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Congressional District # 02


EPA ID# MID980701254
Last Updated: July, 2012

Site Description

The Whitehall Municipal Well site is located in the northeastern section of Whitehall, Michigan.  The site is located in Funnel Field, north of Colby Street and south of the ravine and backwaters of the White River.

In 1980, as a result of a routine quarterly sampling of the city's water supply, a volatile organic compound (VOC), tetrachoroethylene, was detected in the water. Further testing showed that the source of the contaminant was in one of the city's muncipal wells, Production Well 3 (PW-3).  In early 1981, the city took PW-3 offline and increased the pumping rates in three other city wells, PW-2, PW-4 and PW-5, in order to provide an adequate water supply to its residents. The city later installed another muncipal well, PW-6, and decided to permanently close PW-3.

Sampling of residential wells northeast of PW-3 along Peterson Road in 1982 indicated the residential wells were contaminated with VOCs.  Affected residences were connected to the city water supply.  Further investigation indicated that the source of the residential well contamination was not related to the contamination found in PW-3.

According to the 2010 census, approximately 9,000 people live in the city of Whitehall.

Site Responsibility

The Whitehall Municipal Well site was addressed through federal and state actions. 

Threats and Contaminants

Contaminants found in the site area groundwater prior to 1982 included the VOCs tetrachloroethylene, trichloroethylene, and chloroform.  After 1982 only minimal levels of VOCs, if any, have been found in PW-3 and in nearby monitoring wells.  The risk assessment completed for the site showed that the only unacceptable health risk would be due to the ingestion of, inhalation of, or direct contact with zinc in water pumped from PW-3.  However, because PW-3 is no longer in use, no one is being exposed to or drinking contaminated water. 

Cleanup Progress

City well PW-3 was closed in 1981, and PW-6 was brought online to increase the water supply.  A remedial investigation and risk assessment indicated there was no further public health risk involved with the site as a result of the closing of PW-3.  Therefore, no further cleanup action was recommended. The Michigan Department of Public Health will continue its routine sampling of the city water supply to ensure its long-term safety.

Closing PW-3 eliminated the potential for exposure to hazardous materials at the Whitehall Municipal Well site. The state is continuing to sample and monitor the groundwater to ensure continued protection of nearby residents and the environment.  The site was deleted from the National Priorities List on February 11, 1991.


Remedial Project Manager, U.S. EPA
mary tierney (tierney.mary@epa.gov)
(312) 886-4785

Community Involvement Coordinator, U.S. EPA
bob paulson
(312) 886-0272




Site Profile Information

This profile provides you with information on EPA's cleanup progress at this Superfund site.


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