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TENORM
Naturally-Occurring Radiation: 

Publications

TENORM

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Draft Technical Report: Considerations Related to Post-Closure Monitoring of Uranium In-Situ Leach/In-Situ Recovery (ISL/ISR) Sites, June 2011 (PDF) (127 pp, 2.31 Mb)

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Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials From Uranium Mining Volume 1: Mining and Reclamation Background (PDF) (182 pp, 2.3MB, also available in chapters below), [EPA 402-R-08-005] April 2008, originally printed and published on-line a [EPA 402-R-05-007] January 2006, Revised June 2007.

This report, which is the first of two volumes, examines the following issues surrounding uranium in the United States:

Revised Report in Chapters

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Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials From Uranium Mining Volume 2: Investigation of Potential Health, Geographic, and Environmental Issues of Abandoned Uranium Mines (PDF) (131 pp, 3MB, also available in chapters below) [EPA 402-R-08-005] April 2008 (Originally released on-line August 2006 as EPA 402-R-05-007.)
This report, which is the second of two volumes, provides a general scooping evaluation of potential radiogenic cancer and environmental risks posed by small abandoned uranium mines in the western United States.

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Guidelines for Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials

This report is EPA’s response to the recommendations of the National Research Council.

Uranium Location Database Compilation: Overview and Database Files

EPA has compiled mine location information from federal, state, and Tribal agencies into a single database as part of its investigation into the potential environmental hazards of wastes from abandoned uranium mines in the western United States.

Overview

Uranium Location Database Compilation (PDF) (26 pp, 472K) [EPA 402-R-05-009] August, 2006
This supporting document is an overview of the Uranium Location Database.

Database Files

The database is designed for use with geographic information system (GIS) software. A geographic projection (NAD 1983) of the uranium locations found in the database may be generated with GIS software, using these sample files:


Evaluation of Guidelines for Exposures to Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (PDF)(22 pp, 394K) [EPA 402-R-00-01] January, 1999.
EPA sponsored a National Academy of Sciences evaluation of existing methods for estimating the risk from TENORM sites and existing guidelines for cleaning them up. EPA sponsored the study at the request of Congress.

TENORM in SW Copper Belt of Arizona (PDF)(124 pp, 2,470K) [EPA 402-R-99-002] October, 1999
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has been working over the past several years to better understand the nature and extent of TENORM that may become concentrated at copper mining sites. This document presents the information that EPA has compiled on this issue to date.

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