SCRDI Bluff Road
Site Summary ProfileEPA ID: SCD000622787
Location: Columbia, Richland County, SC
Lat/Long: 33.885410, -080.908750
Congressional District: 06
NPL Status: Proposed: 12/30/82; Final: 09/08/83
Affected Media: Ground water, Soil
Cleanup Status: Construction complete - physical cleanup activities have been completed
Human Exposure Under Control: Yes
Groundwater Migration Under Control: Yes
Sitewide Ready for Anticipated Use: No
Site Reuse/Redevelopment: None
Site Manager: Yvonne Jones (email@example.com)
Current Site Status
The SCRDI Bluff Road site includes an area where storage, recycling and disposal operations took place until 1982. EPA placed the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1983 because of contaminated ground water and soil resulting from operations at the site. EPA, the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control (SCDHEC), and the site’s potentially responsible parties (PRPs) have investigated site conditions and taken steps to clean up the site in order to protect people and the environment from contamination. Site contamination does not currently threaten people living and working near the site. By treating and sampling ground water and undertaking Five-Year Reviews, EPA, SCDHEC and the site’s PRP continue to protect people and the environment from site contamination.
The 4-acre site is located on State Highway 48 (Bluff Road), 10 miles south of Columbia in Richland County, South Carolina. The site includes a heavily wooded area and a cleared area used for various industrial and commercial purposes. Forested land used for hunting and timber production borders the site to the north, west and south. State Highway 48 (Bluff Road) and the Westinghouse Nuclear Fuels Facility border the site to the east. The site’s broader surroundings include rural and forested land. The nearest residence is located one mile from the site.
A manufacturing facility first operated at the site. Beginning in 1975, the Columbia Organic Chemical Company stored, recycled and disposed of chemical wastes at the site. From 1976 to 1982, South Carolina Recycling and Disposal, Inc. (SCRDI) continued these operations at the site. Operations included storing waste chemicals in drums and small containers on site. In 1983, EPA listed the site on the NPL. The site is not in use.
Site investigations found contamination in ground water and soil that could potentially harm people in the area. Contamination resulted from waste handling practices at the site. Contaminants of concern include volatile organic compounds (VOCs), acetone, chloroform, 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane, toluene, chlorobenzene, 1,1-dichloroethane, 1,2-dichloroethene (DCE), aluminum and iron.
Ground water contamination spread off site to the southeast. People do not use ground water near the site for drinking water purposes. The site’s PRPs continue to treat ground water.
The PRPs have cleaned up soil contamination.
Investigation and Cleanup Responsibility / Oversight
The site’s PRPs lead site investigation and cleanup activities, with oversight provided by EPA and SCDHEC.
Site Cleanup Plan
In 1994, EPA issued a cleanup plan (a Record of Decision, or ROD) for the site. The plan included the following activities:
- Using air stripping to extract and treat ground water on site.
- Using a soil vapor extraction (SVE) system to address contaminated soil.
- Monitoring the site.
- Injecting treated water into the ground.
In 1992, EPA issued an Explanation of Significant Differences (ESD) to require a Five-Year Review for the site because contamination in soil and ground water would remain on site above health-based risk levels until cleanup activities were fully implemented and deemed successful.
In 1994, EPA issued a second ESD to make a technical change to the cleanup plan to add the use of a catalytic oxidizer unit as part of the SVE system.
In 1984, SCDHEC began conducting additional site investigations and then transferred the site to EPA.
In 1982 and 1983, the site’s PRPs removed all drums and materials from the site.
The PRPs constructed and began operation of the SVE system in 1994. Soil at the site met cleanup goals in 1996 and the PRPs removed the SVE system from the site in 1997.
The PRPs began operation of the site’s ground water treatment system in 1996. From 1996 to 2009, the system recovered, treated and re-injected 718 million gallons of ground water. The system also removed and treated 3,889 pounds of VOCs.
The second Five-Year Review, completed in 2008, found that the cleanup remains protective of human health and the environment.
EPA negotiated legal agreements with the site’s PRPs to investigate and clean up the site. The PRPs continue to fund site cleanup, monitoring and oversight activities.
EPA has worked with the community and its state partner to develop a long-term cleanup plan for the site, reflecting the Agency’s commitment to safe, healthy communities and environmental protection. Community engagement and public outreach are core components of EPA program activities.
EPA has conducted a range of community involvement activities to solicit community input and to make sure the public remains informed about site activities throughout the cleanup process. Outreach efforts have included public notices, neighborhood interviews, information meetings and formal public meetings. EPA also provided additional site tours to nearby residents.
Ground water treatment is ongoing.
The site’s PRPs conduct ground water sampling twice a year and report the data to EPA.
EPA completed the last Five-Year Review in 2008 and plans to complete the next Five-Year Review in 2013.
EPA keeps additional site documents and information in a site information repository at the location below. EPA also posts site documents, when available, on EPA’s CERCLIS Site Profile page. For documents not available on the website, please contact the Region 4 Freedom of Information Office.
Richland County Public Library
7421 Garners Ferry Road
Columbia, SC 20209