Alleghany County, Virginia
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The 24-acre Kim-Stan Landfill is located in Alleghany County, a predominately rural county located in west central Virginia. The unlined landfill is situated in a mixed commercial and residential area of Selma, Virginia. Inactive since 1990, it is approximately 1,000 feet south of the Jackson River. Historical and environmentally sensitive areas are nearby including: the historic Oakland Church and its cemetery, CSX Railroad property with associated wetlands, and a string of ox-bow "ponds," which drain into the Jackson River.
The Kim-Stan Landfill operated as a sanitary/industrial landfill from 1972-1990 and reportedly received approximately 865,000 tons of waste. Wastes known to have been disposed at the landfill include 5,000 gallons of waste oils contaminated with polychlorinated biphenyls; unknown quantities of aluminum sludges containing mercury; asbestos; and medical waste. Test pit data and information collected indicate that wastes in the landfill came from a wide range of sources, including hospitals, light industrial plants, manufacturing plants, automobile repair shops and dry cleaners.
Current Site Status and Cleanup Actions to Date
- During 2000-2001, Alleghany County completed a storm water diversion project to catch and direct clean surface water and ground water from the Rich Patch mountains to the landfill. Allegheny County does not bear any responsibility for conditions at the landfill but conducted the work to demonstrate its commitment to protecting the health and welfare of its citizens.
- In July 2002, EPA released its proposed plan to address remaining risks presented by the landfill. The plan called for: installation of an impermeable landfill cap; collection and off-site treatment of leachate at the Low-Moor water treatment plant; ground water monitoring; institutional controls; and upgrade of the Low-Moor plant to efficiently address the increased volume of water from the landfill.
- EPA began the remedial action (RA) at the site in 2005. Phase I of the RA included the Low-Moor upgrades that increased capacity by 250,000 gallons, as well as construction of a dedicated line to bring leachate from the landfill to the plant.
- Phases II and III, construction of the leachate collection trench and final landfill cover, are expected to begin in spring 2008. The entire remedy will be completed by 2009.
Current Funding Status
- In Fiscal Year 2007, EPA allocated $4,5 million to construct the leachate collection trench and final landfill cover.
For more information on this site, please read the Kim-Stan Landfill Fact Sheet on the Region 3 Superfund web site.
EPA signed the Record of Decision in 2002.
The Low-Moor publicly owned treatment plant was upgraded to increase capacity by 250,000 gallons.
A dedicated leachate sewer line was constructed from the landfill to the Low-Moor plant.