Pines Ground Water Plume Site
- Pines, Indiana (Porter County)
- EPA ID# INN000508071
- This site is not on the NPL; it is a Superfund Alternative Site (SAS)
- SAS Fact Sheet
- NPL Fact Sheet
- CERCLIS listing
- Alias(es): Pines Water Contamination, Town of Pines
Community Involvement Coordinator
Susan Pastor (firstname.lastname@example.org)
312-353-1325 or 800-621-8431, ext. 31325
Remedial Project Manager
312-886-2402 or 800-621-8431, ext. 62402
Jacob Hassan (email@example.com)
312-886-6864 or 800-621-8431, ext. 66864
Francisco Acraute (firstname.lastname@example.org)
IDEM Project Manager
Indiana Department of Environmental Management
Indiana State Department of Health
Environmental Public Health Division Director
Agency for Toxic Substances & Disease Registry
Senior Environmental Health Scientist
Mark D. Johnson
(where to view written records)
Michigan City Public Library
100 E. 4th St.
Michigan City, IN
The Pines Groundwater Site is located about 4 miles west of Michigan City and about 1 mile south of Lake Michigan in Porter County, Indiana.
EPA tested residential drinking water wells in the Town of Pines in May 2002, based on high levels of the metals boron and molybdenum found in drinking water wells by the Indiana Department of Environmental Management. The metals appeared to come from coal combustion by-products, or CCBs, composed primarily of fly ash that was disposed of in a nearby landfill called Yard 520. Other areas in the town were also identified as having CCB materials. Ash, primarily bottom ash, was used as fill in residential yards as well as road surfaces and subsurfaces. CCBs are the result of burning coal to make electricity.
In 2003 and 2004, Northern Indiana Public Service Company, Brown, Inc., Ddalt Corp., and Bulk Transport, the companies determined to be responsible for the contamination, agreed to provide municipal water to about 270 homes in and near the Town of Pines. About 70 more homes received bottled water pending the results of an investigation. The results are summarized in a 2010 document called a remedial investigation report.
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In February 2015, EPA and NIPSCO discovered higher-than-normal levels of arsenic in soil samples taken at nine properties in 2014. This was most likely caused by fly ash used as landscaping fill in the 1970s. Since then, NIPSCO has been in communication with EPA, as well as each of the property owners, about the results and to discuss the next steps. The nine properties were selected by EPA and the local community group People in Need of Environmental Safety (PINES) as part of a continuing investigation to assess the presence of coal ash.
Because the playground near the town hall is one of the areas with high arsenic levels, it has been fenced off and the equipment has been removed. When work plans and legal agreements with NIPSCO are completed by early June, additional sampling will be done on several private properties suspected of using contaminated fly ash. Other Pines properties may be sampled upon request. Request to be sampled. The entire sampling and cleanup process is expected to take about a year.
Soil was also tested at several dozen private and public properties in spring 2014 by a contractor for the companies responsible for investigating the coal ash contamination in the town. Permission to do so was obtained from the property owners. The testing, which was overseen by EPA, involved a general radiation scan to see if high levels are present and involved workers walking around yards with monitoring equipment. The results of the general radiation scans can be found in a summary table Summary Table (PDF) (5pp, 232 K).
In July 2014, EPA received a fourth draft of the feasibility study which includes several possible groundwater cleanup options. EPA cannot approve this study until the soil/arsenic contamination is dealt with. When the study is approved, EPA will propose a groundwater cleanup plan and present it to the public for review and comment. EPA expects to make a final decision in early 2016 after public comments are considered.
The PINES group currently has an EPA technical assistance plan to receive services such as technical advice and community outreach assistance valued at more than $50,000.
- ATSDR Toxzine Arsenic Overview
- EPA Answers Questions About the Pines Site (PDF) (2pp, 109K) August 2013
- EPA and Responsible Companies Sign Agreement (PDF), April 2004
- Students at Pine Elementary Will Receive Bottled Water (PDF), April 2004
- Town of Pines Community Involvement Plan (PDF) (22pp, 190K), June 2003
- EPA Announces Investigation Results at Pines Site (PDF) (4pp, 106K), January 2003
- Town of Pines Ground-Water Sampling Activities Continue (PDF) (110K), July 2002
- Town of Pines Supplemental Yard Sampling Plan (PDF) (60pp, 4.7MB) November 2014
- Summary Table (PDF) (2pp, 90 K) September 2014
- EPA response to PINES comments on the Third Draft of the Feasibility Study for Pines (PDF)(5pp, 232 K), April 2014.
- EPA comments on the Third Draft of the Feasibility Study for Pines(PDF)(4pp, 226 K), April 2014.
- EPA comments on yard sampling plan (PDF)(18pp, 682 K), January 2014.
- Response to Pines Comments on Feasibility Study Second Draft (PDF)(26 pp, 926 K)
- EPA Comments to Second Draft of Pines Feasibility Study (PDF) (8pp, 1.7MB)
- Updated Community Involvement Plan (PDF) (34 pp, 1.02MB) August 2013
- Response to Radiation Survey and Comments (PDF) (12pp, 1.2MB) March 2013
- Feasibility Study Comments (PDF) (14pg 1.3MB) April 2013
- Screening Level Ecological Risk Assessment (PDF) (1068pp, 40MB) July 2012
- Human Health Risk Assessment (PDF) (9pp, 511K) July 2012
- Radiation Survey and Risk Assessment (PDF) (9pp, 511K) February 2012
- Responsible Parties/PINES TAP Agreeement (PDF) (17pp, 352K) April 2011
- Post-Remedial Investigation Groundwater and surface water analytical results (October 2008 to May 2011) (PDF) (6pp, 68K) October 2011
- Groundwater level data recent datasets (April 2009 to May 2011) (PDF) (2pp, 13K)
- Remedial Investigation Report (PDF) (230pp, 1.6MB) March 2010
- Pines AOC II - Yard 520 Report (PDF) (403pp, 13.2MB) March 2010
- RI Report Figures (PDF) (92pp, 28.0MB) March 2010
- Remedial Investigation Report Tables (PDF) (153pp, 618K) March 2010
- Report Addendum (PDF) (2pp, 413K) May 28, 2010
- Appendix A (PDF) (29pp, 3.3MB) March 2010
- Appendix B (PDF) (6pp, 2.9MB) March 2010
- Appendix C (PDF) (87pp, 3.1MB) March 2010
- Appendix D (PDF) (40pp, 4.5MB) March 2010
- Appendix E (PDF) (137pp, 23.9MB) March 2010
- Appendix F (PDF) (14pp, 2.9MB) March 2010
- Appendix G (PDF) (2pp, 2.8MB) March 2010
- Appendix H (PDF) (114pp, 3.6MB) March 2010
- Appendix I (PDF) (18pp, 3MB) March 2010
- Appendix J (PDF) (37pp, 3.9MB) March 2010
- Appendix K (PDF) (97pp, 3.5MB) March 2010
- Appendix L (PDF) (10pp, 3MB) March 2010
- Appendix M (PDF) (255pp, 17.2MB) March 2010
- Appendix N (PDF) (97pp, 6.8MB) March 2010
- Appendix O (PDF) (27pp, 4MB) March 2010
- Appendix P (PDF) (54pp, 4.9MB) March 2010
- Appendix Q (PDF) (13pp, 2.9MB) March 2010
- Appendix R (PDF) (41pp, 3.9MB) March 2010
- Appendix S (PDF) (1992pp, 25.6MB) March 2010
- Appendix T (PDF) (14pp, 2.9MB) March 2010
- Appendix U (PDF) (55pp, 5MB) March 2010
- Appendix V (PDF) (7pp, 2.9MB) March 2010
- Appendix W (PDF) (7pp, 2.9MB) March 2010
- Appendix X (PDF) (2pp, 2.9MB) March 2010
- Appendix Y (PDF) (7pp, 2.8MB) March 2010
- Appendix Z (PDF) (2pp, 3.5MB) March 2010
- Appendix AA (PDF) (10pp, 4.5MB) March 2010
- Appendix BB (PDF) (76pp, 3.9MB) March 2010
- Appendix CC (PDF) (15pp, 3.2MB) March 2010
- Appendix DD (PDF) (55pp, 3.2MB) March 2010
- Town of Pines Groundwater Superfund Site Chemical Analysis Data, July 2007 (PDF) (234pp, 728K)
- After a meeting USEPA held in 2004, representatives reported to Beverly Shores residents that test results from their water had low levels of boron. Shortly after the meeting, several residents in the Beverly Shores area had their water tested; some of the tests showed high boron levels. The U.S. Geological Survey did a study and survey for the groundwater in the Beverly Shores area. The results of this survey stated that the boron in the Beverly Shores water was not from the landfill, but the boron was naturally occurring. View the results of the water sampling study (PDF) (7pp, 72K) May 2005
- Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study Work Plan - September 2005
- Technical Assistance Plan (PDF) (99pp, 667K) April 5, 2005
- Site Management Strategy - January 2005
- Final Community Involvement Plan (PDF) (24pp, 323K), December 2004
- TAP Settlement Agreement (PDF) (17 pp, 786 K) April 2011
- Town of Pines Administrative Order on Consent (PDF) (47pp, 3.3MB), April 2004
- Administrative Order by Consent (PDF) (30pp, 134K), July 2003
- Community Interviews postcard (PDF) (1pp, 51 K)
- On October 12, 2011, EPA held an open house with availability sessions for residents to discuss concerns about the Town of Pines Superfund Site.
- Pines Superfund Site Remedial Investigation Update (PDF) (45pp, 1.7MB) March 2010
- Pines Superfund Site Remedial Investigation Update (PDF) (41pp, 963K) June 14, 2007 in Michigan City, IN. EPA updated the community on the work planned as part of the remedial investigation and feasibility study.
- A public information meeting was held April 19, 2005 in Michigan City, IN. Representatives from EPA, U.S. Geological Society and the state of Indiana updated the community on the construction activities, status of the remedial investigation and feasibility study (RI/FS) and the EPA Technical Assistance Plan (TAP).
- Town of Pines Public Meeting (PDF) (95pp, 393K), April 2004
- EPA updated area residents on what the recently signed consent orders mean for the community and discussed future plans to address water contamination around Pines, Ind. in two public meetings April 13, 2004.
- Town of Pines Public Meeting (PDF) (6pp, 40K), January 2003
- EPA and its partner, Indiana Department of Environmental Management, presented complete results of the testing and discussed next steps at a public meeting February 4, 2003.