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Round 2-10: Voluntary Cleanup Program


Reform Description
This reform supports effective State and Tribal voluntary cleanup programs and promotes cooperation between States, Tribes, and Regions. To support this initiative, EPA has published guidance on drafting Memoranda of Agreement (MOAs) between Regions and States (see Documents below). MOAs allow parties to work together to support protective cleanups and sustainable redevelopment.

The November 14, 1996, memorandum entitled "Interim Approaches for Regional Relations with State Voluntary Cleanup Programs" (see Documents below) completed this reform.

However, EPA will continue to work on developing agreements with State and Tribal voluntary cleanup programs. Over the past five years (through FY2000), EPA's Brownfields Program has distributed over $41 million of funding to develop and enhance State and Tribal voluntary cleanup programs. EPA's Brownfields Program anticipates continuing this funding.

Regions should use the November 1996 guidance for negotiation of future Memoranda of Agreement (MOAs). It provides a framework that will enable Regions and States to negotiate MOAs on a case-by-case basis, thereby customizing the process to better fit the State's voluntary cleanup program and legislation.

In conjunction with the Brownfields Initiative, this reform also aims to provide limited financial assistance to such programs.

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Reform Status
check mark Implementation of this reform is complete.

EPA will continue cooperative agreement awards to States in FY 2001.

The Agency incorporated lessons learned from this reform through the issuance of the Interim Approaches for Regional Relations with State Voluntary Cleanup Programs: Memorandum on November 14, 1996. This reform is now considered closed out because the pilot program was completed and no further accomplishment information will be gathered. This reform is now considered a part of EPA's Brownfields Program. Please visit EPA's Brownfields State and Tribal Response Programs for further information.

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Results
Fourty-seven States have implemented voluntary cleanup programs since the program's inception. These States include: Where available, a direct link to a state's Voluntary Cleanup Program information is provided (above). In instances where that information is unavailable, then a direct link to a state's environmental department is provided for your convenience.

NOTE: Also see OSWER's State Voluntary Cleanup Program Contacts page.

Sixteen States (including Missouri, Michigan, Minnesota, Oklahoma, New Mexico, Florida, Arkansas, Kansas, Wisconsin, Indiana, Illinois, Texas, Colorado, Delaware, Rhode Island and Maryland) signed Memoranda of Agreement (MOAs) with their respective Regions concerning how EPA and the States will work together to support protective cleanups of voluntary cleanup program sites and sustainable redevelopment of brownfields sites.

  • A November 1996 memorandum, "Interim Approaches for Regional Relations with State Voluntary Cleanup Programs" (see Documents below), provides a framework for MOA negotiations.

  • Through core cooperative agreements, EPA's Brownfields Program has distributed over $41 million in funding to develop and enhance State voluntary cleanup programs.

  • MOAs concerning voluntary cleanup programs continue to be a good way for EPA to promote effective programs and their success.

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Documents
Title: Memorandum: Interim Approaches for Regional Relations with State Voluntary Cleanup Programs
Date: November 14, 1996
Synopsis: This memorandum sets out baseline criteria that EPA will employ to evaluate the adequacy of state voluntary cleanup programs.

Title: Withdrawal of Proposal: Final Draft Guidance for Developing Superfund Memoranda of Agreement Concerning State Voluntary Cleanup Programs
Date: November 26, 1997
Synopsis: This memo from Acting Administrator for OSWER Timothy Fields officially withdraws the proposed "Final Draft Guidance for Developing Superfund Memoranda of Agreement (MOA) Concerning State Voluntary Cleanup Programs."

NOTE: For more on these and related documents, see OSWER's State Voluntary Cleanup Program Guidance History page.

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