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Carolina Transformer Co.


Soil excavation and regrading at the Carolina Transformer site.

Carolina Transformer site - after cleanup

Additional Resources
Site Summary Profile
EPA ID: NCD003188844
Location: Fayetteville, Cumberland County, NC
Lat/Long: 35.063330, -078.845000
Congressional District: 07
NPL Status: Proposed: 01/22/87; Final: 07/22/87
Affected Media: Debris, Ground water, Sediment, Soil
Cleanup Status: Construction Complete - Physical cleanup activities have been completed.
Human Exposure Under Control: Yes
Groundwater Migration Under Control: Yes
Sitewide Ready for Anticipated Use: No
Site Reuse/Redevelopment: Not in use – potential for commercial, industrial or residential use
Site Manager: Hilary Thornton (thornton.hilary@epa.gov)

Current Site Status

The Carolina Transformer Co. site includes an area where the Carolina Transformer Company (CTC) operated a rebuilding and repair facility from 1967 until 1982. EPA placed the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1987 because of contaminated debris, ground water, sediment and soil resulting from facility operations. EPA and the North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources (NCDENR) have investigated site conditions and taken steps to clean up the site to protect people and the environment from contamination. Site contamination does not currently threaten people living and working near the site. A water line connects nearby residences to the public water supply. By monitoring ground water and conducting required Five-Year Reviews, EPA and NCDENR continue to protect people and the environment from site contamination.

Site Location and Background

The 5-acre site is located in Fayetteville, North Carolina. It includes an area at the headwater of an unnamed stream less than two miles from the Cape Fear River. Rural residential properties surround the site. From 1967 to 1982, CTC operated an electrical transformer rebuilding and repair facility at the site. CTC also operated as a polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) storage and disposal site for owners of PCB transformers and other PCB materials. In 1987, EPA listed the site on the NPL. The site is not in use.

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Threats and Contaminants

Site investigations found contamination in debris, ground water, sediment and soil that could potentially harm people in the area. Contamination resulted from improper storage and waste handling practices at the site.  Contaminants of concern include PCBs and volatile organic compounds (VOCs).

EPA addressed all debris, sediment and soil contamination. As a result, EPA does not require land use restrictions for the site.

EPA does not consider ground water a threat because contamination did not affect nearby residential wells. The levels of contaminants in ground water have been steadily going down.

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Investigation and Cleanup Responsibility / Oversight

EPA leads site investigation and cleanup activities in cooperation with NCDENR.

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Site Cleanup Plan

In 1991, EPA issued a cleanup plan (a Record of Decision, or ROD) for the site. The plan included the following activities:

In 2005, EPA issued an amendment to the cleanup plan (a ROD Amendment) to change the ground water cleanup plan to monitored natural attenuation, change ground water cleanup goals and require institutional controls, if necessary.

Summaries of site cleanup approaches are also available online in key site cleanup documents, including the ROD, ROD Amendment and Five-Year Reviews.

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Cleanup Progress

In 1984, EPA dug up 975 tons of contaminated soil, moved the soil to an off-site facility and placed a fence around the area. Additionally, nearby residences were connected to the public water supply.

In 1996, EPA built the ground water pump-and-treat system and the system to remove contamination from soil and sediment. EPA began use of the systems and cleanup activities in 1999. EPA completed debris, sediment and soil cleanup in 2003. The ground water pump-and-treat system operated until 2005 when EPA began monitored natural attenuation.

The site’s first Five-Year Review, completed in 2010, found that the cleanup continues to protect people and the environment. Monitored natural attenuation is functioning as required to achieve ground water cleanup levels.

Summaries of cleanup activities are also available online in the Five-Year Review.

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Enforcement Activities

EPA used federal funds for cleanup activities. EPA continues to use federal funds for monitoring activities.

The ROD, ROD Amendment and Five-Year Reviews online provide information on specific legal agreements for the site.

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Community Involvement

EPA worked with the community and its state partner to develop a long-term cleanup plan for the site, reflecting the Agency’s commitment to safe, healthy communities and environmental protection. Community engagement and public outreach are core components of EPA program activities.

EPA has conducted a range of community involvement activities to solicit community input and to make sure the public remains informed about site activities throughout the cleanup process. Outreach efforts have included public notices, interviews and public meetings.

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Future Work

EPA continues to conduct annual ground water monitoring.

EPA completed the last Five-Year Review in 2010 and plans to complete the next Five-Year Review in 2015.

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Additional Information

EPA keeps additional site documents and information in a site information repository at the location below. EPA also posts site documents, when available, on EPA’s CERCLIS Site Profile page. For documents not available on the website, please contact the Region 4 Freedom of Information Office.

Site Repository

Cumberland County Public Library
300 Maiden Lane
Fayetteville, NC  28301

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