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Ohio River Park Case Study

Note: EPA no longer updates this information, but it may be useful as a reference or resource.

Photo of the site before redevekopment

A caution sign warns trespassers of dangers.

Source: Neville Island Co.
Junior hockey teams compete at the island Sports Center.

site map

 

PROBLEM
  • Groundwater contaminated with organic chemicals, pesticides, and metals
  • Buried waste from coke processing operations and landfill debris
  • Surface water contaminated with metals
  • Groundwater contaminated with organic chemicals and metals
SOLUTION
  • Removed surface soil and debris
  • Isolated subsurface contamination
  • Installed caps and slurry walls
  • Began groundwater monitoring
  • Placed deed restrictions on the property
PARTNERS
  • U.S. EPA
  • Neville Land Co.
  • Pennsylvania Dept. of Environmental Protection
  • Allegheny County
  • Neville Township
POSITIVE ECONOMIC IMPACTS
Short-term
  • 100 jobs per year during two years of cleanup and redevelopment
  • $3.4 million in annual income
Long-term
  • 270 permanent jobs at the completed facility
  • $1.8 million in annual spending
  • Improved the potential to attract new businesses to the area
Public Revenue
  • $96,000 in state sales and income taxes
ENVIRONMENTAL & SOCIAL BENEFITS
  • Protected public health in a residential and commercial area
  • Protected drinking water resources
  • Prevented the spread of contamination to surrounding areas
  • Improved the aesthetic quality of the area
  • Created an area-wide recreational facility
  • Enhanced civic pride and community morale
  • Created an impetus for other potential development
  • Improved local services resulting from new busine
Last Updated February 2000

Ohio River Park
Neville Island, Pennsylvania

BEFORE
Landfill with domestic, construction, industrial, and chemical waste

AFTER
Multi-purpose recreational center with indoor and outdoor facilities

IMPACT
A recreational resource for the community which increased local jobs, personal income, and public revenues

In the winter of 1998-99, thousands of visitors drove over the new bridge to Neville Island, Pennsylvania to enjoy two new ice rinks, part of the recently completed Island Sports Center. The sports center and a portion of the bridge occupy 32 acres, formerly known to residents as "poison park," or the Ohio River Park Superfund site. The site has been cleaned up and transformed into a regional sports center where children and adults can enjoy skating, soccer, lacrosse, baseball, basketball, volleyball, miniature golf, a fitness center, an indoor golf training facility, and a restaurant. What follows is the story of cooperation between the EPA, the Neville Land Co., the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection, Allegheny County, and the local community to return the land to productive use with positive economic, social and environmental impacts.

Site Snapshot

The site sits on the western tip of Neville Island, which lies in the middle of the Ohio River, five miles from the Pittsburgh airport. It is readily accessible by highway and railroad. Beginning in the 1930s, the site served as a municipal landfill accepting domestic trash and construction debris. From 1952 through the mid-1960s, Pittsburgh Coke & Chemical Co. (PC&C), the property owners at the time, disposed of industrial waste at the site. The waste resulted from the manufacture of mineral products, specialty chemicals, and agricultural chemicals. Wet waste was disposed of in trenches, and dry waste was piled on the surface. Soils, sediment, surface water, and groundwater were contaminated with organic chemicals, pesticides, and metals. These contaminants posed concerns for the people and ecology of the island as well as for the municipal wells of the Borough of Coraopolis, across the river from the island.

From Waste...

PC&C ceased operations on Neville Island in 1966. The site was acquired by the Neville Land Co. Following an unsuccessful attempt to sell the land to a major oil company for use as a fuel storage facility, the owners donated the land to Allegheny County in 1976 for use as a park. After spending $2.4 million on developing the park, the county discovered the industrial waste and returned the land to its previous owner.

In 1990, the site was placed on EPA's list of hazardous waste sites needing cleanup. The Neville Land Co. took responsibility for the cleanup under the supervision of EPA, state, and county officials. Field investigations were interrupted in 1991 when EPA agreed to the island township's request to make part of the site available for replacing the old, unusable Coraopolis Bridge, prior to addressing the balance of the cleanup. When the cleanup resumed, workers removed contaminated soil, and covered concentrated waste with a multi-layer cap and the balance of the site with an erosion cap. They isolated subsurface contamination, built an underground slurry wall, and added earth to raise the ground level. Restrictions on the use of the property were placed in the deed. In 1998, the developers began construction of the sports center. That same year, EPA decided on a program of monitored natural attenuation of groundwater.

...To Recreation

The winter of 1998-99 was the first full season of operations for the two indoor ice rinks. On a typical busy day, about 2,000 participants and spectators came for figure skating and ice hockey. Local teams of all ages used the rinks for practice and competitive games. The facility has already hosted the 1999 Junior Olympics, and professional teams have shown interest in its use. The property owners anticipate one-half million visits annually at the sports center.

Community Benefits

The Ohio River Park Superfund site, a once blighted property, is now an aesthetically pleasing recreation area with a new bridge for easy access to and from Neville Island. The center employs about 70 employees and hosts thousands of visitors daily. This activity generates personal income and public revenues. Cleanup and redevelopment of the site is protecting the people and environment of Neville Island and the Coraopolis water supply. The project has also sparked interest in Neville Township to consider a comprehensive redevelopment plan for the island. Completion of the sports center has reignited rezoning discussions in the adjacent community of Coraopolis to encourage light industrial and commercial redevelopment. The Island Sports Center is bringing a new level of energy to the community of Neville Island.

Keys to Success

The cooperation among the EPA, the Neville Land Co., the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection, Allegheny County, and the local community were key to the success of the redevelopment of the Ohio River Park site. The partnership enabled the community to expedite the construction of the bridge connecting the island with the mainland, without having to wait until the environmental conditions at the site were evaluated. This cooperation also led to a comprehensive cleanup that minimized future environmental and health risks and the construction of a much-needed commercial and recreational facility.


For more information about the cleanup and redevelopment of the Ohio River Park site, contact:

Romuald Roman
U.S. EPA- Region 3
1650 Archer Street
Philadelphia, PA 19103-2029
(215) 814-3212