Elizabeth Mine (Copperas Factories Area)
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The Elizabeth Mine site is an abandoned copper and iron sulfate mine located in the towns of Strafford and Thetford, VT. The 970-acre site is
south of Vermont Route 132 along the West Branch of the Ompompanoosuc River. Mining and ore processing activities occurred at the site from 1820-1968.
EPA is addressing the site through both short-term and long-term cleanup actions.
Current Site Status and Cleanup Actions to Date
- In 2002, EPA started a non-time critical cleanup action that focused on controlling waste sources from two tailing impoundments and rock/heap
- EPA conducted a time-critical short-term action from 2003-2005 to stabilize parts of the tailing dam that were considered to be at risk of
- In 2006, EPA selected a long-term cleanup plan for the site.
- From 2006 to 2008, EPA implemented several parts of the non-time critical action. These parts included a surface water and shallow ground
water diversion system for the two tailing impoundments, and the grading and stabilization of the parts of the tailing dam not included in the
- In 2007, EPA began the design for the long-term cleanup action that includes five major parts, including the Copperas Factories and Lord
Brook source areas.
- In 2008, EPA completed the design for the Copperas Factories area of the site that represents a threat to human health due to lead
Current Funding Status
- In Fiscal Year 2008, EPA obligated approximately $1.5 million for cleanup activities tied to soil contamination in the Copperas
- Parts of the non-time critical action, including the cover system for two tailing piles and the relocation of a third, were not funded
in Fiscal Year 2008.
- To date, EPA has obligated approximately $15 million for cleanup activities at the site.
For more information on this site, please read the
Elizabeth Mine site fact sheet
on the Region 1 Superfund web page.
- Implemented a time-critical short-term cleanup action from 2003-2005 to stabilize the tailing dam to avoid a potentially catastrophic
release of tailing into the West Branch of the Ompompanoosuc River
- Selected the long-term cleanup plan for the site in 2006
- Implemented cleanup actions as part of the non-time critical action from 2006 to 2008
- Obligated funding to begin the cleanup of the lead contamination at the former Copperas Factories in 2008