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Orlando Former Gasification Plant

National Information
Additional Resources
Site Summary Profile
EPA ID: FLD984169235
Location: Orlando, Orange, County, FL
Lat/Long: 28.53774 , -081.377389
Congressional District: 23
NPL Status: Superfund Alternative Site
Affected Media: Soil and ground water
Cleanup Status: Site investigations are ongoing
Human Exposure Under Control: NA
Groundwater Migration Under Control: NA
Sitewide Ready for Anticipated Use: NA
Site Reuse/Redevelopment: In continued use as office space and a commercial storage facility
Site Manager: Robenson Joseph (joseph.robenson@epa.gov)

Current Site Status

The Orlando Gasification Plant site includes the area where a manufactured gas plant operated from 1887 until 1960. EPA did not list the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) but considers it an NPL-caliber site and is addressing it through the Superfund Alternative Approach. EPA is addressing the site because of contaminated soil and ground water resulting from facility operations. EPA, the Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP) and the site’s potentially responsible parties (PRPs) have investigated site conditions and taken steps to clean up the site in order to protect people and the environment from contamination. Site contamination does not currently threaten people living and working near the site. Both residents and businesses use the public water system for drinking water. Site investigations also indicate that site-related ground water contamination is not spreading. Through ongoing site investigations and ground water monitoring, EPA, FDEP and the site’s PRPs continue to protect people and the environment from site contamination.

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Site Location and Background

The site is located near downtown Orlando, Florida, between the 400 and 600 blocks of West Robinson Street. The site includes six properties on the north and south sides of West Robinson Street. These properties are fenced and include office space and a commercial storage facility. Surrounding properties are primarily commercial and industrial. Residential properties, schools and churches are located within a few blocks of the site.

While in operation, the facility heated coal to produce gas for cooking, lighting, heating and industrial purposes. The primary waste material from the gas manufacturing process was coal tar, which contains polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and is a source of contamination at the site. Poor waste handling practices led to contamination of the site’s soil and ground water. EPA is addressing the site through the Superfund Alternative Approach. In this approach, EPA uses the same investigation and cleanup process and standards used for sites listed on the NPL.

Threats and Contaminants

Site investigations identified contamination in soil and ground water that could potentially harm people in the area. Soil and ground water contamination resulted from coal tar waste product handling practices at the site. Contaminants of concern include volatile organic compounds (VOCs), PAHs and heavy metals such as arsenic. EPA is considering potential children’s health issues as part of the site risk assessment process.

Site properties are fenced. Pavement, asphalt or concrete covers most areas of contaminated soil. Ground water in the area flows to the north and northeast, toward nearby surface water bodies. For this reason, monitoring wells are located between the ground water contamination and nearby surface water bodies. Samples from these monitoring wells indicate that site contamination is not spreading.

Ground water monitoring is ongoing. The public water utility continuously samples the quality of public drinking water. Contamination does not affect nearby well fields for the public water supply. Businesses and residents use the public water system for their drinking water and therefore are not exposed to the contaminated ground water. A well survey confirmed the absence of nearby private drinking water wells. The survey identified a few irrigation wells. However, none of these wells had ground water contamination levels above federal drinking water standards. In 2011, PRPs evaluated the issue of vapor intrusion into buildings and determined that it is not an issue at the site. 

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Investigation and Cleanup Responsibility / Oversight

Site PRPs lead site investigation and cleanup activities, with oversight provided by EPA and FDEP.

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Site Cleanup Plan

Site investigations and activities are focusing on two areas, which EPA refers to as operable units, or OUs. These areas include OU-1: site soils and the upper-level aquifer; and OU-2: the deepwater aquifer. These activities will inform the development of cleanup options for the site. PRPs began remedial investigation activities in 2004. PRPs are continuing the remedial investigation work for OU-2. EPA issued the proposed cleanup plan for OU-1 in June 2013.

  • Record of Decision: Summary of Remedial Alternative Selection, Operable Unit 1, September 2013 (PDF) (222 pp, 16.03MB, About PDF)
  • Summaries of site cleanup approaches are also available online in key site cleanup documents, including the RODs and ROD Amendment.

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    Cleanup Progress

    In September 2013, EPA issued the Record of Decision (ROD) for OU-1, which identified the cleanup option that will be implemented during the remedial action. The PRPs will develop the remedial design documents and ultimately implement the required cleanup activities.

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    Enforcement Activities

    EPA negotiated legal agreements with site PRPs to investigate the site. The PRPs continue to fund site investigation activities. EPA is negotiating the legal agreements with the PRPs to implement the OU-1 cleanup activities.

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    Community Involvement

    EPA is working with the community and its state partner to develop a long-term cleanup plan for the site, reflecting the Agency’s commitment to safe, healthy communities and environmental protection. Community engagement and public outreach are core components of EPA program activities.

    EPA is conducting a range of community involvement activities to solicit community input and to make sure the public remains informed about site activities throughout the cleanup process. Outreach efforts have included public notices, interviews and public meetings.

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    Future Work

    Once EPA finalizes the legal negotiations, the PRPs will develop the remedial design documents and ultimately implement the required cleanup activities for OU-1.

    PRPs are continuing the remedial investigation work for OU-2.

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    Additional Information

    EPA keeps additional site documents and information in a site information repository at the location below. EPA also posts site documents, when available, on EPA’s CERCLIS Site Profile page. For documents not available on the website, please contact the Region 4 Freedom of Information Office.

    Site Repository

    Orlando Public Library - Main Branch
    101 E. Central Boulevard
    Orlando, FL 32801

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