Ten Final, Seven Proposed Superfund Sites Announced
A battery recycling plant, a sheet-metal manufacturer, a zinc smelter and a gold mine are among 10 new sites added to the National Priorities List (NPL) of Superfund sites on April 27, 2005. The sites were selected because of their degree of risk to human health and to sensitive environments. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency also proposed an additional seven sites. Contaminants found at the final and proposed sites include cadmium, trichloroethene, carbon tetrachloride, mercury, dioxins, zinc, lead, and arsenic, among others.
With the addition of these 10 sites, there are now 1,245 final sites on the NPL. Altogether, there are 1,309 final and proposed sites on the list. Sixty-four sites are proposed and awaiting final Agency action: 58 in the general Superfund section and 6 in the federal facilities section.
With all Superfund sites, EPA tries to identify and locate the parties potentially responsible for the contamination. Historically, on average, "Potentially Responsible Parties" (PRPs) held responsible for the contamination agree to initiate or pay for 70 percent of cleanups started each year. For the newly listed sites without viable PRPs, EPA will investigate the full extent of the contamination before starting significant construction at the site. Therefore, it may be several years before significant construction funding is required for these sites.
Sites may be placed on the NPL through various mechanisms:
- Numeric ranking established by EPA's Hazard Ranking System.
- Designation by states or territories of one top-priority site regardless of score.
Meeting all three following requirements
- The Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) of the U.S. Public Health Service has issued a health advisory that recommends removing people from the site;
- EPA determines the site poses a significant threat to public health; and
- EPA anticipates it will be more cost-effective to use its remedial authority (available only at NPL sites) than to use its emergency removal authority to respond to the site.
For Federal Register notices and supporting documents for these final and proposed sites, go to http://www.epa.gov/superfund/sites/npl/current.htm.
|Safety Light Corporation||Bloomsburg, PA|
|Hegeler Zinc||Danville, IL|
|Sigmon's Septic Tank Service||Statesville, NC|
|Crown Vantage Landfill||Alexandria Township, NJ|
|Hopewell Precision Area||Hopewell Junction, NY|
|Copley Square Plaza||Copley, OH|
|Price Battery||Hamburg, PA|
|Brewer Gold Mine||Jefferson, SC|
|Commerce Street Plume||Williston, VT|
|Standard Mine||Gunnison National Forest, CO|
|Peach Orchard Road||Augusta, GA|
|Garvey Elevator||Hastings NE|
|Chlor-Alkali (Former)||Berlin, NH|
|Blue Ridge Plating Company||Arden, NC|
|Jackson Ceramix||Falls Creek, PA|
|Pelican Bay||Azle, TX.|