    (b) a spray safety switch which shuts off the spray pump
          if the vapor level drops more than 10 centimeters (4
          inches); and,

          (iii) install one of the following control devices:

                    (a) powered cover, if the freeboard ratio is greater than
          or equal to 0.75, and if the degreaser opening is greater
          than 1 square meter (10 square feet); or,

                    (b) refrigerated chiller; or,

                    (c) enclosed design (cover or door opens only when the
          dry part is actually entering or exiting the degreaser);
          or,

                    (d) carbon adsorption system with ventilation greater
          than or equal to 15 cubic meters per minute per square
          meter (50 cubic feet per minute per square foot) of
          air/vapor area (when cover is open), and exhausting less
          than 25 parts per million of solvent averaged over one
          complete adsorption cycle; or,

                    (e) a control system, demonstrated to have control
          efficiency equivalent to or greater than any of the
          above, and approved by the Department; and,

          (iv) attach a permanent, conspicuous label, summarizing
     operating procedures (v) to (x).

          (v) keep the cover closed at all times except when processing
     work loads through the degreaser; and,

          (vi) minimize solvent carryout by:

                    (a) racking parts to allow complete drainage;

                    (b) moving parts in and out of the degreaser at less than
          3.3 meters per minute (11 feet per minute); and,

                    (c) holding the parts in the vapor zone at least 30
          seconds or until condensation ceases; and,

                    (d) tipping out any pools of solvent on the cleaned parts
          before removal from the vapor zone; and,

                    (e) allowing parts to dry within the degreaser for at
          least 15 seconds or until visually dry; and,

          (vii) not degrease porous or absorbent materials, such as
     cloth, leather, wood or rope; and,

          (viii) not occupy more than half of the degreaser's open top
     area with a workload; and,

          (ix) not load the degreaser to the point where the vapor level
     would drop more than 10 centimeters (4 inches) when the
     workload is removed from the vapor zone; and,

          (x) always spray below the vapor level; and,

          (xi) repair solvent leaks immediately, or shutdown the
     degreaser; and,

          (xii) store waste solvent only in covered containers and not
     dispose of waste solvent or transfer it to another party, such
     that greater than 20 percent of the waste solvent (by weight)
     can evaporate into the atmosphere; and,

          (xiii) not operate the cleaner so as to allow water to be
     visually detectable in solvent exiting the water separator;
     and,

          (xiv) not use ventilation fans near the degreaser opening, nor
     provide exhaust ventilation exceeding 20 cubic meters per
     minute per square meter(65 cubic feet per minute per square
     foot) of degreaser open area, unless necessary to meet OSHA
     requirements.


4. Control Provisions for Conveyorized Degreasers

Except as provided under Paragraph 2c of this Part the owner or
operator of the conveyorized degreasers shall:

a. for Control System A;

(i) not use workplace fans near the degreaser opening, nor provide
exhaust ventilation exceeding 20 cubic meters per minute per square
meter (65 cubic feet per minute per square foot) of degreaser
opening, unless necessary to meet OSHA requirements; and,

(ii) minimize carryout emissions by:
                    
                    (a) racking parts for best drainage; and,

                    (b) maintaining the vertical conveyor speed at less than
          3.3 meters per minute (11 feet per minute); and,

(iii) store waste solvent only in covered containers and not
dispose of waste solvent or transfer it to another party, such that
greater than 20 percent of the waste solvent (by weight) can
evaporate into the atmosphere; and,

(iv) repair solvent leaks immediately, or shutdown the degreaser;
and,

(v) not operate the cleaner so as to allow water to be visually
detectable in solvent exiting the water separator.

b. for Control System B:

(i) install one of the following control devices:
                    
                    (a) refrigerated chiller; or,

                    (b) carbon adsorption system, with ventilation greater
          than or equal to 15 cubic meters per minute per square
          meter (50 cubic feet per minute per square foot) of
          air/vapor area (when downtime covers are open), and
          exhausting less than 25 part per million of solvent by
          volume averaged over a complete adsorption cycle; or,

                    (c) a system, demonstrated to have a control efficiency
          equivalent to or greater than paragraph 5(b)(I)a or
          5(b)(I)b of this Part, and approved by the Department;
          and,

(ii) equip the cleaner with equipment, such as a drying tunnel or
rotating (tumbling) basket, sufficient to prevent cleaned parts
from carrying out solvent liquid or vapor; and,

(iii) provide the following safety switches:

                    (a) a condenser flow switch and thermostat which shuts
          off the pump heat if the condenser coolant is either not
          circulating or too warm; and,
                    
                    (b) a spray safety switch which shuts off the spray pump
          or the conveyor if the vapor level drops more than 10
          centimeters (4 inches); and,

                    (c) a vapor level control thermostat which shuts off the
          pump heat when the vapor level rises too high; and,

(iv) minimize openings during operation so that entrance and exits
will silhouette workloads with an average clearance between the
parts and the edge of the degreaser opening of less than 10
centimeters (4 inches) or less than 10 percent of the width of the
opening; and,

(v) provide downtime covers for closing off the entrance and exit
during shutdown hours; and,

(vi) not use workplace fans near the degreaser opening, nor provide
exhaust ventilation exceeding 20 cubic meters per minute per square
meter (65 cubic feet per minute per square feet) of degreaser
opening, unless necessary to meet OSHA requirements; and,

(vii) minimize carryout emissions by:
                    
                    (a) racking parts for best drainage; and,
                    
                    (b) maintaining the vertical conveyor speed at less than
          3.3 meters per minute (11 feet per minute); and,

(viii) store waste solvent only in covered containers and not
dispose of waste solvent to transfer it to another party, such that
greater than 20 percent of the waste solvent (by weight) can
evaporate into the atmosphere; and,

(ix) repair solvent leaks immediately, or shutdown the degreaser;
and,
(x) not operate the cleaner so as to allow water to be visually
detectable in solvent exiting the water separator; and,

(xi) place downtime covers over entrances and exits of conveyorized
degreasers immediately after the conveyors and exhausts are
shutdown and not remove them until just before start-up.

5. Compliance Schedules
     
     a. The owner or operator of a volatile organic compound source
subject to this Part shall comply with a Schedule 1 of Section I,
Part D.

     b. Any owner or operator of a source subject to any compliance
schedule shall certify to the Department within five days after the
deadline for each increment of progress, whether the required
increment of progress has been met.

Part O. Petroleum Liquid Storage in Fixed Roof Tanks

2. Applicability

 Affected sources include all fixed roof storage vessels with
capacities of 40,000 gallons (151, 412 liters) and larger which
contain volatile petroleum liquids whose true vapor pressure is
greater than 1.52 psi (10.5 kilo pascals).

2. Control Provisions

 No owner or operator shall permit petroleum liquid storage in
fixed roof tanks unless:

a. the source has been retrofitted with an internal floating roof
equipped with a closure seal, or seals, to close the space between
the roof edge and tank wall; or,

b. the source has been retrofitted with equally alternative control
approved by the Department; and, 

c. the source is maintained such that there are no visible holes,
tears, or other openings in the seal or any seal fabric or
materials; and,

d. all openings except stub drains are equipped with covers, lids,
or seals such that;
          
          (i) the cover, lid, or seal is in the closed position at all
     times except when in actual use; and,

          (ii) automatic bleeder vents are closed at all times except
     when the roof is floated off or landed on the roof leg
     supports; and,

          (iii) rim vents, if provided, are set to open when the roof is
     being floated off the roof leg supports or at the
     manufacturer's recommended setting; and,

e. routine inspections are conducted through roof hatches once per
month; and a complete inspection of cover and seal is conducted
whenever the tank is emptied for non-operational reasons or once
per year; and,

f. records are maintained in accordance with Section I, Part J that
shall include:
          
          (i) reports of results of inspections; and,

          (ii) average monthly storage temperatures and true vapor
     pressures of petroleum liquids stored; and,

          (iii) throughput quantities and types of petroleum liquids for
     each storage vessel.

3. Compliance Schedules

     a. The owner or operator of a volatile organic compound source
subject to this Part shall comply with a Schedule 1 of Section I,
Part D.

     b. Any owner or operator of a source subject to any compliance
schedule shall certify to the Department within five days after the
deadline for each increment of progress, whether the required
increment of progress has been met.


Part P. Petroleum Liquid Storage in External Floating Roof Tanks

1. Applicability

     a. Affected sources include all petroleum liquid storage
vessels equipped with external floating roofs and having capacities
greater than 150,000 liters (39,600 gallons).

     b. This part does not apply to petroleum liquid storage
vessels which:

                    (i) contain a petroleum liquid with a true vapor pressure
          less than 27.6 k Pa (4.0 psi) and are of welded
          construction presently possessing a metallic-type shoe
          seal, a liquid-mounted foam seal, a liquid mounted,
          liquid filled type seal, or other closure device of
          demonstrated equivalence approved by the Department; or,

                    (ii) are of welded construction, equipped with a
          metallic-type shoe primary seal and had a secondary seal
          from the top of the shoe seal to the tank wall
          (shoe-mounted secondary seal).

2. Control Provisions

No owner or operator of a petroleum liquid storage vessel subject
to this Part shall store a petroleum liquid in that vessel unless:

     a. the vessel has been fitted with a continuous secondary seal
extending from the floating roof to the tank wall (rim-mounted
secondary seal), or a closure or other device of equivalent control
efficiency and approved by the Department.

     b. all seal closure devices meet the following requirements:

                    (i) there are no visible holes, tears, or other openings
          in the seal or seal fabric and the seals are intact and
          uniformly in place around the  circumference of the
          floating roof between the floating roof and the tank
          wall; and,

                    (ii) for vapor-mounted seals, the area of accumulated
          gaps between the secondary seal and the tank wall shall
          not exceed 21.2 cm 2 per meter of tank diameter (1.0 in
          2 per foot of tank diameter).

     c. all openings in the external floating roof, except for
automatic bleeder vents, rim space vents, and leg sleeves, are:

                    (i) equipped with covers, seals, or lids in the closed
          position except when the openings are in actual use; and

                    (ii) equipped with projections into the tank which remain
          below the liquid surface at all times. 

     d. automatic bleeder vents are closed at all times except when
the roof is floated off or landed on the roof leg supports.

     e. rim vents are set to open only when the roof is being
floated off the leg supports or at the manufacturer's recommended
setting; and,

     f. emergency roof drains are provided with slotted membrane
fabric covers or equivalent covers at least 90 percent of the area
opening;

     g. the owner or operator of a petroleum liquid storage vessel
subject to this Part shall:

                    (i) perform annual inspections to ensure compliance with
          this Part, including a visual inspection of the secondary
          seal gap; and,

                    (ii) measure the secondary seal gap annually when the
          floating roof is equipped with a vapor-mounted seal; and,

                    (iii) maintain records of the results of 5(a) and 5(b)
          and of the throughput quantities and types of petroleum
          liquids stored.

3. Compliance Schedules

     a. The owner or operator of a volatile organic compound source
subject to this Part shall comply with a Schedule 1 of Section I,
Part D.

     b. Any owner or operator of a source subject to any compliance
schedule shall certify to the Department within five days after the
deadline for each increment of progress, whether the required
increment of progress has been met.



Part Q. Manufacture of Synthesized Pharmaceutical Products

1. Applicability. 

 All synthesized pharmaceutical manufacturing plants which emit
volatile organic compounds from any source, including reactors,
distillation units, dryers, transfer or storage of volatile organic
compounds, extraction equipment, filters, crystallizers, and
centrifuges are affected.

2. Control Technology Provisions.

 The owner or operator of a synthesized pharmaceutical
manufacturing plant having sources subject to this Part shall:

a. Control the volatile organic compound emissions from reactors,
distillation operations, crystallizers, centrifuges, and vacuum
dryers that have the potential to emit 6.8 kg/day (15 lb/day) or
more of VOC. Surface condensers or equivalent controls shall be
used, provided that:
          
          (i) If surface condensers are used, the condenser outlet gas
     temperature must not exceed:

                    (a) -25oC when condensing VOC of vapor pressure greater
          than 40.0 k Pa (5.8 psi) measured at 20oC,

                    (b) -15oC when condensing VOC of vapor pressure greater
          than 20.0 k Pa (2.9 psi) measured at 20oC,

                    (c) 0oC when condensing VOC of vapor pressure greater
          than 10.0 k Pa (1.5 psi) measured at 20oC,

                    (d) 10oC when condensing VOC or vapor pressure greater
          than 7.0 k Pa (1.0 psi) measured at 20oC, or,

                    (e) 25oC when condensing VOC of vapor pressure greater
          than 3.50 k Pa (0.5 psi) measured at 20oC.

          (ii) If other controls are used, the VOC emissions must be
     reduced by the equivalent of a surface condenser which meets
     the requirements of part (a)(I) above.

b. Reduce the VOC emissions from air dryers and production
equipment exhaust systems;

          (i) by at least 90 percent if emissions are 150 kg/day (330
     lb/day) or more of VOC; or,

          (ii) to 15.0 kg/day (33 lb/day) or less if emissions are less
     than 150 kg/day (330 lb/day) of VOC.

c. For storage tanks:

          (i) provide a vapor balance system or equivalent control that
     is at least 90 percent effective in reducing emissions from
     truck or railcar deliveries to storage tanks with capacities
     greater than 7,500 liters (2,000 gallons) that store VOC with
     vapor pressures greater than 28.0 k Pa (4.1 psi) at 20oC; and,

          (ii) install pressure/vacuum conservation vents set at 
                    0.2 k Pa on all storage tanks that store VOC with vapor
          pressures greater than 10.0 k Pa (1.5 psi) at 20 oC,
          unless a more effective control system is used.

d. enclose centrifuges, rotary vacuum filters, and other filters
which process liquids containing VOC with vapor pressures of 3.50
k Pa (0.5 psi) or more at 20oC.

e. install covers on in-process tanks containing a volatile organic
compound at any time.  These covers must remain closed, unless
production, sampling, maintenance, or inspection procedures require
operator access.

f. repair leaks from which a liquid containing VOC can be observed
running or dripping.  The repair shall be completed the first time
the equipment is off line for a period of time long enough to
complete the repair.

3. Compliance Schedule

     a. The owner or operator of a volatile organic compound source
subject to this Part shall comply with a Schedule 1 of Section I,
Part D.

     b. Any owner or operator of a source subject to any compliance
schedule shall certify to the Department within five days after the
deadline for each increment of progress, whether the required
increment of progress has been met.


Part R. Manufacture of Pneumatic Rubber Tires

1. Applicability

  Affected sources include the following operations in all plants
for the "Manufacture of Pneumatic Rubber Tires": Undertread
cementing, tread end cementing, bead dipping, and green tire
spraying.

2. Control Technology Provisions.

 The owner or operator of an undertread cementing, tread end
cementing, or bead dipping operation subject to this Part shall:

a. Install and operate a capture system, designed to achieve
maximum reasonable capture, up to 85 percent by weight of VOC
emitted, from all undertread cementing, tread end cementing and
bead dipping operations.  Maximum reasonable capture shall be
consistent with the following documents:

          (i) Industrial Ventilation, a Manual of Recommended Practices
     14th Edition, American Federation of Industrial Hygienists.

          (ii) Recommended Industrial Ventilation Guidelines, U.S.
     Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, National
     Institute of Occupational Safety and Health.

b. Install and operate a control device that meets the requirements
of one of the following:

          (i) a carbon adsorption system designed and operated in a
     manner such that there is at least a 95 percent removal of VOC
     by weight from the gases ducted to the control device; or,

          (ii) an incineration system that oxidizes at least 90 percent
     of the nonmethane volatile organic compounds (VOC measured as
     total combustible carbon) which enter the incinerator to
     carbon dioxide and water.

          (iii) an alternative volatile organic compound emission
     reduction system certified by the owner or operator to have at
     least a 90.0 percent reduction efficiency, measured across the
     control system, that has been approved by the Department.

The owner or operator of a green tire spraying operation subject to
this Part must implement one of the following means of reducing
volatile organic emissions:

          (a) substitute water-based sprays for the normal solvent-based
     mold release compound; or,

          (b) install a capture system designed and operated in a manner
          that will capture and transfer at least 90 percent of the VOC
     emitted by the green tire spraying operation to a control
     device; and,

          (c) in addition to part b, install and operate a control
     device that meets the requirements of one of the following:

                    (i) carbon adsorption system designed and operated in a
          manner such that there is at least 95 percent removal of
          VOC by weight from the gases ducted to the control
          device; or,

                    (ii) an incineration system that oxidizes at least 90
          percent of the nonmethane volatile organic compounds (VOC
          measured as total combustible carbon) to carbon dioxide
          and water.

                    (iii) an alternative volatile organic compound emission
          reduction system certified by the owner or operator to
          have at least a 90.0 percent reduction efficiency,
          measured across the control system, that has been
          approved by the Department.

3. Compliance Schedules

     a. The owner or operator of a volatile organic compound source
subject to this Part shall comply with a Schedule 1 of Section I,
Part D.

     b. Any owner or operator of a source subject to any compliance
schedule shall certify to the Department within five days after the
deadline for each increment of progress, whether the required
increment of progress has been met.


Part S. Cutback Asphalt

1. Control Provisions

 No person may cause, allow or permit the use or application of
cutback asphalt except as follows:

          a. used solely as a penetrating prime coat;

          b. long-life asphalt mix stockpile storage;

          c. other use or application during the months of January,
     February, and December.

2. Compliance Schedules

     a. The owner or operator of a volatile organic compound source
subject to this Part shall comply with a Schedule 1 of Section I,
Part D.

     b. Any owner or operator of a source subject to any compliance
schedule shall certify to the Department within five days after the
deadline for each increment of progress, whether the required
increment of progress has been met.

                
Part T. Bulk Gasoline Terminals and Vapor Collection Systems

1. Applicability

 This Standard will apply to all bulk gasoline terminals and the
appurtenant equipment necessary to load or unload gasoline tank 

2. Control Provisions 

 No person may load or unload a gasoline tank truck at any bulk
gasoline terminal subject to this Part unless:

     a. the bulk gasoline terminal is equipped with a vapor control
system, properly installed, in good working order, in operation and
consisting of one of the following:

                    (i) an adsorber or condensation system which may not
          allow mass emissions of VOC's to exceed 4.7 grains per
          gallon (80 milligrams per liter) of gasoline loaded; or,

                    (ii) a vapor collection system which directs all vapors
          to a fuel gas system; or,

                    (iii) alternative controls as allowed under Section I,
          Part C.

     b. all displaced vapors and gases are vented only to the vapor
control system; and,

     c. a means is provided to prevent liquid drainage from the
loading device when it is not in use or to accomplish complete
drainage before the loading device is disconnected; and,

     d. all loading and vapor lines are equipped with fittings
which make vapor-tight connections and which close automatically
when disconnected.

Sources affected by this Part may not:

          a. allow avoidable visible liquid leaks during loading or
     unloading operations; or,

          b. allow the pressure in the vapor collection system to exceed
     the gasoline tank truck pressure relief settings; or,

          c. allow gasoline to be discarded in sewers or stored in open
     containers or handled in any manner that would result in
     evaporation.

3. Compliance Schedules

     a. The owner or operator of a volatile organic compound source
subject to this Part shall comply with a Schedule 1 of Section I,
Part D.

     b. Any owner or operator of a source subject to any compliance
schedule shall certify to the Department within five days after the
deadline for each increment of progress, whether the required
increment of progress has been met.


________________________________________________________________

THIS IS THE FEDERALLY APPROVED REGULATION AS OF FEB  04, 1992

               Date Submitted    Date Approved      Federal
               to EPA            by EPA             Register

Original Reg:  DEC 20, 1978      DEC 16, 1981       46 FR 61268
1st Revision:  AUG 22, 1979      DEC 16, 1981       46 FR 61268   
2nd Revision:  SEPT 10, 1980     NOV 24, 1981       46 FR 57486
3rd Revision:  MAR 03, 1983      OCT 31, 1983       48 FR 50078   
4th Revision:  MAR 16, 1989      JUL 02, 1990       55 FR 27226
5th Revision:  SEPT 18, 1990     FEB 04, 1992       57 FR 4160


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