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Congressional District # 2


EPA ID# IND980999791
Last Updated: July, 2012

Site Description

The Whiteford Sales & Service (WSS) site is the location of a former truck washing and leasing operation in South Bend, St. Joseph County, Indiana.  The 11-acre site was purchased by the city of South Bend in 2002. The surrounding area is primarily industrial although one of South Bend's municipal well fields is located approximately 800 feet west of the site. 

From 1967 to 1983, detergents and solvents used in the truck washing operations at the site were discharged to three onsite dry wells. Each well was constructed of perforated concrete and was approximately four feet wide and six feet deep. No engineered liners or other materials were present to prevent the downward migration of liquids discharged into the wells. In 1980, St. Joseph County purchased the property for purposes of the planned realignment of the adjacent street and construction of an overpass. In 1983, when construction of the street overpass began, approximately 200,000 cubic yards of soil were removed from the WSS site to be used as fill for the construction project. In the course of excavating the soil, the three dry wells were uncovered. Sludge was found in the dry wells and upon analysis was found to be Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) characteristic waste for ignitability.

Site Responsibility

The Whiteford Sales & Service site was addressed through potentially responsible party (PRP) actions under state and federal oversight.

Threats and Contaminants

Groundwater in onsite, upgradient, and offsite monitoring wells was found to contain a number of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), some of which are compounds typically used in degreasing operations. On-site soils were found to contain elevated levels of heavy metals, including arsenic, barium, cadmium, and chromium, as well as several VOCs. 

Direct contact exposure to VOCs and heavy metals in the soil and groundwater could result in potential human health risks.  However, because the site is being used as a stormwater retention basin, and will likely be used this way in the future, it is unlikely that direct exposure to onsite contaminants will occur.  Moreover, EPA conducted a baseline risk assessment (see Cleanup Progress section) and determined that exposure to contaminants at the concentrations detected in site soil and groundwater would not pose unacceptable risks to human health or the environment.

Cleanup Progress

The Indiana Department of Environmental Management (IDEM), St. Joseph County, and Whiteford-Kenworth, Inc. (the former owner/operator) finalized a consent decree in 1987 that required Whiteford-Kenworth, Inc. to remove and properly dispose of the sludge and surrounding contaminated soil from the three onsite dry wells.  Whiteford-Kenworth completed the removal of sludge and contaminated soil in July 1988.  Approximately 210 cubic yards of contaminated material were properly disposed of offsite. 

The site was proposed for listing on the National Priorities List (NPL) in June 1988 and was placed on the NPL in August 1990.  After completion of a remedial investigation at the site that included the preparation of a baseline risk assessment, EPA issued a Record of Decision in September 1995 calling for "No Further Action" at the WSS site.  EPA selected The "No Further Action" remedy because the baseline risk assessment indicated that the site posed no unacceptable risks to human health or the environment, for the PRP had cleaned up the majority of the contamination during the removal action in 1988.  EPA, with IDEM concurrence, deleted the WSS site from the NPL on September 6, 1996. 

Property Reuse

The property is being used as a stormwater retention basin.


Remedial Project Manager, U.S. EPA
mary tierney (tierney.mary@epa.gov)
(312) 886-4785

Community Involvement Coordinator, U.S. EPA
stuart hill
(312) 886-0689




Site Profile Information

This profile provides you with information on EPA's cleanup progress at this Superfund site.


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