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Oil Spills

Regional Information

Oil spills are a common event that present a significant threat to the environment. EPA takes steps to prevent, prepare for, and respond to oil spills that occur in and around inland waters of the United States and addresses oil spills under the Oil Pollution Act. As a cornerstone of EPA’s strategy to prevent oil spills from reaching the nation’s waters, EPA requires that facilities develop Oil Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure (SPCC) Plans. Facilities that store large amounts of oil must have the capability to adequately respond to a spill. Under the Clean Water Act, such facilities must submit Facility Response Plans (FRPs) to respond to a worst-case discharge and the resulting threats to human health or the environment.

EPA’s Oil Program also provides emergency response personnel, oil spill, and SPCC enforcement support. By working cooperatively with industry and other government agencies, EPA seeks to reduce the number, size and impact of oils spills into waterways and environmentally sensitive areas. In Region 4, the Emergency Response and Removal Branch oversees oil-related emergencies.

Oil Spill and Response Information

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