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Congressional District # 14


EPA ID# OHD980794614
Last Updated: January, 2012

Site Description

The New Lyme Landfill Superfund site is on Dodgeville Road, approximately twenty miles south of the city of Ashtabula, Ohio. The landfill began operations in 1969. The site was initially managed by two farmers. The landfill was licensed by the state of Ohio, and operations were taken over by a licensed landfill operator in 1971. During its years in operation, the New Lyme Landfill received household, industrial, commercial, and institutional wastes and construction and demolition debris. Fifty-five gallon drums of cyanide sludge are believed by Ohio Environmental Protection Agency (OEPA) to have been buried at the site. Documents indicate that wastes at the New Lyme Landfill site include: coal tar distillates, asbestos, coal tar, resins and resin tar, paint sludge, oils, paint, chlorinated solvents, 2,4-D and laboratory chemicals. In August, 1978, the landfill was closed by the Ashtabula County Health Department due to recurrent violations of the license, the Ohio Revised Code, and the Ohio Administrative Code. The site lies entirely within the Lebanon Creek Watershed. The northern portion of the site drains directly into Lebanon Creek. The remainder of the site drains southward to an unnamed tributary of Lebanon Creek. Lebanon Creek drains into Rock Creek, upstream of Lake Roaming Rock, a public water supply.

Site Responsibility

This site is being addressed through federal, state, and potentially responsible parties' actions.

Threats and Contaminants

Hazardous substances that have been released at the Site in each media include are as follows: 

Soil Leachate: PCB’s; PAHs; Mercury Phthalates; PAHs P-Chloro-M-Cresol; Phthalates Pentachlorophenol; Dibenzofuran Phenol; Ethylbenzene Benzoic Acid; Toluene; 2-Methylphenol; 2-Butanone (MEK); 1,4-Dichlorobenzene; 2-Hexanone N-Nitrosodiphenylamine.

Soil Leachate: Xylene Acrolein; Fluorotrichloromethane 1,2-Dichloroethane; Tetrachloroethene 1,1-Dichloroethane; Styrene Trans-1,3-Dichloropropene; 1,1,1-Trichloroethene Ethylbenzene;
Carbon Disulfide; Chloromethane; Methylene Chloride.

Ground Water: Toluene; Trichloroethene; 1,2-Dichloroethane Vinyl Chloride; Methylene Chloride 2-Butanone (MEK); 2-Butanone (MEK) 2-Hexanone; 2-Hexanone 4-Methyl-2-Pentanone; 4-Methyl-2-Pentanone Xylene; Ethylbenzene Acetone.

Surface Water Sediment (at Leachate Sites): Trichloroethene; Ethylbenzene; Tetrachloroethene; Methylene Chloride; Acetone; Toluene; 2-Butanone (MEK); 4-Methyl-2-Pentanone; Xylene; Acetone;

Cleanup Progress

In September 1985, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued a Record of Decision (ROD) which included: The remedy was federally funded and implemented between 1990 and 1994. On August 2000, EPA and a group of potentially responsible parties (PRPs), led by Rockwell International, arrived at a settlement to address past costs and the future management of the site. The PRPs took over the management of the site in early 1997. In March 1998 and November 1998, a five-year review and a focused Feasibilty Study were completed for the site. Both reports suggested that more cost effective remedies should be considered to achieve site cleanup goals. The PRPs undertook a field study of offsite conditions, and EPA and OEPA reviewed it and agreed on a remedy modification.

In November 1999, EPA issued an amended ROD for the site. The amended ROD required the shutdown of the on-site groundwater treatment facility, long-term groundwater monitoring program, a contingency plan, and continued operation and maintenance activities of the cap, leachate controls and continued site security.  In 2001 and 2002, the PRPs began measures to implement the amended ROD components. On July 27, 2001, the groundwater extraction/treatment system was deactivated. Weekly site security visits and quarterly groundwater sampling continued at the site throughout 2001 and 2002.

The second five-year review for the site was completed on March 5, 2003, The five-year review indicated that the site had some issues which included the following:

To address these site issues, EPA planned to take the necessary steps to ensure that the low spots along the landfill cap were repaired. These repairs were completed in 2004.

The sampling program for some ground water monitoring wells will be modified. Analytical projections to determine the length of time until ground water cleanup goals are achieved will be conducted. Also, the high aresenic levels at the site will be further investigated.

The third five-year review for the Site was signed on March 4, 2008. The five-year review found that the remedy components of the Amended ROD are operating as intended and are considered to be protective of human health and the environment in the short-term. The remedy is expected to be protective of human health and the environment in the long-term upon attainment of all cleanup standards and once institutional controls are fully implemented at the Site. In the interim, exposure pathways that could result in unacceptable risks are being controlled by preventing exposure to, or the ingestion of, contaminated groundwater.

The next five-year review is due by March 2013.




Remedial Project Manager, U.S. EPA
lolita hill (hill.lolita@epa.gov)
(312) 353-1621

Community Involvement Coordinator, U.S. EPA
susan pastor
(312) 353-1325




Site Profile Information

This profile provides you with information on EPA's cleanup progress at this Superfund site.


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