Continental Steel Corporation produced nails, wire, and wire fence from scrap steel from 1914 through 1986. Located in Kokomo, IN, the 183 acre site is in a mixed residential, commercial, and industrial area. The steel manufacturing operations at this plant included the use, handling, storage, and disposal of hazardous materials. After the company filed for bankruptcy in 1986, EPA and the IDEM found soil, sediments, surface water and ground water contaminated with volatile organic compounds (VOCs), PCBs, and several metals, including lead, on or near the site. Lead contamination has been detected in residential soils.
The site is divided into six operable units (OUs), or cleanup projects including: Site-wide Groundwater (OU1); Lagoon Area (OU2); Wildcat and Kokomo Creeks (OU3); Markland Avenue Quarry (OU4); Main Plant (OU5); and Slag Processing Area (OU6).
Current Site Status and Cleanup Actions to Date
- From 1990 through 2000, EPA and Indiana Agency Department of Environmental Management (IDEM) removed 2,450 buried drums, 1,250 cubic yards of contaminated soil, 90 cubic yards of lead dust, 121 cubic yards of PCB-contaminated material, 2,284 tons of solidified oil, and over 200 chemicals from a metallurgical laboratory, and recycled over 65,000 gallons of oil.
- In 1999 through 2000, as part of an interim cleanup plan (Record of Decision, or ROD), EPA decontaminated and demolished buildings in the Main Plant area.
- In September 1998, the ROD for the entire site was published. In September 2003, a ROD amendment was signed to incorporate new information gathered from the 2000 and 2001 pre-design investigations performed by EPA and a five-year review performed by the IDEM in 2002.
- The cleanup plan for the quarry includes excavating the contaminated sediments from the pond, replacing the contaminated sediment with clean sediment, disposing the excavated sediments into the Lagoon Area Corrective Action Management Unit (CAMU), and installing a soil cover throughout the area.
- In September 2003, EPA and IDEM published a revised cleanup plan for the Lagoon Area. The plan calls for closing the existing impoundments, and constructing and capping an on-site landfill. The landfill will store contaminated materials from the entire site, eliminating the potential for the contamination to spread. EPA and IDEM continue to investigate various alternatives to the existing cleanup plans for the lagoon area to ensure that is the most effect, protective, and cost-effective cleanup.
- In the summer of 2004, IDEM and EPA agreed to amend the existing Cooperative Agreement (CA), to allow the State to use its own funds to fully pay for the cleanup at the Main Plant. These expenses will be credited toward the State's ten percent cost share requirement for cleanup of the entire site.
- On September 9, 2004, EPA and IDEM signed a Superfund State Contract (SSC), which outlined each agency's roles and responsibilities in constructing the Lagoon Area cleanup.
- The community surrounding the site has been kept informed of the work being done at the site. EPA has held public availability sessions and public meetings in order to get community input on the cleanup. In addition, numerous fact sheets have been distributed to the community on the cleanup status. Community participation and acceptance of the work being done by EPA is high.
- EPA continues to monitor the site to ensure there is no immediate threat to human health or the environment pending the start of long-term cleanup work.
Current Funding Status
- As of September 2004, EPA has spent approximately $60 million to conduct the above cleanup activities. However, construction of both the Lagoon Area CAMU/landfill and its cover/cap, and excavation and disposal of contaminated sediments in the Markland Avenue Quarry was not funded in Fiscal Year 2004.
- $5 million in State funds will be used to construct the remedy at the Main Plant, which is expected to start later this year or early 2005. An application for amending the current CA, allowing for this arrangement, was submitted by the State in August 2004. The $5 million will be fully credited towards its cost share (i.e., 10% of total project cost).
- EPA has determined that this site does not pose an immediate threat to human health, and will continue to monitor this site for any changes that may trigger additional action. EPA will consider funding new work at this site in Fiscal Year 2005.
For more information on this site, please read the Continental Steel Corporation Fact Sheet on the Region 5 Superfund Web site.
- EPA and IDEM removed 2,450 buried drums, 1,250 cubic yards of contaminated soil, 90 cubic yards of lead dust, 121 cubic yards of PCB-contaminated material, 2,284 tons of solidified oil, and over 200 chemicals from a metallurgical laboratory, and recycled over 65,000 gallons of oil.
- As of September 2004, EPA has spent approximately $60 million to limit environmental exposure.