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Congressional District # 01


EPA ID# WID980511919
Last Updated: May, 2015

Site Description

The Hunts Disposal Landfill, located in southeastern Wisconsin, consists of 35 acres. The site was originally an abandoned sand and gravel pit. Site operations began as an open dump in 1959 and continued until 1974 when the State of Wisconsin denied the license renewal application to operate as a landfill. The landfill reportedly accepted a variety of municipal and chemical wastes during this period. Approximately 40 homes are located within a one-half mile radius of the landfill. A rural community of approximately 150 homes is located west of the site. The community uses local groundwater as a drinking water source. Based on the sampling of the residential wells in the surrounding area, the local water supply is not impacted by the landfill.

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) proposed the site for the National Priorities List (NPL) in June 1986 and finalized the site on the NPL in July 1987.

Site Responsibility

This site is being addressed through federal, state, and potentially responsible parties' actions.

Threats and Contaminants

Contaminants of concern include organic compounds such as vinyl chloride, benzene, trichloroethene, xylene, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and various metals such as arsenic, chromium, and barium. The total waste volume at the site was estimated to be approximately 168,000 cubic yards. Contaminated areas and media identified at the site were groundwater, soil, sediment in a nearby river, and exposed landfill wastes. These have been addressed as part of the site cleanup, described below in "Cleanup Progress."

Cleanup Progress

EPA issued a Record of Decision (ROD) for the site on September 29, 1990. EPA and the Potentially Responsible Parties (PRPs) entered into a Consent Decree (CD) on April 21, 1992. Under the terms of the CD, the PRPs agreed to conduct all Remedial Design/Remedial Action (RD/RA) activities for the site. Construction of the selected remedy was initiated in mid-1995 and was completed in October 1996. The remedy included the following: 1) perimeter fencing; 2) a multilayer landfill cap; 3) installation of an underground slurry wall around the landfill; 4) installation of a groundwater pump and treat system; 5) installation of groundwater monitoring wells; and 6) installation of a landfill gas management system. A final site inspection was conducted by EPA and the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (WDNR) on March 11, 1997. The inspection concluded that all construction activities required under the approved Remedial Design were completed. EPA signed the Preliminary Close-Out Report for the site on May 7, 1997, and approved the RA Completion Report on October 8, 1997. The project is currently in the operation and maintenance (O&M) phase. 

EPA completed the First Five-Year Review for the site in September 2001 and found that all expsoure pathways that could result in unacceptable risks were being controlled through the implemented remedy. The Second Five-Year Review, completed in September 2006, found that the remedy continued to be protective of human health and the environment. Since hazardous contaminants remain on the site, continued O&M is required. Consistent with the Second Five-Year Review, the PRPs submitted an Institutional Controls (IC) Study report to EPA for evaluation. EPA concluded that all required ICs are in place and effective, and the site achieved the Sitewide Ready for Reuse measure in September 2009. 

EPA completed the Third Five-Year Review for the site on September 22, 2011. The assessment of the review found that the remedy is currently protective of human health and the environment. Based on the site inspection, monitoring data and communication with operation and maintenance personnel, no inappropriate land or groundwater use has been identified. Exposure pathways that could result in unacceptable risks are being controlled through the implemented remedial action, and land and groundwater use restrictions are in place and effective. Long-term protectiveness of the remedial action will be verified by continued monitoring of the landfill gas and groundwater conditions at the site, as well as continued compliance with use restrictions provided by the institutional controls.

EPA, the U.S. Geological Survey, and WDNR are evaluating whether long-term changes to the remedy can be made at the site.  Any modifications to the selected remedy would need to be documented in an appropriate site decision document.

There formerly was concern about whether molybdenum contamination in private wells located northeast of the site might be related to the Hunts Disposal site. WDNR conducted an investigation into the source of the molybdenum contamination in the area by sampling a number of potential source locations, including wells located at the Hunts Disposal Landfill. Based on the results of the sampling, WDNR eliminated the Hunts Disposal Landfill as the source of the molybdenum contamination in the Caledonia area.


Remedial Project Manager, U.S. EPA
linda kern (kern.linda@epa.gov)
(312) 886-7341

Community Involvement Coordinator, U.S. EPA
susan pastor
(312) 353-1325




Site Profile Information

This profile provides you with information on EPA's cleanup progress at this Superfund site.


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