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Jacksonville Ash

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Lonnie C. Miller park on the Jacksonville Ash site.
Site Video

Additional Resources
Site Summary Profile
EPA ID: FLSFN0407002
Location: Jacksonville, Duval County, FL
Lat/Long: 30.345109, -081.670247
Congressional District: 03
NPL Status: Superfund Alternative Approach Site
Affected Media: Soil
Cleanup Status: Construction underway – physical cleanup activities have begun
Human Exposure Under Control: NA
Groundwater Migration Under Control: NA
Sitewide Ready for Anticipated Use: NA
Site Reuse/Redevelopment: In continued use – residential, commercial, recreational and public service land uses are located on site
Site Manager: Joe Alfano (alfano.joe@epa.gov)


Current Site Status

The Jacksonville Ash site includes three areas in Jacksonville, Florida, where the City of Jacksonville's municipal incinerators created and deposited ash from 1910 until the 1960s. EPA did not list the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) but considers it an NPL-caliber site and is addressing it through the Superfund Alternative Approach. EPA, the Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP) and the City of Jacksonville, the site’s primary potentially responsible party (PRP), have investigated site conditions and taken steps to clean up the site in order to protect people and the environment from contamination. Site contamination does not currently threaten people living and working near the site. By cleaning up contaminated soils, EPA, FDEP and the City of Jacksonville continue to protect people and the environment from site contamination.

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Site Location and Background

The site includes three separate areas in Jacksonville, Duval County, Florida: the Forest Street Incinerator, the 5th & Cleveland Incinerator and Lonnie C. Miller, Sr. Park. The Forest Street Incinerator portion of the site covers approximately 370 acres adjacent to U.S. Interstate 95 in a primarily residential area. Surrounding land uses include McCoy’s Creek to the north, single-family homes to the south and west, a mix of commercial and industrial businesses to the southeast, and U.S. Interstate 95 to the east. A 10.5-acre portion of the area includes the former location of an incinerator facility and portions of Forest Street Park and Forest Park Headstart School.

The 5th & Cleveland Incinerator portion of the site covers approximately 400 acres adjacent to U.S. Interstate 95 in a primarily residential area. Land uses on site include Mt. Herman Elementary School, single-family homes and multi-family apartments. A 9-acre portion of the area also includes the Emmet Reed Community Center, Emmet Reed Park and a new tennis facility.

The Lonnie C. Miller, Sr. Park portion of the site covers approximately 250 acres in a primarily residential area. The park is located less than one quarter-mile northeast of U.S. Highway 1. Land uses include single-family homes to the north, south and east and commercial businesses to the west. The Ribault River is located just east of the park. The Forest Street Incinerator and 5th & Cleveland Incinerator portions of the site also include additional areas to the east.

The Forest Street Incinerator and the 5th & Cleveland Incinerator operated as the City of Jacksonville’s municipal solid waste incinerators from 1910 until the 1960s. The City of Jacksonville disposed of combustion ash, clinker and ash residues on each of the incinerator properties as well as on the land later redeveloped into the Lonnie C. Miller, Sr. Park. After incinerator operations ended, operations at the site briefly included a construction debris depository, a quail farm and a junkyard. Current land uses at the site include residential, commercial, recreational and public service uses. Residential areas include low-income residents.

In addition to the Jacksonville Ash site, EPA’s Superfund program oversees three additional sites located in the City of Jacksonville: Brown’s DumpKerr-McGee Chemical, LLC and Picketville Road Landfill.

View site location map. This map does not show the additional areas to the east of the Forest Street Incinerator and 5th & Cleveland Incinerator portions of the site.

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Threats and Contaminants

Site investigations found contamination in soil that could potentially harm people in the area. Soil contamination resulted from disposal practices at the site. Contaminants of concern include leadarsenic, dioxins and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs).

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Investigation and Cleanup Responsibility / Oversight

The City of Jacksonville, the site’s primary PRP, leads site investigation and cleanup activities, with oversight by provided by EPA, the United States Army Corps of Engineers and FDEP.

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Site Cleanup Plan

In 2006, EPA issued a cleanup plan (a Record of Decision, or ROD) for the site. The plan included the following activities:

Summaries of site cleanup approaches are also available online in key site cleanup documents, including the ROD.

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Cleanup Progress

The City of Jacksonville installed a fence to restrict access to the most highly contaminated areas of the Forest Street Incinerator in the 1990s and at Lonnie C. Miller, Sr. Park in 2005. The City covered exposed ash with gravel, sod and compost to reduce contact with soil contamination. In 2006, EPA initiated and completed short-term cleanup at the 5th & Cleveland Incinerator portion of the site. Cleanup activities included digging up contaminated soil and placing two feet of clean soil in the location of a planned tennis facility. EPA also initiated and completed a short-term cleanup at the Forest Street Incinerator portion of the site to allow for construction of an animal care and control facility. The City of Jacksonville began cleaning up soil contamination on affected residences in 2010. EPA placed institutional controls on some properties to restrict certain types of digging. The City cleaned up approximately 400 residential yards.

EPA also initiated cleanup actions on three school and church properties – at Darnell-Cookman Middle/High School, John E. Ford Elementary School and St. Stephen African Methodist Episcopal Church. The City of Jacksonville removed up to two feet of soil from these properties and replaced it with clean soil.

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Enforcement Activities

EPA negotiated legal agreements with the City of Jacksonville, the site’s primary PRP, to investigate and clean up the site. The PRP continues to fund site cleanup, monitoring and oversight activities.

The ROD online provides additional information on specific legal agreements for the site.

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Community Involvement

EPA has worked with the community and its state partner to develop a long-term cleanup plan for the site, reflecting the Agency’s commitment to safe, healthy communities and environmental protection. Community engagement and public outreach are core components of EPA program activities.

EPA has conducted a range of community involvement activities at the site to solicit community input and to make sure the public remains informed about site activities throughout the cleanup process. Outreach efforts have included fact sheets, public notices, interviews and public meetings on cleanup progress and activities.

EPA and the City of Jacksonville established a Technical Assistance Plan (TAP) to support community outreach and engagement at the site. The site PRP funds the TAP as part of negotiated legal agreements. The site’s TAP established Project New Ground Exit EPA Disclaimer, a City of Jacksonville site-focused community organization, to assist with soil contamination cleanup activities. Project New Ground maintains an Information Center Exit EPA Disclaimerin the Oaks at Durkeeville Plaza. Residents can talk with outreach specialists about the cleanup and impacts on their neighborhoods.

Parties released a site summary video in October 2002 to the press and public. In April 2010, EPA initiated a Superfund Job Training Initiative program (PDF) (4 pp, 907K, About PDF) in Jacksonville that provided career development opportunities in environmental cleanup for people living near the site and the Brown’s Dump site.

On July 14, 2011, EPA hosted two public meetings to discuss the Jacksonville Ash site.

Fact Sheets

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Future Work

The City of Jacksonville began phase two of the cleanup in July 2011. The City plans to complete cleanup of an additional 400 residential properties by 2012.

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Additional Information

EPA keeps additional site documents and information in site information repositories at the locations below. EPA also posts site documents, when available, on EPA’s CERCLIS Site Profile page. For documents not available on the website, please contact the Region 4 Freedom of Information Office .

Site Repositories

Jacksonville Urban League
903 West Union Street
Jacksonville, FL  32205

Bradham Brooks Public Library
1755 West Edgewood Avenue
Jacksonville, FL  32208

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