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Pioneer Sand Company

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Site cap on Pioneer Sand Company site.

Additional Resources
Site Summary Profile

EPA ID: FLD056116965
Location: Pensacola, Escambia County, FL
Lat/Long: 30.474160, -087.351380
Congressional District: 01
NPL Status: Proposed: 12/30/82; Final: 09/08/83; Deleted: 02/08/93
Affected Media: Ground water, Soil
Cleanup Status: Deleted from the NPL
Human Exposure Under Control: Yes
Groundwater Migration Under Control: Yes
Sitewide Ready for Anticipated Use: Yes
Site Reuse/Redevelopment: Not in use – potential for future recreational use
Site Manager: Peter Thorpe (thorpe.peter@epa.gov)



Current Site Status

The Pioneer Sand Company site includes the area where Pioneer Sand Company disposed of wastes and sludge in an inactive quarry from 1973 until 1979. EPA placed the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1983 because of contaminated ground water and soil resulting from disposal operations. EPA, the Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP) and Pioneer Sand Company, the site’s potentially responsible party (PRP), have investigated site conditions and taken steps to clean up the site in order to protect people and the environment from contamination. Site contamination does not currently threaten people living and working near the site. A water line connects residences next to the site to the public water supply. By monitoring ground water, placing institutional controls on the site and undertaking Five-Year Reviews, EPA, FDEP and the site’s PRP continue to protect people and the environment from site contamination.

Site Location and Background

The 11-acre site is located south of Saufley Field Road in a rural area in Warrington, Florida. Three-quarters of the site includes the area where the site PRP dug up contamination. The area where Pioneer Sand Company disposed of wastes makes up the remaining quarter of the site. A 50-home subdivision and other residences border the site to the north and east. Residences and commercial businesses border the site to the south and undeveloped land borders the site to the west. Nearby land uses include the U.S. Navy Naval Air Station Pensacola and other residential areas. A well field for the City of Pensacola is located within three miles of the site.

Pioneer Sand Company disposed of wastes and sludge in an inactive quarry at the site from 1973 until 1979. Materials included shredded auto parts, construction waste and industrial sludge. In 1981, the Florida Department of Environmental Regulation (FDER, now FDEP), did not renew the company’s disposal permit and ordered the dumping to stop. In 1983, EPA listed the site on the NPL.

Following completion of the site’s cleanup, EPA deleted the site from the NPL in 1993. The site is currently fenced and not in use.

View site location map.

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Threats and Contaminants

Site investigations found contamination in ground water and soil that could potentially harm people in the area. Ground water and soil contamination resulted from waste handling practices at the site. Contaminants of concern include benzenetolueneethylbenzene, xylenechromium, cadmium and volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Soil and sludge contamination also included polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). Sampling of nearby private wells indicated that contamination of ground water had not spread beyond the site boundary. The site’s PRP tests monitoring wells to make sure contaminated ground water does not spread to downgradient residential wells.

In addition, the South Florida Water Management District has listed the site and nearby surrounding area as a ground water delineation area, which means all wells placed in the area require the District’s approval.

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Investigation and Cleanup Responsibility / Oversight

Pioneer Sand Company, the site PRP, leads cleanup activities, with oversight provided by EPA and FDEP.

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Site Cleanup Plan

In 1986, EPA issued a cleanup plan (a Record of Decision, or ROD) for the site. The plan included the following activities:

In 2010, EPA issued an Explanation of Significant Differences to make sure that institutional controls were included as part of the cleanup plan for the site.

Summaries of site cleanup approaches are also available online in key site cleanup documents, including the ROD, ESD and Five-Year Reviews.

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Cleanup Progress

The PRP removed or collected and covered all soil contamination. The PRP placed collected soil contamination on-site in a landfill covered by a cap. The PRP completed cleanup activities and began ground water monitoring in 1991. EPA removed the site from the NPL in 1993. EPA placed an institutional control on the site to restrict construction activities, disposal activities, residential land use and commercial land use.

The site’s third Five-Year Review, completed in 2009, found that the cleanup remained protective of human health and the environment.

Summaries of cleanup activities are also available online in Five-Year Reviews.

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Enforcement Activities

EPA negotiated legal agreements with Pioneer Sand Company, the site PRP, to clean up the site. The PRP continues to fund site cleanup, monitoring and oversight activities.

  • Pioneer Sand Five Year Review, December 2014 (PDF) (72 pg, 3.15MB, About PDF)
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    The ROD and Five-Year Reviews online provide additional information on specific legal agreements for the site.

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    Community Involvement

    EPA has worked with the community and its state partner to develop a long-term cleanup approach for the site, reflecting the Agency’s commitment to safe, healthy communities and environmental protection. Community engagement and public outreach are core components of EPA program activities.

    EPA has conducted a range of community involvement activities at the site to solicit community input and to make sure the public remains informed about site activities throughout the cleanup process. Outreach efforts have included public notices, interviews, public meetings and updates. Notices included in title closing documents inform new residents of the adjacent subdivision about the site.

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    Future Work

    The PRP continues to monitor ground water and maintain institutional controls at the site.

    EPA completed the last Five-Year Review in 2009.  EPA is in the process of completing the next Five-Year Review by December 2014.

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    Additional Information

    EPA keeps additional site documents and information in a site information repository at the location below. EPA also posts site documents, when available, on EPA’s CERCLIS Site Profile page. For documents not available on the website, please contact the Region 4 Freedom of Information Office.

    Site Repository

    Genealogy Branch Library
    Lana Services
    5740 N. Ninth Ave
    Pensacola, FL 32504

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