Site Summary ProfileEPA ID: KYD980501019
Location: Island, McLean County, KY
Lat/Long: 37.446250, -087.156110
Congressional District: 01
NPL Status: Proposed: 06/24/88; Final: 02/21/90
Affected Media: Air, Ground water, Leachate, Sediment, Soil, Solid waste, Surface water
Cleanup Status: Construction Complete – physical cleanup activities have been completed
Human Exposure Under Control: Yes
Groundwater Migration Under Control: Yes
Sitewide Ready for Anticipated Use: No
Site Reuse/Redevelopment: Not in reuse
Site Manager: Giezelle Bennett (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Current Site Status
The Brantley Landfill site includes the area where Barmet Corporation operated a landfill from 1978 until 1980. EPA placed the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1990 because of air, ground water, sediment, soil and surface water contamination resulting from landfill operations. EPA, the Kentucky Department of Environmental Protection (KDEP) and Barmet Corporation (now Commonwealth Aluminum Concast, Inc.), the site’s potentially responsible party (PRP), have investigated site conditions and taken steps to clean up the site in order to protect people and the environment from contamination. Site contamination does not currently threaten people living and working near the site. By treating ground water and undertaking Five-Year Reviews, EPA, KDEP and the site’s PRP continue to protect people and the environment from site contamination.
Site Location and Background
The 4-acre site is part of a larger 35-acre area in a rural area of Island, McLean County, Kentucky. The entire Island area has been heavily mined for coal. Kentucky State Highway 85 borders the site to the north, a wastewater treatment plant border the site to the south, a residence borders the site to the east and an unnamed tributary to Cypress Creek borders the site to the west. Agricultural and residential land uses surround the site.
From 1987 until 1990, Barmet Corporation operated a landfill at the site. In 1990, EPA listed the site on the NPL.
Fencing surrounds the grass-covered site. The site is not currently in use.
Site investigations found contamination in air, ground water, sediment, soil and surface water that could potentially harm people in the area. Contamination resulted from landfill operations at the site. Landfill waste included salt cake fines containing various heavy metals. Contaminants of concern include chromium, copper, titanium,vanadium, aluminum, magnesium and sodium, which react with water to form several gases, including ammonia, acetylene, methane, hydrogen and hydrogen sulfide.
Investigation and Cleanup Responsibility / Oversight
Barmet Corporation (now Commonwealth Aluminum Concast, Inc.), the site’s PRP, led site investigation and cleanup activities with oversight provided by EPA and KDEP.
Site Cleanup Plan
In 1994, EPA issued a cleanup plan (a Record of Decision, or ROD) for the site. The plan included the following activities:
- Installing and sampling additional ground water monitoring wells.
- Constructing a cap over the existing landfill cap to minimize surface water infiltration.
- Cleaning up shallow ground water.
- Monitoring ground water.
- Addressing ground water contamination, if needed.
In 1986, EPA conducted air monitoring near the site and found contamination in air downwind from the site. In 1987, EPA identified contamination in soil, ground water, surface water and sediment samples from the site.
In 1993, the site’s PRP made repairs to the existing landfill cap to prevent erosion and exposure of waste material.
In 1995, the PRP installed 14 additional monitoring wells and six water measurement devices in and around the landfill.
In 1997, the PRP conducted site cleanup activities, including installation of a new cap over the existing landfill cap, construction of three ditches with temporary erosion control matting and installation of an erosion control/turf reinforcement mat on a natural drainage ditch. Following the cleanup activities, the PRP conducted air monitoring to confirm that the new landfill cap contained landfill emissions. The landfill cap addressed the site’s air, ground water, sediment, soil and surface water contamination.
The site’s third Five-Year Review, completed in 2013, found that the cleanup remains protective of human health and the environment.
EPA negotiated legal agreements with the site’s PRP to investigate and clean up the site. The PRP continues to fund monitoring and oversight activities.
EPA has worked with the community and its state partner to develop a long-term cleanup plan for the site, reflecting the Agency’s commitment to safe, healthy communities and environmental protection. Community engagement and public outreach are core components of EPA program activities.
EPA has conducted a range of community involvement activities to solicit community input and to make sure the public remains informed about site activities throughout the cleanup process. Outreach efforts have included public notices, interviews and information meetings.
The site’s PRP continues to conduct monitoring and operation and maintenance activities, including regular mowing and inspection of the cap and annual ground water sampling.
EPA completed the last Five-Year Review in 2013 and plans to complete the next Five-Year Review in 2018.
EPA keeps additional site documents and information in a site information repository at the location below. EPA also posts site documents, when available, on EPA’s CERCLIS Site Profile page. For documents not available on the website, please contact the Region 4 Freedom of Information Office.
Island City Hall
160 South First St.
Island, KY 42350