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Congressional District # 18


EPA ID# OHD980794630
Last Updated: April, 2015

Site Description

The Fultz Landfill, comprising approximately 30-acres, is privately-owned.  It is located one-half mile northeast of the city of Byesville (population  2,600 in 2006) and three miles southeast of the City of Cambridge (population 11,000 in 2006). From 1954 to 1985, residential, commercial, and industrial solid wastes were disposed at the site. Beneath the landfill waste are mine spoils. The shallow aquifer in this area consists of alluvial sediments and beneath that aquifer is a flooded coal mine aquifer. The City of Byesville uses the coal mine aquifer as a drinking water source. Stream A runs toward the west along the north toe (base) of the landfill and discharges into Wills Creek. Wills Creek is a drinking water source for the City of Cambridge. Wetlands consisting of six ponds are also located along Stream A. During landfill operation, county and state officials cited the owner of the landfill for violations of the operating license, including inadequate control of leachate and accepting unauthorized drums of hazardous waste. The state contacted businesses generating the drums and requested that they stop sending drums to the landfill. In the early 1980s leachate seeping from the landfill contained unacceptable levels of metals and phenolic compounds.

Site Responsibility

This site is being addressed through federal, state and potentially responsible party (PRP) actions.

Threats and Contaminants

Records show that rollwash sludge, triblend, flammable waste paint and sludge (liquid and solid) containing hazardous metals, cyanide, chlorinated and non-chlorinated organic solvents, and phthalates were disposed of at the Fultz Landfill. In 1991, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) completed a remedial investigation and feasibility study (RI/FS) which showed unacceptable metal contamination in the shallow aquifer (arsenic, barium, copper, lead, manganese, mercury, and vanadium). Vinyl chloride and 1,2-dichloroethene contamination was found in the coal mine aquifer. Vinyl chloride is still found in the coal mine aquifer on the site, but there are no wells drawing water from the contaminated area of this aquifer. Some institutional controls are in place to protect the remedy and to prohibit access to the groundwater.

Cleanup Progress

A Record of Decision (ROD) was issued on September 30, 1991, that specified the remedy for the site. The remedy included: construction of a 24-inch clay landfill cap; installation of subsurface structural supports for the mine voids; collection and treatment of contaminated leachate and groundwater; fencing; and institutional controls to reduce exposure to site contaminants. After the cleanup was designed, an Explanation of Significant Differences (ESD) was issued that deleted the requirements for on-site water treatment and structural support for the mine voids. Initial negotiations with the PRPs to design and construct the remedy ended unsuccessfully in 1992. After EPA completed the design, negotiations were reestablished for construction of the remedy. These negotiations concluded successfully with a Consent Decree (CD) between EPA and some of the PRPs. The CD was entered in 1997 and required the eight PRPs to construct the remedy. Another CD, with one previously non-settling PRP for $6,000,000 in past costs, was entered in 1998. A third CD, in which 11 settling defendants reached a final settlement, was entered in 1999.

In August 1997, the PRPs' contractor began construction work at the site. Construction completion was documented in the Preliminary Close Out Report dated September 29, 1998. Long-term monitoring of the site is continuing.

The first and second five-year reviews were completed in 2002 and 2007, respectively. The third five-year review report was completed in July 2012 and found that the site remedy was constructed in accordance with the ROD and ESD. The review found that the remedy is functioning as anticipated, and that the threats at the site have been addressed through capping, installation of fencing, and the implementation of institutional controls. Further, the review found that the remedy for the site is protective of human health and the environment in the short term because exposure pathways that could result in unacceptable risks are being controlled, but additional institutional controls need to be implemented for the remedy to be protective in the long term.

Since the time of the third five-year review, an Environmental Covenant was recorded for the majority of the site. The one parcel of the site not covered by the Environmental Covenant is adequately covered by the Deed Restrictions and Restrictive Covenants; this parcel does not contain any portions of the landfill. On September 27, 2013, the site achieved the Sitewide Ready for Anticipated Use measure.


Remedial Project Manager, U.S. EPA
pablo valentin (valentin.pablo@epa.gov)
(312) 353-2886

Community Involvement Coordinator, U.S. EPA
virginia narsete
(312) 886-4359




Site Profile Information

This profile provides you with information on EPA's cleanup progress at this Superfund site.


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