Guide for Industrial Waste ManagementChapter 9: Monitoring Performance (PDF) (60 pp, 582K, About PDF)
A carefully designed monitoring program is essential to evaluating whether a unit meets performance objectives, and this chapter will help determine whether there are releases to, and impacts on, the surrounding environment that need to be corrected. By explaining the various aspects of monitoring ground water, surface water, soil, and air; quality assurance and quality control protocols; and data analysis, this chapter provides information to design effective monitoring programs that protect the environment. These measures also can improve unit performance and help reduce long-term costs and liabilities associated with industrial waste management.
This chapter helps to answer the following questions:
- What site characterizations are needed to develop an effective monitoring
- What are the basic elements of a monitoring program?
- How should sampling and analytical protocols be used in a monitoring
- What procedures should be used to evaluate monitoring data?
- What elements of the basic monitoring program can be modified to address site conditions?
Ground Water Protection Council (GWPC) Website. GWPC is a nonprofit
organization whose members consist of state and federal ground-water agencies,
industry representatives, environmentalists, and concerned citizens. GWPC's
purpose is to ensure the use of best management practices and fair but
effective laws regarding comprehensive ground-water protection.
U.S. Department of Agriculture, National Resources Conservation Service,
Soil Quality Institute (SQI) Website. SQI identifies soil quality research
findings and practical technologies that help conserve and improve soil.
Provides information on soil quality, soil quality assessment, land management
and soil quality, and soil biology.
U.S. EPA Office of Air Quality Planning & Standards Website on ambient
monitoring technology information. Contain information on ambient air
quality monitoring programs and details on monitoring methods.
U.S. EPA Office of Water Website on STORET. STORET is a database that
contains raw biological, chemical, and physical data on surface and ground
water collected by federal, state, and local agencies, Indian Tribes,
and others. STORET also contains information on why the data were gathered
and sampling and analytical methods that were used.