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EPA Regions ensure that Clean Water Act protections are implemented "where you live." To accomplish this we work with the Army Corps of Engineers and other Federal, State and local resource agencies in Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio and Wisconsin. One of our States, the State of Michigan, has assumed the wetlands regulatory program. Region 5 States vary widely in wetland acres lost, from Minnesota (9.28 out of 18.6 million acres remaining) to Illinois (90 percent of 8.2 million acres lost).
Wetlands in our Region are unique to the climate, geology and ecosystems of the Upper Midwest. Below are examples of wet meadows, prairie potholes, vernal pools, forested swamps and bottom land hardwoods, shrub swamps, mangrove swamps, northern bogs and Fens. Take a tour of Region 5 States to learn more.
- Indiana Virtual Wetland Tour (video tours)
- Illinois Wetland Community Descriptions
- St. John's Wet Prairie, Michigan
- Dead Stream Swamp, Michigan
- Dickenson Island/Harsen's Island Great Lakes Marshes
- Minnesota Wetlands to Visit (Check out podcasts and photo albums).
Wetland History and Types
- Emiquon National Wildlife Refuge
EPA uses a variety of enforcement and compliance activities to protect and repair illegally-impacted Wetlands. The Region shares this responsibility with the District Offices of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and reviews proposed permits for dredging and filling wetlands that result in unavoidable losses. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers administers the day-to-day program, develops policy and guidance, and enforces Section 404 provisions, See the Office of Watersheds and Wetlands for more on EPA Wetland responsibilities.
Wetland Regulatory Contacts
The following is a list of the Army Corps of Engineers Offices and other regulatory contacts for wetlands by State:
- Illinois Environmental Protection Agency Bureau of Water
- Illinois Department of Natural Resources Office of Water Resources
- Minnesota Pollution Control Agency Water Quality Permits
Board of Water and Soil Resources
|Watersheds and Wetlands Branch Chief||312-886-0236|
|Deputy Branch Chief for Wetland Programs||312-886-7745|
|Wetland Technical Enforcement Expert||312-886-0124|
|Section 401 Coordinator, Wetland Biologist||312-353-6424|
|Wetland Enforcement Environmental Scientist||312-886-6833|
|Wetland Enforcement Specialist/ Quality Assurance Contact||312-886-0140|
|Wetland Enforcement Expert||312-886-6680|
|Agriculture Program Contact||312-886-2777|
|Wetland Enforcement Specialist/Life Scientist||312-886-2260|
In the past, Region 5 has awarded over $1M in wetlands grants. Activities funded address a range of activities to advance State wetland protection including the use of biocriteria for wetlands, wild rice research and expanded floristic quality indices. Administrative refinements include evaluating the effectiveness of compensatory mitigation, several wetland assessment and monitoring methodologies, State program refinements and several significant staff training efforts.
2010 Request for Proposals
Detailed information on the FY'2010 Region 5 Request for Proposals for the Wetland Program Development Grants may be found at Water Program Funding, then Competitive Funding, or through Grants.gov.
Information on the 5-Star
Wetland Restoration (Grant) Program can be found on the EPA Office
of Water home page.
Education topics have been moved to the following pages:
- About Wetlands
- Wetlands Education
- Wetlands Publication List
- OWOW Publications
- EPA Kids, Students,
and Teachers Page