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Charles Macon Lagoon and Drum Storage


Ground water pump and treatment system at Macon site

Additional Resources
Site Summary Profile
EPA ID: NCD980840409
Location: Cordova, Richmond County, NC
Lat/Long: 34.892500, -079.837500
Congressional District: 08
NPL Status: Proposed: 01/22/87; Final: 07/22/87
Affected Media: Ground water, Soil
Cleanup Status: Construction complete - physical cleanup activities have been completed
Human Exposure Under Control: Yes
Groundwater Migration Under Control: Yes
Sitewide Ready for Anticipated Use: No
Site Reuse/Redevelopment: Site is in continued use - primarily agricultural and recreational with limited residential use
Site Manager: Giezelle Bennett (bennett.giezelle@epa.gov)

Current Site Status

The Charles Macon Lagoon and Drum Storage site, also known as the Macon Dockery site, includes the area where a waste oil recycling facility operated from 1979 to 1982. EPA placed the site on the  National Priorities List (NPL) in 1987 because of contaminated ground water and soil resulting from facility operations. EPA, the North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources (NCDENR), and Clark Equipment Company and Crown, Cork and Seal Company, the site’s potentially responsible parties (PRPs), have investigated site conditions and taken steps to clean up the site in order to protect people and the environment from contamination. Site contamination does not currently threaten people living and working near the site.  By treating ground water and undertaking Five-year Reviews, EPA, NCDENR and the site’s PRPs continue to protect people and the environment from site contamination.

EPA issued an approved cleanup plan (a Record of Decision, or ROD) to address site contaminants (substances that may cause harm to people and the environment). Soil contamination has been cleaned up. Ground water contamination remains but is confined to the site and is being actively treated. Private wells are located upgradient (uphill) of the site. Local residents living and working near the site are not currently threatened by site contamination. EPA, NCDENR and the site’s PRPs continue to make sure residents and the environment are protected from site contamination through ongoing ground water treatment and required Five-Year Reviews.

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Site Location and Background

The site is located on State Road (SR) 1103 in Richmond County, North Carolina, approximately one mile east of the Pee Dee River and 1.6 miles southwest of Cordova. The site includes two separate, independently owned parcels of land: a 40-acre area owned by the Macon family and a 1-acre area owned by the Dockery family. The Dockery property is located approximately 2,640 feet north of the Macon property entrance, on the west side of SR 1103. Undeveloped land and agricultural land border the site. Site surroundings are mostly agricultural. There are also a few homes in the area.

A waste oil recycling and antifreeze manufacturing facility operated at the site from 1979 to 1982. From 1979 through 1981, Mr. Charles Macon operated a waste oil disposal and recycling plant and an antifreeze manufacturing facility at the site. In 1981, Mr. Macon leased the recycling plant to C&M Oil Distributors, which operated the plant until 1982. Operations stored waste oils from plant operations in 11 unlined ponds, nine above-ground tanks and two tanks on the Macon property and in one unlined pond on the Dockery property. Waste stored in ponds overflowed onto the surrounding land. Both properties also received drums containing wastes. Operations at the site ended in 1982. In 1987, EPA listed the site on the NPL.

Residential and agricultural land uses remain on site. People also use the site for recreational purposes such as hunting and fishing.

View site location map.

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Threats and Contaminants

Site investigations found contamination in ground water and soil that could potentially harm people in the area. Contamination resulted from waste handling practices at the site. Contaminants of concern include volatile organic compounds (VOCs)tetrachloroethylene (also known as PCE or PERC)trichloroethylenebenzene, vinyl chloride and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs).

Contamination affected ground water but the contamination remains within the site boundary.

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Investigation and Cleanup Responsibility / Oversight

Clark Equipment Company and Crown, Cork and Seal Company, the site’s PRPs, lead site cleanup activities, with oversight provided by EPA and NCDENR.

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Site Cleanup Plan

In 1991, EPA issued a cleanup plan (a Record of Decision, or ROD) for the site. The plan included the following activities:

In 1994, EPA issued an amendment to the ROD to change the cleanup plan for Lagoon 10 to digging up and disposing of contaminated materials off site.

In 2009, EPA issued an Explanation of Significant Difference (ESD) to include institutional controls to restrict ground water use at the site.

Summaries of site cleanup approaches are also available online in key site cleanup documents, including the ROD and Five-Year Reviews.

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Cleanup Progress

In 1983, EPA conducted short-term cleanup activities at the Macon property. EPA removed 3,123 tons of waste and 137,000 gallons of oil. In 1984, EPA conducted removal activities at the Dockery property, including digging up and filling the unlined ponds with clean soil, with the exception of Lagoon 10. EPA completed cleanup activities on both properties in 1984.

The PRPs conducted cleanup activities at Lagoon 10 in 1994. The PRPs completed construction of the SVE and pump-and-treat systems in 1996. Following soil sampling, the PRPs decommissioned the SVE system in 2000.

The site’s third Five-Year Review, completed in 2010, found that the cleanup remains protective of human health and the environment.

Summaries of cleanup activities are also available in Five-Year Reviews online.

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Enforcement Activities

EPA negotiated legal agreements with the site’s PRPs to investigate and clean up the site. The PRPs continue to fund site cleanup, monitoring and oversight activities.

RODs and Five-Year Reviews online provide additional information on specific legal agreements for the site.

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Community Involvement

EPA has worked with the community and its state partner to develop a long-term cleanup plan for the site, reflecting the Agency’s commitment to safe, healthy communities and environmental protection. Community engagement and public outreach are core components of EPA program activities.

EPA has conducted a range of community involvement activities to solicit community input and to make sure the public remains informed about site activities throughout the cleanup process. Outreach efforts have included public notices, interviews and public meetings.

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Future Work

Operation and maintenance activities as well as ground water treatment are ongoing.

EPA is working to implement institutional controls at the site.

EPA completed the last Five-Year Review in 2010 and plans to complete the next Five-Year in 2015.

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Additional Information

EPA keeps additional site documents and information in a site information repository at the location below. EPA also posts site documents, when available, on EPA’s CERCLIS Site Profile page. For documents not available on the website, please contact the Region 4 Freedom of Information Office.

Site Repository

Leath Memorial Library
412 E Franklin St
Rockingham, NC 28739

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