The 18-acre Ludlow Sand & Gravel site is a landfill and gravel pit located on a 130-acre parcel of land in Paris, New York. Household, septic tank, and industrial wastes, including animal parts from a meat processing plant, were sent to the site. It opened in the early 1960s, and, by 1966, area residents were expressing concern when large areas of the site were left uncovered and a strong smell was noticeable even from a considerable distance. In 1982, trace amounts of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were detected in the site's leachate pools. The District Court of Binghamton ordered the landfill closed in 1988, although the gravel pit continued to operate.
The landfill is located in an environmentally sensitive area. A State-designated wetland is located near the site. In addition, the landfill is in a ground water recharge zone to an aquifer along Sauquoit Creek. This aquifer serves as the drinking water supply for residents east of the landfill. The municipal water supply for the community of Clayville is obtained from ground water. The nearest residence is half a mile from the landfill. Three residential wells are located within 1,000 feet of the site, and 8 additional wells are 1,000 to 3,000 feet away.
Current Site Status and Cleanup Actions to Date
- Over 40,000 cubic yards (1,022,200 tons) of contaminated soils and approximately 15,000 cubic yards (24,000 tons) of sediments have been excavated from the gravel pit and nearby wetlands. These sediments have been consolidated in the landfill.
- A drainage system was installed to remove water from the landfill and a final cap placed over the landfill. The water collected from the landfill is being treated using a system built on the site.
- In 2003, the State of New York signed a Record of Decision (ROD) to address the contamination of the gravel pit. The cleanup plan called for grouting (vertically and horizontally), solidification, backfilling and installing two down-gradient deep ground water monitoring wells.
- The design plan for cleaning up the gravel pit was completed in May 2007, and all construction activities were completed in September 2007.
Current Funding Status
- EPA obligated approximately $2.8 million for cleanup activities at this site in Fiscal Year 2007.
For more information on this site, please read the Ludlow Sand and Gravel Fact Sheet on the Region 2 Superfund web site.
Over 40,000 cubic yards (1,022,200 tons) of contaminated sediments have been excavated from the gravel pit and nearby wetlands.
Over 15,000 cubic yards (24,000 tons) of soil was solidified in the gravel pit.
All construction activities were completed in September 2007.