Howe Valley Landfill
Note: EPA no longer updates this information, but it may be useful as a reference or resource.
Site Summary Profile
EPA ID: KYD980501191
Location: Howe Valley, Hardin County, KY
Lat/Long: 37.668500, -086.124200
Congressional District: 02
NPL Status: Proposed: 06/10/86; Final: 07/22/87; Deleted: 07/26/96
Affected Media: Soil
Cleanup Status: Deleted from the NPL - Physical cleanup activities have been completed.
Human Exposure Under Control: Yes
Groundwater Migration Under Control: NA – This is not a ground water site
Sitewide Ready for Anticipated Use: Yes
Site Reuse/Redevelopment: Not in use – potential for future recreational use
Site Manager: Nestor Young (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Current Site Status
The Howe Valley Landfill site includes an area used as an industrial waste landfill from 1967 until 1976. EPA placed the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1987 because of contaminated soil resulting from disposal operations. EPA, the Kentucky Department of Environmental Protection (KDEP) and Dow Corning, the site’s lead potentially responsible party (PRP), investigated site conditions and took steps to clean up the site in order to protect people and the environment from m contamination. In 1994, the PRP removed all site-related contamination. In 1996, EPA deleted the site from the NPL. No additional Superfund actions at the site are required.
The site includes 11 acres of rolling terrain in Howe Valley, Hardin County, Kentucky. The site is about a mile south of Highway 86 (Hardinsburg Road) and a mile east of Highway 920 (Salt River Road). The site sits in a remote area surrounded by forested and agricultural land. A few rural homes are located north of the site. Elizabethtown, the largest nearby city, is about 10 miles east of the site.
From 1967 until 1976, Kentucky Industrial Services, Inc. operated an industrial waste landfill on 2.5 acres of the site. Operators disposed of drums of sludge and bulk wastes associated with various manufacturing and insulation operations on site. Operations ceased in 1976 after the state landfill permit expired. The Kentucky Division of Water Quality (KDWQ) visited the site in 1979 and found waste material and drums exposed on the surface of the landfill. Ground water samples collected by KDWQ indicated that the site might have been contaminating local ground water.
In 1987, EPA listed the site on the NPL. Since the completion of cleanup activities in 1994, the site has remained vacant.
Site investigations found contamination in soil that could potentially harm people in the area. Soil contamination resulted from disposal practices at the site. Contaminants of concern included heavy metals, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and volatile organic compounds. Soil contamination threatened local ground water.
The site’s PRP addressed all contamination-related threats.
Investigation and Cleanup Responsibility / Oversight
The site’s lead PRP conducted site investigation and cleanup activities, with oversight provided by EPA and KDEP.
Site Cleanup Plan
In 1990, EPA issued a cleanup plan (a Record of Decision, or ROD) for the site. The plan included the following activities:
- Digging up and disposing of 100 cubic yards of outlying soils containing high levels of inorganic contaminants.
- Replacing removed soils with clean dirt.
- Digging up and treating 7,400 cubic yards of central area soils containing high levels of organic contaminants via on-site aeration.
- Conducting a study to make sure the aeration process would effectively lower organic contaminant levels.
- Monitoring air on site to protect workers and nearby residents.
- Installing water diversion ditches to prevent water from running onto the aerated soils.
- Restoring the site to its natural conditions.
- Monitoring Boutwell Spring, located southwest of the site, and additional springs or wells that lay along the ground water conduit between Boutwell Spring and the site, on a quarterly basis for five years.
- Placing restrictions on the site property deed to limit uses of the site property and its associated ground water.
The PRPs began cleanup actions required in the 1990 cleanup plan (the ROD) and completed them in 1994. Although not required to do so, lead PRP Dow Corning removed all contamination from the site.
EPA deleted the site from the NPL on July 26, 1996, with the deletion notice stating “EPA Region 4 has determined that the remedial action completed has attained the site remediation objectives outlined in the ROD and that no hazardous substances, pollutants, or contaminants remain on-site exceeding concentrations that will restrict unlimited use of the site or threaten human health through unlimited exposure.”
In 1991, EPA entered into a legal agreement with lead PRP Dow Corning to conduct the cleanup required in the 1992 ROD.
EPA worked with the community and its state partner to develop a long-term cleanup plan for the site, reflecting the Agency’s commitment to safe, healthy communities and environmental protection. Community engagement and public outreach are core components of EPA program activities.
EPA conducted a range of community involvement activities to solicit community input and to make sure the public remains informed about site activities throughout the cleanup process. Outreach efforts included public notices, interviews and public meetings.
No hazardous substances, pollutants or contaminants remain on site above levels that will restrict use of the site or threaten people.
EPA is not required to conduct Five-Year Reviews for the site.
No further updates are warranted at this time.
EPA keeps additional site documents and information in a site information repository at the location below. EPA also posts site documents, when available, on EPA’s CERCLIS Site Profile page. For documents not available on the website, please contact the Region 4 Freedom of Information Office.
Hardin County Public Library
201 West Dixie Avenue
Elizabethtown, KY 42701