Site Summary ProfileEPA ID: SCD980711394
Location: Cayce, Lexington County, SC
Lat/Long: 33.904450, -081.063880
Congressional District: 02
NPL Status: Proposed: 12/30/82; Final: 09/08/83
Affected Media: Ground water
Cleanup Status: Construction Complete - Physical cleanup activities have been completed.
Human Exposure Under Control: Yes
Groundwater Migration Under Control: Yes
Sitewide Ready for Anticipated Use: No
Site Reuse/Redevelopment: None - Potential for Commercial
Site Manager: Yvonne Jones (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Current Site Status
The SCRDI Dixiana site includes an area where South Carolina Recycling and Disposal, Inc. (SCRDI) stored drums containing industrial wastes beginning in 1978. EPA placed the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1983 because of contaminated ground water resulting from waste handling practices. EPA, the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control (SCDHEC), and the site’s potentially responsible parties (PRPs) have investigated site conditions and taken steps to clean up the site in order to protect people and the environment from contamination. Site contamination does not currently threaten people living and working near the site. A water line connects residences and businesses to the public water supply. By treating and monitoring ground water and placing institutional controls on the surrounding properties, EPA, SCDHEC and the site’s PRPs continue to protect people and the environment from site contamination.
The 2-acre site is located on Ballard Court in Cayce, Lexington County, South Carolina. The site includes a ground water extraction and treatment system and a privately owned warehouse. Ballard Court borders the site to the north. Two residential properties border the site to the east. Commercial and retail land uses, including a farmer’s market, an amphitheater and a South Carolina Department of Agriculture facility, border the site to the west and south.
In 1978, SCRDI leased the site property for the storage of drums containing industrial wastes, including paints, solvents, acids, waste oils, phenols and dyes. Some of the drums leaked during storage. In 1983, EPA listed the site on the NPL. The site is not in use. Fencing surrounds the site. A developer has expressed interest in purchasing the site property as part of ongoing commercial redevelopment in the area.
Site investigations found contamination in ground water that could potentially harm people in the area. Contamination resulted from waste handling practices at the site. Contaminants of concern include volatile organic compounds (VOCs).
Ground water contamination remains within the site’s boundary. People do not currently use private wells near the site. A water line connects residences and businesses to the public water supply. Institutional controls on the site property and properties surrounding the site restrict the use of ground water and drilling of wells.
The site’s PRPs have cleaned up soil contamination at the site. A fence surrounds the site.
Investigation and Cleanup Responsibility / Oversight
EPA led site investigation and cleanup activities until 1995. Since 1995, the site’s PRPs have led site activities, with oversight provided by EPA and SCDHEC.
Site Cleanup Plan
In 1986, EPA issued a cleanup plan (a Record of Decision, or ROD) for the site. The plan included the following activities:
- Using deep-well technology to extract contaminated ground water.
- Treating contaminated ground water on site.
- Discharging treated ground water to a nearby surface water pathway.
In 1991, EPA issued an Explanation of Significant Differences (ESD) to change the components used in the ground water treatment system and to discharge treated ground water to the local water treatment plant.
In 2010, EPA issued a second ESD to require the placement of institutional controls on the site property to restrict ground water use.
In 1980, SCRDI removed all drummed wastes and visibly contaminated soil and stockpiled the materials for disposal.
In the early 1980s, SCDHEC confirmed that contamination had affected ground water and the City of Cayce connected residences and businesses to the public water supply.
EPA began cleanup activities in 1989 and completed cleanup construction in 1992.
The site’s fourth Five-Year Review, completed in 2010, found that the cleanup remains protective of human health and the environment for the short term. The Five-Year Review recommended that the ground water extraction and treatment system continue to operate to achieve site cleanup goals over the long term.
In 1995, EPA negotiated legal agreements with the site’s PRPs to investigate and clean up the site. The PRPs continue to fund site cleanup, monitoring and oversight activities.
EPA has worked with the community and its state partner to develop a long-term cleanup plan for the site, reflecting the Agency’s commitment to safe, healthy communities and environmental protection. Community engagement and public outreach are core components of EPA program activities.
EPA has conducted a range of community involvement activities to solicit community input and to make sure the public remains informed about site activities throughout the cleanup process. Outreach efforts have included public notices, interviews and public meetings.
The site’s PRPs will continue to monitor and treat ground water until it meets site cleanup goals.
EPA completed the last Five-Year Review in 2010 and plans to complete the next Five-Year Review in 2015.
EPA keeps additional site documents and information in a site information repository at the location below. EPA also posts site documents, when available, on EPA’s CERCLIS Site Profile page. For documents not available on the website, please contact the Region 4 Freedom of Information Office.
R. H. Smith Library
1006 Twelfth Street
Cayce, SC 29033