The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA)
The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA), commonly referred to as Superfund, was enacted on December 11, 1980. CERCLA provides EPA's Office of Emergency Management (OEM) and Office of Superfund Remediation and Technology Innovation (OSRTI) the authority to respond to releases or threatened releases of hazardous substances, pollutants, or contaminants that may endanger human health or the environment. EPA follows the procedures outlined in the National Contingency Plan (NCP) in 40 CFR Part 300 to respond to releases and threatened releases of hazardous substances, pollutants, or contaminants. CERCLA also requires that EPA maintain the National Priorities List (NPL), a list of sites across the United States that require remedial action due to releases or threatened releases of hazardous substances. Finally, CERCLA requires reporting of releases of hazardous substances, establishes the liability of persons responsible for releases of hazardous substances, and establishes a trust fund to provide for cleanup when no responsible party can be identified.
The Information Center also responds to questions on the related Brownfields Program which seeks methods to bring abandoned, idle, or underused industrial or commercial property back into productive use.
CERCLA/Superfund links include:
40 CFR Part 300 - National Contingency Plan
40 CFR Part 302 - Reportable Quantities and Release Notification
Laws, Policy, and Guidance
Superfund Site Information
Regional Superfund Contacts