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Brown's Dump


Photo of Brown's Dump Superfund Alternative site.

Additional Resources
Site Summary Profile
EPA ID: FLD980847016
Location: Jacksonville, Duval County, FL
Lat/Long: 30.364888, -81.684883
Congressional District: 06
NPL Status: Superfund Alternative Approach Site 
Affected Media: Soil
Cleanup Status:Cleanup activities are underway
Human Exposure Under Control: NA
Groundwater Migration Under Control: NA
Sitewide Ready for Anticipated Use: NA
Site Reuse/Redevelopment: In continued use – industrial and residential land uses are located on site; potential for additional reuse
Site Manager: Joe Alfano (alfano.joe@epa.gov)

Current Site Status

The Brown’s Dump site includes the area where the City of Jacksonville operated a landfill from the late 1940s until the mid-1950s. EPA did not list the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) but considers it an NPL-caliber site and is addressing it through the Superfund Alternative Approach. EPA, the Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP) and the City of Jacksonville, the site’s primary potentially responsible party (PRP), have investigated site conditions and taken steps to clean up the site in order to protect people and the environment from contamination. Site contamination does not currently threaten people living and working near the site. By cleaning up contaminated soils, EPA, FDEP and the City of Jacksonville continue to protect people and the environment from site contamination.

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Site Location and Background

The 250-acre site is located in a residential and industrial area in the City of Jacksonville, Duval County, Florida. The site includes the former Mary McLeod Bethune Elementary School, a Jacksonville Electric Authority (JEA) electrical substation, and single-family homes and multi-family apartment complexes, which include low-income residents. From the late 1940s until the mid-1950s, the City of Jacksonville operated a landfill at the site and disposed of ash from municipal incinerators there. The City closed the landfill in 1953 and Duval County School Board obtained the property in 1955 through condemnation for construction of a school. During this time, development of the land surrounding the landfill for homes and apartment complexes took place. Mary McLeod Bethune Elementary School closed in 2001.

View site location map.

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Threats and Contaminants

Site investigations found contamination in soil that could potentially harm people in the area. Soil contamination resulted from landfill disposal practices. Contaminants of concern include leadarsenic and dioxin.

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Investigation and Cleanup Responsibility / Oversight

The City of Jacksonville, the site’s primary PRP, leads site investigation and cleanup activities, with oversight by provided by EPA, the United States Army Corps of Engineers and FDEP.

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Site Cleanup Plan

In 2006, EPA issued a cleanup plan (a Record of Decision, or ROD) for the site. The plan included the following activities:

Summaries of site cleanup approaches are also available online in key site cleanup documents, including the ROD.

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Cleanup Progress

Early site investigations identified the possibility that students at the elementary school could come into contact with contaminated soil as a primary concern; the school closed in 2001. In 2010, the City of Jacksonville completed the first phase of cleanup of soil contamination at affected residences. The City removed contaminated soil up to a depth of two feet from approximately 100 residential yards and replaced it with clean soil. EPA placed institutional controls to restrict certain types of digging on properties where the City could not remove all soil contamination. The City of Jacksonville covered bare areas throughout the site where children may play to reduce direct contact with remaining contaminated soil. The City of Jacksonville placed a cover topped with gravel under houses with open crawlspaces with high levels of contamination to prevent direct contact with the soil.

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Enforcement Activities

EPA negotiated legal agreements with the City of Jacksonville, the site’s primary PRP, to investigate and clean up the site. The PRP continues to fund site cleanup, monitoring and oversight activities.

The ROD online provides additional information on specific legal agreements for the site.

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Community Involvement

EPA has worked with the community and its state partner to develop a long-term cleanup plan for the site, reflecting the Agency’s commitment to safe, healthy communities and environmental protection. Community engagement and public outreach are core components of EPA program activities.

EPA has conducted a range of community involvement activities at the site to solicit community input and to make sure the public remains informed about site activities throughout the cleanup process. Outreach efforts have included public notices, fact sheets and information meetings.

EPA and the City of Jacksonville established a Technical Assistance Plan (TAP) to support community outreach and engagement at the site. The site PRP funds the TAP as part of negotiated legal agreements. The site’s TAP established Project New Ground, a City of Jacksonville site-focused community organization, to assist with soil cleanup activities. Project New Ground maintains an Information Center in the Oaks at Durkeeville Plaza. Residents can talk with outreach specialists about the cleanup and impacts on their neighborhoods.

Parties released a site summary video in October 2002 to the press and public. In April 2010, EPA initiated a Superfund Job Training Initiative program in Jacksonville that provided career development opportunities in environmental cleanup for people living near the Jacksonville Ash and Brown’s Dump sites.

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Future Work

In 2011, the PRP began the second phase of cleanup, which focuses on digging up remaining contaminated soil on residential properties.

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Additional Information

EPA keeps additional site documents and information in a site information repository at the location below. EPA also posts site documents, when available, on EPA’s CERCLIS Site Profile page. For documents not available on the website, please contact the Region 4 Freedom of Information Office .

Site Repository

Clanzel T. Brown Center
4415 Moncrief Road
Jacksonville, Florida  32209

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