Oil Pollution Prevention Regulations
Section 311 of the Clean Water Act (CWA) and the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (OPA) provide EPA with the authority to establish a regulatory program for preventing, preparing for, and responding to oil spills that occur in navigable waters of the United States. EPA's oil program, administered by the Office of Emergency Management (OEM), includes oil discharge notification requirements in 40 CFR Part 110 and the Oil Pollution Prevention regulations in 40 CFR Part 112.
The Oil Pollution Prevention regulations apply to certain non-transportation-related facilities that could reasonably be expected to discharge oil into navigable waters of the United States. These regulations require each owner or operator of a regulated facility to prepare a Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasures (SPCC) Plan addressing the facility's design, operation, and maintenance procedures established to prevent oil spills, as well as countermeasures to control, contain, clean up, and mitigate the effects of an oil spill that could affect navigable waters. Some facility owners and operators are also required to prepare facility response plans (FRPs) addressing response actions for discharges of oil that present the potential for substantial environmental harm.
EPA has published a variety of guidance materials to aid the regulated community in determining whether a facility is subject to the Oil Pollution Prevention regulations in 40 CFR Part 112:
SPCC/FRP links include:
40 CFR Part 110 - Oil Discharge Notification Regulations
40 CFR Part 112 - SPCC and FRP Regulations
Oil Spill Data
Regional Emergency Management Contacts