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FCX, Inc. (Statesville Plant)

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SVE system at FCX Statesville site

Additional Resources
Site Summary Profile
EPA ID: NCD095458527
Location: Statesville, Iredell County, NC
Lat/Long: 35.786500, -080.916300
Congressional District: 10
NPL Status: Proposed: 06/24/88; Final: 02/21/90
Affected Media: Ground water, Soil
Cleanup Status: Construction Complete - Physical cleanup activities have been completed.
Human Exposure Under Control: Yes
Groundwater Migration Under Control: Yes
Sitewide Ready for Anticipated Use: No
Site Reuse/Redevelopment: Not in use - Potential for Commercial/Light Industrial
Site Manager: Ken Mallary (mallary.ken@epa.gov)


Current Site Status

The FCX, Inc. (Statesville Plant) site includes an area where Burlington Industries, Inc. (Burlington) and Farmer’s Cooperative Exchange (FCX) operated manufacturing facilities. EPA placed the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1990 because of contaminated ground water and soil resulting from facility operations. EPA, the North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources (NCDENR), and Burlington Industries, Inc. and El Paso Natural Gas Company, the site’s potentially responsible parties (PRPs), have investigated site conditions and taken steps to clean up the site in order to protect people and the environment from contamination. A water line connects residences and businesses to the public water supply. By conducting cleanup activities, monitoring ground water and undertaking Five-Year Review, EPA, NCDENR and the site’s PRPs continue to protect people and the environment from site contamination.

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Site Location and Background

The 15.5-acre site is located at the intersection of Phoenix Street and West Front Street/Highway 90, approximately 1.5 miles west of Statesville and approximately 60 miles north of Charlotte, North Carolina. The site includes two properties: the 5.5-acre former FCX property and the 10-acre former Burlington property and nearby properties contaminated by the company’s operations. The FCX property includes two warehouses, a parking lot, gravel-covered areas and concrete slabs. An industrial textiles plant operated on the Burlington property. The Burlington property includes two large buildings, a warehouse, a main building and a forested area. A railroad runs between the FCX and Burlington properties. Residential areas border the site to the north. Residential and commercial businesses border the site to the south. Industrial and commercial businesses border the site to the east. Industrial land use borders the site to the west. Mills Elementary School is located west of the site. The site’s broader surroundings include residential, commercial and industrial land uses.

Beginning around 1940, FCX began packaging, warehousing and distributing pesticides and fertilizers on site. Operations disposed of wastes in two on-site trenches and buried wastes on site. In September 1986, FCX filed for bankruptcy and abandoned the property. In 1990, EPA listed the site on the NPL.

Sun Associates, LLC purchased the former FCX property and is currently renovating the site property for reuse. The Burlington property is currently not in use. The site’s PRPs purchased several properties north of the Burlington property, which are now included as part of the site, to address additional ground water contamination. The site supports commercial and industrial land uses. A fence surrounds portions of both site properties.

View site location map.

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Threats and Contaminants

Site investigations found contamination in ground water and soil that could potentially harm people in the area. Contamination resulted from waste handling practices at the FCX property.  Contaminant of concern include pesticides and volatile organic compounds (VOCs).

Contamination affected ground water and soil on the FCX property as well as ground water at the Burlington property and surrounding areas.

The site’s PRPs have addressed soil contamination and the site supports commercial and industrial land uses.

Pesticide-related ground water contamination remains within the site’s boundary. EPA does not consider ground water contamination at the site to pose a threat because institutional controls placed on the site property restrict ground water use.

VOC-contaminated ground water affected the property north of the Burlington property area of the site. The PRPs purchased the property to include as part of the site, fenced it and assessed whether residents or workers might be at risk from harmful ground water vapors in buildings.

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Investigation and Cleanup Responsibility / Oversight

EPA leads site investigation and cleanup activities at the FCX property in cooperation with NCDENR.

The site’s PRPs lead site investigation and cleanup activities at the Burlington property, with oversight provided by EPA and NCDENR.

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Site Cleanup Plan

Site investigations and cleanup activities have focused on three areas, which EPA refers to as operable units, or OUs. These areas include OU-1: pesticide ground water contamination; OU-2: pesticide soil contamination; and OU-3: ground water contamination on the Burlington property.

In 1993, EPA issued a cleanup plan (a Record of Decision, or ROD) for OU-1. The plan included the following activities:

In 1994, EPA issued a cleanup plan (a ROD) for OU-2. The plan included the following activities:

In 1996, EPA issued a cleanup plan (a ROD) for OU-3. The plan included the following activities:

In 2006, EPA issued an amendment to the cleanup plan (a ROD Amendment) to change part of the OU-1 remedy from a pump-and-treat system to monitored natural attenuation (MNA).

In 2006, EPA issued an Explanation of Significant Differences (ESD) to add accelerated natural attenuation to site cleanup activities to speed up natural degradation processes in ground water.

Summaries of site cleanup approaches are also available online in key site cleanup documents, including the RODs, the ROD Amendment, ESD and Five-Year Reviews.

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Cleanup Progress

EPA completed the pump-and-treat system and began operating it in 1998. Following the ROD Amendment for OU-1, EPA began monitored natural attenuation in 2006. In 2009, NCDENR took over the OU-1 remedy and continued conducting monitored natural attenuation. 

EPA completed cleanup activities for OU-2 in 2001. EPA removed approximately 15,000 cubic yards of pesticide-contaminated soil, treated the soil on site and backfilled the treated soil on site. EPA treated the liquid wastes from the soil treatment process and disposed of it at an off-site facility.

The site’s PRPs began cleanup activities for OU-3 in 2001. The PRPs used wells to inject air into ground water to treat ground water contamination. They used soil vapor extraction and monitored natural attenuation to address VOC contamination in soil and ground water at the Burlington property. Since 2001, the PRPs have removed approximately 14,000 pounds of VOCs from the soil and ground water. In 2006, the PRPs began using accelerated natural attenuation to address contaminated ground water.

The site’s second Five-Year Review, completed in 2011, found that the cleanup continues to protect people from remaining site contamination.

Summaries of cleanup activities are also available in Five-Year Reviews online.

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Enforcement Activities

In 1992, a Trust Agreement provided FCX bankruptcy proceeding assets to fund cleanup activities at the site and the FCX-Washington Superfund site.

Additionally, EPA negotiated legal agreements with the site’s PRPs to investigate and clean up the Burlington property at the site. The PRPs continue to fund site cleanup, monitoring and oversight activities.

RODs and Five-Year Reviews online provide additional information on specific legal agreements for the site.

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Community Involvement

EPA has worked with the community and its state partner to develop a long-term cleanup plan for the site, reflecting the Agency’s commitment to safe, healthy communities and environmental protection. Community engagement and public outreach are core components of EPA program activities.

EPA has conducted a range of community involvement activities to solicit community input and to make sure the public remains informed about site activities throughout the cleanup process. Outreach efforts have included public notices, interviews and public meetings. EPA also provided a Technical Assistance Grant (TAG) for OU-1 and OU-2.

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Future Work

Ground water monitoring is ongoing.

The site’s PRPs are currently assessing soil vapor intrusion pathways and site-related ground water contamination at the Burlington property.

EPA plans to issue a cleanup plan (a ROD) to address contamination in an on-site creek.

EPA completed the last Five-Year Review in 2011 and plans to complete the next Five-Year Review in 2016.

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Additional Information

EPA keeps additional site documents and information in a site information repository at the location below. EPA also posts site documents, when available, on EPA’s CERCLIS Site Profile page. For documents not available on the website, please contact the Region 4 Freedom of Information Office.

Site Repository

Iredell County Public Library
135 E. Water Street
Statesville, NC 28677

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