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EPA-Expo-Box (A Toolbox for Exposure Assessors)

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Deterministic and Probabilistic Assessments

References

Dang, W; Chen, J; Mottl, N; Phillips, L; Wood, P; Mccarthy, S; Lee, R; Helmke, M; Nelson, M; Coon, K. (2003). A probabilistic risk assessment for children who contact CCA-treated playsets and decks. U. S. Environmental Protection Agency.

Smith, RL. (1994). Use of Monte Carlo simulation for human exposure assessment at a Superfund site. Risk Anal 14: 433-439.

U.S. EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). (1989). Risk assessment guidance for superfund: Volume 1: Human health evaluation manual (part A): Interim final [EPA Report]. (EPA/540/1-89/002). Washington, DC: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Emergency and Remedial Response. http://www.epa.gov/oswer/riskassessment/ragsa/index.htm

U.S. EPA. (1992). Guidelines for exposure assessment [EPA Report]. (EPA/600/Z-92/001). U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Risk Assessment Forum.

U.S. EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). (1997a). Exposure factors handbook (final report) [EPA Report]. (EPA/600/P-95/002Fa-c). Washington, DC. http://cfpub.epa.gov/ncea/cfm/recordisplay.cfm?deid=12464 .

U.S. EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). (1997b). Guiding principles for Monte Carlo analysis [EPA Report]. (EPA/630/R-97/001). Washington, DC. http://www.epa.gov/raf/publications/guiding-monte-carlo-analysis.htm.

U.S. EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). (2000). Options for development of parametric probability distributions for exposure factors [EPA Report]. (EPA/600/R-00/058). Washington, DC. http://cfpub.epa.gov/ncea/cfm/recordisplay.cfm?deid=20867.

U.S. EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). (2001). Risk assessment guidance for superfund: Volume III - part A, process for conducting probabilistic risk assessment [EPA Report]. (EPA 540-R-02-002). Washington, DC. http://www.epa.gov/oswer/riskassessment/rags3adt/index.htm.

U.S. EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). (2004). Air toxics risk assessment reference library: Volume 1: Technical resource manual. (EPA-453-K-04-001A). Research Triangle Park, NC: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards. http://www2.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2013-08/documents/volume_1_reflibrary.pdf (899 pp, 23.7MB, About PDF).

U.S. EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). (2006). Approaches for the application of physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) models and supporting data in risk assessment (Final Report) [EPA Report]. (EPA/600/R-05/043F). Washington, DC.

Young, BM; Tulve, NS; Egeghy, PP; Driver, JH; Zartarian, VG; Johnston, JE; Delmaar, CJ; Evans, JJ; Smith, LA; Glen, G; Lunchick, C; Ross, JH; Xue, J; Barnekow, DE. (2012). Comparison of four probabilistic models (CARES, Calendex, ConsExpo, and SHEDS) to estimate aggregate residential exposures to pesticides. J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 22: 522-532. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/jes.2012.54 Exit Disclaimer.

Zartarian, VG; Xue, J; Ozkaynak, H; Dang, W; Glen, G; Smith, L; Stallins, C. (2005). A probabilistic exposure assessment for children who contact CCA-treated playsets and decks: Using the stochastic human exposure and dose simulation model for the wood preservative exposure scenario (SHEDS-Wood). U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

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