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Waste Management

Waste Management involves a variety of statutory, policy, administrative, and technical factors. Many of the waste requirements applicable at Superfund sites were derived under the RCRA authority. The guidance below includes a wide range of topics including investigation-derived waste management and non-contiguous site waste management as well as the Off-Site Rule.

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Assistance in answering questions concerning Potential Responsible Parties (PRPs) and remediation enforcement is available through the Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance (OECA) Office of Site Remediation Enforcement (OSRE).

"Management of Remediation Waste Under RCRA" (October 1998)
Consolidates existing guidance on the RCRA regulations and policies that most often affect remediation waste management. [14 pp]
EPA 530-F-98-026, OSWER Memorandum
PDF Searchable (92 K)

Corresponding Summary Chart: Summary Chart of October 14, 1998 Memorandum, "Management of Remediation Waste Under RCRA"
PDF Searchable (33 K)

"Interim RCRA/CERCLA Guidance on Non-Contiguous Sites and On-Site Management of Waste and Treatment Residue" (March 1986)
Presents interim guidance with respect to combined treatment of CERCLA waste from non-contiguous locations, on-site disposal of treatment residue, limitations on construction of hazardous waste incinerators for on-site CERCLA use, and off-site treatment of waste and redisposal on site. [9 pp]
OSWER 9347.01, NTIS: PB90-274317INZ
PDF Searchable (433 K)

"Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Biennial Report Requirements for Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA) Response Actions" (December 14, 2011)
This memorandum reaffirms the need for Regions to be aware of Biennial Reporting requirements under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) and their applicability to the cleanup process under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA), as amended. Biennial Reporting requires Superfund sites that are Large Quantity Generators and that ship hazardous waste offsite, to report by March 1 of every even-numbered year, their hazardous waste management activities for the previous odd-numbered calendar year. [8 pp]
PDF Searchable (2.1 Mb)

"Contractor Signing of Uniform Hazardous Waste Manifests for Materials Leaving a Superfund Site" (February 1989)
Clarifies the issue of whether or not a remedial action contractor may sign the uniform hazardous waste manifests without changing their generator status. [3 pp]
EPA Memorandum
PDF Searchable (20 K)

"Contractor Signing of Uniform Hazardous Waste Manifests for Materials Leaving a Superfund Site" (July 1989)
Follow-up to the February memorandum pertaining to the signing of hazardous waste manifests. Requires that contracts be amended to allow for contractor signature of manifests and land ban records. [2 pp]
EPA Memorandum
PDF Searchable (11 K)

§ 300.440 "Procedures for planning and implementing off-site response actions." 1 (September 1993)
Acts to regulate any remedial or removal action involving the off-site transfer of any CERCLA waste that is conducted by EPA, PRPs, or other federal agency. This newer rule supersedes and replaces any previous rule or policy regarding off-site transport of waste. [5 pp]
Code of Federal Regulations (40 CFR 300.440)
PDF Searchable (70 K)

"Guide to Discharging CERCLA Aqueous Wastes to Publicly Owned Treatment Works (POTWs)" (March 1991)
Provides a quick reference to the statutory, policy, administrative, and technical factors involved in discharging aqueous wastes generated during Superfund response actions to a POTW. It also provides references for more extensive guidance on this topic. [5 pp]
OSWER 9330.2-13FS, NTIS: PB91-921364
PDF Searchable (77 K)

"Guide to Management of Investigation-Derived Wastes" (April 1992)
Presents an overview of possible investigation-derived waste management options, discusses the protectiveness requirements and ARARs associated with these options, and outlines general objectives established for IDW management under Superfund. [8 pp]
OSWER 9345.3-03FS, NTIS: PB92-963353INX
PDF Searchable (53 K)

Applicable or Relevant and Appropriate Requirements (ARARs)
Additional guidance related to waste management. Includes a section on Land Disposal Restrictions (LDRs).

Superseded Documents

1 This rule supersedes both:

"Procedures for Implementing Off-Site Response Actions" (November 1987) OSWER Directive 9834.11
"The Off-Site Policy"


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