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Elmore Waste Disposal


Construction of trench discharge pipe at the Elmore Waste Disposal site.

Additional Resources
Site Summary Profile
EPA ID: SCD980839542
Location: Greer, Spartanburg County, SC
Lat/Long: 34.935900, -082.216590
Congressional District: 04
NPL Status: Proposed: 06/24/88; Final: 03/31/89
Affected Media: Ground water, Soil
Cleanup Status: Construction complete - physical cleanup activities have been completed
Human Exposure Under Control: Yes
Groundwater Migration Under Control: Yes
Sitewide Ready for Anticipated Use: No
Site Reuse/Redevelopment: In continued use – a laundromat is located on a portion of the site
Site Manager: Ken Mallary (mallary.ken@epa.gov)

Current Site Status

The Elmore Waste Disposal site includes an area used for drum disposal from 1975 to 1977. EPA placed the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1989 because of contaminated ground water and soil resulting from waste handling practices at the site. EPA and the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control (SCDHEC) have investigated site conditions and taken steps to clean up the site in order to protect people and the environment from contamination. Site contamination does not currently threaten people living and working near the site. A water line connects the site as well as residences and businesses near the site to the public water supply. By treating and monitoring ground water and undertaking Five-Year Reviews, EPA and SCDEHC continue to protect people and the environment from site contamination.

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Site Location and Background

The 8-acre site is located in a residential area in Greer, Spartanburg County, South Carolina. The site includes a 1-acre residential backyard, which includes one building, and a larger area consisting of 20 residences and an apartment complex. The residential area includes low-income and minority residents. A railroad line separates the residential backyard and the residences. Residential areas border the site to the north and south. Industrial and commercial businesses border the site to the east and west.

From 1975 1977, parties placed between 150 and 300 drums containing liquid wastes on the site as well as a 6,000-gallon, partially buried tank containing contaminated waste oil. In 1977, the property owner agreed to clean up the site. In 1979, SCDHEC notified the property owner to stop using the site because the owner had not cleaned up the site. In 1989, EPA listed the site on the NPL.

A laundromat operates on part of the site. The site supports commercial and industrial land uses.

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Threats and Contaminants

Site investigations identified contamination in ground water and soil that could potentially harm people in the area. Contamination resulted from waste handling practices at the site.  Contaminants of concern include arsenic, chromium, heavy metals and volatile organic compounds (VOCs), including trichloroethylene (TCE) and tetrachloroethylene (also known as PCE or PERC).

EPA and SCDHEC have cleaned up soil contamination at the site. The site supports commercial and industrial land uses.

Ground water contamination remains on site and off site. EPA does not consider ground water contamination to pose a threat because people do not use the ground water at the site or near the site. A water line connects businesses and residents to the public water supply.

In 2010, EPA assessed whether residents or workers might be at risk from harmful ground water vapors in buildings. EPA found that vapor intrusion did not pose a threat to residents and workers.

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Investigation and Cleanup Responsibility / Oversight

EPA previously led site investigation and cleanup activities in cooperation with SCDHEC. In 2009, SCDHEC took over cleanup, monitoring and oversight activities at the site.

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Site Cleanup Plan

In 1993, EPA issued a cleanup plan (a Record of Decision, or ROD) for the site. The plan included the following activities:

In 1994, EPA issued an Explanation of Significant Differences to update the ground water cleanup activities in the cleanup plan. EPA determined that ground water should be treated on site to the level necessary for acceptance by the local water treatment plant and that ground water treatment no longer needed to remove metals.

Summaries of site cleanup approaches are also available online in key site cleanup documents, including the ROD.

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Cleanup Progress

Between 1981 and 1984, EPA and SCDHEC conducted investigations at the site. In 1986, SCDHEC removed 5,500 tons of contaminated soil and 16,800 pounds of liquid wastes, disposed of the material at an off-site facility and installed monitoring wells at the site.

In 1994, EPA completed additional soil cleanup activities, including removing and disposing of 350 cubic yards of contaminated soil. Between 1997 and 1998, EPA constructed a 10-well ground water pump-and-treat system. In 2001, EPA added two additional extraction wells and identified and addressed an additional area of ground water and soil contamination on site. EPA also began discharging treated water to a nearby creek instead of to the local water treatment plant. From 1999 until 2008, the pump-and-treat system treated approximately 74 million gallons of ground water and extracted 720 pounds of contamination.

In 2009, SCDHEC took over responsibility and maintenance for the ground water pump-and-treat system.
The site’s second Five-Year Review, completed in 2008, found that the cleanup remains protective of human health and the environment in the short term. The Five-Year Review also recommended additional actions in order for the cleanup to remain protective in the long term. EPA and SCDHEC discussed the need to address the source area of contamination.

In 2010, EPA performed sampling and characterized ground water contamination. EPA is currently working to implement additional cleanup activities to address contamination source areas.

Summaries of cleanup activities are also available in Five-Year Reviews online.

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Enforcement Activities

In 1977, SCDHEC negotiated legal agreements with the property owner to clean up the site. In 1979, SCDHEC notified the property owner to stop using the site because the owner had not cleaned up the site.

From 1980 until 2009, EPA used federal funds for site cleanup activities.

In 2009, SCDHEC took over cleanup activities. SCDHEC continues to conduct site cleanup, monitoring and oversight activities.

The ROD and Five-Year Reviews online provide additional information on specific legal agreements for the site.

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Community Involvement

EPA has worked with the community and its state partner to develop a long-term cleanup plan for the site, reflecting the Agency’s commitment to safe, healthy communities and environmental protection. Community engagement and public outreach are core components of EPA program activities.

EPA has conducted a range of community involvement activities to solicit community input and to make sure the public remains informed about site activities throughout the cleanup process. Outreach efforts have included public notices, interviews, mailings to nearby residents and information meetings.

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Future Work

EPA and SCDHEC are currently working to implement additional cleanup activities to address contamination source areas.

SCDHEC continues to operate the pump-and-treat system at the site.

Ground water monitoring is ongoing.

The EPA completed Five Year Reviews in 2008 and 2013, and will conduct the next Five Year Review in 2018.

The EPA is planning to use in-situ chemical oxidation in 2015 to reduce level of VOCs in two source areas at the Site.

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Additional Information

EPA keeps additional site documents and information in a site information repository at the location below. EPA also posts site documents, when available, on EPA’s CERCLIS Site Profile page. For documents not available on the website, please contact the Region 4 Freedom of Information Office.

Site Repository

Greenville County Library
113 School Street
Greer, SC 29651

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