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Climate Ready Water Utilities Resources

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ActivitiesAMWAClimate Change Website

AMWA is an association of the largest publicly owned drinking water systems in the United States. This climate change page provides high impact reports from government and utility associations, links to recent climate-water news items, and descriptions of related AMWA activities to provide up-to-date information to members.

ActivitiesAmerican Association of State ClimatologistsState Climatologists

This website provides background and information on U.S. state climatologists as well as links to their sites. State climatologists work with other climate services partners (e.g., NOAA National Climatic Data Center, Regional Climate Centers, and the National Weather Service) to help provide improved climate services for the nation through greater integration of data quality control and improved communication within the sector.

ActivitiesAustralia New South Wales Department of EnvironmentClimate Change and Water

This department coordinates the New South Wales' response to climate change through programs which include (1) strategies to reduce emissions, encourage efficient use of water and promote adaptation to climate change impacts; (2) research to better understand the effects of climate change on biodiversity and conservation planning; (3) development of a resilient system of protected areas to help minimize the effects of climate change on the environment; and (4) a Sustainability Advantage Program, which assists businesses to improve their environmental performance. This site provides links to these activities, other environmental and energy-related government departments, and a number of strategy documents that outline plans for responding to climate change.

ActivitiesAustralian Government Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency

The Department is charged with: reducing emissions in Australia in the short and long term, working with the international community to develop a global response, and preparing for the inevitable impacts of climate change through effective adaptation strategies. Information on climate change, impacts on Australian resources, and information on what can be done to mitigate emissions and adapt to potential changes are provided through this website.

ActivitiesAustralian Government CSIRO

The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization is the national science agency of Australia and one of the largest and most diverse research agencies in the world. The Water for a Healthy Country Flagship is a national research program addressing one of Australia's most pressing natural resource issues, sustainable management of water resources.

ActivitiesAustralian Government Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency, Climate Change Adaptation Program

The Climate Change Adaptation Program is helping Australians to better understand and manage risks linked to the carbon pollution which continues to increase in the atmosphere and to take advantage of potential opportunities. Through the Climate Change Adaptation Program, the Government has funded a number of projects and assessments to improve knowledge of the impacts of climate change, strengthen the capacity of decision-makers to respond and address major areas of national vulnerability.

ActivitiesAustralian Government National Water Commission

The National Water Commission is responsible for driving progress towards the sustainable management and use of water resources of Australia under their blueprint for water reform (the National Water Initiative).

ActivitiesBerkeley-Charleston-Dorchester Council of GovernmentsCreating Resilient Communities

This website provides access to information on current planning activities and management strategies responsive and adaptive to future challenges being pursued in the tri-county region in Lowcountry South Carolina (Berkeley, Charleston and Dorchester counties). The overall initiative will help communities in this and similar regions to prepare to resist damages from hurricanes, storm surge and floods, including loss of property, income and lives, make informed land use decisions, and help communities take action to conserve natural areas that serve to protect coastal communities.

ActivitiesBroward County, FloridaClimate Change Website

Broward County provides this site for the public and partners to research climate change, keep track of local accomplishments, ongoing projects, upcoming meetings, and other outreach materials for the community. The recently published County Climate Change Action Plan is accessible from the site.

ActivitiesCDCClimate Change and Health Program

CDC, along with the American Public Health Association, National Association of County and City Health Officials, Association of State and Territorial Health Officials, and the Society for Public Health Education, is co-sponsoring and hosting a series of webinars titled "Climate Change: Mastering the Public Health Role." The series focuses on effectively communicating the health-related aspects of climate change, promoting workforce development, and ensuring capacity building at local levels, all core areas of focus within the CDC Climate Change Program.

ActivitiesCDCClimate Change and Public Health

CDC efforts are targeted at anticipating the health effects of climate change, assuring that systems are in place to detect and track them, and taking steps to prepare for, respond to, and manage associated risks. Similar to the public health preparedness approach applied to other threats in the absence of complete data, such as terrorism and pandemic influenza, CDC has identified priority health actions for climate change. These priorities combine leadership, partnership, preparedness, and research in making use of the knowledge and experience gained from previous natural disasters and disease outbreaks to address the health implications of climate change.

ActivitiesCDCClimate Ready States and Cities Initiative

This CDC initiative provides grants to 10 cities or states to help them predict and prepare for the public health impacts of climate change. The website provides general information on climate and public health as well as links to additional resources. Five of the grantee city/states will focus on assessment and planning to develop climate change programs, while the remainder will focus on capacity building.

ActivitiesClimate CentralClimate Central Website

This website is a forum for Climate Central, a nonprofit, collaborative group of scientists and communicators, whose stated mission is to create a bridge between the scientific community and the public, providing clear, honest, nonpartisan, and up-to-date information to help people make sound decisions about climate and energy. Links to written and video pieces, animations, interactive graphics, and other features are provided on the site.

ActivitiesColorado Water Conservation BoardClimate Change

This site highlights the reports and ongoing studies that aim to address climate-related concerns for the water supply from the Colorado River. The website primarily considers how much water the Colorado River basin system has available to meet Colorado's current and future water needs. Links to fact sheets and the Colorado Climate Action Plan, Water Availability Study, and Vulnerability Study are provided.

ActivitiesDOIRegional Climate Science Centers

The Regional Climate Centers will provide resources to land, wildlife and cultural resources managers such as scientific tools, information, and techniques to enable them to monitor and adapt to regional climate changes. The Climate centers will specifically provide basic climate change impact science, including physical and biological research, ecological forecasting, and multi-scale modeling to Landscape Conservation Cooperatives within their respective regions. They will work towards developing adaptive management and other decision-support tools for managers.

ActivitiesDOI Bureau of ReclamationWaterSMART

WaterSMART (Sustain and Manage America's Resources for Tomorrow) program is working to achieve a sustainable water strategy to meet the Nation's water needs. Principle activity is the support of grant programs: WaterSMART System Optimization Review Grants, Advanced Water Treatment Grants, and Research Grants Funding Opportunities. Website provides information on grants, results of research, and links to other water-related information on Bureau of Reclamation activities.

ActivitiesDOI USGSGround Water Resources Program

The Ground Water Resources Program supports applied research into the effects of climate variability on groundwater availability.

ActivitiesDOI USGSNational Climate Change and Wildlife Science Center

The Center is being designed with input from Federal, State, and Tribal science and management agencies; non-governmental organizations; academic institutions; and others having an interest in conserving America's fish and wildlife resources. Mobilization of existing assessment and monitoring capabilities, and coordination of interagency and interorganizational efforts from across the country is needed for timely forecasting of responses at multiple spatial and temporal scales. The website includes information on climate change and wildlife research and how to join Bioclimate, a list serve to receive periodic updates on progress, developments and outreach activities of the National Climate Change and Wildlife Science Center.

ActivitiesDOI USGSNational Water Availability and Use Assessment Program

Combined WaterSMART and National Water Census. Program will provide, (1) Assessment of the status of the water resources of the United States, (2) Quantity of water that is available for beneficial uses, (3) Quality of the water resources of the United States, (4) Long-term trends in water availability and a more accurate assessment of the change in the availability of water for each long-term trend, and (5) Develop the basis for an improved ability to forecast the availability.

ActivitiesDOI USGSSubcommittee on Ground Water

Subcommittee on Ground Water is comprised of representatives from federal, state, corporate, non-profit and academic sectors. The goal of the subcommittee is to develop and encourage implementation of a nationwide long-term ground water quantity and quality monitoring framework that would provide information necessary for the planning, management, and development of ground water supplies to meet current and future water needs, and ecosystem requirements.

ActivitiesDelaware River Basin CommissionDelaware River Basin Forum

This forum brought together basin-wide as well as local actors to address challenges to water resources in the Delaware River Basin (including climate change), connect actors and create a framework for collaboration on water issues.

ActivitiesDenver WaterClimate Change Website

Water utility serving the City and County of Denver, Colorado and a member of Water Utility Climate Alliance. Website presents climate-related priorities that relate to current water supply projects and integrated resource plan in response to uncertain future conditions.

ActivitiesEPAClearinghouse of Information for Lake Shoreland Protection Resources

This website is a clearinghouse which provides practitioners with links to resources to support protection and restoration of lake shorelands. Resources include fact sheets, webcasts, videos, and other helpful resources for lakeshore protection. This effort is part of an outreach campaign to educate the public and others about the key findings of the National Lakes Assessment.

ActivitiesEPAClimate Change Adaptation Tools for Addressing Water Issues

This webcast provides a review of some existing EPA tools to help communities adapt to climate related challenges. The webcast covers EPA's Climate Ready Water Utilities program and Climate Ready Estuaries program. Case studies highlight how a water utility in Spartanburg, South Carolina begins to address climate change by conducting a vulnerability assessment; and how Charlotte Harbor National Estuaries Program assesses vulnerability, develops adaptation plans and indicators to respond to climate change.

ActivitiesEPAClimate Change and Water

The Office of Water Climate Change page provides links to resources that can be used to learn more about current climate-related activities within the agency and beyond. One key document provided on the site is the National Water Program Strategy: Response to Climate Change which provides an overview of the likely effects of climate change on water resources and the nation's clean water and safe drinking water programs. Links to newsletters, meeting calendar, and other climate information from EPA are provided.

ActivitiesEPAClimate Ready Estuaries

The Climate Ready Estuaries program works with the National Estuary Programs and other coastal managers to: (1) assess climate change vulnerabilities, (2) develop and implement adaptation strategies, (3) engage and educate stakeholders, and (4) share the lessons learned with other coastal managers. The Climate Ready Estuaries website offers information on climate change impacts to different estuary regions, access to tools and resources to monitor changes, and information to help managers develop adaptation plans for estuaries and coastal communities.

ActivitiesEPAClimate Ready Water Utilities

Through the Climate Ready Water Utilities initiative, the EPA Water Security Division coordinates with stakeholders to conduct a series of forums and workshops to increase education and awareness about utility climate change-induced impacts and share information about existing tools. Resources under development include tools to assess risk, information on developing adaptive management and mitigation strategies, a wiki for coordination, tabletop exercises, and preparedness training.

ActivitiesEPAHealthy Watersheds Initiative

The Healthy Watersheds Initiative encourages states, local governments, watershed organizations and others to protect and maintain healthy water bodies. Healthy watersheds provide communities with drinking water, recreational opportunities, environmental benefits and services, including clean water for healthy aquatic ecosystems, habitat for fish and wildlife, and better resilience against storms and floods, climate change and future land use changes. Website provides descriptions of publications, tools, and partnerships that EPA is developing to help promote Healthy Watersheds and examples of the work several states are doing to protect their healthy watersheds.

ActivitiesEPARegion 2, Climate Change

This site includes information on the potential regional impacts of climate change and what EPA Region 2 and state and local governments are doing to address these impacts. This site provides selected resources which discuss the potential implications of sea-level rise and other climate change impacts in EPA Region 2.

ActivitiesEPARegion 6, Climate Change

This site provides information on the potential regional impacts of climate change, what EPA Region 6 and state and local governments are doing to address these impacts, and on how individuals can get involved to make a difference.

ActivitiesEPARegion 8, Climate Change

This site provides descriptions of how EPA Region 8 is building knowledge with respect to climate change and encouraging responsive actions by individuals, communities, businesses, states, local governments, and tribes. Outreach and summary materials are provided for communication of regional impacts to stakeholders.

ActivitiesEPAResearch Exploring the Environmental Facets of Climate Change

The Science to Achieve Results program awards grants to universities across the country to study the consequences of climate change on the air we breathe and the water we drink. The agency solicited grants in four areas, (1) Climate Change and Allergies, (2) Climate Change and Air Quality, (3) Climate Change and Water Resources, and (4) Climate Change and Carbon Sequestration. EPA brings leading-edge science to assess the consequences of climate change on human health, ecosystems, and social well being. One of the agency's goals is to develop information and tools to make assessments on the overall impact of climate change.

ActivitiesEPAState and Local Climate and Energy Program

The State and Local Climate and Energy Program provides technical assistance, analytical tools, and outreach support to state, local, and tribal governments. Specific assistance includes: (1) Identifying and documenting cost-effective policies and initiatives that address climate change, including those that promote renewable energy, energy efficiency, and related clean technologies, (2) Measuring and evaluating the environmental, economic, and public health benefits of climate change and clean energy initiatives, (3) Offering tools, guidance, and outreach support for assessing the options and benefits of actions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and (4) fostering peer exchange opportunities for state and local officials to share information on best practices and lessons learned about innovative policies and programs.

ActivitiesEPASustainable Water Infrastructure Program

The Sustainable Water Infrastructure program provides technical support and financial resources to states to increase water and energy efficiency in water, wastewater, and stormwater infrastructure. This website provides water and energy efficiency information for industry, businesses, communities, homes, farms, schools, thermoelectric power generators, and water and wastewater facilities.

ActivitiesEPAThe Watershed Academy

The Watershed Academy provides training and information on implementing watershed approaches, including topics related to sustainable management and response to climate change. The self-paced training modules, webcast seminars and live training courses provide current information from national experts across a broad range of watershed topics.

ActivitiesEPAWater Resource Adaptation Program

In this program, scientists and engineers investigate the potential effects of climate change on the nation's watersheds and water infrastructure. Based on the results of these investigations, practical and effective adaptation solutions are being developed. The research approach has three basic goals: (1) To investigate the hydrologic effects of climatic change and define the water resource needs of future socioeconomic conditions, (2) To develop adaptation methods, many focused on advanced and innovative engineering techniques and solutions, and (3) To develop and provide end users with the tools needed for water resource adaptation. The researchers use a variety of investigating tools, such as climate modeling, robust statistical analysis, and water availability forecasting.


WaterSense is an EPA-sponsored partnership program that seeks to protect the future of our water supply by promoting water efficiency and enhancing the market for water-efficient products, programs, and practices. WaterSense brings together local water utilities and governments, product manufacturers, retailers, consumers, and other stakeholders.

ActivitiesEPA, NOAAClimate Ready Great Lakes Training Module

These training modules provide a basic overview of climate science, climate change impacts in the Great Lakes region and practical guidance for response and adaptation at the local and regional level.

ActivitiesEast Bay Municipal Utility DistrictClimate Change

East Bay Municipal Utility District (EBMUD) in Oakland, California, has developed mitigation and adaptation strategies to deal with the changing climate and its effects on water resources. In 2008, EBMUD incorporated climate change into its Strategic Plan, and has developed and implemented a climate change monitoring and response plan to inform future water supply, water quality, and infrastructure planning. This site provides links to recent reports and scientific publications by EBMUD personnel, in addition to references to other climate-related priorities for the utility.

ActivitiesEnglandSustainability East

Sustainability East is an independent group assessing and promoting sustainable development in the East of England. The group is composed of experts to support local authorities and businesses to embed sustainable development in decision making. The group's vision is that public, private and voluntary organizations in the East of England contribute to delivery of an enhanced quality of life for present and future generations, without compromising the natural resources and environmental assets. This website provides links to informational resources and publications.

ActivitiesEuropean CommissionPREPARED Enabling Change Project

The PREPARED project originates from the Water Supply and Sanitation Technology Platform thematic working group Sustainable Water Management in Urban areas. PREPARED will work with a number of urban utilities in Europe and worldwide to develop advanced strategies to meet anticipated challenges in the water supply and sanitation sectors brought about by climate change. The project will provide a framework that links comprehensive research with development programs in these utilities. The outcomes of the project will be used for planning rehabilitation programs of the participating cities and the experience gained by these utilities will be shared with other actors of the water sector. The project implementation started in February 2010 and it is expected to end in January 2014.

ActivitiesEuropean UnionEuropean Environment Agency

This agency aims to support the development and implementation of sound environmental policies in the European Union (EU) and other European Environment Agency member countries by delivering timely, targeted, relevant and reliable information to policy-makers and the public. The European Environment Agency supports the implementation of the Kyoto Protocol in the EU, the evaluation of EU policies and the development of long-term strategies to mitigate and adapt to climate change.

ActivitiesExecutive Office of the President Council of Environmental QualityCEQ Climate Change Adaptation Task Force

In 2009, the White House Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ), the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP), and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) initiated the Interagency Climate Change Adaptation Task Force, which includes representatives from more than 20 Federal Agencies. When the President signed the Executive Order on Federal Leadership in Environmental, Energy, and Economic Performance, on October 5, 2009, he called on the Task Force to develop, within one year, Federal recommendations for adapting to climate change impacts both domestically and internationally.

ActivitiesExecutive Office of the President Council of Environmental QualityInteragency Ocean Policy Task Force

The Interagency Oceans Policy Task Force was established in 2009 and charged with developing recommendations to enhance national stewardship of the ocean, coasts, and Great Lakes and promote the long term conservation and use of these resources. Final Recommendations include (1) establishing a new National Ocean Council (NOC) which consolidates and strengthens components of the existing Committee on Ocean Policy within a single structure; (2) strengthening the decision-making and dispute-resolution processes by defining clear roles for the NOC and the NOC leadership; (3) formally engaging with State, tribal, and local authorities to address relevant issues through the creation of a new committee comprised of their designated representatives; (4) strengthening the link between science and management through a new NOC Steering Committee; and (5) strengthening coordination between the NOC, the National Security Council, the National Economic Council, the Office of Energy and Climate Change, the Council on Environmental Quality, the Office of Science and Technology Policy, the Office of Management and Budget, and other White House entities.

ActivitiesFEMARisk Mapping, Assessment and Planning

Building on the success of Map Mod, FEMA will collaborate with Federal, State and local stakeholders to achieve goals under Risk Mapping, Assessment and Planning: (1) Flood hazard data; (2) Public awareness and outreach, (3) Hazard mitigation planning; (4) Enhanced digital platform, and (5) Alignment and synergies.

ActivitiesFedCenterClimate Change Adaptation Program Area

This resource prepares federal agencies to identify the impacts climate change will have in meeting program and policy objectives. Beyond background information, this website offers information and multiple links to help agencies familiarize themselves with the regulations, policy, guidance, tools, resources, conferences, workshops and planning processes necessary for adaptation.

ActivitiesICLEI Local Governments for SustainabilityClimate Resilient Communities

The Climate Resilient Communities program provides helpful information and tools to assist local communities in preparing for climate change through adaptation efforts. The program is based on the five milestones for climate adaptation and is intended mainly for local governments but can be used by any organizations or businesses that may be sensitive to climate change impacts. The website provides resources, tools and networking capabilities as well as links to other relevant programs.

ActivitiesIPCCFifth Assessment Report and Special Reports

The IPCC was established to provide decision-makers and others interested in climate change with an objective source of information about climate change. The IPCC does not conduct any research nor does it monitor climate-related data or parameters. Its role is to assess on a comprehensive, objective, open and transparent basis the latest scientific, technical and socio-economic literature relevant to the risk of human-induced climate change, its observed and projected impacts, and options for adaptation and mitigation.

ActivitiesKing County, WashingtonKing County Climate Change website

This county in Washington State developed and began implementing a climate change preparedness plan. Information on the plan and other activities are provided on the website.

ActivitiesNASAApplied Sciences Program on Water Resources

The NASA Applied Sciences Program has the primary responsibility to apply data from NASA satellite missions to models in order to help solve problems important to society and the economy. The NASA Water Resources theme in the Applied Sciences Program addresses concerns and decision processes that are related to water availability, water forecast, and water quality (i.e. Water Quality, Water Delivery and Irrigation, Drought, Flow and Flood Forecasting). The goal of the Water Resources theme is to apply NASA satellite data to improve the Decision Support Tools of user groups that manage water resources.

ActivitiesNDWACClimate Ready Water Utilities Working Group

In fall 2009, EPA formed a working under the National Drinking Water Advisory Council to evaluates the concept of "Climate Ready Water Utilities" and provide recommendations to the full NDWAC on the development of an effective program for drinking water and wastewater utilities, including recommendations to: (1) define attributes of climate ready utilities, (2) identify tools and resources needed to address short-term and long-term needs of water and wastewater utilities and (3) identify mechanisms that facilitate broad adoption of climate change adaptation and mitigation strategies by the water sector. The Climate Ready Water Utilities (CRWU) Working Group provided its recommendations to the NDWAC in December 2010. The NDWAC approved that report and sent its own recommendations to EPA in January 2011.

ActivitiesNOAAClimate Change Office

The Climate Program Office comprises 5 divisions, which include programs to provide strategic planning for NOAA's climate change initiatives, research, assessments and services, and communication and education services.

ActivitiesNOAAClimate Service

The NOAA Climate Service will encompass a core set of longstanding NOAA capabilities with proven success. The climate research, observations, modeling, predictions and assessments generated by NOAA's top scientists will continue to provide the scientific foundation for extensive on-the-ground climate services that respond to several requests each day for data and other critical information.

ActivitiesNOAACoastal Climate Adaptation Community

This site provides a resource library and forum for coastal community members searching for information on adaptation needs and experience in addressing projected future climate. Particular attention is paid to conditions anticipated in coastal regions.

ActivitiesNOAAConserving Coastal Wetlands for Sea Level Rise Adaptation

This interactive website provides information and resources to promote the use of coastal wetlands as an adaptation strategy in response to rising sea level.

ActivitiesNOAAFederal Geographic Data Committee Geospatial Platform Website

The Geospatial Platform provides access to federally-maintained geospatial data, services and applications. Examples of included data are: hydrological, estuarine, economic, coastal vulnerability, and sea-level rise. The platform also includes access to data from government partners (state, tribal, regional and local) and non-governmental organizations. Platform users can access available data and share customized maps through web browsers and mobile applications.

ActivitiesNOAANational Weather Service Weather Warnings

This website, maintained by NOAA's National Weather Service (NWS), provides annual monetary totals, adjusted to inflation each year, for national flood loss. In addition, this site offers quick access to numerous data services provided by the NWS, including forecasts, climate predictions, and current climate observations, among others.

ActivitiesNOAARegional Integrated Sciences and Assessments

The Regional Integrated Sciences and Assessments (RISA) program supports research that addresses complex climate sensitive issues of concern to decision-makers and policy planners at a regional level. Traditionally the research has focused on the fisheries, water, wildfire, and agriculture sectors. The program also supports research into climate sensitive public health issues. Currently funded programs include: Alaska Center for Climate Assessment, Climate Impact Groups, Western Water Assessment, California Applications Program, Carolinas Integrated Sciences and Assessments, Climate Assessment for the Southwest, Southern Climate Impacts Planning Program, Southeast Climate Consortium, and Pacific RISA.

ActivitiesNOAAState of the Coast

The State of the Coast site provides facts and statistics relevant to coastal communities, ecosystems, and economies to raise awareness of the interconnected relationship between coastal areas and climate change. The site provides information on coastal vulnerability, the population in the 100-year coastal flood hazard area, and federally-insured assets along the coast.

ActivitiesNOAA, EPA, Gulf of Mexico AllianceAlabama StormSmart Coasts

This site provides resources for coastal decision makers and other involved stakeholders in Alabama in preparing for, responding to and recovering from severe weather events and sea level rise. Resources include: legal and policy documents, mapping and planning tools, guidelines for developing appropriate regulations, mitigation resources, resources to reduce damage to infrastructure, information on emergency services and also training and outreach resources.

ActivitiesNOAA, EPA, Gulf of Mexico AllianceFlorida StormSmart Coasts

This site provides resources for coastal decision makers and other involved stakeholders in Florida in preparing for, responding to and recovering from severe weather events and sea level rise. Resources include: legal and policy documents, mapping and planning tools, guidelines for developing appropriate regulations, mitigation resources, resources to reduce damage to infrastructure, information on emergency services and also training and outreach resources.

ActivitiesNOAA, EPA, Gulf of Mexico AllianceMississippi StormSmart Coasts

This site provides resources for coastal decision makers and other involved stakeholders in Mississippi in preparing for, responding to and recovering from severe weather events and sea level rise. Resources include: legal and policy documents, mapping and planning tools, guidelines for developing appropriate regulations, mitigation resources, resources to reduce damage to infrastructure, information on emergency services and also training and outreach resources.

ActivitiesNOAA, EPA, Gulf of Mexico AllianceTexas StormSmart Coasts

This site provides resources for coastal decision makers and other involved stakeholders in Texas in preparing for, responding to and recovering from severe weather events and sea level rise. Resources include: legal and policy documents, mapping and planning tools, guidelines for developing appropriate regulations, mitigation resources, resources to reduce damage to infrastructure, information on emergency services and also training and outreach resources.

ActivitiesNOAA, EPA, Gulf of Mexico Alliance, Northeast Regional Ocean CouncilStormSmart Coasts National Network

A national network that provides coastal state decision makers with the latest information, research, tools and resources to better equip them for the challenges of climate change. The website also acts as a portal for members from different states to connect, collaborate and share. The website also provides the ability to join a working group, receive a monthly newsletter, and receive relevant twitter feeds.

ActivitiesNOAA, EPA, Northeast Regional Ocean CouncilMassachusetts StormSmart Coasts

This site is supported by the Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management and provides resources for coastal communities that are interested in designing a successful floodplain management strategy. It helps its users to address problems stemming from climate change such as storms, floods, and sea level rise. It also makes hazard identification and mapping resources available to users to aid in adaptation planning. The tool organizes and provides a list of opportunities for improving regulations associated with implementing community land use plans, a list of infrastructure protection options, as well as a list of options for improving emergency services to decrease human suffering.

ActivitiesNational Drought Mitigation CenterWebsite

This website provides key resources and information related to past and current droughts, current drought research and drought monitoring tools (U.S. Drought Monitor, the Drought Impacts Reporter, and the Vegetation Drought Response Index). National as well as regional and state level information is available. Materials and resources provided are intended to help develop and implement measures to reduce societal vulnerability to drought, stressing preparedness and risk management rather than crisis management.

ActivitiesNational Research CouncilAmerica’s Climate Choices: A Conversation on America’s Climate Choices

This website provides videos, briefs and a complete report on several key issues related to climate change. Resources include updated science and information on how to limit the magnitude of climate change, adapt to impacts and generate an effective response. For the water sector, additional resources address water resource management and the impacts of extreme precipitation events.

ActivitiesNational Research CouncilNational Research Council Ocean Acidification Resources

This website provides resources related to ocean acidification including a report, interviews with scientists and downloadable figures. Ocean acidification is important to those managing coastal ecosystems and coastal utilities that use of seawater and coastal tributaries for cooling or discharge purposes.

ActivitiesNatureServeEcosystem-Based Management Tools Network

This website provides a forum for collaboration and exchange of information regarding tools for Ecosystem-Based Management (EBM). EBM considers the whole ecosystem, including humans and the environment, rather than managing one issue or resource in isolation. On this site, EBM tools are defined as software or other highly documented methods that can help implement EBM by (1) providing models of ecosystems or key ecosystem processes; (2) generating scenarios illustrating the consequences of different management decisions; and (3) facilitating stakeholder involvement in planning processes.

ActivitiesOhio State UniversityOhio Watersheds

This website was developed to help educators and residents in the Great Lakes region better understand climate change science and policy. Links are provided to information resources developed primarily by faculty and staff at the land grant institutions in the Great Lakes Region.

ActivitiesPortland Water BureauPortland Sustainability Plan

The Portland Water Bureau adopted a three-year Sustainability Action Plan in September 2007 which includes specific action items and targets in energy, transportation, paper use, water use, toxics reduction, and property management. Portland's service area includes parts of Multnomah, Washington and Clackamas Counties in Oregon.

ActivitiesSan Diego Water AuthorityWater Management Information

Information of climate-relevant efforts in water recycling and conservation, including published plans, research, and ongoing projects.

ActivitiesSanta Clara Valley Water DistrictClimate Change Information

This website provides information on the potential climate change impacts on the Santa Clara Water District. The Climate Change Portal includes reports and other technical literature on climate change and how it could affect the district.

ActivitiesSecurity and Sustainability ForumInfrastructure Adaptations to Address Security Threats from a Changing Climate

This webinar will examine changing climate conditions such as coastal erosion, flooding, salinity intrusion into water supplies, and inadequacies of existing infrastructure to handle changes. This session, the third in the series on climate change and security for the Security and Sustainability Forum, will address implications for basic infrastructure and the strategies to understand and address these issues.

ActivitiesSouthern Nevada Water AuthorityDrought Information

Southern Nevada Water Authority is a cooperative agency formed to address the unique water needs of southern Nevada on a regional basis. This site provides drought information, including online resources for climate and water resource information.

ActivitiesState of CaliforniaCal-Adapt Website

Cal-Adapt is an online resource designed to provide a view of how climate change may affect California at the local level. Developed by University of California Berkeley's Geospatial Innovation Facility, the website provides the tools and data for a wide set of audiences to improve understanding of the risks posed by climate change.

ActivitiesState of CaliforniaClimate Change Portal

State of California provides this site for information on government activities directed at mitigating and adapting to climate change impacts. Links to ending legislation, funded research, state initiatives, and relevant agencies are provided.

ActivitiesState of CaliforniaDepartment of Water Resources

The Department of Water Resources is addressing climate change impacts through mitigation and adaptation measures to ensure an adequate water supply now and in the future. The Department of Water Resources' accomplishments include adopting a Climate Change Adaptation Strategy in 2008.

ActivitiesState of WashingtonUrban Waters Initiative

The Washington Department of Ecology developed this initiative to address the environmental challenges posed to urban water bodies by aiding efforts to locate and control pollution sources before they enter these bodies of water.

ActivitiesThe Nature ConservancyCoastal Resilience

The Coastal Resilience project engages coastal communities through spatial analysis techniques and helps them understand the risks associated with the coastal development as sea level rises and storm frequencies change. Coastal Resilience also provides tools and information to support strategic decision making that will allow for adaptation and ecosystem protection while protecting human welfare.

ActivitiesU.S. Army Corps of EngineersBuilding Strong Collaborative Relationships for a Sustainable Water Resources Future Project

The overall goal of this project is to identify and leverage opportunities for collaborative efforts and to create a joint national dialogue for water priorities between states, tribes and the federal resource agencies. The partnerships built through this effort will continue to be key in advancing Integrated Water Resources Management. Project documents including state water plans, proceeding reports and regional trend reports will be posted on the project website.

ActivitiesU.S. Army Corps of EngineersResponses to Climate Change Program

The Program website provides links to information on Corps activities in response to climate change, interagency activities, climate change impacts, history of climate change at the Corps, and mitigation and adaptation strategies. The priority of the Corps to support water resource planning that is sustainable and make permit decisions that will affect development trends and the waters of the United States.

ActivitiesU.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, DOT, EPAInteragency Partnership for Sustainable Communities

This interagency partnership is intended to help improve access to affordable housing, more transportation options, and lower transportation costs while protecting the environment in communities nationwide. Through a set of guiding livability principles and a partnership agreement that will guide the efforts of the agencies, this partnership will coordinate federal housing, transportation, and other infrastructure investments to protect the environment, promote equitable development, and help to address the challenges of climate change.

ActivitiesU.S. National Academy of SciencesAmerica's Climate Choices

The Panel on Adapting to the Impacts of Climate Change will address the question, "What can be done to adapt to the impacts of climate change?". The panel will describe, analyze, and assess actions and strategies to reduce vulnerability, increase adaptive capacity, improve resiliency, and promote successful adaptation to climate change in different regions, sectors, systems, and populations. The costs, benefits, limitations, tradeoffs, and uncertainties associated with different options and strategies should be assessed qualitatively and, to the extent practicable, quantitatively, using the scenarios of future climate change and vulnerability developed in coordination with the Committee on America's Climate Choices and other panels.

ActivitiesUNFCCCNairobi Work Programme

The Nairobi work program is a 5 year process (2005-2010) implemented by parties, intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations, the private sector, communities and other stakeholders. Its objective is to assist all Parties, in particular developing countries, including the least developed countries and small island developing States to improve their understanding and assessment of impacts, vulnerability and adaptation to climate change; and make informed decisions on practical adaptation actions and measures to respond to climate change on a sound scientific, technical and socio-economic basis, taking into account current and future climate change and variability.

ActivitiesUNFCCCUNFCCC Technology Transfer Clearinghouse

This website is a clearinghouse to provide resources related to technology transfer by UNFCCC. Links to resources include news, events, and publications. The program encourages the exchange of knowledge and practices in climate change adaptation that could be used in technology transfers to improve climate change resiliency in the developing world.

ActivitiesUSDANational Resource Conservation Service National Employee Development Center

This site provides free online training resources for National Resource Conservation Service employees, other USDA employees and the general public. Courses include: Air, Climate Change and Energy; Why Do we Care about Energy; Greenhouse Gases and Carbon Sequestration; and Energy Basics.

ActivitiesUSGCRPThe National Climate Assessment

The National Climate Assessment (NCA), required every four years, act as a status report on climate change science and impacts in the U.S. The NCA aims to incorporate advances in the understanding of climate science into larger social, ecological, and policy systems. Each NCA will help evaluate the effectiveness of mitigation and adaptation activities in the U.S. and identify economic opportunities that arise as the climate changes. It will also serve to integrate scientific information from multiple sources and highlight key findings and significant gaps in our knowledge. The NCA aims to help the federal government prioritize climate science investments, and in doing so will help to provide the science that can be used by communities around our nation to create a more sustainable and environmentally-sound plan for our future.

ActivitiesUSGCRPUSGCRP Website

The U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP, formally CCSP) integrates federal research on climate and global change, as sponsored by thirteen federal agencies and overseen by the Office of Science and Technology Policy, the Council on Environmental Quality, the National Economic Council and the Office of Management and Budget. GCRP coordinates research among federal agencies including research related to CCSP Goal 4, understand the sensitivity and adaptability of different natural and managed ecosystems and human systems to climate and related global changes, which includes research on the impact of climate change on water cycles and availability.

ActivitiesUnited KingdomClimate Impacts Programme

The UK Climate Impacts Programme coordinates scientific research into the impacts of climate change, and to help organizations adapt to those unavoidable impacts. UKCIP publishes climate change scenarios on behalf of the UK government. The next set of climate change information, UKCP09, will be published in spring 2009.

ActivitiesUnited KingdomWater United Kingdom

Water United Kingdom (UK) represents all UK water and wastewater service suppliers at the national and European level. This organization provides a positive framework for the water industry to engage with government, regulators, stakeholder organizations and the public. WaterUK has also conducted research on mitigation and adaptation plans for the industry to use in response to climate change.

ActivitiesUnited NationsTask Force on Climate Change

The objective of the Task Force is to strengthen UN System coordination on activities related to water and climate change. This will serve to support Member countries in assessing the impacts of climate change on water and implementing strategies for mitigating and adapting to climate change in the water sector.

ActivitiesUniversity of ArizonaClimate Assessment for the Southwest

This website provides resources and tools to help decision makers and others respond to climatic events and changes in the climate of the American Southwest. A major goal of the Climate Assessment for the Southwest is to promote participatory, iterative research involving a wide array of stakeholders. The program itself also supports efforts to improve climate forecasting in the region.

ActivitiesUniversity of CaliforniaCalifornia Nevada Applications Program and the California Climate Change Center

The California Nevada Applications Program (CNAP) and the California Climate Change Center (CCCC) aim to develop and provide better climate information and forecasts for decision makers in California and the surrounding region. Applications addressed include problems involving water resources, wildfire, and human health. Time scales of interest range from seasonal to secular changes associated with natural and anthropogenic influences. By working directly with users and practitioners, CNAP and CCCC are working to evaluate climate information needs and utility from the user perspective.

ActivitiesUniversity of Oklahoma, Louisiana State University, NOAASouthern Climate Impacts Planning Program

This website provides information for the Southeast region of the U.S. on climate hazards and offers resources to help prepare for as well as mitigate those hazards. While multi-hazard planning represents the primary focus of this program, additional related areas of work include coastal planning, water resources, and climate adaptation.

ActivitiesWateReuse AssociationSustainable Solutions for a Thirsty Planet

This site is designed to help communities better understand the need for, and uses and benefits of water reuse and water desalination. Communities are facing water supply challenges due to increasing demand for water, drought, depletion and contamination of groundwater, and dependence on a single source of water supply.

ActivitiesWater Information Coordination Program Advisory Committee on Water Information: Sustainable Water Resources Roundtable

The Sustainable Water Resources Roundtable, comprised of representatives from federal, state, corporate, non-profit and academic sectors, serves as a forum to advance the understanding of the nation's water resources and to develop tools for their sustainable management.

ActivitiesWater Research FoundationClimate Change Clearinghouse

This site offers the water community access to useful information on climate change science relevant to water utilities, impacts climate change can have on water resources, guidance on planning and adaptation strategies, and Water Research Foundation research relevant to climate change.

ActivitiesWater Utility Climate AllianceWater Utility Climate Alliance

The Water Utility Climate Alliance (WUCA) is dedicated to collaborating on climate change issues affecting drinking water utilities. This group is comprised of the following utilities: Denver Water, Metropolitan Water District of Southern California, New York City Department of Environmental Protection, Portland Water Bureau, San Diego County Water Authority, San Francisco Public Utilities Commission, Seattle Public Utilities, Southern Nevada Water Authority, the Central Arizona Project, and Tampa Bay Water. The WUCA website provides details and links to publications that focus on assessing and managing risks to water infrastructure and supply from impacts of warming, diminishing snowpack, bigger storms, drought, rising sea level, and potential abrupt climate change.

ActivitiesWestern Governors' AssociationClimate Change and Adaptation

This website describes the climate-related activities of the Western Governors' Association. Reports and position statements are linked to the site.

FundingDOI Bureau of Land ManagementEnvironmental Quality and Protection Resource Management (15.236)

Provides financial assistance, through grants or cooperative agreements to reduce or remove pollutants in the environment for the protection of human health, water and air resources; restores damaged or degraded watersheds; and responds to changing climate. Objectives are implemented through core programs such as: the Abandoned Mine Land program which addresses physical safety hazards and water quality through restoration of abandoned hard rock mines; the Hazard Management and Resource Restoration, also known as Hazmat program, which remediates sites impacted by hazardous materials and illegal activities, coordinates emergency response actions, and ensures the Bureau of Land Management facilities and operations comply with applicable environmental regulations; and the Soil, Water and Air program which develops guidance for land use plans and plan implementation.

FundingDOI Bureau of ReclamationWaterSMART: Advanced Water Treatment Pilot and Demonstration Project Grants (15.507)

Provides support to States, Indian Tribes, irrigation districts, water districts, and other organizations with water or power delivery authority to leverage their money and resources by cost sharing with Reclamation on pilot and demonstration projects that accelerate the adoption and use of Advanced Water Treatment technologies to increase water supply. Projects funded under this FOA will encourage pilot and demonstration projects that address the technical, economic, and environmental viability of treating and using brackish groundwater, seawater, impaired waters, or otherwise creating new water supplies within a specific locale.

FundingDOI Bureau of ReclamationWaterSMART: Research Grants to Develop Climate Analysis Tools (15.507)

Provides support to universities, non-profits, and organizations with water or power delivery authority to leverage their money and resources by cost sharing with Reclamation on research activities. Overall these research activities are designed to enhance the management of water resources, including the development of tools to assess climate change impacts. Research projects will focus on the knowledge gaps outlined in USGS Circular 1331: Climate Change and Water Resources Management - A Federal Perspective (Section 6).

FundingDOI Bureau of ReclamationWaterSMART: System Optimization Review Grants (15.507)

Provides support to States, Indian Tribes, irrigation districts, water districts and other organizations with water or power delivery authority to leverage their money and resources by cost sharing with Reclamation on projects for System Optimization Reviews (SOR). SORs consist of (1) an assessment of the potential for water management improvements in a river basin, system, or district, and (2) a report identifying specific improvements to increase efficiency, including a plan of action for implementing the recommendations. SORs are intended to focus on improving efficiency throughout a system, district, river basin, or a portion thereof, but not on a single structure such as improving one headgate or lining one ditch. SORs are intended to take a broad look at system-wide efficiency, and they are not focused on single project-specific planning.

FundingDOI Bureau of ReclamationWaterSMART: Water and Energy Efficiency Grants for FY 2010

The objective of this Funding Opportunity Announcement is to invite States, Tribes, irrigation districts, water districts, and other organizations with water or power delivery authority to leverage their money and resources by cost sharing with Reclamation on projects that conserve and use water more efficiently, increase the use of renewable energy in the management or delivery of water, protect endangered and threatened species, facilitate water markets, or carry out other activities to address climate-related impacts on water or prevent any water-related crisis or conflict.

FundingEPAAssessment and Watershed Protection Program Grants (66.480)

Supports the coordination and acceleration of research, investigations, experiments, training, demonstrations, surveys, and studies relating to the causes, effects (including health and welfare effects), extent, prevention, reduction, and elimination of water pollution. The two main goals of the Assessment and Watershed Protection Program Grants include supporting a watershed approach to better address water quality problems in the U.S. and building the capacity of all levels of government to develop and implement effective, comprehensive programs for watershed protection, restoration, and management.

FundingEPABeach Monitoring and Notification Program Implementation Grants (66.472)

Assists Coastal and Great Lakes States and Tribes eligible under Section 518(e) of the Clean Water Act, as amended, in developing and implementing programs for monitoring and notification for coastal recreation waters adjacent to beaches or similar points of access that are used by the public. The funding priority of EPA is to award grants to those applicants whose proposals clearly demonstrate the ability of a State, Tribal, or local government to monitor recreational waters; notify the public of risks; manage programs; and communicate among environmental and public health agencies and the public.

FundingEPACapitalization Grants for Clean Water State Revolving Funds (66.458)

This program distributes State Revolving Funds through a series of capitalization grants to States which will provide a long term source of State financing for construction of wastewater treatment facilities and implementation of other water quality management activities. Capitalization grants are available to each State for the purpose of establishing a Clean Water State Revolving Fund for providing assistance for: (1) construction of publicly owned wastewater treatment works; (2) implementing nonpoint source management activities included in State Plans developed pursuant to Section 319; and (3) developing and implementing an estuary comprehensive conservation and management plan under Section 320.

FundingEPACapitalization Grants for Drinking Water State Revolving Funds (66.468)

Grants are made to States and Puerto Rico to capitalize their Drinking Water State Revolving Funds which will provide a long-term source of financing for the costs of drinking water infrastructure. Grants are also made to the District of Columbia, U.S. Territories (Virgin Islands, Mariana Islands American Samoa, and Guam), and Indian Tribes. The funding priority established by the Safe Drinking Water Act are for capitalization grants to each State for infrastructure improvement projects that are needed to achieve or maintain compliance with Safe Drinking Water Act requirements, protect public health, and assist systems with economic need. A State may use a portion of the capitalization grant funds for programs that emphasize preventing contamination problems through source water protection and enhancing water system management. A portion of the Recovery Act funding will be targeted toward projects for green infrastructure, water or energy efficiency improvements, or other environmentally innovative activities. The program supports the Agency strategic goal of ensuring clean and safe water.

FundingEPAClimate Showcase Communities Grant Program (66.041)

Supports robust local and tribal initiatives that demonstrate potential for documentable reductions in greenhouse gas emissions; integrate funded activities within a broader framework for climate management; leverage funding from other sources; contain clear mechanisms to share results and lessons learned within and outside of the community; and encourage economic, social, health and environmental co-benefits. In addition, the Climate Showcase Communities Grant Program supports program areas that span a range of local and tribal government attributes (including geographic location, demographic makeup, community size, economic circumstances, and level of previous climate change activity) and a range of project areas.

FundingEPACommunity Action for a Renewed Environment (CARE) Program (66.035)

Supports analyses, studies, evaluations, surveys, investigations, conferences, demonstrations and special purpose projects which empower communities to reduce risks from exposures to toxic pollutants in the air, in the water, and on the land through collaborative action at the local level. The CARE program aims to: (1) Reduce exposures to toxic pollutants through collaborative action at the local level; (2) Help communities gain an understanding of all potential sources of exposure to toxic pollutants; (3) Work with communities to set priorities for risk reduction activities; and, (4) Create self sustaining, community based partnerships that will continue to improve the local environment.

FundingEPAConstruction Grants for Wastewater Treatment Works (66.418)

Assists construction of municipal wastewater treatment works which are required to meet State and/or Federal water quality standards and improve the water quality in the waters of the United States. Annual funding priorities are determined by the State in which the grantee is located. The project must be given priority by the State water pollution control agency through its project priority system and recommended for funding for approval by the EPA Regional Office. Funds are also available to American Samoa, Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, Virgin Islands, and the District of Columbia for construction of municipal wastewater treatment works under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (Recovery Act) of 2009. A portion of the Recovery Act funding will be targeted toward projects for green infrastructure, water or energy efficiency improvements, or other environmentally innovative activities.

FundingEPADirect Implementation Tribal Cooperative Agreements (66.473)

Direct Implementation Tribal Cooperative Agreements (DITCAs) enable EPA to award cooperative agreements to federally recognized Indian tribes and eligible intertribal consortia to help carry out the Agency function to implement directly, Federal environmental programs required or authorized by law in the absence of an acceptable tribal program, notwithstanding the Federal Grant and Cooperative Agreement Act. DITCAs provide tribes with the flexibility and opportunity to develop staff capacity to manage environmental programs, to address specific tribal environmental needs and priorities that are within authority of EPA for direct implementation, and to determine the scope and pace of tribal involvement.

FundingEPAEnvironmental Finance Center Grants (66.203)

Funds Environmental Finance Centers (EFCs) that provide multi-media environmental finance expertise and outreach to the regulated communities. The EFCs work with States, local governments and the private sector to address the growing costs of environmental protection. The EFCs provide finance-related training, education, and analytical studies to help these regulated parties develop solutions to the difficult how-to-pay issues associated with meeting environmental standards. The EFCs educate state and local governments and businesses on lowering environmental costs, increasing environmental investments, improving financial capacity, encouraging full cost pricing, and identifying and evaluating environmental financing options. A central goal of the EFCs is to create sustainable systems.

FundingEPAEnvironmental Justice Grants to Small Community Groups (66.604)

Supports the development of a comprehensive understanding of environmental and public health issues, identification of ways to address these issues at the local level, and education and empowerment of the community. The long-term goals of the program are to help build the capacity of the affected community and create self-sustaining, community-based partnerships that will continue to improve local environments in the future. Funding will be used to support non-profit organizations with activities that address environmental justice and climate change concerns, including but not limited to: (1) reducing asthma attacks; (2) reducing exposure to air toxics; (3) increasing compliance with regulations; (4) reducing the incidence of elevated blood lead levels; (5) creating green jobs; (6) energy efficiencies; (7) reducing carbon emissions and (8) green business.

FundingEPAGreat Lakes Program (66.469)

Provides funds to restore and maintain the chemical, physical, and biological integrity of the Great Lakes Basin Ecosystem. The Great Lakes National Program Office (GLNPO), in concert with U.S. EPA Regions 2, 3, and 5, leads a consortium of programs, agencies, and public and private institutions in attaining specific objectives and actions that will reduce contaminants, restore habitat, and protect the living resources of the basin.

FundingEPAGulf of Mexico Program (66.475)

Assists States, Indian Tribes, interstate agencies, and other public or nonprofit organizations in developing, implementing, and demonstrating innovative approaches relating to the causes, effects, extent, prevention, reduction, and elimination of water pollution; and expands and strengthens cooperative efforts to restore and protect the health and productivity of the Gulf of Mexico in ways consistent with the economic well-being of the region. Projects must actively involve stakeholders and focus on short-term support and implementation of the actions and activities in the Gulf of Mexico Alliance Governors' Action Plan II for Healthy and Resilient Coasts.

FundingEPAHealthy Communities Grant Program (66.110)

Supports conducting or promoting the coordination and acceleration of research, investigations, experiments, training, demonstrations, surveys, and studies relating to the causes, effects (including health and welfare effects), extent, prevention, and elimination of water pollution. Demonstrations must involve new or experimental technologies, methods, or approaches, and the results of these projects should be disseminated so that others can benefit from the knowledge gained.

FundingEPAIndian Environmental General Assistance Program (GAP) (66.926)

Provides general assistance program grants to Indian tribal governments and intertribal consortia to build capacity to administer environmental regulatory programs on Indian lands, and provide technical assistance from EPA to Indian tribal governments and intertribal consortia in the development of multimedia programs to address environmental issues on Indian lands. Funding is for the purposes of planning, developing, and establishing the administrative, technical, legal, enforcement, communications, and environmental education and outreach structure of a tribal environmental program.

FundingEPAInternational Financial Assistance Projects Sponsored by the Office of International Affairs (66.931)

Provides fund to protect human health and the environment while advancing U.S. national interests through international environmental collaboration. This mission is supported by four strategic objectives: 1) Reduce Transboundary Pollution; 2) Advance U.S. Interests Abroad; 3) Promote Good Environmental Governance; and 4) Ensure Effective Management. International capacity-building plays a key role in protecting human health, communities and the environment by providing technical cooperation to help countries reduce air pollution, better manage air quality global climates, reduce the global use and emission of mercury, manage drinking and surface water quality, and provide technical assistance to restore the land and mitigate sources of land pollution.

FundingEPALake Champlain Basin Program (66.481)

Implements the Lake Champlain Basin Management Plan Opportunities for Action: An Evolving Plan for the Future of the Lake Champlain Basin, and assists the states of New York and Vermont in protecting and preserving the Lake Champlain ecosystem. Efforts in Lake Champlain will continue to support the successful interstate, interagency, and international partnership undertaking the implementation of Opportunities for Action, a plan designed to address various threats to the water quality of the Lake, including phosphorus loadings, invasive species, and toxic substances. Grants under this program shall be made for assisting research, surveys, studies, modeling, technical, field, restoration, education, outreach, and other supporting work necessary for the development and implementation of the Lake Champlain Basin Management Plan. Funding priorities include phosphorus control, environmental education and outreach, and support for cultural and recreational resources.

FundingEPALong Island Sound Program (66.437)

Provides funds to (1) implement the Long Island Sound Study Comprehensive Conservation and Management Plan and (2) assist the states of Connecticut and New York, and other public or nonprofit entities in conducting research, experiments, investigations, training, demonstration, surveys, or studies related to reducing pollution and improving the quality of the environment to sustain living resources in Long Island Sound.

FundingEPANational Environmental Information Exchange Network Grant Program

This program provides funding to develop and implement the information technology and information management capabilities states, tribes, inter-tribal consortia, and territories need to actively participate in the Exchange Network. This grant program supports the exchange of environmental data and collaborative work within the Network.

FundingEPANational Wetland Program Development Grants and Five-Star Restoration Training Grant (66.462)

Assists State, Tribal, local government agencies, and interstate/intertribal entities in building programs which protect, manage, and restore wetlands. The primary focus of the grants is to build state and tribal wetland programs. A secondary focus is to build local (e.g. county or municipal) programs. EPA has identified the following five national priorities for this competition based on the four core elements of a Comprehensive State/Tribal Wetlands Program: 1) State/Tribal Technical and Meeting Support; 2) Regulation; 3) Monitoring, Assessment, and Mapping; 4) Voluntary Wetland Restoration and Protection; and 5) Water Quality Standards for Wetlands. Further explanation of all of the core areas can be found at the following website address: http://www.epa.gov/owow/wetlands/initiative/estp.html. The Wetlands Program Development Grants program strives to develop State/Tribal/local government programs that will incorporate each of these elements.

FundingEPANonpoint Source Implementation Grants (66.460)

Assists States, the District of Colombia, American Samoa, Guam, Northern Marianas, Puerto Rico, Pacific Trust Territories, Virgin Islands (hereinafter referred to as States), and qualified Indian Tribes and intertribal consortia in implementing EPA-approved Section 319 nonpoint source management programs. The funding priority of EPA is to award grants that promote the development and implementation of watershed-based plans, focusing on watersheds with water quality impairments caused by nonpoint sources, which result in improved water quality in impaired waters. These watershed plans are a mechanism to coordinate monitoring and planning on a watershed basis and will build a foundation for effective implementation actions using federal and other funding. Nonpoint Source implementation projects include best management practice (BMP) installation for animal wastes, sediment, pesticide and fertilizer control, a variety of other structural and non-structural practices, watershed planning, monitoring, watershed coordinators, technology demonstration, and a variety of education and outreach programs, among others.

FundingEPAOffice of Research and Development Consolidated Research (66.511)

The Office of Research and Development (ORD) supports research and development to (1) determine the environmental effects of air quality, drinking water, water quality, hazardous waste, toxic substances, and pesticides; (2) identify, develop, and demonstrate effective pollution control techniques; and (3) perform risk assessments to characterize the potential adverse health effects of human exposures to environmental hazards, and (4) the facilitation of training and fellowships in these areas. Investigator initiated grants/cooperative agreements may be funded in broad areas such as environmental chemistry and physics, environmental engineering; and health and ecological effects of pollution.

FundingEPAPuget Sound Watershed Management Assistance (66.120)

Provides assistance to units of the local government of the Puget Sound, special purpose districts and tribal governments working to develop, demonstrate and use innovative land use management tools to manage and minimize the potential adverse effects of population and economic growth on the water quality and aquatic habitat of the community. Promotes efforts to increase and maintain water quality in designated estuaries that would assure protection of public water supplies and the protection and propagation of a balanced, indigenous population of shellfish, fish and wildlife and allows recreational activities in and on the water. Combined with 66.121, Puget Sound Protection and Restoration: Tribal Implementation Assistance Program (66.121)

FundingEPARegional Wetland Program Development Grants (66.461)

Assists State, Tribal, local government (S/T/LG) agencies, and interstate/intertribal entities in building programs which protect, manage, and restore wetlands. The primary focus of the grants is to build state and tribal wetland programs. A secondary focus is to build local (e.g. county or municipal) programs.

FundingEPAScience To Achieve Results (STAR) Program (66.509)

Supports research to determine the environmental and human health effects of air quality, drinking water, water quality, hazardous waste, toxic substances, and pesticides; identifies, develop, and demonstrate effective pollution control techniques; and supports research to explore and develop strategies and mechanisms for those in the social, governmental, and environmental arenas to use in environmental management decisions.

FundingEPASmart Growth Implementation Assistance Plan

The Smart Growth Implementation Assistance Program provides assistance to help communities explore barriers to smart growth and to pilot innovative ideas that create more sustainable communities.

FundingEPAState Public Water System Supervision (66.432)

Provides financial assistance to eligible States and Tribes (those that have Primary Enforcement Responsibility for the Public Water System Supervision Program, or are developing such a program), for the conduct of their Public Water Systems Supervision (PWSS) Program. In cases where a State or a Tribe do not have, or are not developing, a Primary Enforcement Responsibility program, EPA is authorized to use funds that would have otherwise been made available to the State or the Tribe to assist it in direct implementation of the PWSS program. The fundamental goal of the PWSS Program, and the grants, is to ensure that water systems comply with the National Primary Drinking Water Regulations listed in 40 CFR 141.

FundingEPAState Underground Water Source Protection (66.433)

Fosters development and implementation of underground injection control (UIC) programs under the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA). The objective of the grant program is to provide financial assistance, to eligible States and Tribes, for the implementation of their UIC Program. The fundamental goal of the program, and the grants, is to ensure that underground sources of drinking water are protected from endangering injection activities. The program will fund the major components of State UIC programs which include: the development and maintenance of inventories of injection systems; the development and maintenance of databases housing compliance information on underground injection well activities; the implementation of UIC permitting activities; and the implementation of enforcement programs to ensure that underground sources of drinking water are protected from endangering injection activities.

FundingEPASurveys, Studies, Demonstrations and Special Purpose-Section 1442 of the Safe Drinking Water Act (66.424)

Provides funds to: (1) Support surveys, studies, investigations, demonstrations, and training associated with source water and drinking water; (2) Develop and expand capabilities of programs to carry out the purposes of the Safe Drinking Water Act. Funding priorities include providing assistance for the following: (1) research on the occurrence of contaminants in drinking water; (2) source water protection and treatment methods; measures to protect water quality in the distribution system and at the tap; (3) tribal source water protection program support; tribal operator certification program support; (4) tribal capacity development program support; and (5) assistance to tribes in administration of the Drinking Water Infrastructure Grants to identify health effects associated with drinking water contaminants. Funding priorities also include providing assistance for training and technical assistance activities.

FundingEPASurveys, Studies, Investigations and Special Purpose Activities Relating to Environmental Justice (66.309)

Provides funding in support of surveys, studies and investigations, and special purpose assistance programs as they relate to environmental and/or public health issues, with a particular emphasis on environmental justice. EPA defines environmental justice as the fair treatment and meaningful involvement of all people regardless of race, color, national origin or income with respect to the development, implementation, and enforcement of environmental laws, regulations, and policies. Fair treatment means that no one group of people, including racial, ethnic, or socioeconomic groups, should bear a disproportionate share of the negative environmental consequences resulting from industrial, municipal, and commercial operations or the execution of federal, state, local, and tribal environmental programs and policies. Assistance agreements may be associated with air quality, acid deposition, drinking water, water quality, hazardous waste, toxic substances, and/or pesticides.

FundingEPASurveys, Studies, Investigations and Special Purpose Grants within the Office of Research and Development (66.510)

Provides funds to (1) support surveys, studies and investigations and special purpose assistance to determine the environmental effects of air quality, drinking water, water quality, hazardous waste, toxic substances, and pesticides (2) identify, develop, and demonstrate effective pollution control techniques; and (3) fund innovative regional projects that address a stated problem or opportunity relating to sustainability and use science to inform design, planning and decision-making at the local, state and industrial levels. Funding priorities include conducting air pollutants research, improving the science behind risk assessment, water quality research, drinking water research, research to improve human health and the environment, and research related to Homeland Security. Surveys, studies, and investigations to determine the environmental effects of air quality, drinking water, water quality, hazardous waste, toxic substances, endocrine disrupting chemicals, and pesticides will also be funded under this category. Additionally, this funding priority provides support for conferences relating to the areas above.

FundingEPASurveys, Studies, Investigations, Demonstrations and Training Grants and Cooperative Agreements-Section 1442 of the Clean Water Act (66.436)

Supports the coordination and acceleration of research, investigations, experiments, training, demonstrations, surveys, and studies relating to the causes, effects (including health and welfare effects), extent, prevention, reduction, and elimination of water pollution. Funding priorities include, but are not limited to, water quality improvement, watersheds management, aquatic ecosystem restoration, pollutant trading, fish contamination and consumption, nonpoint source management, wetlands protection, coastal and estuarine management, treatment technologies, water efficiency, and environmental management systems.

FundingEPAWater Pollution Control-State and Interstate Program Support (66.419)

Assists States (including territories, the District of Columbia, and Indian Tribes qualified under CWA Section 518(e)), and interstate agencies in establishing and maintaining adequate measures for prevention and control of surface and ground water pollution from both point and nonpoint sources. States and Tribes will continue to focus on fulfilling their basic responsibilities under the CWA and will identify program activities that will best support attaining targeted environmental improvements. State priority efforts will include: (1) implementing monitoring strategies and the statistically-valid surveys to determine water quality status and trends; (2) fostering a watershed approach, including total maximum daily loads (TMDLs) and watershed plans designed to meet water quality standards); and (3) implementing concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) and storm water permitting programs. States and Tribes will work toward adoption of nutrient criteria for fresh waters, adoption of the 1986 bacteria criteria, and adoption of fish tissue criteria for mercury in their water quality standards.

FundingEPAWater Quality Cooperative Agreements (66.463)

Assists States, Indian Tribes, interstate agencies, and other public or nonprofit organizations in developing, implementing, and demonstrating innovative approaches relating to the causes, effects, extent, prevention, reduction, and elimination of water pollution through both permitted and non-permitted areas. Funding priorities include, but are not limited to: watershed approaches for solutions to wet weather activities (i.e., combined sewer overflow, sanitary sewer overflows, storm water discharge, and animal feeding operations); pretreatment and biosolids (sludge) program activities, decentralized systems; and alternative ways to enhance or measure the effectiveness of point source programs. Trading, water efficiency, asset management, and sustainable infrastructure are also areas of consideration.

FundingEPAWater Quality Management Planning (66.454)

Assists States (including territories and the District of Columbia), Regional Public Comprehensive Planning Organizations, and Interstate Organizations in carrying out water quality management planning. Funds are allotted by State in accordance with Section 604(b) of the Clean Water Act. Grant funds are used to determine the nature and extent of point and non-point source water pollution and to develop water quality management plans. States are encouraged to give priority to watershed restoration planning.

FundingEPAWest Coast Estuaries Initiative (66.119)

Promotes and supports the protection and restoration of high value coastal aquatic resources in geographic areas that are subject to the pressures of population and economic growth through comprehensive watershed protection and management practices at the local level. The projects receiving assistance will support the goals of EPA for the coastal watersheds of Region 10 from Alaska to the southern border of Oregon. These goals include: (1) clean and safe water through the protection of water quality and (2) healthy communities and ecosystems through the restoration and protection of ecosystems.

FundingEPA EPA Governor's Institute for Community Design

The Office of Sustainable Communities in EPA's Office of Policy is seeking proposals to provide technical assistance to leaders of states that are facing air and water pollution, land use, and development challenges in support of state efforts to implement smart growth and sustainable communities development approaches that protect the environment, improve public health, facilitate job creation and economic opportunity, and improve overall quality of life.

FundingEPA Smart Growth Building Blocks for Sustainable Communities Program

This program seeks to provide quick, targeted technical assistance to communities to protect the environment, promote equitable development and help address the challenges of climate change using a variety of tools that have demonstrated results and widespread application. This technical assistance will help selected local and/or tribal governments to implement development approaches that improve public health, create jobs, expand economic opportunity, and improve overall quality of life. Assistance will be provided through direct assistance by EPA staff and private sector experts and through cooperative agreements.

FundingNOAAClimate and Atmospheric Research (11.431)

Provides support for high-priority climate science research to advance the understanding of Earth's climate system and its atmospheric, oceanic, land, snow and ice components. This science contributes to knowledge about how climate variability and long-term change affect our health, economy, and well-being. The Office supports research that is conducted in regions across the United States, at national and international scales, and globally. The Office also provides strategic guidance and oversight for the agency's climate science and services programs. In this connection, the Office is helping lead the development of a proposed NOAA Climate Service. The Climate Program Office is in the process of restructuring its grants programs. The grants activities are now organized within four Programs: (1) Climate Observations and Monitoring; (2) Earth System Science; (3) Modeling, Analysis, Predictions, and Projections; and (4) Climate and Societal Interactions.

FundingNOAAHydrologic Research (11.462)

Maintains a cooperative university/Federal partnership to conduct joint research and development on pressing surface water hydrology issues common to National, regional, local operational offices, private consulting hydrologists, and academics.

FundingNOAAMeteorologic and Hydrologic Modernization Development (11.467)

Maintains a cooperative university and Federal partnership to conduct meteorological training, education, professional development, and research and development on issues common to the hydrometeorological community.

FundingNOAANational Sea Grant College Program

Coastal residents, businesses and decision-makers around the country will consider how their communities can adapt to climate change through eight newly awarded NOAA National Sea Grant College Program grants. Each climate engagement mini-grant will support projects focused on preparing for changing climate conditions. The projects will be led by principal investigators from local Sea Grant programs and NOAA Regional Collaboration Teams in eight regions: including North Atlantic, Alaska, Great Lakes, Gulf of Mexico, the Pacific Islands and sections of the mainland United States. The goal of the new program is to leverage NOAA and Sea Grant resources to help coastal communities adapt to climate change. Sea Grant is a nationwide network of 32 university-based programs that work with coastal communities. The National Sea Grant College Program engages this network of the nation's top universities in conducting scientific research, education, training, and extension projects designed to foster science-based decisions about the use and conservation of our aquatic resources.

FundingNOAASea Grant Community Climate Adaptation Initiative 2011

NOAA Sea Grant is promoting a national competition to fund climate adaptation efforts as part of an overall plan to enhance climate adaptation in coastal communities. This Federal Funding Opportunity includes information on how to apply for this funding opportunity and criteria for climate adaptation projects.

FundingU.S. Department of Housing and Urban DevelopmentCommunity Development Block Grants/Entitlement Grants (14.218)

Develops viable urban communities by providing decent housing, a suitable living environment, and expanding economic opportunities, principally for persons of low and moderate income.

FundingU.S. Department of State Bureau Of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific AffairsEnvironmental And Scientific Partnerships And Programs (19.017)

Supports sustainable growth across the globe, the Bureau of Oceans, Environment, and Science builds international partnerships to address environmental, scientific, and health concerns. Key areas of funding include programs that: address climate change and its impact, and reduce global greenhouse gas emissions; conserve natural resources and reduce international threats to biodiversity; improve access to safe drinking water; promote a level playing field with free trade partners; protect fisheries and oceans; reduce the threat from mercury and other pollutants; and foster international scientific collaboration.

FundingUSDAEmergency Community Water Assistance Grants (10.763)

These funds help rural residents who have experienced a significant decline in drinking water quantity or quality to obtain adequate quantities of water that meet the standards of the Safe Drinking Water Act.

FundingUSDAGrant Program to Establish a Fund for Financing Water and Wastewater Projects (10.864)

Provides grants to private, nonprofit organizations to establish a revolving loan fund to make small, short-term loans for pre-development or small capital water or waste disposal projects.

FundingUSDATechnical Assistance and Training Grants (10.761)

Identifies and evaluates solutions to water and waste disposal problems in rural areas; assists applicants in preparing applications made in accordance with 7 CFR 1780; improves operation and maintenance of water and waste disposal facilities in rural areas.

FundingUSDAWater and Waste Disposal Loans and Grants (Section 306C) (10.770)

Provides water and waste disposal facilities and services to low income rural communities whose residents face significant health risks.

FundingUSDAWater and Waste Disposal Systems for Rural Communities (10.760)

Provides basic human amenities, alleviates health hazards and promotes the orderly growth of the rural areas of the nation by meeting the need for new and improved rural water and waste disposal facilities.

FundingWater Research FoundationWater Research Foundation

Provides funding to research pertinent issues in the water resources community including climate change and other cutting edge research areas.

Publications and ReportsAMWAImplications of Climate Change for Urban Water Utilities (20 pp, 178K)

The report forecasts the likely impacts of climate change on water supplies in different regions of the U.S., such as an accelerated hydrologic cycle of evaporation and precipitation, water contamination, rising sea levels and pressure on terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems.

Publications and ReportsAWWA Research FoundationEffects of Climate Change on Public Water Suppliers (5 pp, 30K)

This article summarizes the climate change-related events that have the potential to impact water utilities.

Publications and ReportsAdaptation NetworkDownscaling as a Planning and Evaluative Technique for Adaptation Actions (14 pp, 3.2MB)

This paper describes downscaling, where global climate model (GCM) results are converted into new spatial domains or resolutions to cater to new research questions and applications. Authors describe how downscaling the information from GCMs provides a better match between the scale of the projections and that of likely impacts in a specific region of interest to decision makers.

Publications and ReportsAlaska Native Tribal Health ConsortiumClimate Change and Health Impact Assessment Reports (44 pp, 6MB)

These reports describe climate impacts observed in Alaska communities and rely upon the observations, data, and traditional ecological knowledge provided by local partners. Additionally, scientific data on environment, health, and climate are provided where available. Two major issues identified are harmful algal blooms in drinking water supply sources and the increasing community vulnerability to floods.

Publications and ReportsAlbemarle Pamlico National Estuary ProgramClimate Ready Estuaries: A Blueprint for Change (60 pp, 1.3MB)

This report summarizes key findings and recommendations for adaptation to climate change in the region surrounding the Albemarle-Pamlico Bay estuarine system. Findings were based on research (i.e., surveys, interviews) conducted regarding regional and local capacity to adapt to sea-level rise and other climate-related challenges. Among these recommendations are the need for improved information (e.g., maps, data) and the need to establish clear roles and communication between collaborating stakeholders.

Publications and ReportsAmerican Academy of Environmental Engineers, WEFWastewater Treatment in Tomorrow's Climate Change-Driven World (22 pp, 167K)

This document provides a summary of presentations and discussion at a pre-conference workshop on the impacts of climate change on the wastewater industry.

Publications and ReportsAmerican Journal of Public HealthThe Association Between Extreme Precipitation and Waterborne Disease Outbreaks in the United States, 1948-1994 (6 pp, 141K)

This article discusses the association between waterborne disease outbreaks and extreme precipitation (which is expected to increase in frequency as climate change intensifies).

Publications and ReportsAmerican Meteorological Society 83rd Annual MeetingIncorporating Hydroclimatic Variability in Reservoir Management at Folsom Lake, California (5 pp, 269K)

The paper presents an integrated forecast control methodology for reservoir hydrosystems. The integrated methodology is applied to the management of the Folsom Lake reservoir in Northern California. The results indicate variable gain in management benefits over the operational forecast scenario for the different Global Climate Models.

Publications and ReportsAmerican Planning AssociationPolicy Guide on Planning and Climate Change (52 pp, 176K)

This Climate Change Policy Guide recommends a policy framework to assist communities in dealing with climate change and its implications. The policy recommendations of the guide are divided into 3 sections: policies for using planning to mitigate climate change; policies for directly mitigating climate change; policies for adapting to climate change.

Publications and ReportsAmerican RiversNatural Security: How Sustainable Water Strategies Prepare Communities for a Changing Climate (112 pp, 3.5MB)

This report provides eight case studies of communities that have embraced green infrastructure as a means to become more resilient to the impacts of climate change. Each community has taken steps to prepare themselves in four areas: public health, extreme weather, water supply, and quality of life. Each case study demonstrates how water management strategies build resilience to the projected impacts of climate change in that area and how the communities that have adopted them will continue to thrive in an uncertain future.

Publications and ReportsArizona Climate Change Advisory Group, Arizona DEQArizona Climate Action Plan (100 pp, 1.5MB)

The Climate Change Action Plan of Arizona describes recommendations for reducing greenhouse gas emissions in the state.

Publications and ReportsAsian Development BankClimate Proofing: A Risk-based Approach to Adaptation (219 pp, 8.3MB)

This chapter discusses the global and regional climate changes due to global warming, specifically in the Pacific Islands. It also discusses the process of adaptation and its potential mitigating effects on societal risks arising from climate variability.

Publications and ReportsAspen Institute's Dialogue on Sustainable Water InfrastructureSustainable Water Systems: Step One-Redefining the Nation's Infrastructure Challenge (42 pp, 444K)

This study examines the challenges that the drinking water and wastewater systems of America are now facing in maintaining and replacing their pipes, treatment plants, and other critical infrastructure. The report offers 10 policy recommendations, three key principles of sustainable water infrastructure, and 20 guiding elements of water management. It attempts to create a sustainable path forward for the nation, according to its authors.

Publications and ReportsAustralia Department of the Environment and HeritageClimate Change Impacts & Risk Management: A guide for business and government (76 pp, 2MB)

This Guide provides a framework for managing increased risk due to climate change impacts. The Guide aims to help businesses and organizations: (1) enumerate risks related to climate change impacts; (2) prioritize risks that require further attention; and (3) establish a process for ensuring that these higher priority risks are managed effectively.

Publications and ReportsAustralian Department of Climate ChangeClimate Change Adaptation Actions for Local Government (76 pp, 1.8MB)

The primary objective of this report is to identify climate change adaptation actions that are applicable to climatic conditions and climate impact risks in Australia as currently predicted (using CSIRO 2001 scenarios) and that can be implemented by Australian local governments.

Publications and ReportsAustralian Department of Climate ChangeClimate Change Risks to Australia's Coast: A First Pass National Assessment (172 pp, 10.7MB)

The report presents the findings of the first pass national assessment of the risks of climate change for the coasts of Australia.

Publications and ReportsAustralian Greenhouse Office, Department of the Environment and HeritageClimate Change Risk and Vulnerability: Promoting an Efficient Adaptation Response in Australia (159 pp, 1.8MB)

This report was completed in order to identify the priorities of the National Climate Change Adaptation Program. This report explores the risks to Australia from the impacts of climate change over the next 30 to 50 years. The report takes a risk management approach to identifying the sectors and regions that might have the highest priority for adaptation planning.

Publications and ReportsBulletin of the American Meteorological Society Climate-Change Scenarios for Water Planning Studies Pilot Applications in the Pacific Northwest (6 pp, 896K)

This paper describes efforts to provide climate-change scenarios for planners to assess the impacts of climate change on Pacific Northwest water systems. This message has been conveyed to water resources managers through describing the scientific understanding of the water resources management system, assessing the vulnerability of resources to projected climate changes, and exhorting managers to decrease vulnerability by including climate-change information in their planning.

Publications and ReportsBulletin of the American Meteorological Society The World Climate Research Programme Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 3 Multi-Model Dataset: A New Era in Climate Change Research (12 pp, 3.9MB)

This article summarizes the third phase of Coupled Model Intercomparison Project. It explains that a coordinated set of global coupled climate model, atmosphere-ocean general circulation model, experiments for twentieth- and twenty-first-century climate, as well as several climate change commitment and other experiments, was run by 16 modeling groups from 11 countries with 23 models for assessment in the IPCC AR4. Since the assessment was completed, output from another model has been added to the dataset, so the participation is now 17 groups from 12 countries with 24 models.

Publications and ReportsCDCWhen Every Drop Counts: Protecting Public Health During Drought Conditions-A Guide for Public Health Professionals (56 pp, 4.8MB)

This publication is designed to assist public health officials, practitioners, and other stakeholders in their efforts to understand and prepare for drought in their communities. The document includes information about how drought affects public health; recommends steps to help mitigate the health effects of drought; identifies future needs for research and other drought-related activities; and provides a list of helpful resources and tools.

Publications and ReportsCSIROThe Climate Adaptation Flagship Working Paper Series

This website provides links to in-progress research documents to generate discussion among scientists and improve the final papers. Four working papers address the issues of agricultural vulnerability, framing vulnerability and adaptation, stakeholder engagement, and adaptation benchmark surveying.

Publications and ReportsCalifornia Climate Change Center, California Department of Water ResourcesUsing Future Climate Projections to Support Water Resources Decision Making in California (66 pp, 3.5MB)

This paper presents several advances in using future climate projection information in water resources planning, such as an improved understanding of how well selected climate models represent historical climate conditions and refined methodologies for representing streamflows, outdoor urban and agricultural water demands, and sea level rise in planning tools. Twelve climate projections were used to assess the future reliability of the main water supply projects of California. The vulnerability of the system to operational interruption was also examined.

Publications and ReportsCalifornia Climate Change Center, Pacific InstituteImpacts of Sea Level Rise on the California Coast (115 pp, 3.7MB)

This study includes a detailed analysis of the current population, infrastructure, and property at risk from projected sea-level rise if no actions are taken to protect the coast. The sea-level rise scenario was developed by the State of California from medium to high greenhouse gas emissions scenarios from the IPCC but does not reflect the worst-case sea-level rise that could occur. The report also evaluates the cost of building structural measures to reduce that risk.

Publications and ReportsCalifornia Department of Water ResourcesCalifornia Water Plan Update 2005

The Water Plan is a strategic document that describes the role of State government and regions of California in managing the water resources of the state. One recommendation of the report is that the State government help predict and prepare for the effects of global climate change on water resources and water management systems. The plan also provides a Framework for Action which identifies a number of support activities, including those for adapting to global climate change.

Publications and ReportsCalifornia Department of Water ResourcesCalifornia Water Plan Update 2009

Update to the Water Plan of California. The document examines observations, paleoclimate, future projections, and planning and assessment tools that are used to inform climate change mitigation and adaptation efforts.

Publications and ReportsCalifornia Department of Water ResourcesClimate Change Adaptation Strategies for California's Water (34 pp, 2.4MB)

This report focuses discussion on the need for water managers in California to adapt to impacts of climate change. The report also proposes 10 adaptation strategies in four categories.

Publications and ReportsCalifornia Department of Water ResourcesIntegrated Regional Water Management (IRWM): Climate Change Document Clearinghouse (13 pp, 81K)

The Climate Change Document Clearinghouse provides readers with background information on the current and future impacts of climate change. It also provides resource planning strategies for adapting to climate change and considerations for incorporating climate change analysis into California Environmental Quality Act documents.

Publications and ReportsCalifornia Department of Water ResourcesProgress on Incorporating Climate Change into Management of California's Water Resources (339 pp, 7.3MB)

This report contains eight chapters that present progress and future directions on incorporating climate change science into management of the water resources in California. It focuses on assessment methodologies and preliminary study results.

Publications and ReportsCalifornia Department of Water ResourcesQuantified Scenarios of 2030 California Water Demand (52 pp, 889K)

This section of the Final California Water Plan Update 2005 develops a water demand scenario tool to explore robust water management strategies in California.

Publications and ReportsCalifornia Department of Water ResourcesThe State of Climate Change Science for Water Resources Operations, Planning, and Management (41 pp, 1.8MB)

This article assess the state of climate change science available for California water resources operations, planning, and management at the time of the second Climate Action Team assessment and Water Plan Update 2009. The document examines observations, paleoclimate, future projections, and planning and assessment tools that are used to inform climate change mitigation and adaptation efforts.

Publications and ReportsCalifornia Department of Water Resources Progress of Incorporating Climate Change into Management of California's Water Resources, Technical Memorandum Report (19 pp, 532K)

This report presents progress and future directions on incorporating climate change science into management of water resources of California. It focuses on assessment methodologies and preliminary study results.

Publications and ReportsCalifornia Department of Water Resources, EPA, Resources Legacy Fund, U.S. Army Corps of EngineersClimate Change Handbook for Regional Water Planning (246 pp, 15.5MB)

This handbook provides information and resources to support the regional management of water resources in response to climate change as both an adaptation and mitigation strategy. Specifically, the handbook outlines a process to assess climate related risks, measure regional climate impacts and evaluate the performance of projects implemented to address those impacts. Planning-related resources and methodologies (e.g., robust decision making, adaptive management and decision scaling) are also included to support management of resources under uncertainty.

Publications and ReportsCalifornia Energy CommissionTalking about the Weather: Climate Warming and California's Water Future (86 pp, 1.8MB)

This study focuses on the likely effects of a range of climate warming estimates on the long-term performance and management of California's water system. It combines models of urbanization and climate change with models for water availability in the year 2100.

Publications and ReportsCalifornia Energy Commission, Public Interest Energy Research ProgramClimate Change Impacts and Adaptation in California (43 pp, 3MB)

This paper presents a short review of the existing literature on climate change impacts and adaptation options for California. Future warming and precipitation trends are discussed, as are adaptation options.

Publications and ReportsCalifornia Energy Commission, Public Interest Energy Research ProgramClimate Change and California Water Resources: A Survey and Summary of the Literature (65 pp, 999K)

Researchers identified issues and research related to climate change impacts on water systems in California. They also identified a number of reports that outline impacts of climate change on water resources and recommendations for addressing those impacts. This report classified those recommendations into four categories: current no-regrets actions, communication and collaboration, research needs, and information gathering. Researchers noted that none of the reports contradicted each other on any specific recommended measure.

Publications and ReportsCalifornia Energy Commission, Public Interest Energy Research ProgramClimate Change and Water Supply Reliability (81 pp, 1.8MB)

This report describes preliminary work on methods for measuring current water supply reliability and methods for projecting changes in supply reliability caused by climate change, including: (1) a review of recent climate change literature in California; (2) a summary of criteria for evaluating water resource models; (3) an assessment of CALSIM-II water supply reliability forecasts and (4) an assessment of the accuracy of April-June flow forecasts performed by the California Department of Water Resources.

Publications and ReportsCalifornia Energy Commission, Public Interest Energy Research ProgramEconomic Impacts of Delta Levee Failure Due to Climate Change: A Scenario Analysis (21 pp, 544K)

This report estimates the economic cost of levee failure to farmers in the Central Valley and cities in Southern California. This study considered the costs of levee failure beyond those of climate change and drought. Levee failure will restrict State Water Project deliveries to Southern California and impose water shortage costs on residential users and other customer classes. Shortage costs include a loss of consumer surplus experienced by residents from a forced decline in water usage.

Publications and ReportsCalifornia Energy Commission, Public Interest Energy Research ProgramEstimated Impacts of Climate Warming on California Water Availability Under Twelve Future Climate Scenarios (60 pp, 2.3MB)

This report developed estimates of over 131 stream flow, groundwater, and reservoir evaporation monthly time series in California for 12 different climate warming scenarios for a 72-year period. A statewide trend of increased winter and spring runoff and decreased summer runoff is identified. Even most scenarios with increased precipitation result in less available water because of the current storage inability of the systems to catch increased winter streamflow in compensation for reduced summer runoff. The water availability changes are then compared with estimated changes in urban and agricultural water uses in California between now and 2100.

Publications and ReportsCalifornia Energy Commission, Public Interest Energy Research ProgramThe Economic Cost of Climate Change Impact on California Water: A Scenario Analysis (29 pp, 1.8MB)

This report focuses on the impacts on water supply in California as a result of climate change and provides a rough estimate of the economic consequences of several of these impacts. It provides a partial analysis of the economic costs caused by the reduction in surface water supply in California due to the GFDLA2 scenario to agricultural water users in the Central Valley and urban users in the South Coast. The report constructs an analytic framework that will form a basis for future work, and other scenarios will be considered in future studies.

Publications and ReportsCalifornia Energy Commission: Public Interest Energy Research ProgramEconomic Impacts of Climate Change on Urban Water Use in California (34 pp, 827K)

This report describes the initial efforts of California Climate Change Center to estimate both urban water demand and the short- and long-term consumer surplus losses for urban water agencies in California. To estimate urban water demand, researchers at the Center performed an econometric analysis of the household water consumption data. This report presents the results of the estimations for Los Angeles and the descriptive results for the City of Santa Rosa.

Publications and ReportsCalifornia Urban Water AgenciesClimate Change and Urban Water Resources: Investing for Reliability (16 pp, 2.5MB)

This report describes the primary issues and concerns regardingclimate change, and showcases actions taken by urban drinking water utilities to invest in our water supply future.

Publications and ReportsCanada Climate Impacts and Adaptation Research NetworkAdapting to Climate Change: An Introduction for Canadian Municipalities (36 pp, 3.5MB)

This report provides an overview of climate change and explores options to address it at the local decision making level.

Publications and ReportsCasco Bay Estuary PartnershipClimate Change in Casco Bay (46 pp, 330MB)

This report summarizes past, present and projected future climate change in the Casco Bay region of Maine.

Publications and ReportsCenter for Clean Air PolicyAsk the Climate Question: Adapting to Climate Change Impacts in Urban Regions (44 pp, 1.8MB)

This report highlights the innovative measures local governments are beginning to implement to adapt to the impacts of climate change. The report offers best practices for how cities and counties throughout the country should be thinking about the actions and strategies that can reduce the vulnerability of the community to the dangers of a changing climate.

Publications and ReportsCeres, Pacific InstituteWater Scarcity and Climate Change: Growing Risks for Businesses and Investors (60 pp, 965K)

This Ceres-Pacific Institute report concludes that climate change will exacerbate water risks, especially as the world population grows by 50 million a year. The report identifies water-related risks specific to eight water-intensive industry sectors: high tech, agriculture, beverage, electric power and energy, apparel, biotechnology and pharmaceutical, forest products and metals/mining firms.

Publications and ReportsCeres, The Heinz CenterResilient Coasts: A Blueprint for Action (9 pp, 947K)

This document outlines cost effective steps that can be taken to reduce risks and better protect coastal areas threatened by climate change and its associated impacts.

Publications and ReportsCharlotte Harbor National Estuaries PartnershipVulnerability Assessment (65 pp, 2.9MB)

This report assesses the threats and adaptations to climate change in southwest Florida. Major threats related to water supplies include changes in water quantity during the wet season, increasing salt water intrusion, increased potential for infrastructure damage from storms and hurricanes and increasing competition from other sectors using water.

Publications and ReportsCity of BerkeleyCity of Berkeley Climate Action Plan (187 pp, 4.2MB)

This action plan proposes a 2050 vision for the San Francisco Bay area by recognizing major threats and opportunities related to climate change and outlining key strategies for adaptation and mitigation at the local level.

Publications and ReportsCity of ChicagoChicago Climate Action Plan (60 pp, 10MB)

The Chicago Climate Action Plan details steps and suggests actions for responding to climate change, from individuals to government agencies. These actions are presented within five over-arching strategies: (1) Energy efficient buildings; (2) Clean and renewable energy sources; (3) Improved transportation options; (4) Reduced waste and industrial pollution; and (5) Adaptation. This report and following progress reports are structured to measure success in pursuit of these strategies.

Publications and ReportsCity of New YorkPlaNYC: A Greener, Greater New York (158 pp, 39.5MB)

Updated plan to build on physical assets of city (infrastructure). The original PlaNYC report showed how using our land more efficiently can enable the city to grow and provide sustainable housing and open spaces in every neighborhood. The report also details initiatives to improve air quality, specifies the actions needed to protect the water supply, and proposes a new approach to energy planning.

Publications and ReportsCity of Punta Gorda City of Punta Gorda Adaptation Plan (409 pp, 5.7MB)

This adaptation plan recognizes the City of Punta Gorda as an area that will be at great risk due to climate change factors and proposes eight major areas of vulnerability based on the results of public workshops. The plan also reports 104 acceptable and 34 unacceptable adaptation options which were proposed during the public workshops and makes its top recommendations for immediate action.

Publications and ReportsCity of San DiegoSan Diego Climate Change Progress (28 pp, 550K)

This study compares the progress on planning for climate change between the nine local cities which have made a commitment to climate action, and eleven other cities that have not. These groups of cities represent similar diversity in size, geography, economic focus, and coastal access as the cities in San Diego. The report summarizes the current policy context facing local governments and compares the twenty participating cities based on specific steps taken for climate change planning, including completing greenhouse gas inventories and implementing comprehensive plans of action.

Publications and ReportsCity of TorontoAhead of the Storm: Preparing Toronto for Climate Change (46 pp, 561K)

This report provides an overview of current and projected future climatic changes for the Toronto area, states current initiatives to respond to trends in climate conditions, and recommends new adaptation strategies.

Publications and ReportsClean Air Cool PlanetPreparing for the Changing Climate: a Northeast-Focused Needs Assessment (54 pp, 8.4MB)

This regional snapshot report includes information from regional, state, and local governments on how communities are preparing for a changing climate and what resources and assistance they need to succeed.  This assessment is based on direct outreach to over 200 communities from Maine to New Jersey, including survey responses from 34 local governments, 6 regional governments, and 8 state agencies.

Publications and ReportsClimate Change and Western Water Research and Development Group R and D Scoping and Framing Workshop: R and D Roadmap-Managing Western Water as Climate Changes Workshop Handouts (47 pp, 2.1MB)

Three hand outs from the conference that cover relating climate change to longer term system evaluations: (1) Analytical Process, Capabilities, and Gaps; (2) Ongoing Projects that Address Gaps; and (3) Proposed Projects that would further Address Gaps.

Publications and ReportsClimate DynamicsPast and Future Changes in Climate and Hydrological Indicators in the U.S. Northeast (33 pp, 2.9MB)

This article examines past and future changes in key climate hydrological, and biophysical indicators across the U.S. Northeast in order to assess the influence of global climate change at the regional scale.

Publications and ReportsClimate Protection CampaignSonoma County Community Climate Action Plan (74 pp, 1.3MB)

This action plan from Sonoma County, California presents solutions that, when implemented as a large scale public works project, will meet the county's goal for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Proposed solutions are presented for four sectors: (1) utilities (electricity, natural gas, water, wastewater, and construction); (2) transportation and land use; (3)agriculture and forests; and (4) solid waste.

Publications and ReportsClimate ResearchImpact of Climate Variation and Change on Mid-Atlantic Region Hydrology and Water Resources (12 pp, 369K)

The sensitivity of hydrology and water resources to climate variation and climate change is assessed for the Mid-Atlantic Region of the United States. Observed streamflow, groundwater, and water-quality data are shown to vary in association with climate variation. Projections of future streamflow, groundwater, and water quality are made using models determined from these associations and are applied to two transient general circulation model scenarios.

Publications and ReportsClimate ResearchSensitivity of Urban Water Resources in Phoenix, Tucson, and Sierra Vista, Arizona, to Severe Drought (15 pp, 170K)

Results of an analysis of the sensitivity of 3 urban areas in Arizona to selected drought scenarios suggest that severe droughts of 1, 5, and 10 year duration would severely stress existing water supply and demand budgets. The results of the analysis suggest that very considerable conservation efforts would be required to bring demand into balance with existing supply.

Publications and ReportsClimatic ChangeChanges in Snowmelt Runoff Timing in Western North America Under a "Business as Usual" Climate Change Scenario (16 pp, 479K)

Under 21st century warming trends predicted by the Parallel Climate Model under business-as-usual greenhouse-gas emissions, streamflow timing trends across much of western North America suggest even earlier springtime snowmelt than observed to date.

Publications and ReportsClimatic ChangeMulti-Century Tree-Ring Reconstructions of Colorado Streamflow for Water Resource Planning (23 pp, 511K)

This study presents a network of 14 annual streamflow reconstructions, 300-600 years long, for gages in the Upper Colorado and South Platte River basins in Colorado generated from new and existing tree-ring chronologies. Analyses of the reconstructions indicate that the 20th century gage record does not fully represent the range of streamflow characteristics seen in the prior two to five centuries.

Publications and ReportsCoastal Hazards CommissionPreparing for the Storm: Recommendations for Management of Risk from Coastal Hazards in MA (49 pp, 1.1MB)

This report from the Coastal Hazards Commission discusses the four major coastal hazards facing the state of Massachusetts and 29 recommendations for implementation plans. The recommendations are organized according to the working groups that drafted them: Hazards Information, Policy, Planning and Regulations, and Protection.

Publications and ReportsCoastal States OrganizationThe Role of Coastal Zone Management Programs in Adaptation to Climate Change (51 pp, 732K)

The Coastal States Organization Climate Change Work Group developed this climate change adaptation survey in order to obtain up to date information on the status of adaptation planning, priority information needs, and the anticipated resource needs of the coastal states, commonwealths, and territories.

Publications and ReportsCoastal Zone Management Pty LtdCoastal Vulnerability and Adaption Assessment (37 pp, 557K)

This compendium describes a range of tools and methods applied globally to support the assessment of vulnerability and adaptation to climate change, particularly on the coast. The applied methods focus on assessing the current condition of the coast and the likely response to climate change and sea level rise.

Publications and ReportsColorado Governor's OfficeColorado Action Plan: A Strategy to Address Global Warming (35 pp, 864K)

Report provides an overall look at the Climate Action Plan of Colorado and how components will be implemented.

Publications and ReportsConnecticut Climate Change Adaptation SubcommitteeThe Impacts of Climate Change on Connecticut Agriculture, Infrastructure, Natural Resources & Public Health (195 pp, 5MB)

This report describes possible climate change impacts in Connecticut for agriculture, infrastructure, natural resources and public health. Workgroups largely recommended that additional research and monitoring be carried out.

Publications and ReportsConnecticut DEPFacing our Future: Adapting to Connecticut's Changing Climate (51 pp, 2.6MB)

This report is a series of eight documents concerning Connecticut's changing climate. The eight documents are arranged by topic: (1) biodiversity and habitat; (2) fisheries; (3) forestry; (4) infrastructure; (5) natural coastal shoreline environment; (6) outdoor recreation; (7) water resources; and (8) wildlife.

Publications and ReportsCopenhagen Climate CouncilThe Blue Revolution: Adapting to Climate Change (17 pp, 2.4MB)

This essay argues that although mitigation has been central to the political debate on climate change, the focus should shift to adaptation. No one will be unaffected by climate change, but the poor, especially those countries that are working towards the Millennium Development Goals, will suffer the most. Because the costs of inaction are too high, the essay argues for action immediately and proposes five guiding principles.

Publications and ReportsDOISECURE Water Act Section 9503-Reclamation Climate Change and Water 2011 (226 pp, 3.5MB)

This report was written in response to the SECURE Water Act of 2009 and outlines the risk due to climate change for water basins in the Southwestern U.S. This report provides an analysis, by basin, and a summary of hydrologic changes that would take place in response to projected climate change.

Publications and ReportsDOI Bureau of ReclamationAddressing Climate Change in Long-Term Water Resources Planning and Management (156 pp, 2.1MB)

This document details the priority needs of local, state, and federal water management agencies for climate change information as it relates to long term planning efforts. Eight key gaps in research and development of tools are identified and explicitly stated within each section. This document also includes perspectives of other water management organizations on climate change and planning approaches.

Publications and ReportsDOI Bureau of ReclamationAppendix U-Climate Technical Work Group Report (118 pp, 2.2MB)

This document summarizes the state of climate science and how future climate conditions may impact the water resources of the Colorado River basin. This report identifies critical issues that warrant further investigation and offers recommendations for how climate change and variability information could be further incorporated into the longer term planning efforts of the Lower Colorado Reclamation.

Publications and ReportsDOI Bureau of ReclamationInterim Report of the Colorado River Basin Water Supply and Demand Study (69 pp, 1.9MB)

The Colorado River Basin Water Supply and Demand Study, which began in January 2010, is focused on defining current and future imbalances between water supply and demand in the Colorado River Basin and surrounding areas, with plans to develop and analyze adaptation and mitigation strategies in an effort to resolve these imbalances. This Interim Report is the first of several analyses that will identify options for water management in a river basin where climate change, record drought, population increases, and environmental needs have heightened competition for resources.

Publications and ReportsDOI Bureau of ReclamationThe Literature Synthesis on Climate Change Implications for Reclamation's Water Resources (264 pp, 7.6MB)

Summarizes recent literature on the past and projected effects of climate change on hydrology and water resources in the western U.S. The scientific data is organized around the five Bureau of Reclamation regions, which correspond roughly with the Columbia River basin, the Sacramento-San Joaquin Rivers, the upper Colorado River basin, the lower Colorado River basin, and the Great Plains.

Publications and ReportsDOI USGSCoping with Severe and Sustained Drought in the Southwest What Kinds of Hydrologic, Environmental, and Economic Impacts Would Result?

This USGS web page is a brief overview of the impact of severe drought on hydrology, environment and economy of the Southwest U.S. Content is abstracted from a number of cited sources.

Publications and ReportsDOI USGSSimulated Changes in Salinity in the York and Chickahominy Rivers from Projected Sea-Level Rise in Chesapeake Bay (42 pp, 6.3MB)

The USGS, alongside the City of Newport News Waterworks, evaluated the potential impacts of sea-level rise on the presence and degree of saltwater migration in Virginia tributaries of the Chesapeake Bay under multiple climate change scenarios. Simulated results demonstrate the potential for considerable salinity increases upstream with even marginal sea-level rise.

Publications and ReportsDOI USGSThe Unusual Nature of Recent Snowpack Declines in the North American Cordillera (5 pp, 1.2MB)

In an effort to substantiate findings that snowpack in the Western regions of North America has been on the decline since 1950, this report, supported by the National Science Foundation and USGS, seeks to address significant gaps in long-term data by assessing tree-rings in the high-mountain watersheds of the Upper Colorado, Upper Missouri and Colombia Rivers. These data and subsequent analyses will be useful tools for water managers and research scientists as they develop planning and research resources for regions in the West.

Publications and ReportsDOI USGS Climate Change and Water Resources Management: A Federal Perspective (76 pp, 9.6MB)

This report explores strategies to improve water management by tracking, anticipating, and responding to climate change. The authors identify available climate information that could be used for decision-making in long-range planning, some approaches for this decision-making, adaptation options to pursue, and opportunities for advancing Planning Capabilities. The integration of current knowledge in climate science, hydrology, and long-term planning result in informed decisions for water resource management.

Publications and ReportsDOI USGS Quality of Water from Public-Supply Wells in the United States

This study evaluates the occurrence of contaminants in source water from public wells and their potential significance to human health and whether these contaminants also occur in finished water after treatment. Lastly, the study looks at the occurrence and characteristics of contaminant mixtures.

Publications and ReportsEPAA Business Guide to U.S. EPA Climate Partnership Programs (52 pp, 1.4MB)

This guide was developed by the EPA to help businesses find EPA Partnership Programs that may be appropriate for their business and its climate stewardship objectives.

Publications and ReportsEPAA Method to Assess Climate-Relevant Decisions: Application in the Chesapeake Bay (185 pp, 1.5MB)

The goal of this study was to formalize an approach to inventory and analyze management decisions in order to produce useful information targeted toward effective adaptation to climate change. The Chesapeake Bay was selected as the subject area for the pilot study because decision making occurs at several levels (e.g., state, multi-state, EPA, other federal agencies), management is concerned with both water quality and aquatic ecosystem decisions, and decisions that affect actions implemented on the ground are readily identifiable.

Publications and ReportsEPAA Screening Assessment of the Potential Impacts of Climate Change on Combined Sewer Overflow (CSO) Mitigation in the Great Lakes and New England Regions (50 pp, 339K)

This report describes the potential scope and magnitude of climate change impacts on combined sewer overflow (CSOs) mitigation efforts in the Great Lakes Region and New England Region. The report describes the extent to which CSO long-term control plans may be under-designed if planners assume that past precipitation conditions are representative of future conditions.

Publications and ReportsEPAA Screening Assessment of the Potential Impacts of Climate Change on the Costs of Implementing Water Quality-Based Effluent Limits at Publicly-Owned Treatment Works (POTWS) in the Great Lakes Region (35 pp, 256K)

This report describes the potential scope and magnitude of climate change impacts on the cost of meeting water quality based effluent limits at publicly owned treatment works (POTWs) discharging to rivers and streams in the Great Lakes Region. The report is a screening level analysis focusing on costs of meeting water quality based effluent limits for a single pollutant, biochemical oxygen demand, at all POTWs in the region discharging to currently impaired stream reaches.

Publications and ReportsEPAAdaptation Planning for the National Estuary Program (19 pp, 438K)

This EPA document describes elements of adaptation planning for estuaries and provides useful links as well as a sample Adaptation Plan.

Publications and ReportsEPABuilding Green: A Success Story in Philadelphia

This video discusses green options for the city of Philadelphia including infiltrating rain water into the ground before it enters the sewer system, building more efficient, sustainable buildings that practice water conservation, as well as other green techniques to control stormwater and reduce energy consumption.

Publications and ReportsEPAClean Water and Drinking Water Infrastructure Sustainability Policy (6 pp, 121K)

This policy emphasizes the need for EPA to build on existing efforts to promote sustainable water infrastructure, working with States and water systems to employ robust, comprehensive planning processes to deliver projects that are cost effective over their life cycle, resource efficient, and consistent with community sustainability goals. The policy encourages communities to develop sustainable systems that employ effective utility management practices to build and maintain the level of technical, financial, and managerial capacity necessary to ensure long-term sustainability.

Publications and ReportsEPAClimate Change Impacts on Water Resources, and Water Supply Security through Adaptation (36 pp, 4.6MB)

This presentation provides an overview of Water Resources Adaptation Program and its adaptation research activities.

Publications and ReportsEPAClimate Change Indicators in the United States (80 pp, 13.3MB)

This report helps readers to identify and interpret a set of 24 indicators to better understand climate change. These indicators describe trends related to the causes and effects of climate change.

Publications and ReportsEPAClimate Change Science Facts (2 pp, 351K)

This document presents important scientific facts that help explain the causes and effects of climate change. Some of these observations include changes in precipitation, temperature, and sea level. The document also discusses future projections of climate change through observed trends over the past few decades.

Publications and ReportsEPAClimate Change Vulnerability Assessments: A Review of Water Utility Practices (32 pp, 625K)

This report describes the activities of eight water utilities that have conducted climate change vulnerability assessments and examines the steps taken by each, in order to identify the emergent characteristics of water utility climate change vulnerability assessments.

Publications and ReportsEPAClimate Change Vulnerability Assessments: Four Case Studies of Water Utility Practices (72 pp, 1.6MB)

This report presents a series of case studies describing the approaches currently being taken by four water utilities in the United States to assess their vulnerability to climate change. The purpose of this report is to illustrate a range of issues and current approaches taken by selected utilities that are leaders in climate adaptation to understand and respond to climate risk. The case studies illustrate different approaches that reflect specific local needs and conditions, existing vulnerabilities, local partnerships, and available information about climate change.

Publications and ReportsEPAClimate Change and Ecosystems (2 pp, 390K)

This document discusses the impact climate change has on the surrounding ecosystems. Oceans and forests will be subjected to these changes which in turn will force the inhabiting species to adapt or risk extinction.

Publications and ReportsEPAClimate Change and Health Effects (2 pp, 330K)

This document discusses the impact climate change has on human health. It summarizes how higher temperatures can lead to heat related illnesses or even death. The document also discusses how respiratory illness can arise from smog and how people will likely become more susceptible to diseases that thrive in the changing conditions.

Publications and ReportsEPAClimate Change and Society (2 pp, 589K)

This document discusses the impact climate change will have on society, specifically water resources, food production, energy use, transportation, and recreation.

Publications and ReportsEPAClimate Change and Water Information and Education Website: links to EPA Water Program presentations

Summary presentation of possible impacts of climate change on the United States and current EPA water initiatives working to address/respond to climate change. Part 1 titled "Climate Change Impacts on Water Resources and EPA's Water Program" and Part 2 titled "Climate Change and EPA's Water Program."

Publications and ReportsEPAClimate Ready Estuaries 2009 Progress Report (24 pp, 4MB)

This report provides a summary of the accomplishments of the Climate Ready Estuaries (CRE) program from its inception, in 2008, through 2009. CRE was developed to build capacity for climate change adaptation into coastal planning and management. Major accomplishment of the program include enrolling initial partners, developing and publishing a toolkit, conducting baseline vulnerability assessments and holding a partners workshop.

Publications and ReportsEPAClimate Ready Estuaries 2010 Progress Report (28 pp, 3.7MB)

This report details progress made in the Climate Ready Estuaries (CRE) program during 2010. CRE, in partnership with the National Estuaries Program, is helping estuaries assess their vulnerability to climate change impacts, engage stakeholders and develop monitoring and adaptation plans.

Publications and ReportsEPAComing Together for Clean Water: EPA's Strategy for Achieving Clean Water (9 pp, 58K)

This draft strategy has been designed to chart EPA's path for protecting America's waters. The strategy was developed by considering the input and ideas generated at the April "Coming Together for Clean Water" forum as well as comments received through the online discussion forum. Participants shared their perspectives on how to advance the EPA's clean water agenda focusing on the agency's two priority areas: healthy watersheds and sustainable communities.

Publications and ReportsEPAEvaluation Report: EPA Needs a Comprehensive Research Plan and Policies to Fulfill its Emerging Climate Change Role (36 pp, 419K)

This report identifies the need for EPA to have a comprehensive research plan and policies in order to fulfill its emerging role in climate change and avoid duplication, inconsistent approaches, and wasted resources. A survey of EPA regions and offices, included in this report, found they have various information needs including the need for technical climate change research and tools as well as other climate change policy guidance and direction.

Publications and ReportsEPAEvaluation of Energy Conservation Measures for Wastewater Treatment Facilities (224 pp, 4.2MB)

This document was designed to assist municipal utility owners and operators in finding information on cost-effective energy management and energy conservation measures and technologies to reduce total energy usage at their wastewater treatment facilities. Technical and cost information about energy management and energy conservation measures and technologies were developed from literature sources and provided by manufacturers and operating facilities. The document includes nine in-depth facility studies that further examine application and cost information for various full-scale, operational energy conservation measures and technologies.

Publications and ReportsEPAEvaluation of Heat Combined and Power Technologies for Wastewater Treatment Facilities (213 pp, 8.4MB)

The report was developed by Columbus Water Works, under an assistance agreement awarded by EPA in support of their Columbus Biosolids Flow-Through Thermophilic Treatment National Demonstration Project. It provides detailed technical information about existing technologies for producing heat and power from biogas including: internal combustion engines, gas turbines, microturbines, and fuel cells as well as other beneficial uses for digester gas. The report includes detailed process descriptions and performance and cost data. It also addresses factors such as infrastructure requirements, digester gas treatment, and operational issues. The interim report includes four in-depth facility case studies from across the country that demonstrate successful biogas-to-energy projects.

Publications and ReportsEPAFinal National Water Program Strategy: Response to Climate Change (114 pp, 11.2MB)

This report provides an overview of the major impacts of a changing climate on water resources and water programs in the U.S., describes overall goals for the water program response to climate change, and identifies 44 specific actions for EPA to take to accomplish these goals during 2008 and 2009.

Publications and ReportsEPAGreen Infrastructure Case Studies: Municipal Policies for Managing Stormwater with Green Infrastructure (76 pp, 8.2MB)

This report presents twelve examples of local government and community actions where stormwater policies support implementation of green infrastructure and investment in runoff reduction and stormwater management strategies that have multiple benefits. These case studies include both success stories for building a comprehensive green infrastructure programs and insights into the barriers and failures these communities experienced.

Publications and ReportsEPAGreenhouse Effect, Sea Level Rise, and Barrier Islands: Case Study of Long Beach Island, New Jersey (21 pp, 1.2MB)

Increasing atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide and other gases are expected to cause a global warming that could raise sea level a few feet in the next century. This paper examines four options by which barrier-island communities could respond, focusing on Long Beach Island, New Jersey. For the next few decades, the most common response will probably be to raise the islands in place by pumping sand onto beaches and building lots. Eventually, as costs increase, many communities may accept a gradual landward retreat.

Publications and ReportsEPAImplementing the National Water Program Strategy: Response to Climate Change (7 pp, 1.8MB)

This report summarizes the recent efforts being made by each of the regions in response to climate change as "Highlights of Progress 2007-2009." It describes each region's activities and strategy, including improvement of energy and water efficiency and educational efforts.

Publications and ReportsEPAImplementing the National Water Program Strategy: Response to Climate Change Progress Report for 2008 (72 pp, 573K)

This report provides an update on the implementation of the National Water Program Strategy. It includes: (1) a description of activities by National Program Offices to implement the 44 key actions in the Strategy; (2) a review of implementation of water related climate change activities in EPA Regions; and (3) a summary of EPA climate and water related activities not specifically addressed in the Strategy.

Publications and ReportsEPAKnowledge Building Series: Communicating climate Change (4 pp, 78K)

This document provides information and tips on how to communicate climate change to different audiences to give them a better understanding of the issue.

Publications and ReportsEPANational Lakes Assessment (118 pp, 8MB)

This report provides the results of this first-ever, national assessment of the ecological condition of the nation's lakes. Climatic changes and trends as related to baseline data are discussed in the highlight section.

Publications and ReportsEPANational Water Program Strategy: Response to Climate Change: Key Action Update for 2010-2011 (84 pp, 922K)

This report is an update to an earlier report from EPA Office of Water on their Response to Climate Change Strategy. The original Strategy included 44 "Key Actions" to be undertaken during 2008 and 2009. During that time, the National Water Program has implemented the Key Actions across EPA headquarters and regional offices. This Update describes Key Actions that are continuing to be implemented over the next two years.

Publications and ReportsEPAProceedings of the First National Expert and Stakeholder Workshop on Water Infrastructure Sustainability and Adaptation to Climate Change (136 pp, 2.7MB)

This document covers the First National Expert and Stakeholder Workshop on Water Infrastructure Sustainability and Adaptation to Climate Change, which was held in Washington, DC, from January 6th to 9th, 2009. The workshop included several plenary sessions, as well as two concurrent tracks: (1) Climate Change Impacts on Hydrology and Water Resource Management; and (2) Adaptive Management and Engineering: Information and Tools. These proceedings include summaries of each of the presentations, as well as the discussion sessions. Where available, hyperlinks are provided to each of the presentations on the EPA Website. For each session, hyperlinks to the transcript remarks of the presenter are provided.

Publications and ReportsEPARolling Easements Primer (179 pp, 6.1MB)

Developed by EPA Climate Ready Estuaries, this Primer identifies approaches for inland migration of beaches and wetlands as sea level rises due to climate change. This report describes how these measures can be used by state and local governments in cases where traditional protective measures such as the construction of dikes, seawalls, and other structures may prove economically or environmentally unsustainable.

Publications and ReportsEPASynthesis of Adaptation Options for Coastal Areas (32 pp, 804K)

This guide provides a brief introduction to key physical impacts of climate change on estuaries and a review of on-the-ground adaptation options available to coastal managers to reduce the vulnerability of their systems to climate change impacts. Key areas of focus include maintaining water quality and availability.

Publications and ReportsEPATop 10 Ways Utilities Can Save Water, Energy, & Money While Preparing for Climate Change (27 pp, 2.2MB)

This handout provides the top ten strategies utilities can use to prepare for climate change, including pages for notes after each tip. It also provides a summary of other available EPA resources.

Publications and ReportsEPATribal Climate Change Adaptation Options: A Review of the Scientific Literature (86 pp, 782K)

The purpose of this report is to summarize information in published scientific literature that identify physical changes in the climate; to identify vulnerabilities of tribal resources to climate change; and to identify adaptation options that tribes in EPA Region 10 could implement to minimize the possible adverse impacts to their life style and well being. This report is intended to be a living document and will be updated and revised in response to the needs of the tribes, and to incorporate the most recent information on climate change adaptation in the scientific literature.

Publications and ReportsEPAWater Resources Adaptation to Global Changes: Risk Management through Sustainable Infrastructure Planning and Management (12 pp, 1.8MB)

This presentation was delivered at the 2008 Water Down Under Conference. It provides information on climate change related hydrologic changes and adaptation strategies.

Publications and ReportsEPAWater Sector Collaboration on Effective Utility Management Fact Sheet (4 pp, 193K)

This fact sheet presents ten attributes of effective utilities and keys to management success in combating problems facing utilities nationwide.

Publications and ReportsEPA, Delaware River Basin CommissionGreenhouse Effect, Sea Level Rise, and Salinity in the Delaware Estuary (44 pp, 1.1MB)

This report examines the implications of the greenhouse warming for salinity control in the Delaware estuary. The study focuses on the implications of: (1) a 21-inch rise in global sea level expected by 2050, which would imply a rise of 2.4 feet in the Delaware estuary; and (2) a 7-foot global rise by 2100, which would imply an 8.2-foot rise in the Delaware estuary.

Publications and ReportsEPA, New Jersey DEPSaving New Jersey's Vanishing Shores (3 pp, 1.3MB)

This pamphlet discusses potential climate change threats the shores of New Jersey.

Publications and ReportsEcoAdaptThe State of Marine and Coastal Adaptation in North America: A Synthesis of Emerging Ideas (145 pp, 2.6MB)

This survey report gives an overview of climate change impacts on marine and coastal areas of North America and adaptation options to address them. Adaptation methods are divided into four major categories: (1) natural resource/conservation; (2) capacity building; (3) infrastructure/planning/development; and (4) governance/policy. The survey also gives a summary of common barriers to and trends in adaptation implementation.

Publications and ReportsEnvironment CanadaCanadian Communities' Guidebook for Adaptation to Climate Change (104 pp, 3.2MB)

Guidebook presents an example of Adaptation, Mitigation and Sustainable development (SAM) method for development at the local government and community level. Five steps of this method are: (1) Identify focus and objectives of a SAM initiative; (2) Assess present status and trends; (3) Develop a vision of the future; (4) Set trajectories to meet priorities; and (5) Monitor, reassess and adjust.

Publications and ReportsEnvironment CanadaParticipatory Integrated Assessment of Water Management and Climate Change in the Okanagan Basin, British Columbia (14 pp, 2.4MB)

This study provides a participatory integrated assessment of the Okanagan water system's response to climate change. The goal of the PIA is to expand the dialogue on implications of adaptation choices for water management to include domestic and agriculture uses and in-stream conservation flows, for the basin as a whole as well as for particular sub-regions. The report presents the need for predicting residential water demand, assessing adaptation costs, building a decision support model, and exploring adaptation policies for residential design and agricultural water use.

Publications and ReportsEnvironment Canada Threats to Water Availability in Canada (150 pp, 4.2MB)

This report contains an assessment of threats to water resources and availability in Canada. The report includes chapters discussing potential climate change impacts on, groundwater resources, rivers and streams, lakes and reservoirs, wetlands, and the cryosphere.

Publications and ReportsEuropean Environment Agency Briefing 1-2007-Climate Change and Water Adaptation Issues (4 pp, 170K)

This report briefly explains how increases in temperature and the associated impacts, including water availability and flooding, will continue for many decades after the stabilization of greenhouse gas emissions. The report then lists current adaptation initiatives for various European countries.

Publications and ReportsEuropean Environment Agency Climate Change and Water Adaptation Issues (Technical report No 2-2007) (114 pp, 6.6MB)

The report reviews the challenges facing Europe to adapt to the impacts of climate change on water resources. Using a policy analysis at European level, and a survey, the report reviews practices in countries and concludes that countries are aware of these impacts and have started to adapt to them but there is still much to do.

Publications and ReportsExecutive Office of the President Council of Environmental QualityProgress Report of the Interagency Climate Change Adaptation Task Force: Recommended Actions in Support of a National Climate Change Adaptation Strategy (72 pp, 1MB)

This report outlines recommendations to President Obama for how federal agency policies and programs can better prepare the United States to respond to the impacts of climate change. Among the recommendations are ensuring that scientific information about climate change is available to officials so they can plan as needed. This report also suggests coordinating federal efforts to respond to climate change impacts including threats to water resources, public health, oceans, and coastlines.

Publications and ReportsExecutive Office of the President Council of Environmental Quality, NOAANational Action Plan: Priorities for Managing Freshwater Resources in a Changing Climate (108 pp, 1.8MB)

This report was written in response to the Interagency Climate Change Adaptation Task Force's 2010 Progress Report and its recommendation to develop a national action plan for Federal agencies in a changing climate. The report combines the latest research regarding climate risks to freshwater resources and presents six key recommendations for securing adequate water supplies; protecting human life, health and property; and maintaining water quality and aquatic ecosystems.

Publications and ReportsFlorida Atlantic University, AWWAClimate Change Impacts on Florida (10 pp, 469K)

This article discusses the impact of climate change in Florida and the implications of the change on the hydrologic cycle and groundwater. It also discusses the improvements that are needed to the stormwater retention and waste water disposal patterns.

Publications and ReportsGeophysical Research LettersUncertainty in Projections of Streamflow Changes Due to Climate Change in California (5 pp, 181K)

This paper, focusing on California, statistically bias corrects and downscales temperature and precipitation projections from 10 global climate models (GCMs) participating in the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project. While the different GCMs predict significantly different regional climate responses to increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide, hydrological responses are robust across models: decreases in summer low flows and increases in winter flows, and a shift of flow to earlier in the year. Summer flow decreases become consistent across models at lower levels of greenhouse gases than increases in winter flows do.

Publications and ReportsGlobal Change and Water Resources ManagementWater Planning and Management Under Climate Change (8 pp, 106K)

This article provides an introduction to the impacts of climate change on water planning and management. The author explores avenues that managers can pursue now: the current "wait and see" or the "do nothing" approach, which is cheapest in the short-term but which could have enormous medium- and long-term risks; "no regrets" analysis, which includes evaluating management and operational options under a broader range of climate scenarios than managers usually think about; and designing and building new infrastructure to deal with greater climatic uncertainty.

Publications and ReportsGovernor's Action Team on Energy & Climate ChangeFlorida's Energy & Climate Change Action Plan (123 pp, 4.3MB)

This Phase 2 report provides 50 separate policy recommendations and comments regarding current regulatory work to develop Florida's cap-and-trade program Topic areas include: Energy Supply and Demand; Transportation and Land Use; Agriculture, Forestry, and Waste Management; Government Policy and Coordination; Cap-and-Trade; and Adaptation.

Publications and ReportsGovernor's Climate Change Advisory CommitteeMontana Climate Change Action Plan (93 pp, 608K)

This final report presents the recommendations of the Montana Climate Change Advisory Committee (CCAC). The Montana CCAC was charged with developing an inventory and forecast of greenhouse gas emissions in Montana and presenting to the Governor an action plan with recommendations to reduce the state's greenhouse gas emissions. The report indicates that the following sectors were evaluated: Energy Supply; Residential, Commercial, Institutional, and Industrial; Transportation and Land Use; Agricultural; Forestry; and Waste Management; Cross-Cutting Issues.

Publications and ReportsGovernor's Task Force on Global WarmingWisconsin's Strategy for Reducing Global Warming (239 pp, 3.6MB)

This report recommends policies to address climate change in the energy and transportation sectors in Wisconsin. Short and long term goals for reductions in greenhouse gas emissions are identified, and a cap and trade program is favored as a mechanism for reduction. The proposed policies are the result and recommendation of work groups.

Publications and ReportsHydrology and Earth System Sciences DiscussionsA multimodel ensemble approach to assessment of climate change impacts on the hydrology and water resources of the Colorado River basin (44 pp, 878K)

This article assessed the implications of future climate change on the hydrology and water resources of the Colorado River basin using output from 11 General Circulation Models. Outcomes such as snowfall, snowmelt and runoff, reservoir storage, and reservoir releases were considered.

Publications and ReportsICLEI Local Governments for SustainabilityLocal Government Climate Change Adaptation Toolkit (68 pp, 1.5MB)

This toolkit includes tools and exercises tested by five pilot councils (Bayside City Council; Hornsby Shire Council; Shire of Serpentine Jarrahdale; City of Sydney; and Townsville City Council, including the former Thuringowa City Council) and has been reviewed by several observer councils. The tools and exercises are designed to help councils navigate through an enhanced / adaptive risk management process and to identify aspects of their decision-making process that need to be enhanced to plan for the impacts of climate change. Results of exercises will inform councils in implementing plans to manage the risks and harness the opportunities identified as priorities for their municipalities.

Publications and ReportsIPCCClimate Change 2007 Synthesis Report Summary for Policymakers (18 pp, 3.7MB)

This report is based on the assessment carried out by the three working groups of the IPCC, and provides an integrated view of climate change as the final part of the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report. The report addresses six topics: (1) Observed changes in climate and their effects on natural and human systems; (2) Causes of the observed changes; (3) Projections of future climate change and related impacts under different scenarios; (4) Adaptation and mitigation options over the next few decades and their interactions with sustainable development; (5) The relationship between adaptation and mitigation on a more conceptual basis and over the long-term; and (6) The major robust findings and remaining key uncertainties in the assessment.

Publications and ReportsIPCCClimate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Chapter 8: Climate Models and their Evaluation. (74 pp, 5.9MB)

This chapter assesses the capacity of the global climate models used elsewhere in this report for projecting future climate change.

Publications and ReportsIPCCIPCC Fourth Assessment Report; Working Group I Report: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

This report provides an assessment of changes observed throughout the climate system, as well as a probabilistic assessment of climate model simulations and projections using detailed atmosphere-ocean coupled models from 18 modeling centers around the world, and a detailed assessment of climate change observations, modeling, and attribution for every continent. Relevant Chapters include: Chapter 4: Changes in Snow, Ice and Frozen Ground; Chapter 8: Climate Models and their Evaluation; and Chapter 11: Regional Climate Projections.

Publications and ReportsIPCCIPCC Fourth Assessment Report; Working Group II Report: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability

Relevant chapters include: Chapter 3: Fresh Water Resources and their Management; Chapter 6: Coastal Systems and Low-Lying Areas; Chapter 7: Industry, Settlement and Society; Chapter 8: Human Health; Chapter 14: North America; Chapter 17: Assessment of Adaptation Practices, Options, Constraints and Capacity; Chapter 18: Inter-Relationships Between Adaptation and Mitigation; and Chapter 19: Assessing Key Vulnerabilities and the Risk from Climate Change Cross-Chapter Case Studies.

Publications and ReportsIPCCIPCC Fourth Assessment Report; Working Group III Report: Mitigation of Climate Change

This report deals with adaptation, mitigation, the risk associated with rapid and/or abrupt changes in climate, trends in irrigation, as well as the greenhouse gas emissions of wastewater. Relevant chapters include: Chapter 8: Agriculture; Chapter 10: Waste management; Chapter 11: Mitigation from a cross-sectoral perspective; and Chapter 12: Sustainable Development and mitigation.

Publications and ReportsIPCCIPCC Technical Paper VI: Climate Change and Water (214 pp, 7.1MB)

This report summarizes how climate change impacts freshwater. The report concludes that there is abundant evidence that freshwater resources are vulnerable and have the potential to be strongly impacted by climate change, with wide-ranging consequences for human societies and ecosystems. Sea level rise is dealt with only insofar as it can lead to impacts on freshwater in coastal areas and beyond.

Publications and ReportsIPCC General Guidelines on the Use of Scenario Data for Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment Version 2 (71 pp, 889K)

This is a completely revised version of the original Guidelines, which first appeared in December 1999. These Guidelines represent part of an initiative to improve consistency in the selection and application of scenarios in climate impact and adaptation assessments and, in so doing, to reduce the time lag of information exchange between the different scientific communities engaged in climate change research. They offer guidance on the interpretation and application of scenario data in impact and adaptation assessment. They also provide user support for the IPCC Data Distribution Centre, which has been established under the direction of the Task Group to make freely available a number of recent global data sets of baseline and scenario information on climatic, environmental and socio-economic conditions.

Publications and ReportsImmediate Action Workgroup of the Governor, AlaskaImmediate Action Workgroup: Recommendations to Governor's Subcabinet on Climate Change (168 pp, 2.2MB)

This report is a list of accomplishments, immediate actions and required strategic and community assistance policies developed by the Immediate Action Workgroup of the Governor's Alaska Climate Change Subcabinet. These collective recommendations represent an intensive collaborative effort undertaken in an open public forum to address the immediate needs of the State, with a specific focus on six communities in peril: Newtok, Shishmaref, Kivalina, Koyukuk, Unalakleet, and Shaktoolik.

Publications and ReportsIndian River Lagoon National Estuaries ProgramVulnerability Assessment and Adaptation to Sea Level Rise for Satellite Beach, Florida (27 pp, 2.7MB)

This document provides the results of a vulnerability assessment to sea level rise conducted for Satellite Beach, Florida. Based on conservative modeling estimates, the city is at high risk of inundation from both sea level rise and storm surge inundation and adaptive action is strongly recommend. At present, the city has adopted an adaptive management protocol and will create more concrete management of sea level rise as consensus emerges and programs/proactive measure are implemented.

Publications and ReportsInternational Institute for Environment and DevelopmentCommunity-based Adaptation to Climate Change (221 pp, 1.4MB)

The theme of this collection of papers is community-based adaptation to climate change. The papers are separated into three groups: (1) reflections on participatory processes and practice, (2) case studies, and (3) participatory tools.

Publications and ReportsInternational Institute for Environment and Development, Grantham Institute for Climate ChangeAssessing the Costs of Adaptation to Climate Change: A Review of the UNFCCC and other Recent Estimates (116 pp, 2MB)

This report reviews the costs of adapting to climate change. The estimates for 2030 used by the UNFCC are likely to be substantial under-estimates and this report aims to demonstrate the need for the further and transparent refinement of cost estimates for responding to climate change.

Publications and ReportsInternational Joint Commission, Great Lakes Water Quality BoardClimate Change and Water Quality in the Great Lakes Region-Risks, Opportunities, and Responses (143 pp, 4.2MB)

This report discusses climate variability in the Great Lakes region, as well as the impact of climate change on water supply, groundwater, lake levels, ice cover, water quality, human health, and agricultural water demand.

Publications and ReportsInternational Journal of ClimatologyReview: Linking Climate Change Modeling to Impacts Studies-Recent Advances in Downscaling Techniques for Hydrological Modeling (32 pp, 852K)

This review paper assesses the current downscaling literature, examining new developments in the downscaling field specifically for hydrological impacts. Sections focus on the downscaling concept; new methods; comparative methodological studies; the modeling of extremes; and the application to hydrological impacts.

Publications and ReportsInternational Secretariat of the Dialogue on Water and Climate, Wageningen, NetherlandsCoping with Impacts of Climate Variability and Climate Change in Water Management: A Scoping Paper (116 pp, 4.2MB)

This report offers an overview of outcomes and coping recommendations from the workshop of the International Dialogue on Water and Climate held in Delft in the Netherlands in November 2001.

Publications and ReportsIowa Climate Change Advisory CouncilIowa Climate Change Advisory Council Final Report (118 pp, 1.1MB)

This is the final report of the Iowa Climate Change Advisory Council, which charged with identifying policies and strategies for Iowa to respond to the challenge of global climate change by reducing its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and spurring economic growth through technological innovation. The following sectors were considered for this report: Energy Efficiency and Conservation; Clean and Renewable Energy; Transportation and Land Use; Agriculture, Forestry, and Waste Management; and Cross-Cutting Issues.

Publications and ReportsJournal of ClimateChanges Toward Earlier Streamflow Timing Across Western North America (20 pp, 1.2MB)

In this article, changes in the timing of snowmelt-derived streamflow from 1948 to 2002 were investigated in a network of 302 western North America gauges. Widespread and regionally coherent trends toward earlier onsets of springtime snowmelt and streamflow have taken place across most of western North America, affecting an area that is much larger than previously recognized. These timing changes have resulted in increasing fractions of annual flow occurring earlier in the water year by 1-4 weeks.

Publications and ReportsJournal of ClimateTrends in Intense Precipitation in the Climate Record (25 pp, 1.6MB)

This article concludes that both the empirical evidence from the period of instrumental observations and model projections of a greenhouse-enriched atmosphere indicate an increasing probability of intense precipitation events for many extratropical regions including the United States. Although there can be ambiguity as to the impact of more frequent heavy precipitation events, the thresholds of the definitions of these events were raised here, such that they are likely to be disruptive.

Publications and ReportsJournal of ClimateTrends in Snowfall versus Rainfall in the Western United States (15 pp, 2.4MB)

This study documents a regional trend toward smaller ratios of winter-total snowfall water equivalent to winter-total precipitation during the period 1949-2004. The trends toward reduced SFE/P ratios were most pronounced in March region wide and in January near the West Coast, corresponding to widespread warming in these months. Extending the analysis back to 1920 shows that although the trends presented here may be partially attributable to interdecadal climate variability associated with the Pacific decadal oscillation, they also appear to result from still longer-term climate shifts.

Publications and ReportsJournal of Geophysical ResearchGlobal Observed Changes in Daily Climate Extremes of Temperature and Precipitation (22 pp, 4MB)

In this study a suite of climate change indices were derived from daily temperature and precipitation data, with a primary focus on extreme events, and then computed and analyzed. Then by setting an exact formula for each index and using specially designed software, analyses done in different countries have been combined seamlessly. This enabled the presentation of the most up-to-date and comprehensive global picture of trends in extreme temperature and precipitation indices using results from a number of workshops held in data-sparse regions and high-quality station data supplied by numerous scientists world wide.

Publications and ReportsJournal of Great Lakes ResearchEvaluation of Potential Impacts on Great Lakes Water Resources Based on Climate Scenarios of Two GCMs (18 pp, 235K)

The results of general circulation model predictions of the effects of climate change have been used to derive potential impacts on the water resources of the Great Lakes basin. These impacts can influence the levels of the Great Lakes and the volumes of channel flow among them, thus affecting their value for interests such as riparian, shippers, recreational boaters, and natural ecosystems. Assessment is also made of impacts on the groundwater-dependent region of Lansing, Michigan.

Publications and ReportsJournal of HydrologyImpact of Climate Change on River Flooding Assessed with Different Spatial Model Resolutions (23 pp, 466K)

This paper uses a hydrological model with three different spatial resolutions to examine discharge scenarios for the river Meuse, in the Netherlands. The general trend with climate change is a small decrease of the average discharge and a small increase of discharge variability and extreme discharges. The variability in extreme discharges for climate change conditions increases with respect to the simulations for current climate conditions.

Publications and ReportsJournal of HydrometeorologyContemporary Changes of the Hydrological Cycle over the Contiguous United States: Trends Derived from In Situ Observations (22 pp, 1.7MB)

This paper determines trends of streamflow, soil wetness, precipitation, snow cover, and extreme precipitation in geographic regions throughout the United States.

Publications and ReportsJournal of the American Water Resources AssociationPotential Impacts of Climate Change on California Hydrology (14 pp, 227K)

This article discusses stream flow and snowmelt changes in major river basins in California.

Publications and ReportsKing County, Washington2007 King County Climate Plan (178 pp, 1.1MB)

This report provides an overview of how King County seeks to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and works to anticipate and adapt to projected climate change impacts, based on best available science.

Publications and ReportsKing County, WashingtonVulnerability of Major Wastewater Facilities to Flooding from Sea-Level Rise (13 pp, 384K)

This report provides an overview of the methods used to evaluate vulnerability of facilities to sea level rise in King County, Washington.

Publications and ReportsLincoln Institute of Land PolicyUrban Planning for Climate Change (29 pp, 2.7MB)

This paper reviews the current state of research on climate change as it affects urban areas. The author examines risks to infrastructure, people, and the environment. A new paradigm for urban problem solving is proposed to begin addressing these issues.

Publications and ReportsMaine DEPAdapting to Climate Change in Maine-People & Nature: Adapting to a Changing Climate (12 pp, 1.1MB)

This report documents the results of "Phase One" of a continuing climate adaptation planning and implementation effort in Maine.

Publications and ReportsMaryland Commission on Climate ChangeMaryland Climate Action Plan (110 pp, 3.3MB)

This interim report from the Maryland Commission on Climate Change includes timetables and benchmarks for reducing Maryland's greenhouse gas emissions through recommended legislation and executive actions. The report contains a list of approximately 50 priority policy options the Commission has chosen for more detailed analysis and references catalogs of additional policy options for possible consideration.

Publications and ReportsMayor of LondonThe London Plan (508 pp, 4.5MB)

The London Plan presents a strategy for the sustainable development of the city of London and its 31 surrounding boroughs. The plan addresses spatial development as related to living and working in and around London and outlines the major challenges due to climate change. Additionally, strategies to implement and monitor the plan are proposed.

Publications and ReportsMichigan Climate Action CouncilMichigan Climate Action Plan (596 pp, 7.4MB)

The Michigan Climate Action Council was charged with producing a greenhouse gas emissions inventory and forecast, compiling a comprehensive Climate Action Plan with recommended emission reduction goals, and advising state and local governments on measures to address climate change. The report evaluates the following sectors: Energy Supply; Market Based Policies; Residential, Commercial and Industrial; Transportation and Land Use; Agriculture, Forestry, and Waste Management; and Cross-Cutting Issues.

Publications and ReportsMinnesota Climate Change Advisory GroupMinnesota Climate Change Advisory Group Final Report

This report presents the recommendations of the Minnesota Climate Change Advisory Group. Their report includes: (1) development, prioritization, analysis, and approval of a final collection of existing and proposed actions that could contribute to GHG emissions reductions; (2) review and approval of an inventory of historical and forecasted GHG emissions in Minnesota as a basis against which to gauge priorities and progress; and (3) consideration of costs and benefits of recommended options.

Publications and ReportsMitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global ChangeManaging Climate Change Risks in New York City's Water System: Assessment and Adaptation Planning (19 pp, 697K)

This article describes the climate risk management framework by the New York City Department of Environmental Protection (NYCDEP). Its purpose is to ensure that strategic and capital planning of NYCDEP takes into account the potential risks of climate change—sea level rise, higher temperature, increases in extreme events, changes in drought and flood frequency and intensity, and changing precipitation patterns—on the water systems of NYC. The approach focuses on the water supply, sewer, and wastewater treatment systems of NYC, but has wide application for other urban areas, especially those in coastal locations.

Publications and ReportsNACWAClimate Change: Emerging Issues for Clean Water Agencies (14 pp, 3.6MB)

This report provides an introduction to the issues and challenges utilities are facing regarding climate change, including emissions reduction effects on wastewater treatment and the physical effects of climate change on wastewater treatment.

Publications and ReportsNACWA, AMWAConfronting Climate Change: An Early Analysis of Water and Wastewater Adaptation Costs (104 pp, 2.6MB)

This report describes the impacts that climate change can have on wastewater and drinking water utilities in the U.S. and estimates that the costs of protecting these facilities from climate change will total between $448 billion and $944 billion through 2050. Impacts addressed include sea-level rise and extreme flooding; water quality degradation and increased treatment requirements; water scarcity and the need to develop new drinking water supplies; and lower flows in drought conditions that can affect the operation of treatment facilities.

Publications and ReportsNOAA2010 State of the Climate Report (272 pp, 147MB)

This report provides documentation of global climate data (e.g., measurements and indicators) generated during the past year. These data are used regularly by several economic sectors such as agriculture, energy, water, infrastructure, health and insurance. This report also describes the changes in trends relative to those observed in historical data sets.

Publications and ReportsNOAAAdapting to Climate Change: A Planning Guide for State Coastal Managers (138 pp, 2.7MB)

This guide is designed to help state and territorial coastal managers develop and implement adaptation plans to reduce the risks associated with climate change impacts. An adaptation plan identifies and assesses the impacts that are likely to affect the planning area, develops goals and actions to best minimize these impacts, and establishes a process to implement those actions. The ultimate goal is to provide coastal states and communities with the necessary tools to plan for and adapt to the impacts of climate change.

Publications and ReportsNOAAAdapting to Climate Change: A Planning Guide for State Coastal Managers-A Great Lakes Supplement (92 pp, 3.7MB)

This planning guide provides a summary of climate change-related information relevant to coastal managers in the Great Lakes region, including regional climate projections and descriptions of specific impacts and consequences from potential changes in climate. Case examples from throughout the region include detailed information about how local decision makers are responding to current and projected changes in climate.

Publications and ReportsNOAALocal Strategies for Addressing Climate Change (Volume 2) (44 pp, 4.3MB)

This special issue of Coastal Services magazine highlights current projects that are beginning to address climate change in local coastal communities and encourages leaders to incorporate climate change related monitoring and adaptation into other existing projects. First volume published in 2009.

Publications and ReportsNOAANOAA Climate Service Vision and Strategic Framework (86 pp, 1.5MB)

This Framework describes how NOAA proposes to respond to society's growing need for climate services and outlines how the NOAA Climate Service can achieve new strategic goals related to the delivery and development of reliable, timely, and authoritative climate science and services to enable a climate-resilient society to grow and prosper.

Publications and ReportsNOAAThe Potential Consequences of Climate Change for Boulder Colorado’s Water Supplies (83 pp, 2.3MB)

This study focused on the vulnerability of the water supply of Boulder, Colorado to climate change. The study has four main analytic components: (1) climate scenarios; (2) runoff modeling; (3) water management modeling; and (4) policy analysis.

Publications and ReportsNOAA Urban Supply Reliability Under Climate Change: Policy, Economics and Water Management (5 pp, 153K)

The proposed project will document and review the array of water transfers currently used in the West to improve urban supply reliability. It will identify their advantages and disadvantages, and the reforms necessary to increase their effectiveness as an adaptation mechanism to climate change and variability. Tools developed in this project will facilitate more effective use of climate information in planning for drought-induced shifts in urban supply and demand (particularly outdoor water demand) and for creating cost effective mitigation strategies for extended drought.

Publications and ReportsNational AcademiesEcological Impacts of Climate Change (32 pp, 8.1MB)

This report explains the general ecological impacts of climate change and includes regional break down of these impacts within the U.S.

Publications and ReportsNational AcademiesInforming an Effective Response to Climate Change

This volume in the America's Climate Choices series describes and assesses different activities, products, strategies, and tools for informing decision makers about climate change and helping them plan and execute effective, integrated responses. All levels of decision making, including international, state, and individuals, are discussed to complement existing research focused on the physical aspect of climate change. The authors employ theory and case study to describe the efforts undertaken so far, and to guide the development of future decision-making resources.

Publications and ReportsNational AcademiesUnderstanding & Responding to Climate Change (28 pp, 3.3MB)

This booklet provides an overview of the basic science related to climate change including how and where the climate data are collected and descriptions of how and why the greenhouse effect is being amplified. The authors, recognizing the challenge of coordinating action at a global level, recommend the immediate implementation of measures to begin mitigating and adapting to climate change.

Publications and ReportsNational Climate Adaptation Summit Committee Report from the National Climate Adaptation Summit (26 pp, 3.2MB)

This report summarizes the priorities and conclusions of the National Climate Adaptation Summit convened by the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research in May 2010. The goal of the Summit was to inform climate adaptation planning at the local, state, regional and federal levels and within the public and private sectors, including efforts by the Interagency Climate Change Adaptation Task Force and the U.S. Global Change Research Program.

Publications and ReportsNational Climate Change Adaptation FacilityNational Climate Change Adaptation Research Plan: Settlements and Infrastructure (58 pp, 489K)

This research plan identifies critical gaps in the information needed to address the full range of issues arising from potential impacts of climate change on settlements and infrastructure. Additionally, this research plan will set the priority research agenda for the next 5-7 years to inform a better understanding of climate change risks and impacts on the built environment and how these risks can be managed and impacts reduced through planned adaptation interventions.

Publications and ReportsNational Institutes of HealthEnvironmental Health Indicators of Climate Change in the United States: Findings from the State Environmental Health Indicator Collaborative (9 pp, 355K)

This article presents research on the public health impacts of climate change including harmful algal blooms and subsequent changes in safety of drinking water supplies.

Publications and ReportsNational Research CouncilAssessment of Intraseasonal to Interannual Climate Prediction and Predictability

This report focuses on ways to improve the quality of interseasonal and interannual climate forecasts. Recommendations include the continued development of tools used in forecasting and sets specific research goals for improving understanding of sources of predictability and best practices to improve methods of making and disseminating forecasts accessible to decision-makers and researchers.

Publications and ReportsNational Research Council Adapting to the Impacts of Climate Change

This report from the America's Climate Choices project concludes that adaptation to climate change calls for a new paradigm--one that considers a range of possible future climate conditions and associated impacts, some well outside the realm of past experience. The report calls for a national adaptation strategy to support and coordinate decentralized efforts.

Publications and ReportsNational Research Council Advancing the Science of Climate Change

This report concludes that scientific evidence shows that climate change is occurring, is caused largely by human activities, and poses significant risks for a broad range of human and natural systems. Chapter 8 discusses the current scientific research related to freshwater resources and how they will be affected by climate change including the challenges that water managers will face in the near future.

Publications and ReportsNational Research Council Letter Report Assessing the National Water Quality Assessment Program's Science Framework

This letter report provides near-term advice to the National Water Quality Assessment Program as it enters its third decade of water quality monitoring. The report recommends that activities in this cycle be organized around two drivers of indirectly and directly stressed water supplies and related ecosystems around the nation: change in land use due to population and other demographic changes, and climate variability and change. Under these two broad drivers, the program should formulate specific, policy-relevant research questions it will address and use to guide scientific priorities.

Publications and ReportsNational Research Council Limiting the Magnitude of Climate Change

This report from the America's Climate Choices project recommends that the U.S. climate policy goal be stated in terms of a budget for cumulative greenhouse gas emissions over the period 2012 to 2050. The report concludes that a carbon pricing system (either cap-and-trade, taxes, or a combination of the two) is the most important step for providing needed incentives to reduce emissions. However, it also concludes there is a need for complementary policies aimed at ensuring rapid progress to: increase energy efficiency; accelerate the development of renewable energy sources; advance full-scale demonstration of nuclear power and carbon capture and storage systems; and retrofit or replace existing emissions-intensive energy infrastructure.

Publications and ReportsNational Research Council of Canada Committee on River Ice Processes and the EnvironmentObserved Climate Variability Impacts and River Ice in the United States (11 pp, 492K)

This paper presents information on changes in river ice dynamics. Recent data suggest that climate change may be impacting ice conditions, decreasing the ability to predict river ice jams and hence the ability to anticipate and mitigate related consequences (e.g., flooding and damage to infrastructure). The report summarizes recommendations for future research to support mitigation approaches that integrate potential climate variability.

Publications and ReportsNational Resources Defense CouncilThirsty for Answers: Preparing for the Water-related Impacts of Climate Change in American Cities (132 pp, 16MB)

This report profiles the water-related challenges of climate change for twelve U.S. cities which represent a diverse set of geographic locations, population sizes, and cross-section of urban to remote development. Despite uncertainty in the timing and magnitude of climate change, these cities are taking action to increase the resilience of their communities by preparing for rising sea level, increasing storms, water supply changes and other challenges.

Publications and ReportsNational Water Research InstituteRegulatory Aspects of Direct Potable Reuse in California (38 pp, 480K)

This paper discusses the growing water demand in California and the need to implement new strategies to satisfy it. Of these strategies, the report focuses on direct potable use of water. Its epidemiological and toxicological health effects are examined and techniques on how to recycle water and make it directly potable are discussed.

Publications and ReportsNational Wildlife FederationImproving the Odds: Using Climate-Readiness to Reduce the Impacts of Climate Change on the Great Lakes Ecosystem (60 pp, 2.6MB)

This report documents the efforts of cities, businesses, scientists and resource managers to craft strategies to adapt to rising temperatures and protect people, wildlife and the Great Lakes. The report calls for the widespread adoption of so-called "climate-ready" strategies like those cited in a diverse set of case studies. One example is Milwaukee, WI, where city managers, scientists and public health managers are collaborating to update the city's sewer system based on the impact different climate and weather scenarios will have on the system.

Publications and ReportsNatural Resources Defense CouncilClimate Change, Water, and Risk: Current Water Demands Are Not Sustainable (4 pp, 4.6MB)

This study projects more than one-third of all counties in the contiguous U.S. will face higher risks of water shortages by mid-century as the result of global warming. More than 400 of these counties will face extremely high risks of water shortages on the same time frame. These results suggest that climate change will have a significant impact on the sustainability of water supplies in the coming decades.

Publications and ReportsNatural Resources Defense CouncilIn Hot Water: Water Management Strategies to Weather the Effects of Global Warming (90 pp, 2.6MB)

This report analyzes the effects of global warming on a full range of water management tools and offers recommendations to meet the challenge.

Publications and ReportsNew Hampshire Climate Change Policy Task ForceNew Hampshire Climate Action Plan (82 pp, 6.7MB)

This report from the New Hampshire Climate Change Policy Task Force recommends 67 actions to: (1) reduce greenhouse gas emissions from buildings, electric generation, and transportation; (2) protect our natural resources to maintain the amount of carbon sequestered; (3) support regional and national initiatives to reduce greenhouse gases; (4) develop an integrated education, outreach and workforce training program; and (5) adapt to existing and potential climate change impacts.

Publications and ReportsNew York Academy of SciencesClimate Change Adaption in New York City: Building a Risk Management Response (3 pp, 149K)

This document discusses current New York City's current efforts and the continued need for future adaptations in response to climate change. The document outlines the need for Flexible Adaptation Pathways and discusses tools that can be utilized to begin the adaptation process. The New York City Panel on Climate Change (NPCC) has already begun laying the foundations for climate change adaptation through their publishing of three workbooks. Lastly, the document discusses recommendations made by the NPCC to help the city develop a risk-and-science-based adaptation program.

Publications and ReportsNew York City GovernmentNew York City’s Waterfront Vision and Enhancement Strategy (192 pp, 77MB)

This document shares a vision for the future of New York City's waterfront as a resource for public access coupled with other productive economic uses. Development of the waterfront will be integrated with goals to increase resilience to climate-related risks through emergency preparedness planning, careful consideration of improving climate data, and strategies to protect both natural resources and infrastructure.

Publications and ReportsNew York City Panel on Climate ChangeClimate Risk Information: New York City Panel on Climate Change (74 pp, 1.4MB)

This report provides a summary of climate change projections for New York City.

Publications and ReportsOregon Coastal Management ProgramClimate Ready Communities: A Strategy for Adapting to Impacts of CC on the Oregon Coast (24 pp, 1.2MB)

This report offers a strategy to help coastal decision-makers, legislators, and the public look ahead to possible effects of global climate change on the Oregon coast and to help frame a process for coastal communities and agencies of the State of Oregon to work together to plan for those effects.

Publications and ReportsPacific InstituteSustaining California Agriculture in an Uncertain Future (81 pp, 3.6MB)

This report presents a path forward for California agriculture to flourish despite diminishing water supply and future uncertainty from climate change. This path primarily requires increases in the water efficiency of the agricultural sector. The analysis in this report estimates that potential water savings of 4.5-6 million acre-feet each year can be achieved by expanding the use of efficient irrigation technologies and management practices.

Publications and ReportsPacific InstituteUnderstanding & Reducing the Risks of Climate Change for Transboundary Waters (43 pp, 1.2MB)

This article describes the uneven distribution of freshwater resources as it relates to transboundary conflict and analyzes how this issue may be amplified by climate change. It challenges the ability of existing transboundary agreements to continue to be effective. After outlining four case studies on this issue, the authors recommend a series of actions to reduce future conflict over water resources.

Publications and ReportsPacific InstituteWater and Climate Bibliography

This Bibliography is a comprehensive database of scientific literature pertaining to climate change and freshwater resources worldwide. The current version contains more than 4,300 entries and will be updated periodically. Abstracts are searched and displayed where available.

Publications and ReportsPacific Institute and United Nations Environment ProgrammeClimate Change and Transboundary Waters (43 pp, 1.2MB)

Global climate change will increase the risk of conflict over shared international freshwater resources. Treaties and other cross-border agreements can help reduce those risks, but existing agreements are inadequate for dealing with the impacts of climate change. The new study also presents some specific case studies of regions where climate change, water, and international politics collide, including the Mekong River in southeastern Asia, the Colorado River, the Guarani Aquifer in South America, and the Nile River in northeastern Africa.

Publications and ReportsPacific Institute, The Global Compact, United Nations Global CompactClimate Change and the Global Water Crisis: What Businesses Need to Know and Do (12 pp, 578K)

This report describes how global warming is affecting water and energy resources, and the challenges and opportunities this presents globally.

Publications and ReportsPartnership for the Delaware EstuaryApplication of Ecological and Economic Models of the Impacts of Sea-Level Rise to the Delaware Estuary (48 pp, 2.2MB)

The report describes a new method of adaptation planning by damage assessment via SLAMM (Sea Level Affecting Marshes Model) and HEA (Habitat Equivalency Analysis) to predict changes in water quality and quantity. Changes in water quality refer mainly to changes in salinity while changes to quantity are related to both sea level rise and storm surges.

Publications and ReportsPartnership for the Delaware EstuaryThree Case Studies in Vulnerability Assessments and Adaptation Planning (319 pp, 7.2MB)

This report summarizes the major changes expected in the Delaware Estuary due to climate change as well as the threats to three key resources: tidal wetlands, drinking water and bivalve shellfish. Experts found that drinking water in the estuary area is primarily threatened by damage and inundation caused by flooding, sea level rise and storm surges. Water quality is also a concern, due to saltwater intrusion of freshwater resources. Priority adaptations to protect drinking water included forest protection and increased monitoring at the regional level and improving emergency response protocols at the local/utility level.

Publications and ReportsPennsylvania DEPPennsylvania Final Climate Change Action Plan (793 pp, 16.9MB)

This action plan from Pennsylvania's Climate Change Action Committee identifies 52 specific recommendations for, plus recent actions taken by, Pennsylvania and the federal government to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Chapters are organized by sector: electricity generation, transmission & distribution; residential and commercial; land use and transportation; industry; waste; agriculture; forestry; and macroeconomic assessment.

Publications and ReportsPew Center on Global Climate ChangeA Synthesis of Potential Climate Change Impacts on the U.S. (56 pp, 756K)

This report draws conclusions about the vulnerability of the United States as a whole and the relative vulnerability of different regions, economic sectors, and natural ecosystems. Among the impacts of climate change discussed are availability of water supplies for irrigation, change in water demand, potential increases in transmission of infectious diseases, altered precipitation patterns, and changes in extreme weather events such as floods.

Publications and ReportsPew Center on Global Climate ChangeAdapting to Climate Change: A Business Approach (40 pp, 397K)

This report outlines a business approach for adapting to climate change that focuses on the initial step of analyzing business impacts.

Publications and ReportsPew Center on Global Climate ChangeAquatic Ecosystems and Global Climate Change: Potential Impacts on Inland Freshwater and Coastal Wetland Ecosystems in the United States (56 pp, 363.5MB)

This report examines the potential impacts of climate change on the U.S. environment. It details the likely impacts of climate change over the next century on U.S. aquatic ecosystems.

Publications and ReportsPew Center on Global Climate ChangeCoping with Global Climate Change: The Role of Adaptation in the United States (52 pp, 573K)

This report discusses the importance of adapting to climate change, the options available for adaptation, and the challenges of implementing them in the United States.

Publications and ReportsPew Center on Global Climate ChangeDegrees of Risk: Defining a Risk-Management Framework for Climate Security (179 pp, 6.4MB)

This report outlines the need and proposes the framework for a risk management-based approach to climate security issues. Climate change will have an important effect on national and international security issues including resource scarcity and instability in strategically important areas.

Publications and ReportsPew Center on Global Climate ChangeHuman Health and Global Climate Change: A Review of Potential Impacts in the United States (49 pp, 409K)

This report considers a range of potential impacts on human health in the U.S. arising from climate change. Among the impacts include a discussion of water-borne infections as a result of extreme precipitation and possible neglect of sanitation and water-treatment infrastructure.

Publications and ReportsPew Center on Global Climate ChangeWater and Global Climate Change: Potential Impacts on U.S. Water Resources (55 pp, 600K)

This report examines the potential impacts of climate change on the hydrologic cycle, water availability and demand, water pollution, and extreme weather events.

Publications and ReportsPiscataqua Region Estuaries Partnership Oyster River Culbert Vulnerability Assessment (82 pp, 18.9MB)

This study, funded by Climate Ready Estuaries, downscales generalized adaptation to the local level by assessing the ability of current stormwater infrastructure, culverts in particular, to cope with predicted increased storm surges due to climate change and population growth. The study helped to prioritize culverts that are most vulnerable and pose the greatest hazard to the public in the coastal town of Durham, NH. In addition, the study found that adaptation measures would be cost effective in alleviating future damage caused by culverts of inadequate capacity.

Publications and ReportsPrince Edward Island Department of Environment, Energy & ForestryPrince Edward Island & Climate Change: A Strategy for Reducing the Impacts of Global Warming (44 pp, 1.2MB)

This report details Prince Edward Island's strategy for reducing the impacts of climate change. This strategy encompasses energy efficiency and conservation, renewable energy, transportation, agriculture, adaptation, public education and awareness, government leading by example, and the path forward.

Publications and ReportsPrinceton UniversityFuture Sea Level Rise and the New Jersey Coast: Assessing Potential Impacts and Opportunities (35 pp, 1.1MB)

This study presents a comprehensive assessment of the expected impacts due to sea level rise. Projections include future sea level rise based on historical measurements and global scenarios, and apply them to digital elevation models to illustrate the extent to which the New Jersey coast is vulnerable. The authors also characterize potential impacts on the socioeconomic and natural systems of the New Jersey coast. The authors suggest a range of potential adaptation and mitigation opportunities for managing coastal areas in response to sea level rise.

Publications and ReportsPrinceton UniversityThe Garden State in the Greenhouse: Climate Change Mitigation and Coastal Adaptation Strategies for New Jersey (52 pp, 2.7MB)

This report outlines a strategy for moving toward an adequate response to climate change while at the same time advancing the economic growth of the state. New Jersey should enact innovative strategies that will not only reduce greenhouse gas emissions and protect its coastline, but will also bring new industries, technologies and jobs to the state.

Publications and ReportsProvince of OntarioAdapting to Climate Change in Ontario

This report provides a comprehensive assessment of climate change impacts for the Province of Ontario and proposes potential strategies to address these impacts.

Publications and ReportsPuget Sound Regional Water Supply Planning Process Climate Change Technical SubcommitteeTechnical Memorandum No. 1: Literature Review of Research Incorporating Climate Change into Water Resources Planning (25 pp, 302K)

This report summarizes the peer reviewed literature on the impacts of climate change on water resources, illustrating the extensive literature on the subject dating back to the mid-1980s and noting that snowmelt derived water supplies have been identified as candidates for significant climate change impacts.

Publications and ReportsPuget Sound Regional Water Supply Planning Process Climate Change Technical SubcommitteeTechnical Memorandum No. 8: Impacts of Climate Change on Groundwater Resources-A Literature Review (47 pp, 975K)

This report is a literature review of the impacts of climate change on groundwater, focusing on studies that may be relevant to the Puget Sound lowlands region. The report notes that no single groundwater model has emerged as appropriate for evaluating the impacts of climate change for all watersheds. The studies reviewed suggest substantial differences in the estimates of potential impacts of climate change on groundwater.

Publications and ReportsResources for the FutureDomestic Adaptation Policy Briefs

These papers discuss the policy and economic need for and implications of climate adaptation in the U.S. Topics of particular interest to the water sector include discussion of freshwater resources, public infrastructure, public health, and decision-making based on rare, extreme events.

Publications and ReportsRiver NetworkThe Carbon Footprint of Water (54 pp, 1.3MB)

This report explores the energy and carbon emissions embedded in the nation's water supplies. The authors have developed a baseline estimate of water-related energy use in the United States, as well as a comparative overview of the energy embedded in different water supplies and end-uses. Numerous examples of how water management strategies can protect our freshwater resources while reducing energy and carbon emissions are included. This information is intended to help river and watershed groups, policy makers and water managers understand the magnitude of water related energy use and evaluate the potential to reduce carbon emissions through water conservation, efficiency, reuse and low impact development strategies.

Publications and ReportsRural Community Assistance CorporationSustainable Infrastructure for Small System Public Services: A Planning and Resource Guide (106 pp, 2.3MB)

A planning guide to facilitate adoption of sustainable and green strategies in very small to medium systems. Information is provided via worksheets, examples and case studies as well as relevant resources related to efficiency and conservation.

Publications and ReportsScienceAbrupt Climate Change (7 pp, 425K)

In light of these uncertainties, policy-makers should consider expanding research into abrupt climate change, improving monitoring systems, and taking actions designed to enhance the adaptability and resilience of ecosystems and economies.

Publications and ReportsScienceGlaciers Dominate Eustatic Sea-Level Rise in the 21st Century

This article discusses the possible rise in sea-level due to the melting of smaller ice caps and glaciers. The contribution of these smaller glaciers has accelerated over the last decade, in part due to dramatic thinning and retreat of marine-terminating glaciers associated with a dynamic instability generally not considered in mass balance/climate modeling. This acceleration of glacier melt may cause 0.1-0.25 m of additional sea-level rise by 2100.

Publications and ReportsScienceGlobal Water Resources: Vulnerability from Climate Change and Population Growth (6 pp, 558K)

This article uses numerical experiments combining climate model outputs, water budgets, and socioeconomic information along digitized river networks to demonstrate that a large proportion of the world population is currently experiencing water stress, and that rising water demands greatly outweigh greenhouse warming in defining the state of global water systems to 2025.

Publications and ReportsScienceIce-Sheet and Sea-Level Changes (6 pp, 605K)

This article discusses the potential for sea-level rise due to ice-sheet melts. It concludes that observational and modeling advances have reduced many uncertainties related to ice-sheet behavior, but recently detected, rapid ice-marginal changes contributing to sea-level rise may indicate greater ice-sheet sensitivity to warming than previously considered.

Publications and ReportsScienceKinematic Constraints on Glacier Contributions to 21st-Century Sea-Level Rise

This article discusses the potential contributions of glacial melting to sea-level rise based on climate modeling and analogies with past conditions. The authors consider glaciological conditions required for large sea-level rise to occur by 2100 and conclude that increases in excess of 2 meters are physically untenable. The authors find that a total sea-level rise of about 2 meters by 2100 could occur under physically possible glaciological conditions but only if all variables are quickly accelerated to extremely high limits. More plausible but still accelerated conditions lead to total sea-level rise by 2100 of about 0.8 meter.

Publications and ReportsScienceStationarity Is Dead: Whither Water Management? (2 pp, 406K)

The article argues that the current concept of stationarity in water management-the idea that natural systems fluctuate within an unchanging envelope of variability-is made obsolete by anthropogenic climate change, and that the analytic strategies used for planning future investments must be updated.

Publications and ReportsScienceSurface Melt-Induced Acceleration of Greenland Ice-Sheet Flow (13 pp, 18.1MB)

Interannual variations in the ice acceleration are correlated with variations in the intensity of the surface melting, with larger increases accompanying higher amounts of summer melting. The indicated coupling between surface melting and ice-sheet flow provides a mechanism for rapid, large-scale, dynamic responses of ice sheets to climate warming.

Publications and ReportsScience A Semi-Empirical Approach to Projecting Future Sea-Level Rise (9 pp, 2.2MB)

This report presents a semi-empirical relation that connects global sea-level rise to global mean surface temperature. It is proposed that, for time scales relevant to anthropogenic warming, the rate of sea-level rise is roughly proportional to the magnitude of warming above the temperatures of the pre-Industrial Age. This holds to good approximation for temperature and sea-level changes during the 20th century, with a proportionality constant of 3.4 millimeters per year per degree Celsius. When applied to future warming scenarios of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, this relationship results in a projected sea-level rise in 2100 of 0.5 to 1.4 meters above the 1990 level.

Publications and ReportsSeattle Office of Sustainability & EnvironmentSeattle Climate Protection Initiative: Progress Report 2009 (20 pp, 2.7MB)

This report spotlights significant climate protection advancements to date in Seattle. The city is developing a plan for pedestrian infrastructure, creating incentives for residential green building, and installing energy-efficient light bulbs door-to-door

Publications and ReportsSouth Carolina Climate Energy and Commerce CommitteeSouth Carolina Climate, Energy, & Commerce Committee Final Report (121 pp, 669K)

This report presents recommendations and associated analyses to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and enhance energy and economic policy in South Carolina by 2020 and beyond. Analyses include comparison of historical, current, and forecasted emissions, policies for reducing future emissions with consideration of the costs (or cost savings) associated with the recommendations, and challenges and feasibility inherent in each recommendation.

Publications and ReportsSouth East Climate Change PartnershipAdapting to Climate Change: A Checklist for Development (70 pp, 518K)

This document highlights the need to incorporate climate change impacts into planning and development with respect the built environment in the United Kingdom.

Publications and ReportsState of ArkansasArkansas Governor's Commission on Global Warming Final Report (490 pp, 4.6MB)

This document gives a detailed examination and evaluation of climate change issues as related to Arkansas and its business sectors. The authors propose a comprehensive strategy for responding to climate related risks including a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions and 54 other policies to be adopted at the state level.

Publications and ReportsState of MassachusettsClimate Change Adaptation Advisory Committee: Potential Strategies (73 pp, 379K)

This set of subcommittee briefings to the Massachusetts Climate Change Adaptation Advisory Committee provides potential adaptation strategies for coastal zones and oceans, human health and welfare (including water quality), key infrastructure, local economy and government, natural resources and habitat, and land use.

Publications and ReportsState of OregonA Framework for Addressing Rapid Climate Change (116 pp, 1.9MB)

This report to the Governor of Oregon, drafted by the Climate Change Integration Group, proposes a framework for adapting to rapid climate change and mitigating future greenhouse gas emissions.

Publications and ReportsStockholm Environment InstituteThe Last Drop: Climate Change and the Southwest Water Crisis (36 pp, 906K)

This report describes the current and projected future water-related challenges facing the Southwest region of the U.S. In particular, the present and future water demands of the agricultural and water sectors are explored, as well as how those demands will be affected by even minor changes in current climate variables.

Publications and ReportsTechnology Strategy BoardDesign for Future Climate: Opportunities for Adaptation in the Built Environment

This report provides an overview of climate change and outlines areas of innovation for the construction sector as related to three major areas: building comfort (heating/cooling), construction design, and water use.

Publications and ReportsThe Center for Clean Air PolicyThe Value of Green Infrastructure for Urban Climate Adaptation (52 pp, 2MB)

This report demonstrates how incorporating best practices for adaptation into city planning strategies can have positive effects on community resilience, human health, air quality, energy demand, and economic prosperity. Specifically, the use of green infrastructure is demonstrated through case studies of pioneering cities and counties. These local governments have developed and applied proactive approaches to increase community resilience planning for emerging climate change impacts.

Publications and ReportsThe City of New YorkSustainable Stormwater Management Plan 2008 for New York City (92 pp, 5.6MB)

The Sustainable Stormwater Management Plan is the product of an interagency task force. It is the City's first comprehensive analysis of the costs and benefits of those alternative methods for controlling stormwater.

Publications and ReportsThe City of New YorkThe New York City Department of Environmental Protection Climate Change Program, Assessment and Action Plan (102 pp, 7.9MB)

This report presents the initial steps that the New York City Department of Environmental Protection (NYCDEP) has taken over the past four years to address climate change. The report includes the findings and recommendations to date of the NYCDEP Climate Change Program and Task Force and the immediate actions that NYCDEP is committed to undertaking to further address this critical issue.

Publications and ReportsThe Clean Air PartnershipCities Preparing for Climate Change (90 pp, 730K)

This report describes the efforts of six major cities to adapt to climate change. In doing so, this paper documents both adaptation and mitigation experience at the local level.

Publications and ReportsThe Johnson Foundation Freshwater SummitCharting New Waters A Call to Action to Address U.S. Freshwater Challenges (50 pp, 2.1MB)

This report is the culmination of a two-year collaboration exploring solutions to U.S. freshwater challenges. The report provides a call to action aimed at heading off a national crisis in water quality and supply due to numerous challenges including water pollution and scarcity, climate change and other drivers.

Publications and ReportsThe National Academy of SciencesWarming World: Impacts by Degree (40 pp, 8.3MB)

This report summarizes the impacts of greenhouse gas stabilization targets on near-term and future climate change. Effects on streamflow, wildfires, rainfall, loss of wetlands, reduced crop yields and other climate impacts are presented with respect to current statistics (e.g. 5-10% reduced streamflow per degree warming in some river basins).

Publications and ReportsThe Nature Conservancy Eastern New York ChapterRising Waters: Helping Hudson River Communities Adapt to Climate Change Scenario Planning 2010-2030, Final Report (16 pp, 3.3MB)

The Rising Waters project aims to strengthen the preparedness and adaptive capacity of the Hudson River Estuary Watershed to meet the impacts of future climate change. To help people think about the expected local impacts of climate change, and how the Hudson Valley might prepare for them, the Rising Waters project used scenario planning methodologies to educate participants on important aspects of complicated problems and helps to build a shared conceptual framework for dialogue leading to potential solutions.

Publications and ReportsThe River Restoration Centre UKThe London Rivers Action Plan (23 pp, 4.5MB)

This report outlines restoration opportunities for non-tidal freshwater tributaries to the Thames River. It addresses the issues of flood risk management, adaptation to climate change, urban renewal, and conservation to sustain local waterways. The booklet is offered by The River Restoration Centre in conjunction with an interactive website to promote outreach efforts.

Publications and ReportsThe United Nations World Water Assessment ProgrammeThe Implications of Climate Change on Water (8 pp, 612K)

This document summarizes some of the key messages from World Water Assessment Program launched the third United Nations World Water Development Report, highlighting the potential impacts of a changing climate on the availability of water and on the control of water extremes.

Publications and ReportsThe Winston Churchill Memorial Trust AustraliaA Study of Regional Partnerships and Collaborative Approaches for Enhanced Local Government Adaptation to Climate Change (33 pp, 900.7MB)

Through exploration of regional partnerships and collaborative programs, this study identifies how the need to adapt to the impacts of climate change is being built into local government policy, planning and operations in the United Kingdom, European Union, Canada and the U.S.

Publications and ReportsU.S. Army Corps of EngineersNational Report: Responding to National Water Resources Challenges (104 pp, 10MB)

This report presents the results of the two-year long "Building Strong Collaborative Relationships for a Sustainable Water Resources Future" project. The findings under the first phase of this initiative will serve as the building block for a continued collaborative journey to achieve a more sustainable water resources future.

Publications and ReportsU.S. Climate Change Science ProgramSynthesis and Assessment Product 5.3: Decision-Support Experiments and Evaluations using Seasonal to Interannual Forecasts and Observational Data: A Focus on Water Resources (426 pp, 5.8MB)

This report focuses on the connection between the scientific ability to predict climate (on seasonal scales) and the opportunity to incorporate such understanding into water resource management decisions.

Publications and ReportsU.S. Climate Change Science Program Abrupt Climate Change: Synthesis and Assessment Product 3.4 (258 pp, 24.6MB)

This report assesses the possibility of abrupt changes in hydrological patterns due to climate change.

Publications and ReportsU.S. Climate Change Science Program Analyses of the Effects of Global Change on Human Health and Welfare and Human Systems: Synthesis and Assessment Product 4.6 (218 pp, 3.5MB)

This report details how climate change, interacting with changes in land use and demographics, will affect water availability, extreme precipitation, and the spread of waterborne illness in the United States.

Publications and ReportsU.S. Climate Change Science Program Climate Models: An Assessment of Strengths and Limitations: Synthesis and Assessment Product 3.1 (135 pp, 4.7MB)

This report evaluates the current reliability of climate models to forecast outcomes such as precipitation changes and regional impacts of global climate change.

Publications and ReportsU.S. Climate Change Science Program Our Changing Planet-The U.S. Climate Change Science Program for Fiscal Year 2008 (220 pp, 16.6MB)

This report describes the goal as well planned actions and activities for the U.S. Climate Change Science Program for the 2008 Fiscal Year.

Publications and ReportsU.S. Climate Change Science Program Revised Research Plan for the U.S. Climate Change Science Program: A Report by the Climate Change Science Program and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research (88 pp, 3.7MB)

This Revised Research Plan is an update to the 2003 Strategic Plan of the U.S. Climate Change Science Program. Using the five strategic goals of the program as an organizing framework, the Revised Research Plan provides a goal-by-goal overview of emerging research questions and themes, key research topics, and illustrative research plans for the years 2008 to 2010.

Publications and ReportsU.S. Climate Change Science Program The Effects of Climate Change on Agriculture, Land Resources, Water Resources, and Biodiversity in the United States: Synthesis and Assessment Product 4.3

This report provides an assessment of the effects of climate change on U.S. agriculture, land resources, water resources, and biodiversity. It discusses the ability of the nation to identify, observe, and monitor the stresses that influence agriculture, land resources, and water resources and evaluates the relative importance of these stresses and how they are likely to change in the future.

Publications and ReportsU.S. DOD, U.S. Army Corps of EngineersSevere Winter Weather in the Continental U.S. and Global Climate Cycles

In this report the relationship between severe winter weather in the U.S. and global climate indices is investigated using data from 1950 to 2002.

Publications and ReportsU.S. DOE, Sandia National LaboratoriesEnergy Demands on Water Resources (80 pp, 2.5MB)

This is a report to Congress on the interdependency of energy and water focusing on threats to national energy production resulting from limited water supplies, utilizing where possible the multi-laboratory Energy-Water Nexus Committee. The report presents background information on the connections between energy and water, identifies concerns regarding water demands of energy production, and discusses science and technologies to address water use and management in the context of energy production and use.

Publications and ReportsU.S. Government Accountability Office Climate Change Agencies Should Develop Guidance for Addressing the Effects on Federal Land and Water Resources (184 pp, 4.9MB)

This report details expert views on the effects of climate change on federal resources and the challenges managers face in addressing climate change effects on these resources. These views were collected at a workshop with the National Academies in which scientists, economists, and federal resource managers participated and presented progress on four relevant case studies.

Publications and ReportsU.S. Government Accountability Office Climate Change: Agencies Should Develop Guidance for Addressing the Effects on Federal Land and Water Resources (184 pp, 4.9MB)

In this report, the Government Accountability Office (GAO) obtained the views of experts on the effects of climate change on federal resources and the challenges managers face in addressing climate change effects on these resources. GAO held a workshop with the National Academies in which 54 scientists, economists, and federal resource managers participated, and conducted 4 case studies.

Publications and ReportsU.S. Government Accountability Office Freshwater Supply: State's Views of How Federal Agencies Could Help Them Meet the Challenges of Expected Shortages (118 pp, 8.9MB)

To assist congressional understanding of the range and complexity of freshwater supply issues, this report identifies: (1) current conditions and future trends for U.S. water availability and use; (2) the likelihood of shortages and their potential consequences; and (3) state views on how federal activities could better support state water management efforts to meet future demands. The Government Accountability Office (GAO) focused on water supply and generally assumed a continuation of existing quantity allocations and current pricing conditions. Among other things, GAO conducted a Web-based 50-state survey of state water managers and obtained responses from 47 states.

Publications and ReportsU.S. SenateClimate Change and Water Supply: Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Water and Power of the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources (84 pp, 544K)

The hearing includes testimony from representatives of: (1) Metropolitan Water District of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA; (2) Representative for National Hydropower Association, Ephrata, WA; (3) Boulder Canyon Operations Office, Bureau of Reclamation, Department of the Interior; (4) Geological Survey, Department of the Interior; (5) JISAO-CSES Climate Impacts Group, University of Washington, Seattle, WA; (6) Family Farm Alliance, Savery, WY; (7) National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration- University of Colorado Western Water Assessment, Boulder, CO; and (8) Trout Unlimited, Arlington, VA.

Publications and ReportsU.S. State DepartmentFifth Climate Action Report to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (193 pp, 3.2MB)

The Fifth U.S. Climate Action Report presents a detailed outline of the actions the U.S. is taking to address climate change, contains updated projections on U.S. greenhouse gas emissions, and underscores the United States commitment to address climate change.

Publications and ReportsUNFCCCTechnology to Understand and Manage Climate Risks (37 pp, 934K)

This publication was provided as a Background Paper for the UNFCCC Seminar on the Development and Transfer of Environmentally Sound Technologies for Adaptation to Climate Change. The paper presents examples of climate change adaptation approaches that could be used in technology transfers to improve climate change resiliency in the developing world.

Publications and ReportsUS AID, the University of Rhode Island, NOAA, and the International Resources GroupAdapting to Coastal Climate Change: A Guidebook for Development Planners (148 pp, 18.7MB)

This guide, developed for US AID Missions and development partners, outlines climate change impacts in the coastal zone and proposes options for planners, decision makers, and communities when exploring and implementing adaptation measures.

Publications and ReportsUSDA Forest ServiceWater, Climate Change, and Forests: Watershed Stewardship for a Changing Climate (224 pp, 9.6MB)

This report describes the critical role of forests in protecting watersheds from the impacts of climate change. The report details the pressures on forests, including booming human populations and problems posed by climate change, from warmer temperatures to invasive species. It also details the importance of collaboration among forest managers to secure and steward watersheds.

Publications and ReportsUSGCRPClimate Change Impacts on the United States: The Potential Consequences of Climate Variability and Change

This report examines the potential impacts of climate change on 9 geographical regions of the United States, as well as on water resources and other sectors.

Publications and ReportsUSGCRPClimate Change Impacts on the United States: The Potential Consequences of Climate Variability and Change, Chapter 14: Potential Consequences of Climate Variability and Change for the Water Resources of the United States (31 pp, 422K)

This chapter of the U.S. National Assessment addresses the potential consequences of climate variability and change on different sectors. The water resources section of the report identifies 5 key issues of concern: (1) competition for water supplies; (2) surface water quality; (3) groundwater quantity and quality; (4) heavy precipitation, floods; and drought; and (5) ecosystem vulnerabilities. The report also identifies adaptation strategies and considerations for water managers.

Publications and ReportsUSGCRPCoastal Elevations and Sensitivity to Sea-level Rise: A Focus on the Mid-Atlantic Region / Synthesis and Assessment Product 4-1 (320 pp, 7.4MB)

The focus of this report is to review and identify the potential impacts of future sea-level rise based on the state of our present scientific understanding. To do so, this report evaluates several aspects of sea-level rise impacts to the natural environment and also examines the impact to human development. In addition, the report addresses the interplay between sea-level rise impacts and human adaptation measures, and assesses the role of the existing coastal management infrastructure in identifying and responding to potential challenges.

Publications and ReportsUSGCRPGlobal Climate Change Impacts in the United States (196 pp, 13.1MB)

This report summarizes the science of climate change and the impacts of climate change on the U.S., now and in the future. It is largely based on results of the USGCRP and integrates those results with related research from around the world. This report discusses climate-related impacts for various societal and environmental sectors and regions across the nation. This report also identifies a number of areas in which inadequate information or understanding hampers our ability to estimate future climate change and its impacts.

Publications and ReportsUSGCRPPreliminary Review of Adaptation Options for Climate-Sensitive Ecosystems and Resources Synthesis and Assessment Product 4-4 (550 pp, 20.4MB)

This report provides a preliminary review of adaptation options for climate-sensitive ecosystems and resources in the U.S. The term "adaptation" in this document refers to adjustments in human social systems (e.g., management) in response to climate stimuli and their effects. Such an examination allows for discussion of specific adaptation options as well as potential barriers and opportunities for implementation.

Publications and ReportsUSGCRPRe-Analyses of Historical Climate Data for Key Atmospheric Features. Implications for Attribution of Causes of Observed Changes. Synthesis and Assessment Product 1-3 (156 pp, 7.3MB)

Discusses the utility and deficiencies of reanalysis in climate research problems. The report goes on to emphasize that significant improvements are possible and makes several recommendations as to how this can be accomplished. Last, based on current understanding, an analysis of North American climate variability is presented.

Publications and ReportsUSGCRPScientific Assessment of the Effects of Global Change on the United States (271 pp, 2.7MB)

This national scientific assessment integrates, evaluates, and interprets the findings of the U.S. Climate Change Science Program (CCSP) and draws from and synthesizes findings from previous assessments of the science, including CCSP Synthesis and Assessment Products and reports by the IPCC. It analyzes the effects of global change on natural and human environments, agriculture, water resources, social systems, energy production and use, transportation, and human health. It analyzes current trends in global change, both natural and human-induced, and it projects major trends for the future.

Publications and ReportsUSGCRPTemperature Trends in Lower Atmosphere-Understanding and Reconciling Differences Synthesis and Assessment Product 1-1 (180 pp, 9MB)

This document describes atmospheric temperature profiles and the accuracy of the techniques used to make such measurements. These profiles are explained based on current understanding of the field and changes over time are addressed as a result of human impact and observational or methodological uncertainty. Recommendations are made to improve understanding of previously mentioned changes.

Publications and ReportsUSGCRPThe First State of the Carbon Cycle Report (SOCCR): The North American Carbon Budget and Implications for the Global Carbon Cycle. Synthesis and Assessment Product 2-2 (264 pp, 9.8MB)

An overview of the carbon cycle in North America. Topics include why the carbon cycle is important, how North America plays into the global carbon cycle, history of North America carbon budget, impacts to the carbon cycle and how carbon science can be improved for decision making. The majority of this document is an introduction to the carbon cycle in North America; water is mentioned on occasion, mostly as a source/sink of carbon.

Publications and ReportsUSGCRPWater: The Potential Consequences of Climate Variability and Change for the Water Resources of the United States (160 pp, 1.8MB)

This report discusses the impacts of climate change on U.S. water resources, including impacts on managed water-resource systems and potential adaptations for the water sector. The report was written as the input of the Water Sector Assessment Team into the U.S. National Assessment of the Potential Consequences of Climate Variability and Change Sector: Water Resources.

Publications and ReportsUSGCRPWeather and Climate Extremes in a Changing Climate Regions of Focus: North America, Hawaii, Caribbean, and U.S. Pacific Islands Synthesis and Assessment Product 3-3 (180 pp, 9.4MB)

This report addresses why changes in magnitude and frequency of weather events (e.g. drought, heat, precipitation) are of importance. The report offers explanations of these changes, relating to global warming. Measures for improved understanding of these changes are recommended.

Publications and ReportsUSGSNational Assessment of Shoreline Change: Historical Shoreline Change along the New England and Mid-Atlantic Coasts (66 pp, 14.5MB)

This report provides an analysis of long- and short-term historical trends along the New England and Mid-Atlantic coasts. Information about historic erosion rates may be used by coastal planners and managers to help plan for projected conditions, particularly as coastal communities continue to grow in population.

Publications and ReportsUniversity of ColoradoNative Communities and Climate Change: Protecting Tribal Resources as Part of National Climate Policy (69 pp, 547K)

A report in which researchers examine the impact that climate change will have on native communities and offers recommendations to Congress and federal agencies on how to deal with these changes.

Publications and ReportsUniversity of MaineMaine's Climate Future Report (74 pp, 18.5MB)

This report considers past climate change, recent evidence of accelerated rates of change, and the implications of continued climate change in Maine as a result of greenhouse gas emissions. The report also highlights examples of adaptation challenges, and emphasizes new opportunities that exist in an era of climate change. The sectors discussed in this report include: agriculture, forest products, tourism and recreation, transportation, energy, human health issues, and economic issues.

Publications and ReportsUniversity of Michigan, NOAA, SeaGrantClimate Ready Great Lakes (529 pp, 71.6MB)

The Climate Ready Lakes Project was initiated to increase the capacity to respond to the unique impacts of climate change in the Great Lakes area. This dissertation was written to address the specific education and training needs of decision makers. Three training modules are included that address climate impacts, adaptation plans and relevant tools and resources respectively. Modules were developed following a process that reviewed the relevant literature, conducted a needs assessment and reviewed other applicable tools.

Publications and ReportsUniversity of OregonA Guide for Tribal Leaders on U.S. Climate Change Programs (16 pp, 206K)

This document provides brief descriptions and links to government programs that address climate change and provide opportunities for tribal engagement. Profiles of existing tribal programs that incorporate climate change are also included.

Publications and ReportsUniversity of OregonPreparing the Pacific Northwest for Climate Change (32 pp, 295K)

This report is intended to assist climate preparation efforts by public agencies, non-profits and private companies throughout the Pacific Northwest. The four sectors discussed in the report include: (1) natural systems, defined for the purposes of this project as ecosystems and biodiversity; (2) built systems, defined as buildings, road, energy and water systems and other critical infrastructure; (3) human systems, defined as public health, emergency management, and social service functions; and (4) economic systems, defined as forestry, agriculture, high tech and other industries.

Publications and ReportsUniversity of WashingtonPreparing for Climate Change: A Guidebook for Local, Regional, and State Governments (186 pp, 5.6MB)

This guidebook was developed to help decision makers in a local, regional, or state government prepare for climate change by recommending a detailed, easy-to-understand process for climate change preparedness based on familiar resources and tools.

Publications and ReportsUniversity of WashingtonThe Washington Climate Change Impacts Assessment (414 pp, 138MB)

The assessment addresses the impacts of global climate change over the next 50 years or more on eight sectors: hydrology and water resources, energy, agriculture, salmon, forests, coasts, urban stormwater infrastructure, and human health. In addition, this assessment addresses the need for adaptive planning and adaptation options within each sector.

Publications and ReportsUrban Land Institute, Ernst & YoungInfrastructure 2010: Investment Imperative (102 pp, 6.8MB)

This report presents the United States' investment needs for infrastructure development and improving water, sewer, and power systems. This report specifically describes the need to allocate water supplies in response to expected increasing water demand due to population growth and climate change. Some of the proposed approaches include repairing outmoded systems, developing collaborative regional strategies, implementing conservation, applying better land use techniques, and using new innovative recycling technologies.

Publications and ReportsWERF, Electric Power Research Institute Sustainable Water Resources Management Volume 3: Case Studies on New Water Paradigm (172 pp, 1.5MB)

This report constructs a framework for supporting a new paradigm which includes (1) an integrated planning structure that connects current institutional silos; (2) a technical toolbox to use in the context of performance-based requirements at the watershed and community scale; and (3) regulatory flexibility to encourage innovation and affect better outcomes.

Publications and ReportsWRIEnabling Adaptation: Priorities for Supporting the Rural Poor in a Changing Climate (12 pp, 193K)

This paper reasons that (1) the poor, and in particular the resource dependent rural poor, should be a central concern in any effective adaptation funding effort; and (2) effective adaptation strategies need support for building resilience through natural resource management.

Publications and ReportsWater ReUse Research Foundation, Water ReUse CaliforniaDirect Potable Reuse: A Path Forward (114 pp, 4.3MB)

This report identifies the information and research needed to provide a basis for the feasibility of direct potable reuse, or the introduction of purified water into a water supply distribution system or the raw water supply immediately upstream of a water treatment plant.  The primary focus of the report is implementing direct potable reuse in California. 

Publications and ReportsWater Research FoundationClimate Change and Drinking Water (32 pp, 1.4MB)

This special edition of Drinking Water Research focuses on drinking water and climate change. There are a number of articles on climate change impacts on water resources, water quality, infrastructure, management and communication, and energy and environment.

Publications and ReportsWater Research FoundationTechnical Briefings-Climate Change

These briefings provide technical information for utilities seeking a better understanding of climate change. Briefings are provided as part of the Water Research Foundation Climate Change Clearinghouse.

Publications and ReportsWater Research FoundationThe Future of Research on Climate Change Impacts on Water (154 pp, 6.5MB)

This report provides a summary of research and decision tools that are needed to help develop strategies to adapt the water sector for current and future climate change impacts. The five major workgroup areas that contributed to the report are: flooding and wet weather, water quality, coastal zone management, water supply and drought and the water-energy nexus. Each section details key decisions that need to be made by utility managers.

Publications and ReportsWater Research FoundationWater Utility Case Studies

This site offers documentation related to case studies of water utilities responding to climate change. Part of Water Research Foundation Climate Change Clearinghouse.

Publications and ReportsWater UKA Climate Change Adaptation Approach for Asset Management Planning (15 pp, 280K)

This planning tool supports a common approach for the water industry to assess adaptation risks and their incorporation into asset management planning.

Publications and ReportsWater Utility Climate AllianceDecision Support Planning Methods: Incorporating Climate Change Uncertainties into Water Planning (113 pp, 9.5MB)

This white paper outlines planning approaches to help water utilities adapt to climate change. It was produced to help water utilities consider and evaluate traditional and emerging planning techniques for use in their own climate adaptation efforts. Integrating climate change information into water utility planning is as essential but potentially difficult part of climate change adaptation. This paper helps water utilities identify the most suitable method(s) for their planning needs.

Publications and ReportsWater Utility Climate AllianceOptions for Improving Climate Modeling to Assist Water Utility Planning for Climate Change (146 pp, 3.2MB)

This report examines how investments in the science of climate change, and in particular climate modeling, can best be directed to help improve the quality of science so that it may be more useful to water utilities and other possible users in adapting to climate change. The main focus of this report is the identification of investments in the science of climate change that, in the opinion of the authors, can best improve the science to support adaptation.

Publications and ReportsWater Utility Climate AlliancePresentation on Developing New Methods for Incorporating Climatic Uncertainties into Water Planning (9 pp, 513K)

Presentation highlights the need for new planning methods to address climatic uncertainty with regards to water utility operations. The presentation offers seven steps for adaptation, decision support activities, and four planning methods.

Publications and ReportsWestern Governors' AssociationClimate Adaptation Priorities for the Western States: Scoping Report (20 pp, 630K)

This report was developed in an effort to identify state and regional priorities for planning and adapting to a changing climate. Three specific goals were identified for further discussion: (1) foster coordination on adaptation activities, particularly between state and federal efforts; (2) identify key science needs for Western states; and (3) begin to share smart practices among states.

Publications and ReportsWestern Governors' AssociationProceedings of Climate Change Research Needs Workshop (56 pp, 2.9MB)

This report details the proceedings of the 2007 Western Governors Association workshop on climate change research needs. The need to identify adaptation strategies in addition to mitigation efforts was emphasized by conference participants. Governors also stressed the importance of increased communication between research and policy via applications to water management.

Publications and ReportsWestern States Federal Agency Support TeamWestern States Federal Agency Support Team Agencies Water Climate Change Program Inventory (19 pp, 195K)

This inventory includes the current water science and water management climate change activities of Western States Federal Agency Support Team member agencies. The purpose of this inventory is to share information on Federal climate change programs that are relevant to western water managers to facilitate closer coordination between Federal agencies and State water scientists and managers.

Publications and ReportsWestern Water AssessmentIntermountain West Climate Summary

The Intermountain West Climate Summary provides the latest climate information in a simple compact document aimed at water managers, planners and policy makers with water-related interests. These summaries are released about 8 times annually.

Publications and ReportsWestern Water AssessmentThe Impact of Earlier Spring Snowmelt on Water Rights and Administration: A Preliminary Overview of Issues and Circumstances in the Western States (38 pp, 381K)

This project examines the effect earlier snowmelt will have on the current regime of water rights in the American West.

Publications and ReportsWorld BankAssessing Vulnerability and Adaptive Capacity to Climate Risks: Methods for Investigation at Local and National Levels (30 pp, 1.1MB)

This paper, written as part of the World Bank's Economics of Adaptation to Climate Change study, proposes village-level investigations of climate change vulnerability and adaptation capacity. These investigations should engage diverse stakeholders in structured discussions that utilize a GIS-based tool.

Publications and ReportsWorld Business Council for Sustainable DevelopmentAdaptation: An Issue Brief for Business (28 pp, 628K)

This document gives an overview of adaptation for businesses including a description of potential climate change impacts, risks and opportunities.

Publications and ReportsWorld Health OrganizationUNFCCC Guidelines: Methods of Assessing Human Health Vulnerability and Public Health Adaptation to Climate Change (112 pp, 674K)

These guidelines provide information on qualitative and quantitative methods of assessing human health vulnerability and public health adaptation to climate change. The health outcomes considered are: (1) morbidity and mortality from heat and heat-waves, air pollution, floods and windstorms, and food insecurity; (2) vector-borne diseases; (3) water- and food-borne diarrheal diseases; and (4) adverse health outcomes associated with stratospheric ozone depletion.

Publications and ReportsYale UniversityAmericans' Knowledge of Climate Change (82 pp, 8.9MB)

This report is the result of a national study of what Americans understand about how the climate system works and the causes, impacts, and potential solutions to global warming. The study found that 63 percent of Americans believe that global warming is happening, but many do not understand why. The study also found important gaps in knowledge and common misconceptions about climate change and the earth system.

Tools and ModelsCalifornia Energy Commission, California Climate Change Center at Scripps Institution of Oceanography, The Western Regional Climate Center at Desert Research InstituteCalifornia Climate Data Archive (CalCLIM)

Website offers a variety of climate data and products for researchers, state and local agencies, and anyone interested in California climate. Data are available from stations in the following networks: NWS Cooperative (COOP), SNOTEL, RAWS, Surface Airways (SAO)/METAR, CIMIS, CDEC, NOAA buoys.

Tools and ModelsClimate Change Institute for Environmental Studies, Vrije Universiteit AmsterdamSpatial Tools for River Basins and Environment and Analysis of Management Options (STREAM)

STREAM is a spatial hydrological model that allows for assessing hydrological impacts due to changes in climate and socio economic drivers. It is set up according to a policy analysis framework and ensures a structured approach for an entire river basin including the coastal zone. STREAM has primarily been applied to studies to assess impacts of climate change, climate variability, and land use changes to water resources in river basins.

Tools and ModelsDOI Bureau of ReclamationBias Corrected and Downscaled WCRP CMIP3 Climate Projections

This data archive contains fine spatial-resolution translations of 112 contemporary climate projections over the contiguous U.S. and parts of Canada and Mexico. The Bureau has applied a process to bias-correct these model results down to 1/8th degree across the U.S. This website describes the data, provides tutorials for downloading and interpreting the data, and enables users to select a subset of the data specific to their needs.

Tools and ModelsDOI USGSCASCaDE: Computational Assessments of Scenarios of Change for the Delta Ecosystem

The CASCaDE project comprises an approach for determining how multiple drivers of environmental change would interact to change ecosystems targeted for restoration by the CALFED Bay-Delta Program. CASCaDE is aimed at building an understanding of how the ecosystem might respond to the cascading effects of changes as they propagate from the climate system to watersheds to river networks to the Delta and San Francisco Bay. The linked modeling system will provide a scenario evaluation capability to assess a variety of possible management approaches to accommodating the projected changes. This site provides detailed information on methods, early results, and plans for future research.

Tools and ModelsDOI USGSPrecipitation Runoff Modeling System (PRMS)

PRMS is a modular-design, deterministic, distributed-parameter modeling system developed to evaluate the impacts of various combinations of precipitation, climate, and land use on streamflow, sediment yields, and general basin hydrology.

Tools and ModelsDOI USGSU.S. Geological Survey WaterAlert

WaterAlert notifies its users when certain parameters within surface water, groundwater, water quality, and precipitation categories measured by a USGS data-collection station exceed user-defined thresholds.

Tools and ModelsDOI USGSUSGS Surface-Water Data for the Nation

Nationally, USGS surface-water data includes more than 850,000 station years of time-series data that describe stream levels, streamflow (discharge), reservoir and lake levels, surface-water quality, and rainfall. The data are collected by automatic recorders and manual measurements at field installations across the Nation.

Tools and ModelsDOI USGSUSGS Water Resources Applications Software

Software and related documentation developed by the USGS. Categories include water quality and chemistry, groundwater, statistics and graphics, and surface water.

Tools and ModelsEPABASINS (Better Assessment Science Integrating point and Non-point Sources)

BASINS is a multi-purpose environmental analysis system that integrates a geographical information system (GIS), national watershed data, and state-of-the-art environmental assessment and modeling tools into one convenient package. The Climate Assessment Tool within BASINS assesses potential impacts of a changing climate on stream flows and pollutant loads.

Tools and ModelsEPAClimate Resilience Evaluation and Awareness Tool

The Climate Resilience Evaluation and Awareness Tool (CREAT) is a software tool that assists utility managers and operators in understanding and assessing their climate-related risks and developing adaptation measures to reduce those risks.

Tools and ModelsEPAEPA Modeling Products

The EPA Center for Exposure Assessment Modeling (CEAM) provides proven predictive exposure assessment techniques for aquatic, terrestrial, and multimedia pathways for organic chemicals and metals. Surface water, groundwater, food chain, and multimedia models are available. (EFDC, EXAMS , EXPRESS, GCSOLAR, HSCTM2D, HSPF, PRZM3, QUAL2K, RUSLE2, SERAFM, SWMM, Visual Plumes, WASP, WHATIF).

Tools and ModelsEPATabletop Exercise Tool for Water Systems

The Tabletop Exercise Tool for Water Systems includes materials to facilitate an exercise which may focus on emergency preparedness, emergency response and/or climate resiliency. Users can choose between fifteen possible scenarios that include natural and manmade hazards for short and long term time frames.

Tools and ModelsFlorida Institute of TechnologyClimate Adaptation Library

This website is an online resource for accessing webinars and articles related to coastal spatial planning and adaptation. Material supports planning across local and international scales. The site also includes links to partners and the capability to submit your material for sharing with users.

Tools and ModelsIPCCIPCC Data Distribution Centre

The Data Distribution Centre provides climate, socio-economic and environmental data, both from the past and also in scenarios projected into the future.

Tools and ModelsInternational Institute for Sustainable DevelopmentCRiSTAL- Community-based Risk Screening Tool- Adaptation and Livelihoods

The Community-based Risk Screening Tool - Adaptation and Livelihoods (CRiSTAL) is designed to help project planners and managers integrate climate change adaptation and risk reduction into community-level projects. These projects can help people adapt through activities that restore ecosystems, strengthen local capacities for risk management, and diversify livelihoods. Website provides links to download site and reference material for using the tool.

Tools and ModelsIsland Press, EcoAdaptCAKE: Climate Adaptation Knowledge Exchange

Climate Adaptation Knowledge Exchange (CAKE) is a joint project of Island Press and EcoAdapt aimed at building a shared knowledge base and innovative community of practice for managing natural systems in the face of climate change. The website consists of five linked components: (1) Virtual Library; (2) Case Studies; (3) Directory; (4) Tools; and (5) Community. Additional links from the website take users to discussion forums and news items related to resource management and adaptation.

Tools and ModelsLawrence Livermore National Laboratory Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison Climate Data Analysis Tool (CDAT)

The Climate Data Analysis Tool (CDAT) makes use of an open-source, object-oriented, easy-to-learn scripting language (Python) to link together separate software subsystems and packages to form an integrated environment for data analysis. Outside collaborators work independently and contribute on an equal basis with PCMDI.

Tools and ModelsMax Planck Institute for Meteorology (MPI) and the Deutsches Klimarechenzentrum (DKRZ), GermanyECHAM4 (with OPYC3)

The numerical model is the fourth-generation atmospheric general circulation model (ECHAM4). The model has evolved from the spectral weather prediction model of the European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF; Simmons et al. 1989). ECHAM4 uses the spectral transform method for dry dynamics while only water vapor, cloud water and trace constituents are advected by using a shape preserving semi-Lagrangian scheme. Applications of AOGCMs include weather forecasting, understanding the climate, and projecting global and regional climate change.

Tools and ModelsMax Planck Institute for Meteorology, GermanyECHAM5/MPI-OM

An Atmospheric and Oceanic General Circulation Model (AOGCM) developed by coupling the atmosphere model ECHAM5 and the ocean- sea ice model MPI-OM without flux adjustments. The coupled models have been used to simulate present and future precipitation and monsoons in East Asia. Other applications of AOGCMs include weather forecasting, understanding the climate, and projecting global and regional climate change.

Tools and ModelsMeteorological Institute of the University of Bonn, Meteorological Research Institute of the Korea Meteorological Administration (KMA), and Model and Data Group, Germany/KoreaECHO-G

ECHO-G is an Atmospheric and Oceanic General Circulation Model developed by coupling the atmosphere model ECHAM4 to the ocean model HOPE-G. ECHAM4 is a fourth generation atmospheric general circulation model. HOPE-G is the global version of the Hamburg ocean primitive equation model. The model is appropriate for paleoclimatic experiments.

Tools and ModelsNASA GISS-ER

This uses the ModelE atmospheric code (internal version number E3), with 20 layers in the vertical, a model top at 0.1 mb and coupled to the Russell ocean model (4x5xL13). This corresponds to the rundeck E1aoM20.R in the Model E distribution. Differs from GISS-EH only in its ocean component This uses the same atmospheric model as the previous version, but coupled instead to the HYCOM ocean model.

Tools and ModelsNASA Panoply

Panoply is a Java application which plots geo-gridded arrays from netCDF, HDF and GRIB datasets.

Tools and ModelsNOAACenter for Operational Oceanographic Products and Services (CO-OPS)

CO-OPS provides the national infrastructure, science, and technical expertise to monitor, assess, and distribute tide, current, water level, and other coastal oceanographic products and services that support NOAA's mission of environmental stewardship and environmental assessment and prediction.

Tools and ModelsNOAACoastal Inundation Toolkit

The toolkit contains information and resources for investigating the mechanisms of coastal inundation and identifying sites for event preparation and assessment of risks. These resources include models, visualization tools, training, and agency contacts. Visitors can obtain information regarding their vulnerability and strategies for building coastal resilience.

Tools and ModelsNOAADigital Coast

This website provides access to geospatial data sets as well as the relevant tools, training and information needed for coastal management. Available resources are the results of a partnership between federal, state and local organizations. Digital Coast provides access to resources that inform collaborative efforts and enable on the ground decision making.

Tools and ModelsNOAANOAA Climate Portal

The NOAA Climate Services Portal, for its initial prototype, has focused on developing the infrastructure and capacity to showcase a wide breadth of climate information to our users. The initial intent is to highlight some of most popular datasets/products based on customer usage of the data.

Tools and ModelsNOAANOAA Coastal County Snapshots

This website provides the capability to view flood exposure by county from a pull down map. Snapshots detail a county's demographic, infrastructure and environment within the flood zone.

Tools and ModelsNOAAState of the Climate

The State of the Climate site produces reports of monthly summaries recapping climate-related occurrences on both a global and national scale. Each report provides specific data on drought, wildfire, tropical storms, snow/ice, tornados, hazards and El Nino analysis.

Tools and ModelsNOAA 20th Century Reanalysis (V1)

20th Century Reanalysis contains objectively-analyzed 4-dimensional weather maps and their uncertainty for most of the 1900s.

Tools and ModelsNOAA Climate Prediction Center (CPC) Merged Analysis of Precipitation (CMAP)

Monthly and pentad global gridded precipitation means. It includes a standard and enhanced version (with NCEP Reanalysis) from 1979 to near the present.

Tools and ModelsNOAA Climate Prediction Center .25x.25 Daily US Unified Precipitation

U.S. high resolution gridded precipitation (from station data) for 1948 to 1998.

Tools and ModelsNOAA Climate Prediction Center Hourly Precipitation

National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) hourly gridded U.S. station precipitation from 1948.

Tools and ModelsNOAA Climate Research Unit Air Temperature and Combined Air Temperature/Marine Anomalies V3

Global gridded (5 degrees x 5 degrees) monthly anomalies of observed air temperature and combined observed air and marine temperature (HADCRU3) from the mid 1800s to the present.

Tools and ModelsNOAA Dai Palmer Drought Severity Index

Monthly gridded global PDI (Palmer Drought Index) values from 1854-2003 from NCAR.

Tools and ModelsNOAA GFDL-CM2.x

GFDL CM2.0 is being applied to topics focusing on decadal-to-centennial time scale issues (including multi-century control experiments and climate change projections), as well as to seasonal-to-interannual problems, such as El Niño research and experimental forecasts. The CM2.0 model represents a clean break from previous generations of GFDL climate models. All the main coupled model components (the atmosphere, ocean, sea ice and land surface models) were developed from new code sets. It was one of nine AOGCMs used to study the impact of climate change on the East Asian Winter Monsoon. Other applications of AOGCMs include weather forecasting, understanding the climate, and projecting global and regional climate change. The newer CM2.1 model uses a Finite-Volume (FV) dynamical core, whereas CM2.0 employed a B-grid dynamical core. Also, the time stepping scheme of the ocean component and lateral viscosity differ in the two models.

Tools and ModelsNOAA GPCP V2 Precipitation

Global Precipitation Climatology Project monthly precipitation dataset from 1979-present combines precipitation data from ground and satellite observations into 2 degree x 2 degree global grids.

Tools and ModelsNOAA Global Precipitation Climatology Centre (GPCC)

Two datasets are provided here. First is the monitoring product for the period 1986 to present, based on quality-controlled data from 7,000 stations. The second is the Full Data Product for the period 1951 to 2004, based on quality-controlled data from a larger number of stations (up to 43,000) with irregular coverage in time. This product is optimized for best spatial coverage and use for water budget studies.

Tools and ModelsNOAA NOAA National Climatic Data Center Climate Monitoring Products

Historical and current climate reports and analysis.

Tools and ModelsNOAA Northern Hemisphere EASE-Grid Snow Cover and Sea Ice Extent

The NSIDC weekly snow cover and ice dataset has been interpolated to a 1 degree x 1 degree Northern Hemisphere grid and a monthly time-scale covering 1971 to 1995.

Tools and ModelsNOAA, Connecticut DEP, University of ConnecticutConnecticut Coastal Hazards Portal and Coastal Inundation Visualization Tool

The portal provides a centralized source of information for municipal officials, coastal property owners, state coastal managers, and the general public on coastal hazards, including those associated with climate change. Links to primers on hazards and climate change are provided, along with information on management practices and a visualization tool for inundation from example scenarios.

Tools and ModelsNOAA, Regional Climate Centers, and State Climate Offices Applied Climate Information System (ACIS)

The Applied Climate Information System (ACIS) is designed to manage the complex flow of information from climate data collectors to the end users of climate information. ACIS brings historical climate information and near real-time data together under one umbrella system where they are fused into quality products to assess historical climate trends, enhance daily operational decisions, or assist with any number of climate dependent activities.

Tools and ModelsNational Center for Atmospheric ResearchCCSM3

The Community Climate System Model (CCSM) is a coupled climate model for simulating the climate system of the earth. Composed of four separate models simultaneously simulating the atmosphere of the earth, ocean, land surface and sea-ice, and one central coupler component, the CCSM allows researchers to conduct fundamental research into the past, present and future climate states of the earth.

Tools and ModelsNational Drought Mitigation CenterDrought Impact Reporter

This database stores and displays comprehensive information related to drought impacts in the U.S. Accessible information provides key drought context and detail, as well as readily summarized information on impacts related to agriculture, energy, plants/wildlife, public health, water supply and quality, business, fire, relief work and tourism.

Tools and ModelsNational Key Laboratory of Numerical Modeling for Atmospheric Sciences and Geophysical Fluid Dynamics (LASG),Institute of Atmospheric Physics, ChinaFGOALS-g1.0

A Flexible coupled Ocean-Atmosphere-Land System Model (FGOALS, version g1.0). To distinguish between the different impacts of natural variations and human activities on the climate change, three-member ensemble runs are performed for each scenario experiment. One of nine Coupled Atmosphere-Ocean GCMs used to study the impact of climate change on the East Asian Winter Monsoon.

Tools and ModelsNational Weather Service International Activities OfficeNational Weather Service Hydrologic Software and Documentation*

Software and documentation includes: (1) National Weather Service River Forecast System (NWSRFS). NWSRFS is a comprehensive set of hydrologic techniques used by National Weather Service (NWS) River Forecast Centers (RFCs) to perform their forecast functions. NWSRFS includes techniques and programs for developing river forecasts from the initial processing of historical data to the preparation of forecasts. The programs are generalized for use on any river system. and (2) Sacramento Soil Moisture Accounting Model: Conceptual model based on physical concepts that describe water movement trough a watershed. Used by the NWS in various locations across the U.S. Lumped model approach with reliance on much calibration.

Tools and ModelsOregon State University PRISM Group, Northwest Alliance for Computational Science and EngineeringParameter-elevation Regressions on Independent Slopes Model (PRISM)

PRISM is a unique knowledge-based system that uses point measurements of precipitation, temperature, and other climatic factors to produce continuous, digital grid estimates of monthly, yearly, and event-based climatic parameters. Continuously updated, this unique analytical tool incorporates point data, a digital elevation model, and expert knowledge of complex climatic extremes, including rain shadows, coastal effects, and temperature inversions. PRISM data sets are recognized world-wide as the highest-quality spatial climate data sets currently available. PRISM is the USDA official climatological data.

Tools and ModelsResources for the FutureAdaptation Atlas

The Adaptation Atlas is a dynamic mapping tool that supports collecting, managing and evaluating the spatial information needed for successful adaptation. The Atlas brings together diverse sets of data on the human impacts of climate change and adaptation activities across the themes of food, water, land, health and livelihood to help researchers, policymakers, planners and citizens to establish priorities for action on adaptation. Website provides links to the tool tutorial, resources, online data, and mapping tool.

Tools and ModelsThe Nature ConservancyClimate Wizard

This plotting package displays temperature and precipitation projections on a map of the U.S., with the capabilities to zoom, download grid location data, and select month(s), emission scenarios, and projection percentiles.

Tools and ModelsThe Nature ConservancyKnowledge Base for Climate Change Adaptation

This website supports a community of practice of Nature Conservancy staff and partners in providing scientists, practitioners and advocates access to the latest news, research, tools, methods, and best practices in climate change adaptation. Links to materials organized by these categories are provided on this site along with the capability to contribute your own research results and news.

Tools and ModelsThe Nature Conservancy, University of Southern MississippiEcosystem Assessment and Reporting Tool

The Ecosystem Assessment and Reporting Tool provides standard ecoregional status measures in a GIS-based tool to integrate data across the Inter-American Biodiversity Information Network Thematic Networks (TN). This tool seeks to maximize the information available in the Inter-American Biodiversity Information Network Ecosystems and Protected Areas TNs, by providing conservation decision makers products for assessing the extent of ecosystems under effective conservation, offering direction on where to work and what actions may be needed to improve biodiversity conservation.

Tools and ModelsU.S. Army Corps of EngineersWater Quality Models and Tools

This resource contains a variety of water quality models and tools for assessing reservoirs, rivers, estuaries, wetlands, and more. (CE-QUAL, TWQM, QUAL2E, etc.).

Tools and ModelsU.S. Army Corps of Engineers Hydrologic Engineering Center (HEC) Models*

The Hydrologic Engineering Center has been developing computer software for hydrologic engineering and planning analysis procedures since its inception in 1964. These models include: (1) Hydrologic Engineering Centers River Analysis System (HEC- RAS): HEC-RAS allows you to perform one-dimensional steady flow, unsteady flow, sediment transport/mobile bed computations, and water temperature modeling; (2) Geospatial Hydrologic River Analysis System Extension (HEC-GeoRAS): HEC-GeoRAS is a set of procedures, tools, and utilities for processing geospatial data in ArcGIS using a graphical user interface (GUI); (3) Hydrologic Modeling System (HEC-HMS): HEC-HMS is designed to simulate the precipitation-runoff processes of dendritic watershed systems; and (4) Geospatial Hydrologic Modeling Extension (HEC-GeoHMS) - HEC-GeoHMS has been developed as a geospatial hydrology toolkit for engineers and hydrologists with limited GIS experience.

Tools and ModelsUSDA, Colorado State University Aquarius

This computer model depicts the temporal and spatial allocation of water flows among competing traditional and nontraditional water uses in a river basin. Can be used to determine economically efficient water destination strategies.

Tools and ModelsUSDA, NOAAU.S. Drought Portal

This website provides online access to basic information regarding drought in the U.S., including multiple national and regional data sources, up-to-date reports of incidents and impacts, and links to upcoming events. Information is organized around the U.S. Drought Monitor.

Tools and ModelsUSDA, Texas A&M UniversitySoil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT)

SWAT is a river basin scale model developed to quantify the impact of land management practices in large, complex watersheds. SWAT is designed to predict the effect of management decisions on water, sediment, nutrient and pesticide yields with reasonable accuracy on large, ungaged river basins.

Tools and ModelsUniversity Corporation for Atmospheric Research and National Center for Atmospheric Research MAGICC/SCENGEN

The Model for the Assessment of Greenhouse-gas Induced Climate Change (MAGICC) is a simple climate model. SCENGEN (SCENario GENerator) is a database that contains the results of a large number of GCM experiments, observed global and regional climate data sets and simple analytical modules. MAGICC/SCENGEN converts scenarios of greenhouse gas and sulfur dioxide emissions into estimates of global-mean surface air temperature and sea level changes, and then into descriptions of future changes in regional climate.

Tools and ModelsUniversity Corporation for Atmospheric Research's Unidata, National Science FoundationIntegrated Data Viewer (IDV)

IDV brings together the ability to display and work with satellite imagery, gridded data (for example, numerical weather prediction model output), surface observations, balloon soundings, NWS WSR-88D Level II and Level III RADAR data, and NOAA National Profiler Network data, all within a unified interface. It also provides 3-D views of the earth system and allows users to interactively slice, dice, and probe the data, creating cross-sections, profiles, animations and value read-outs of multi-dimensional data sets. The IDV can display any Earth-located data if it is provided in a known format.

Tools and ModelsUniversity of WashingtonDistributed Hydrology Soil Vegetation Model (DHSVM)

DHSVM is a distributed hydrologic model that explicitly represents the effects of topography and vegetation on water fluxes through the landscape. It is typically applied at high spatial resolutions on the order of 100 m for watersheds of up to 104 square km and at sub-daily timescales for multi-year simulations. It has been applied predominantly to mountainous watersheds in the Pacific Northwest in the United States.

Tools and ModelsUniversity of WashingtonVariable Infiltration Capacity model (VIC)

VIC is a macro scale, semi-distributed hydrologic model that solves full water and energy balances, originally developed by Xu Liang at the University of Washington.

Tools and ModelsWarren Pinnacle ConsultingSea Level Affecting Marshes Model (SLAMM)

The Sea Level Affecting Marshes Model (SLAMM) simulates the dominant processes involved in wetland conversions and shoreline modifications during long-term sea level rise. Map distributions of wetlands are predicted under conditions of accelerated sea level rise, and results are summarized in tabular and graphical form. Website provides links to download the model and forum for updates, technical questions and feedback, Users Guide and technical documentation, SLAMM Model overview, current and recent projects, and a reference bibliography.

Tools and ModelsWestMap ConsortiumWestern Climate Mapping Initiative (WestMap)

WestMap toolbox is an interactive web-based interface providing lengthy time series of fine-scale (approx. 1-4 km) gridded climate data that can be aggregated to user-specified domains, and accompanying user-friendly resources. WestMap supports gridded PRISM climate data for the Western United States. The interface has been designed to allow expansion of this domain to the continental United States in the future.

Tools and ModelsWestern Regional Climate Center at Desert Research InstituteCalifornia Climate Tracker

Monthly station data, taken from cooperative observers (COOP),which are maintained by the National Weather Service, along with gridded data from the PRISM database, are used to assess climate across the state. The primary variables that are considered in this process are monthly average mean temperatures and monthly precipitation totals. Statewide, regional, and station based graphics and time series are produced each month.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsAMWA, Water Research Foundation, IWA, AWWA, Water Utility Climate AllianceClimate Change Impacts On Water: An International Adaptation Forum

The primary objectives of the forum were to exchange knowledge regarding adaptation strategies and the state of the science on climate adaptation tools; provide drinking water utility managers with information on international adaptation approaches; foster more applied research that can serve the U.S. water community; and inform policymakers of water utility adaptation needs and strategies.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsASDWAASDWA 24th Annual Conference and Water Sector Interdependencies Workshop

Special meeting focused on the interdependencies that are essential to safe drinking water supplies. Topics included water security, source water protections, sustainability, communication, and enforcement.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsASDWAASDWA 25th Annual Conference

Topics of discussion included new drinking water regulations, resources, small systems, and water security. Presentation themes included climate change, water and energy efficiency, and conservation.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsASDWAASDWA Workshop on Water Availability, Variability, and Sustainability

This Workshop was designed to help state water drinking water programs design action items related to future water supplies. Action items encouraged continued collaboration with state water resource managers and drinking water utilities, specifically to better understand and ensure the sustainability of drinking water supplies and protection of public health.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsAWRA2011 AWRA Summer Specialty Conference: Integrated Water Resources Management

This conference provided a forum to discuss the challenges and recent improvements regarding Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM), including both U.S. and international perspectives. IWRM, as part of climate change adaptation, may provide both sustainability and resiliency gains at the watershed scale.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsAWRA2011 Spring Specialty Conference, Managing Climate Change Impacts on Water Resources: Adaptation Issues, Options, and Strategies

This AWRA specialty conference focused on the following key questions: (1) What climate adaptation strategies, decision-making approaches, and planning and evaluation methods do water managers and water professionals need to prepare for climate change impacts on water resources? and (2) What kinds of assessment and planning approaches do we need; what kind of solutions and adaptations may be available and how much will they cost?

Training, Workshops and SeminarsAWRAAWRA 2009 Annual Water Resources Conference

Annual conference provided forum for participants to explore the many multidisciplinary aspects of water resources research, policy, and management. Website provides proceedings with links to presentations.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsAWRAAWRA 2010 Annual Water Resources Conference

Climate-related topics covered in sessions included agricultural hydrology, information management and tools, forest hydrology, water and energy, and water quality.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsAWRAAWRA 2010 Summer Specialty Conference

This 8th Caribbean Island Water Resources Congress built on previous conferences to discuss issues such as water supply, sustainable water planning, water quality, alternative water supplies, and coastal ecosystems in light of a changing climate.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsAWRAAWRA Annual Water Resources Conference

The AWRA Conference provided a forum for water resource professionals to present their latest research on surface water and groundwater interaction, effects of natural and anthropogenic sources on water quality, water reuse and conservation, artificial recharge, stormwater management, desalination, and other topics.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsAWWA, WEFThe 2012 Utility Management Conference

Conference provides opportunities for water and wastewater managers and professionals to hear about the latest approaches, practices, processes, techniques, case studies, and research in all aspects of utility management. Recent developments in sustainable management practices and technology will be presented.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsAmerican Society of Civil Engineers2010 Watershed Management Conference: Innovations in Watershed Management Under Land Use and Climate Change

This conference focused on approaches for managing water resources under climate and land use change. Topics included hydrologic measurement and modeling, integrated and/or adaptive water management, aquatic ecosystem restoration, risk-based design, and the use of regional predictions of climate change.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsAustralian National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility, CSIRO Climate Adaptation Flagship2010 International Climate Change Adaptation Conference: Climate Adaptations Futures, Preparing for the Unavoidable Impacts of Climate Change

This conference focused on climate impacts and adaptation to explore the way forward in a world where impacts are increasingly observable and adaptation actions are increasingly required. Emphasis was on the contribution of adaptation science to planning and policy making, and how robust adaptation decision making can proceed in the face of uncertainty about climate change and its impacts.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsCalifornia-Nevada Section AWWA2012 Spring Conference

Conference held to convene regional members to discuss topics surrounding the drinking water industry, including water resources, distribution, operations and maintenance, and water quality. Discussions have in the past included utility and government activities related to climate change planning and assessment.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsChartered Institution of Water and Environmental ManagementWater & Environment 2012: Chartered Institution of Water and Environmental Management Annual Conference

This annual meeting's theme is Green Revolution: Are We There Yet? and the program will include session topics on green policies and future resource security, futures, climate change and sustainability.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsCoastal Society2010 Conference: Shifting Shorelines-Adapting to the Future

This conference focused on innovative ideas to address coastal issues; integrating science, management, policy and decision-making. Themes of concurrent sessions included: changing shorelines, climate change, coastal economies, coastal environments and sociopolitical adaptation.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsDOEUS DOE On Demand Training: Energy 101

Energy 101 provides an introduction to Federal energy management. The training is designed for new Federal energy managers and others wanting an overall introduction to renewable energy, energy efficiency, and water efficiency.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsEPAEPA New England Climate Change Forum

This forum examined the latest scientific research on the impacts of climate change on our natural resources, and the science tools under development or still needed to help government officials plan for these impacts.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsEPAEPA Region 4 Clean and Sustainable Energy Conference

The primary goal of the meeting was to initiate a dialog among key stakeholders in the environmental and energy arenas that will help promote clean, affordable, and sustainable energy options across EPA Region 4. Example areas of discussion included strategies to facilitate growth of clean and sustainable energy sources from laboratory scale to commercial scale and the mitigation of obstacles confronting the growth of existing clean sustainable energy sources.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsEPAFirst National Expert and Stakeholder Workshop on Water Infrastructure Sustainability and Adaption to Climate Change

Climate change will have a large effect on water utilities and EPA is exploring ways to help them adapt and manage water infrastructure. With that in mind, the workshop discussed and discovered what tools and methods are needed to maintain and improve water infrastructure.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsEPAIntegrated Modeling to Characterize Climate Change Impacts and Support Decision Making

The EPA convened this workshop to facilitate the use of integrated modeling to inform and improve local, regional and national policy decisions relevant to climate mitigation and adaptation strategies. Attendees discussed the alignment of model development with climate change policy design, management and decision-making needs by connecting the climate change data producers with the climate change data users.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsEPAManaging Wet Weather with Green Infrastructure Workshop

The workshop goal was to build community knowledge of tools and practices needed to effectively implement green infrastructure and link practices with prevention and mitigation of water quality impacts. Green infrastructure as an approach to wet weather management provides cost-effective and sustainable technologies that infiltrate, evapotranspire, capture and reuse stormwater to maintain or restore natural hydrology.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsEPARisk Communication and Adaptation: A Vital Tool for Building Support for Climate Adaptation

The presentation discussed how to communicate the risk of climate change and how to move people to pursue adaptation efforts.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsEPASaving Water & Energy: Reducing Greenhouse Gases by Improving Efficiency

This webcast will identify opportunities for communities and water and wastewater utilities to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by improving water and energy efficiencies. WaterSense is an EPA-sponsored partnership program that seeks to protect the future of our water supply by promoting water efficiency and enhancing the market for water-efficient products, programs, and practices. The session will also provide information on how local and grassroots organizations can become more involved as well.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsEPASoutheast Adaptation Planning Workshop

This workshop presented the use of adaptation planning in coastal and water resources as an example to discuss adaptation planning in a wide range of potentially impacted sectors.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsEPASustainable Infrastructure Initiative: Series of Advanced Asset Management Training Workshops

In collaboration with partner organizations, workshops will provide training on best practices in Advanced Asset Management. The workshops are designed to meet the training needs of water and wastewater utility Chief Executive Officers and senior level personnel.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsEPAWater and Wastewater Infrastructure Operation, Maintenance, and Management Training for Tribal Operators and Leaders  

This series of training workshops, sponsored by the EPA, was designed to help Federally Recognized Tribes and Alaskan Native Villages develop and strengthen capacity in the operation of wastewater and drinking water treatment systems. These courses will be offered in four locations nation-wide through December 2012 and will be critical in informing water and wastewater system operators, tribal utility managers, and tribal leaders and members in ways to optimize and effectively manage their systems.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsEPAWatershed Academy Webcast Seminars

EPA's Watershed Academy provides free Webcast seminars for local watershed organizations, municipal leaders, and others. Webcasts are typically conducted on an approximately monthly basis. Attendees must register in advance to participate in Webcasts.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsEPAWebcast Series on Climate Change Adaptation for State and Local Governments

EPA hosted this webcast series to assist local governments with climate change and clean energy efforts. Webinar topics included Climate Impacts and Risk Communication, Adaptation Planning and Implementation, and Federal Resources and Support for Climate Change Adaptation.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsEPA, Lincoln Land Institute of Policy, Federal Loan Home Bank of BostonNew England Smart Growth Leadership Forum: Climate Change and Smart Growth

This annual forum brought together New England's leaders from government, the private sector, and non-profit organizations to share experiences in smart growth and learn from national experts about advances in the field.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsEPA, USGCRPClimate Change and Water Infrastructure Forum: Collaborating on Adaptation Challenges in the Pacific Northwest and Alaska

Forum held to explore the issues of adapting water resources and infrastructure to the impacts of climate change. The goals of the forum were the following: (1) Develop a common understanding of potential climate change impacts in the Pacific Northwest and Alaska; and (2) Discuss needs, tools, and opportunities for collaboration on water resources and water infrastructure adaptation to climate change.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsGlobal Energy and Water Cycle ExperimentSixth International Scientific Conference on the Global Energy and Water Cycle and Second Integrated Land Ecosystem-Atmosphere Study Science Conference

These conferences were held as joint sessions on three common themes: land in the climate system; aerosol, cloud, precipitation, climate interactions; and future generation of integrated observation and modeling systems. Discussions covered the latest scientific developments in the area of water, energy and biogeochemical cycles. Conferences also provided the opportunity for cross-fertilization between the sciences represented by both Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment, as part of the World Climate Research Program, and the Integrated Land Ecosystem-Atmosphere Process Study, as part of the International Geosphere-Biosphere Program in addressing present and future climate and global change challenges.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsGlobal Water Intelligence2012 Global Water Summit: Brave New World

The subject of this year's conference is: What does a successful water future look like? Speakers will discuss water-related themes including how to reverse-engineer the perfect water future; impacts of recent world events on the supply of water and financing of new water infrastructure; the future for desalination and water reuse; and new directions in quantifying risk for industrial water users.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsGround Water Protection Council2012 Underground Injection Control Conference

Promoted as the only conference in the U.S. dedicated solely to the topic of underground injection. Conference highlights areas such as geosequestration of carbon dioxide, hydraulic fracturing, and aquifer storage and recovery.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsHamburg University of Applied SciencesCLIMATE 2010-KLIMA 2010

Conference introduced the latest findings from scientific research on climate change and impacts on water cycles and water supply and water management strategies. Overall purpose was to foster discussion of the problems, barriers, challenges and opportunities and potentials related to promoting the sustainable use of water resources worldwide.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsICLEI Local Governments for SustainabilityResilient Cities 2011

Resilient Cities 2010 enabled information exchange, debate and policy development on approaches and solutions to climate change adaptation for cities and local governments.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsIWA8th IWA Leading-Edge Conference on Water and Wastewater Technologies

The annual leading-edge conference on water and wastewater technologies was focused specifically on advances and development in water and wastewater technologies. This year's drinking water track focused on technology developments that relate to water scarcity and improved efficiency. The wastewater track focused on the primary drivers for technology development: better economy and performance of systems, and adaptation or mitigation of climate change effects.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsIWA8th International Conference on Water Reclamation & Reuse: A Dependable Water Resource Under the Uncertainties of Climate Change

This conferenceprovided a forum to present and discuss water reclamation and reuse best practices and applications from efficiency to self-sufficiency. In many water-stressed areas, traditional measures for increasing water efficiency (water conservation) have gradually evolved towards measures to ensure water self-sufficiency. The case of Barcelona in Catalonia was used to illustrate this concept during the conference.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsIWAThe 12th International Specialized Conference on Watershed & River Basin Management

Conference sessions focused on Integrated River Basin Management. Discussion topics included River Basin Management Planning, Water Resource Management, Climate Change, Water Supply Protection, Governance Methods, Flood Control & Decision Support System.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsInternational Center for Integrated Water Resource Management, US Army Corps of Engineers, DOI USGS, DOI, NOAA, EPA, Colorado State UniversityWorkshop on Nonstationarity, Hydrologic Frequency Analysis, and Water Management

Meeting convened to discuss whether there is a need for new ways to model non-stationary processes for hydrologic frequency analysis and, if current approaches are not working, initiate mechanisms for a continuing dialog between water managers and scientists on methods to deal with climate uncertainty. Post-meeting goal is to formulate an Action Plan for next steps to develop practical guidance for water managers to deal with climate uncertainty.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsJacques Cousteau National Estuarine Research Reserve, Barnegat Bay Partnership, New Jersey Coastal Management Program, Monmouth UniversityWorkshop Proceedings (12 pp, 683K)

The proceedings from this workshop detail the conference goals and outcomes. Sessions included: an update on the status of establishing local indicators, state and federal planning, strategies and tools for adapting to sea level rise, and bringing local concerns to the federal level.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsMichigan Agricultural Experiment StationClimate Change Vulnerabilities and Opportunities: Michigan and Beyond

Participants at this conference reviewed current action in key areas of Michigan's Climate Action Plan and looked at how to move it forward. Participants also examined what climate change means in diverse segments of society and the environment, from health to transportation.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsMinnesota Sea Grant Northland Innovative Stormwater Management Conference

Event held to present techniques being used to manage stormwater in and around the Duluth MN region. Participants had opportunities to review new policies and regulations, and discussed emerging issues in stormwater management in urban and rural areas. Green infrastructure was proposed as a possible solution for helping to manage stormwater surges.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsNOAACoastal GeoTools 2011 Conference

Coastal GeoTools provides a network for sharing technical information relevant to the nation's coastal programs. The focus of the 2011 conference was building the Digital Coast, a Web platform that supports geospatial data, tools, and technical training.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsNOAACoastal Habitat Conservation in a Changing Climate: Strategies and Tools in the Greater Lakes Region Workshop

NOAA and its partners hosted a series of regionally-focused coastal habitat workshops to address the integration of climate change impact consideration into coastal habitat conservation and restoration activities. The goal of these workshops was to increase understanding of climate science within the Great Lakes region, provide experts and habitat managers with the tools needed to integrate climate change needs effectively and develop strategies for incorporating these needs into conservation planning.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsNOAA Digital Coasts Webinar Series

NOAA supports monthly webinars on coastal tools, issues, and data that highlight pertinent case studies and provide opportunities to engage with field experts. Webinar topics include Mapping and Visualizing Sea Level Rise and Coastal Flooding Impacts and Marshes on the Move: A Manager's Guide to Understanding and Using Model Results Depicting Potential Sea Level Rise Impacts on Coastal Wetlands.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsNational AcademiesClimate Change Education Goals and Objectives

In a series of panel and breakout sessions, participants discussed the range of goals of climate change education, how to map those goals to various audiences, and strategies for reaching intermediaries, affinity groups, and other audiences.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsNational Association of Regulatory Utility CommissionersThe C8 Meeting: A Conversation about Clean Coal, Climate Change, Carbon Capture, and China

This session provided regulators with an opportunity to learn about what is known and where the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners is headed with clean coal, carbon capture and storage. Additional topics of discussion included what relationships and advances are being made in partnership with China in this arena.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsNational Estuarine Research Reserve System, NOAAClimate Change in the Great Lakes

The workshop, originally developed by the National Estuarine Research Reserve, lays a foundation in science and targets actions that can be considered in local and regional climate planning to adapt to the anticipated impacts of climate change for the Great Lakes region. It will focus on building planning capacity and addressing the needs of planners and other professionals involved in land use, public health, stormwater, emergency preparedness, and natural resource management issues across the region.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsNational Ground Water Association2009 Ground Water Summit

The summit focused on the critical role of ground water in the context of a changing climate with regard to water resources and provided insights into the nature of the challenges and opportunities ahead. Climate-related sessions included drought planning, ground water management, sustainability, and stationarity analysis.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsNational Ground Water Association Ground Water Summit and Ground Water Protection Council Spring Meeting2011 Ground Water Summit: Meeting Groundwater Challenges in Uncertain Times

This meeting included topics of importance related to ground water management and protection. Participants were encouraged to present work related to the following proposed sessions: (1) Aquifer Storage and Retrieval; (2) Brackish and Saline Groundwater Resources; (3) Dealing with Stormwater; (4) Eastern States Water Withdrawal and Allocation; (5) Implementing CO2 Geosequestration Programs; and (6) Water/Energy Co-reliance.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsNational Water Program2011 National Water Conference and 2011 Land Grant and Sea Grant National Water Conference

The conference provided opportunities for water scientists, engineers, educators, and managers to share knowledge and ideas, to identify and update emerging issues, and to network with leading researchers, educators, and innovators from academia, government, and the private sector. Invited speakers addressed current and future water resource management issues.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsNew England Interstate Water Pollution Control CommissionAnnual Nonpoint Source Pollution Conference 2010

This workshop was a forum for sharing information and improving communication on nonpoint source pollution issues and projects. The focus of the general session, as well as the keynote and closing addresses, was the impact of climate change on New England water quality.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsNorth Carolina Interagency Leadership TeamPlanning for North Carolina's Future: Ask the Climate Question

This workshop brought together decision makers from across the state to learn how North Carolina can enhance its resilience to the projected threats and impacts of climate change, and how those vary by region.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsOhio State UniversityOhio State University Climate Webinars

Ohio State University Climate Outreach Team provides monthly webinars on the topic of climate change that are intended to help localize the issue and share research and resources. All webinars are archived and accessible.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsOregon State UniversityThe Oregon Water Conference 2011: Evaluating and Managing Water Resources in a Climate of Uncertainty

This conference examined the following questions. What will climate change produce in the way of hydroecological changes? How much will population change, perhaps fueled by climate refugees, stress our water resources? Do we know how much water will be available?

Training, Workshops and SeminarsSeveral federal agenciesAdapting to Climate Change Workshop in the Mid-Atlantic

The goals of the workshop were to develop a common understanding of assessment techniques that determine potential climate change impacts for protected areas in the Mid-Atlantic U.S., and to explore adaptive management approaches that address those impacts.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsStanford University 2011 Behavior, Energy and Climate Change Conference

This conference focused on understanding the nature of individual and organizational behavior and decision making, and using that knowledge to accelerate our transition to an energy-efficient and low carbon economy. The conference participants reviewed recent behavioral research, discussed current and emerging policy issues, shared effective program/communication strategies, and encouraged collaboration across government, utility, business, and research sectors.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsState University of New York College of Environmental Science and ForestryGrowing Green Infrastructure in NY State

This conference provided a focused discussion and gathering of leaders, professionals, researchers, government officials, and others who wish to learn more about advances in green infrastructure applications. Experts and specialists on the local to regional level shared their insights into the growth of green infrastructure and will discuss current opportunities and barriers in the field.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsStockholm International Water InstituteWorld Water Week

World Water Week is hosted and organized by the Stockholm International Water Institute and takes place each year in Stockholm. The World Water Week has been the annual focal point for the globe's water issues since 1991. The theme for the 2012 conference is Water and Food Security.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsThe Cabell Brand CenterThe Impact of Climate Change on Water Resources and Water Infrastructures: Mitigation and Adaptation at the Local Level

The objective of this one-day workshop was to familiarize participants with the concept of climate change, its implications and possible ways to cope with the climate change now and in the future. Workshop instructors discussed issues that local jurisdictions and infrastructure personnel need to know about climate change, available tools for coping with the climate change, and funding opportunities.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsUnited Nations Economic Commission for EuropeWorkshop on Adaptation to Climate Change in Water Sector

This workshop aimed to share sector experiences and assist governments in developing strategies for adaptation, assess information needs, and address the benefits of and mechanisms for transboundary cooperation in adaptation. The workshop addressed institutional, policy, legal, scientific and financial aspects of adaptation in the water sector, including cross-cutting issues such as education.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsUniversity of ArizonaAdaptation to Climate Change in the Desert Southwest

This conference explored how adaptation could address projected climate change in the southwestern United States in a manner that reduces the environmental and social costs. Specifically, the presentation discussed what can be done immediately to maximize the potential for a sustainable southwestern natural and human habitat.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsUniversity of ArizonaUniversity of Arizona's Water Sustainability Program: Emerging Pathogens in Water

The workshop highlighted the latest research findings on emerging pathogens, detection and treatment issues, new real-time technologies, source tracking, regulatory issues and a special session on Naegleria and Balamuthia.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsUniversity of Florida, Southeast Climate Consortium, Florida Climate InstituteClimate Information and Management Risks 2011: Local to Regional Adaptation and Mitigation Strategies

This conference emphasized the challenges of applying climate information and predictions at local and regional levels around the world and addressed climate related vulnerabilities, impacts, and opportunities for adaptation. The topics addressed included climate variability and decadal climate change as they affect the most vulnerable sectors, namely, agriculture, water resources, coastal communities and ecosystems, and terrestrial ecosystems.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsUniversity of Nevada, Wessex Institute of Technology Transactions on Ecology and the EnvironmentWater and Society 2011

This international conference aimed to provide a multi-disciplinary forum for the presentation and discussion of many issues affecting water resources today. The meeting encouraged trans-disciplinary communication on issues related to the nature of water, and its use and exploitation by society. Water in a changing climate was a conference topic.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsUniversity of North CarolinaWater and Health Conference: Where Science Meets Policy

An international conference held to address critical areas in water resources. Themes for this conference included: Freshwater Availability & Climate Change Adaptation; Southeastern U.S. Water Challenges; Human Rights and Ethics; Small Community Water, Sanitation and Hygiene; Peri-urban Water, Sanitation and Hygiene; and Hygiene Behaviors and Household Water Treatment. 

Training, Workshops and SeminarsWEFEnergy and Water 2011: Efficiency, Generation, Management, and Climate Impacts

The Water Environment Federation and its cooperating partners held a conference covering energy issues in the water sector as well as climate change impacts and adaptation.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsWERFThe Sustainable Path for a Climate-Ready Utility

Utilities can learn how to integrate climate change considerations in planning for the future. This web seminar helped managers learn how to follow basic climatic, hydrologic, and ecologic principles to analyze climate change and the potential impacts on their facilities and operations.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsWERFWebinar: The Sustainable Path for a Climate-Ready Utility

Utilities can learn how to integrate climate change considerations in planning for the future. This webinar described how to follow basic climatic, hydrologic, and ecologic principles to analyze climate change and the potential impacts on their facilities and operations. Seattle Public Utilities will be discussed as an example of a public utility that is following the path to become climate ready.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsWater Research Foundation, WERF, NOAAClimate Change Research Needs Workshop

This workshop was held to bring federal agencies and utilities together to formulate a multi-year research agenda addressing climate change research needs in the water sector, and to raise awareness of these needs. Additionally, the website has been set up to enhance collaboration between water and wastewater utilities by encouraging posts of discussions, case studies, web links or other information relevant to the workshop.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsWestern Governors' AssociationImpacts of Climate Change on Extreme Events and Severe Weather Workshop

This workshop provided an opportunity to share information on how to predict and respond to extreme events that are likely to occur more frequently or with greater intensity due to climate change. The challenge of non-stationarity in climate to design standards as well as gaps in hydrological and climate science data were discussed in relation to water management and planning.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsWorld BankFifth Urban Research Symposium 2009: Cities and Climate Change Responding to an Urgent Agenda

The 5th Urban Research Symposium focused on Cities and Climate Change: Responding to an Urgent Agenda. This Symposium targeted the development of the research agenda on climate change from a city's perspective. Specifically, the research topics discussed were: impacts of city and urban growth on climate change; consequences of climate change on urban quality of life, city assets, and local and national economies; and alternatives to increase the resilience of cities and related costs and incentives required for successful implementation.

Training, Workshops and SeminarsWorld Water Forum5th World Water Forum

This international forum focused on water concerns from global to regional scales. The larger goal of the forum was to raise the political awareness of water issues and develop proposals for solutions.

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