Brunswick Wood Preserving, an 84-acre former wood treating operation outside of Brunswick, GA, operated from 1958 through February 1991. In August of 1989, a major spill of diesel oil with pentachlorophenol (PCP) occurred, affecting the Burnett Creek, a tidal creek bordering the site. Another fire occurred in March 1991, after the company had declared bankruptcy. Operations at this facility contaminated the groundwater with creosote, PCP, and copper-chromium-arsenate (CCA). Private wells have been sampled extensively in the area since 1991, but have not been impacted by the site.
Current Site Status and Cleanup Actions to Date
- From March 1991 until April 1995, EPA demolished and removed most of the site structures; removed water from contaminated sludge; treated contaminated wastewater; removed and disposed of drums and lab offsite; recycled and/or salvaged poles, lumber, equipment, and scrap materials; and excavated (PDF) (530 K, 2 pp) and stored contaminated soil and sludge in four secure, on-site waste cells.
- In 1996, the State of Georgia disposed of waste materials contained in three of the four waste cells constructed by EPA.
- In June 2002, EPA published its cleanup plan, which consisted of building two slurry walls around the old creosote ponds. EPA will also install permanent caps (PDF) (526 K, 2 pp) on top of the ponds to prevent both human contact with contaminated material and surface water. Contaminated groundwater outside the slurry walls will be treated with in-situ chemical oxidation (PDF) (88 K, 2 pp).
- In June 2001, EPA completed the RI/FS of the site.
- In April 1997, EPA listed the site on the Superfund's National Priorities List (NPL).
- In 2003, field work for the remedial design was completed.
Current Funding Status
- EPA spent approximately $11.9 million on its 1991-95 Removal Action.
- The State of Georgia spent approximately $18.5 million on its 1996-97 Removal Action.
- EPA has spent approximately $4 million on its RI/FS/RD activities since October 1996. The design phase was not completed in Fiscal Year 2004; therefore construction funding was not needed.
For more information on the projects at this site, please read the Escambia Brunswick Wood Preserving Fact Sheet on the Region 4 Superfund Web site.
- During the 1991-95 Removal Action, EPA conducted many site activities: site structures were demolished and removed; sludges were dewatered; wastewater was treated; drums and lab wastes were disposed off-site; poles, lumber, equipment, and scrap metal were recycled and/or salvaged; and large areas of contaminated soil were excavated.
- Between 1996 and 2002, EPA completed its Remedial Investigation and Feasibility Study (RI/FS) activities for Operable Unit One (OU1), which addresses soil, groundwater, and Burnett Creek sediments.
- Remedial Design (RD) for OU1 was begun in 2003, at which time extensive additional field investigation was conducted; the OU1 RD is expected to be completed in 2004.
- Since 2000, EPA has tested private wells in the site vicinity on an annual basis; these wells are completed below the bedrock and have not been impacted by the site.
- In 2000, exclusion and perimeter fences were installed at the site.