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What is Pollution Prevention?

Contact Information

Pollution Prevention and Innovation Team
U.S. EPA Region 4

Pollution prevention means "source reduction," as defined under the Pollution Prevention Act of 1990, and other practices that reduce or eliminate the creation of pollutants through: increased efficiency in the use of raw materials, energy, water, or other resources, or protection of natural resources by conservation.

The Pollution Prevention Act defines "source reduction" to mean any practice which:

The term includes: equipment or technology modifications, process or procedure modifications, reformulation or redesign or products, substitution of raw materials, and improvements in housekeeping, maintenance, training, or inventory control.

Specific Pollution Prevention Approaches

Pollution prevention approaches can be applied to all pollution-generating activities, including those found in the energy, agriculture, Federal, consumer, as well as industrial sectors. The impairment of wetlands, ground water sources, and other critical resources constitutes pollution, and prevention practices may be essential for preserving these resources. These practices may include conservation techniques and changes in management practices to prevent harm to sensitive ecosystems. Pollution prevention does not include practices that create new risks of concern.

Agricultural Sector
Energy Sector

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