Behr Dayton Thermal Systems VOC Plume Site
Community Involvement Coordinator
Virginia Narsete (firstname.lastname@example.org)
312-886-4359 or 800-621-8431, ext. 64359
Remedial Project Manager, Acting On-Scene Coordinator
312-886-2402 or 800-621-8431, Ext. 62402
Agency for Toxic Substance and Disease Registry
Michelle A. Colledge
Ohio EPA Southwest District Office
(where to view written records)
E.C. Doren Branch Library
701 Troy St.
EPA is interested in your comments on the proposed cleanup options.
The Behr-Dayton Thermal Products LLC plant at 1600 Webster St., Dayton, Ohio, makes vehicle air conditioning and engine-cooling systems. Chrysler Corp. owned and operated this facility from about 1937 until April 2002. Groundwater beneath the plant is contaminated with volatile organic compounds, or VOCs, including the solvent trichloroethene, or TCE. The polluted groundwater has moved to the south-southwest, underneath homes and businesses. That creates a risk of vapor intrusion, in which gases from the VOCs rise up through the ground into buildings, creating indoor air pollution.
Ohio EPA installed seven devices called soil gas probes on Oct. 16, 2006, along Daniel Street, Lamar Street and Milburn Avenue to find out if vapor intrusion was happening. Technicians set the probes about one to two feet above the groundwater, which is approximately 20 feet below the surface. Ohio EPA found these soil gas samples contained high concentrations of TCE.
The state agency formally asked the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency on Nov. 6, 2006, to investigate the possibility of TCE vapors seeping into nearby homes and other buildings. Experts from the Emergency Response Branch of the Superfund Division in U.S. EPA's Chicago regional office tested homes immediately south of the Behr-Dayton plant. Results of those tests showed TCE vapor levels in some homes higher than what the Ohio Department of Health and the federal Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry consider safe.
As a result, U.S. EPA tested 276 homes in the McCook Field neighborhood for potentially hazardous vapors, and installed systems (similar to those used for radon) in 148 residences to remove the vapors.
On Sept. 3, 2008, U.S. EPA formally proposed that The Behr-Dayton Thermal Systems VOC Plume Site be placed on the National Priorities List (NPL), a list of the nation's most polluted sites.
You will need the free Adobe Reader to view some of the files on this page. See EPA's PDF page to learn more.
U.S. EPA just approved a technical report the site owners have prepared that evaluates cleanup options for an area of particularly high pollution levels in the groundwater below the southern edge of the Behr-Dayton facility. “Groundwater” is an environmental term for underground supplies of fresh water. The report is referred to as an “Engineering Evaluation/Cost Analysis” or EE/CA. At this time, U.S. EPA intends to select the cleanup option that involves two steps. In the first step, air is injected underground to turn the contaminants into gases and drive them out of the groundwater and into the air spaces in the surrounding soil. In the second step, the gases are removed from the soil and the pollutants treated before being released to the atmosphere. You will see this technique called “air sparging with soil vapor extraction” in the EE/CA.
Before making a final cleanup decision, EPA will be accepting comments from the public on the EE/CA from Nov. 20 – Dec. 20, 2014. A copy of the EE/CA is available on this website, and comments can be made at: Public Comment
The U.S. EPA has recently finalized a new Community Involvement Plan, or CIP, which helps improve and guide communication between the Agency and people who live and work near the site, including public officials. Earlier this year, U.S. EPA experts attended a number of neighborhood meetings as part of the development of the CIP. They spoke to the McCook Neighborhood, Old North Dayton Business Owners Association and the BVOCAL community group. They also had an opportunity to speak with the growing Turkish community through a translator from the Kizer School. Open communications, building trust, listening to concerns and being visible in the community are priorities for U.S. EPA.
U.S. EPA tried to make those responsible for the contamination handle the cleanup but was unable to do so. The Agency began its own investigation through a contractor in late 2009. Study of the site began in the summer of 2010 and continues today. U.S. EPA contractors investigated several facilities in September and November of 2010, trying to identify the source of the contamination. Technicians did extensive sampling and analysis of groundwater in late 2011, and again in the summer of 2012 and spring of 2014 – the most extensive testing so far. The Agency expects sampling to continue into the fall of this year to fill in any gaps in its understanding of the location and amount of pollution associated with the site. The site investigation will continue into 2015, and a complete cleanup decision should be made in early to mid-2016.
To date, about 250 residences and businesses have been equipped with systems that prevent underground vapors from getting into the indoor air. Through its contractor, AECOM, Behr-Dayton monitors existing systems, tests additional residences and business for vapors, and installs new systems when needed. Very few vapor reduction systems have been installed over the last several years, and EPA believes most affected homes and businesses have been identified and tested. However, if you are concerned that your house may need testing, or you are concerned with the operation of an existing vapor reduction system, contact EPA’s Erik Hardin at email@example.com or 312-886-2402.
- EPA begins long-term study at Dayton Superfund site; meeting Oct. 8, 6:30 p.m. - October 2, 2008
- U.S. EPA adds East Troy site to Superfund list, proposes two Ohio and one Indiana site for list - September 3, 2008
- EPA update meeting on Dayton vapor investigation Nov. 15, 6 p.m. - November 5, 2007
- Media Advisory: Briefing on Dayton vapor investigation, AUGUST 2, 2 P.M. - July 31, 2007
- EPA hosts update meeting on Dayton vapor investigation, Feb 8, 6 p.m. - January 30, 2007
- FAQ: EPA Answers Your Questions About Vapor Investigation (PDF) (4 pp, 231 K) November 2014
- U.S. EPA Proposes Cleanup Options for Industrial Site (PDF) (4 pp, 184 K) November 2014
- Behr-Dayton Continues Emergency Work at Vapor Instrusion Site (PDF) (2pp, 148K) August 2009
- Long-Term Study Begins (PDF) (2pp, 150K) September 2008
- ATSDR ToxFAQs for Trichloroethylene (TCE) July 2003
- Community Involvement Plan (PDF) (94pp, 5.7MB) November 2014
- Engineering Evaluation/Cost Analysis(PDF) (360pp, 22MB) November 2014
- Behr Dayton Thermal Systems VOC Plume Status Update (PDF) (20pp, 1.4MB) March 10, 2014
- Behr Dayton Thermal Systems VOC Plume Site presentation (PDF) (26pp, 5.75MB) July 27, 2010
- On September 1, 2009, EPA held a public meeting to explain the Administrative Order and the vapor instrusion work.
- Unilateral Administrative Order (PDF) (24pp, 1.1MB) July 17, 2009