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Congressional District # 07


EPA ID# WIN000509983
Last Updated: September, 2014

Site Description

The 3-acre WPSC Stevens Point MGP site is located next to Pioneer Park and near the Wisconsin River in a historically industrial area of Stevens Point, Wisconsin. The site is currently open space owned by the Wisconsin Public Service Corporation (WPSC), an operating utility company. The gas plant was operated from about the 1890s to the late 1940s. During operations, a former slough ran adjacent to the site and carried gas plant waste into what is now Pioneer Park and toward the river, contaminating sediment in a small pond in the park and in the river.

Manufactured Gas Plants (MGPs) were industrial facilities that produced gas from coal, oil, and other feedstocks. MGPs began operating in the U.S. in the early 1800s, typically in urban areas where gas was needed for lighting, cooking, and heating. Two gas production methods were used at the WPSC MGP facility: coal carbonization and carbureted water gas. Both processes produced waste and by-products such as tars, purifier waste, oils, sludges, and acidic waste. On-site disposal of waste and spills and leaks often resulted in contaminated soil and groundwater. MGPs were often located near waterbodies and thus sediment contamination is also common.

WPSC is addressing the Stevens Point MGP site under EPA's Superfund Alternative Sites program.

Site Responsibility

The Stevens Point MGP site is being addressed by the potentially responsible party (PRP) under state and federal oversight.

Threats and Contaminants

WPSC conducted a soil cleanup action at the site in 1998 that concentrated on the more highly contaminated areas. However, soil at the site still contains residual amounts of polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs); volatile organic compounds (VOCs), including a group of VOCs called benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene (BTEX); lead; and cyanide. 

Groundwater at the site generally flows west, away from the Wisconsin River, because the site is upstream of the Main Street Dam. Groundwater contamination includes PAHs, cyanide, BTEX, and lead.

Sediment in the small pond in Pioneer Park contains PAHs and the nearby Wisconsin River sediment, particularly near the slough, contains PAHs and BTEX, and shows evidence of odor, sheen or tar associated with MGP waste.

Humans could be exposed to site contaminants through dermal contact with soil or sediment or by drinking contaminated groundwater. If people were exposed to site contaminants over time, carcinogenic (cancer-causing) and/or non-carcinogenic health effects could occur.

Cleanup Progress

WPSC and EPA entered into a settlement agreement called an Administrative Order on Consent (AOC) to address the Stevens Point MGP site in May 2006. Under this unique agreement, WPSC agreed to conduct remedial investigations and feasibility studies (RI/FS) at Stevens Point and five other former MGP sites located throughout Wisconsin. Because the six sites have similar conditions and contaminants, and WPSC is responsible for each, the agreement allows a streamlined approach to site investigation and remedy development. Some benefits of the agreement include the use of multi-site documents, a mechanism to review the adequacy of past work, and scheduling flexibility to allow progress on the "worst problems first."

Under the state cleanup program various investigations and cleanups of the Stevens Point site have occurred since the 1990s. In 1998, upland cleanup occurred including excavation and thermal treatment of about 16,400 tons of highly-contaminated soil and placement of a clean soil cover over excavated areas. Routine groundwater monitoring occurred quarterly for some wells and semi-annually for others.

WPSC completed a RI under EPA oversight in 2011. EPA approved the RI/FS report in May 2012 and, in June 2012, EPA announced a proposed cleanup plan and opened a public comment period. The proposal called for the placement of institutional controls on contaminated soil and groundwater areas, monitoring the natural attenuation of the groundwater contaminant plume, dredging the contaminated sediment from the river, and covering the contaminated sediment in the pond. EPA signed a Record of Decision selecting this remedy in September 2012 and, in May 2013, EPA issued an AOC to WPSC to complete the remedial design. WPSC plans to complete the remedial design work by fall 2014.

In July 2014, EPA, the State of Wisconsin, and WPSC signed a Consent Decree under which WPSC will perform the remedial action once the remedial design is completed. The Consent Decree was lodged for comment in August 2014.


Remedial Project Manager, U.S. EPA
leslie patterson (patterson.leslie@epa.gov)
(312) 886-4904



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