Jump to main content.


Georgia-Pacific Hardwood Sawmill

Additional Resources

Note: EPA no longer updates this information, but it may be useful as a reference or resource.

Site Summary Profile
EPA ID: NCD000813592
Location: Plymouth, Washington County, NC
Lat/Long: 35.871566, -76.741494
Congressional District: 01
NPL Status: Proposed: 01/19/99; Final: 10/21/99; Withdrawn: 09/28/00
Affected Media: Ground water, Sediment, Soil, Surface Water
Cleanup Status: Withdrawn from the NPL
Human Exposure Under Control: NA
Groundwater Migration Under Control: NA
Sitewide Ready for Anticipated Use: NA
Site Reuse/Redevelopment: Not in usepotential for commercial/light Industrial use
Site Manager: Ken Mallary (mallary.ken@epa.gov)


Current Site Status

The Georgia-Pacific Corporation Hardwood Sawmill site includes an area where various owners operated a sawmill from the 1920s until the 1980s. EPA placed the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1999 because of contaminated ground water, sediment, soil and surface water resulting from facility operations. EPA, the North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources (NCDENR), and the site’s potentially responsible party (PRP) have investigated site conditions and taken steps to clean up the site in order to protect people and the environment from contamination. After the PRP completed a short-term cleanup action in November 1999, EPA determined the site poses only a low risk to people and the environment and then withdrew the site from the NPL. A water line connects residences and businesses near the site to the public water supply.  EPA does not plan to conduct additional investigations or cleanup activities.

Top of page

Site Location and Background

The 24-acre site is located along the Roanoke River in Plymouth, Washington County, North Carolina. The Roanoke River borders the site to the north, undeveloped property borders the site to the east and west, and the local high school borders the site to the south. Nearby apartment complexes include low-income and minority residents. According to the North Carolina Division of Water Quality, the Roanoke River is a commercial and recreational fishery from Plymouth to the Albemarle Sound estuary on the North Carolina coast. Wetlands border much of the river from Plymouth to Albemarle Sound.

From the 1920s to about 1980, various owners operated a sawmill for planing and surface-treating rough lumber at the site. From about 1950 until 1980, the Georgia-Pacific Corporation Hardwood Sawmill produced and treated hardwood lumber and railroad ties at the site. In 1983, the facility burned and closed down. In 1999, EPA listed the site on the NPL. In 2000, following the completion of removal activities, EPA withdrew the site from the NPL. The site can support commercial and light industrial uses.

Top of page

Threats and Contaminants

Site investigations found contamination in ground water, sediment, soil and surface water that could potentially harm people in the area. Contamination resulted from facility operations on site. Contaminants of concern include metals, dioxin, pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), furans, pentachlorophenol and lindane.

NCDENR conducted a sampling investigation in 1995 that found metals and organic compounds in on-site soil. Surface water and sediment samples from the Roanoke River contained high levels of metals, dioxins, furans, pentachlorophenol and lindane.

Ground water contamination on site is contained within the site boundary and does not threaten local drinking water supplies. A water line connects residences and businesses near the site to the public water supply.

EPA sampled the nearby school property and did not find any site-related contamination.

Top of page

Investigation and Cleanup Responsibility / Oversight

The site’s PRP led site investigation and cleanup activities, with oversight provided by EPA and NCDENR.

Top of page

Site Cleanup Plan

EPA did not issue a formal cleanup plan (a Record of Decision, or ROD) for the site. In November 1999, the site’s PRP completed a removal action, or short-term cleanup, with EPA oversight to address drums, tanks and areas with contaminated soil. The PRP also removed several unstable buildings on site.

Top of page

Cleanup Progress

From 1998 to 2000, the site’s PRP conducted a removal action with EPA oversight to address drums, tanks and several areas of contaminated soil and remove several unstable buildings on site.

Following the removal action, EPA completed a Superfund-lead remedial investigation that indicated the site poses a low risk to human health and the environment. EPA withdrew the site from the NPL in 2000.

EPA does not plan to conduct additional investigations or cleanup activities at the site.

Top of page

Enforcement Activities

EPA negotiated legal agreements with Georgia Pacific, the site’s PRP, to conduct the removal action.

Top of page

Community Involvement

EPA worked with the community and its state partner to develop a long-term cleanup plan for the site, reflecting the Agency’s commitment to safe, healthy communities and environmental protection. Community engagement and public outreach are core components of EPA program activities.

EPA conducted a range of community involvement activities to solicit community input and to make sure the public remains informed about site activities throughout the cleanup process. Outreach efforts included public notices and meetings.

Top of page

Future Work

EPA does not anticipate additional work at the site.

Top of page

Additinal Information

EPA keeps additional site documents and information in a site information repository at the location below. EPA also posts site documents, when available, on EPA’s CERCLIS Site Profile page. For documents not available on the website, please contact the Region 4 Freedom of Information Office.

Site Repository

Washington County Public Library
3rd and Adams Street
Plymouth, NC 27962

For documents not available on the website, please contact the Region 4 Freedom of Information Office.

Top of page


Local Navigation



Jump to main content.