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National Electric Coil Co./Cooper Industries


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Additional Resources
Site Summary Profile

EPA ID: KYD985069954
Location: Dayhoit, Harlan County, KY
Lat/Long: 36.843880, -083.371380
Congressional District: 05
NPL Status: Proposed: 07/29/91; Final: 10/14/92
Affected Media: Air, Ground water, Soil
Cleanup Status: Construction complete - Physical cleanup activities have been completed.
Human Exposure Under Control: Yes
Groundwater Migration Under Control: Yes
Sitewide Ready for Anticipated Use: No
Site Reuse/Redevelopment: Continued industrial use
Site Manager: Keriema Newman (newman.keriema@epa.gov)

Current Site Status

The National Electric Coil Co./Cooper Industries site includes the area where National Electric Coil Company operated a coal mining machinery repair facility from 1951 to 1987. From 1987 to 2010, another company operated a similar facility at the site. In 2010, automobile storage operations began at the site. EPA placed the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1992 because of contaminated air, soil and ground water resulting from coal mining machinery repair operations. EPA, the Kentucky Department for Environmental Protection (KDEP) and the site’s potentially responsible parties (PRPs) have investigated site conditions and taken steps to clean up the site in order to protect people and the environment from contamination. Site contamination does not currently threaten people living and working near the site. Since 1989, a water line has connected residences and businesses near the site to the public water supply. By treating and monitoring ground water and conducting required Five-Year Reviews, EPA, KDEP and the site’s PRPs continue to protect people and the environment from site contamination.

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Site Location and Background

The 3.5-acre site is located on Old Highway 119 next to the Cumberland River in Dayhoit, Harlan County, Kentucky. The site includes a main manufacturing building, two smaller buildings, an asphalt paved parking lot and a grass-covered riverbank area. A mobile home park borders the site to the south, a Kentucky Utility Company electrical substation borders the site to the north, Old Highway 119 borders the site to the west and the Cumberland River borders the site to the east. The residential communities bordering the site and south of the site are low-income areas.

From 1951 to 1987, National Electric Coil Company operated a coal mining machinery repair facility under the ownership of the McGraw Edison Company. Operations included rewinding electric motors and manufacturing coils as well as rebuilding machinery used in the coal mining industry. Operations used chemicals to remove oil and tar from the used motors, capacitors, transformers and other equipment prior to rebuilding the equipment and discharged chemicals, wastes and contaminated transformer oils onto the ground and through a drainage pipe to the Cumberland River. Cooper Industries purchased the McGraw Edison Company in 1985 and continued the facility’s operations until 1987, when Treen Land Company bought the site property. In 1992, EPA listed the site on the NPL.

Charles Dozier owned the site from 1994 until 2010 and the coal mining machinery repair facility operated under the National Electric Services Management Group. Currently, Jennifer Pennington owns the site and Pennington’s Wrecker Service operates on site. Operations include storage of wrecked automobiles on the asphalt parking lot next to the main building, storage of auto parts in on-site buildings and sale of salvage auto parts. Land use at the site is not expected to change in the near future. 

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Threats and Contaminants

Site investigations found contamination in air, soil and ground water that could potentially harm people in the area. Contamination resulted from waste handling practices at the site. Contaminants of concern include volatile organic compounds (VOCs), trichloroethylene (TCE) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs).

KDEP identified contaminated ground water used for drinking water at the mobile home park south of the site in 1989, during a community well sampling event. Twelve of the 50 wells sampled indicated the presence of VOC contamination. Well users with contaminated drinking water received alternate drinking water supplies until they could be connected to the public water supply. Contamination affected off-site soil in the mobile home park. The site’s PRPs removed the contaminated soil and soil contamination no longer poses a threat. Air contamination resulting from an on-site air stripper has been addressed and no longer poses a threat.

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Investigation and Cleanup Responsibility / Oversight

McGraw-Edison/Cooper, Treen Land Company and National Electric Coil Company, the site’s PRPs, lead site investigation and cleanup activities, with oversight provided by EPA and KDEP.

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Site Cleanup Plan

In 1996, EPA issued a cleanup plan (a Record of Decision, or ROD) for the site. The plan included the following activities:

In 2011, EPA issued an Explanation of Significant Differences (ESD) to change the site cleanup plan to include institutional controls to limit ground water use and remove the treatment of gas from the air stripper. 

Summaries of site cleanup approaches are also available online in key site cleanup documents, including the ROD and ESD.

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Cleanup Progress

In 1989, a water line was put in place to connect residences and businesses to the public water supply.
Between 1990 and 1991, the site’s PRPs conducted interim cleanup activities, which included digging up and disposing of approximately 5,100 tons of contaminated source soils off site.

The PRPs began preliminary ground water pump-and-treat activities in 1993 to minimize migration of contamination. Since operations began, the ground water treatment system has removed 4,566 pounds of contamination from ground water.

The PRPs completed ground water cleanup activities in 1998.

The site’s third Five-Year Review, completed in 2013, found that the site’s ground water cleanup remains protective of human health and the environment in the short term.

Summaries of cleanup activities are also available in Five-Year Reviews online.

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Enforcement Activities

EPA negotiated legal agreements with the site’s PRPs to investigate and clean up the site. McGraw-Edison/Cooper continues to fund site cleanup, monitoring and oversight activities.

The ROD and Five-Year Reviews online provide additional information on specific legal agreements for the site.

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Community Involvement

EPA has worked with the community and its state partner to develop a long-term cleanup plan for the site, reflecting the Agency’s commitment to safe, healthy communities and environmental protection. Community engagement and public outreach are core components of EPA program activities.

EPA has conducted a range of community involvement activities to solicit community input and to make sure the public remains informed about site activities throughout the cleanup process. Outreach efforts have included public notices, interviews, public meetings and updates. EPA conducted additional community outreach activities in the low-income areas near the site. EPA also held a public meeting at the Harlan Center and a public comment period in 2010 before issuing the ESD. 

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Future Work

The ground water pump-and-treat system continues to operate at the site.  The site’s PRPs continue to conduct semi-annual ground water monitoring.  EPA completed the last Five-Year Review in 2013 and plans to complete the next Five-Year Review in 2018.

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Additional Information

EPA keeps additional site documents and information in a site information repository at the location below. EPA also posts site documents, when available, on EPA’s CERCLIS Site Profile page. For documents not available on the website, please contact the Region 4 Freedom of Information Office.

Site Repository

Harlan Public Library
3rd. & Central
Harlan, KY 40831

For documents not available on the website, please contact the Region 4 Freedom of Information Office.

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