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Crossley Farm

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Site Description

The Crossley Farm, a 24 acre site in Hereford Township, PA, is in a rural area atop Blackhead Hill. From the mid-1960s to the mid-1970s, a nearby company reportedly sent numerous drums containing liquid waste to Crossley Farm for disposal. A 1983 investigation done by the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Resources (PADER) found that residential wells downhill from the site were contaminated with various volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Further testing by EPA confirmed that the groundwater was contaminated with TCE.

Current Site Status and Cleanup Actions to Date

  • In 2001, EPA released its plan to extract and treat the most contaminated groundwater from a limited area located at the top of Blackhead Hill.
  • In 1998, EPA uncovered 1200 drums buried in an old pit on the farm. The drums and contaminated soil were excavated and disposed at a secure facility.
  • In 1997, EPA implemented its first cleanup plan for the site by installing 45 water point of entry treatment systems in homes where contaminants were detected in their wells.
  • EPA continues to monitor and sample more than 150 wells in the vicinity of the site.
  • In 1986, EPA installed treatment systems in several homes.

Current Funding Status

  • EPA has spent approximately $2.7 million on removal actions.
  • EPA has spent approximately $6.8 million on remedial activities, including a Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study (RI/FS) and Remedial Action (RA).
  • Development of a groundwater pump and treat system for the hot spot area was not funded in Fiscal Year 2004. However, EPA has provided treatment systems to the homeowners affected by the plume, and all current residents are protected.
  • The EPA has determined that the site does not pose an immediate threat to human health, and will continue to monitor this site for any changes that may trigger additional action. The EPA will consider funding new work at this site in Fiscal Year 2005.

For more information on the projects at this site, please read the Crossley Farm Fact Sheet on the Region 3 Superfund Web site.

Key Accomplishments

  • In 1986, EPA installed treatment systems in several homes.
  • In 1997, EPA signed the first Record of Decision (ROD) to install point of entry treatment systems in homes where contaminants were detected in their wells. EPA has installed 45 new treatment systems at the site, and continues to monitor and sample more than 150 wells in the vicinity of the site. These tests are done twice each year.
  • In 1998, EPA uncovered 1200 drums buried in an old pit on the farm. The drums and contaminated soil were excavated and disposed at a permitted facility.
  • In 2001, the second ROD addressed contaminated groundwater at the source area on top of Blackhead Hill. The Remedial Design (RD) for this portion of the clean up is completed and bid specifications are being prepared to construct an on-site ex-situ chemical /UV oxidation treatment facility.

 

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