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Reforms By Type - Public Involvement/ Environmental Justice

Several reforms aim to enhance public participation, and to prevent minority and low-income populations from bearing the brunt of pollution. EPA has used these initiatives to improve communication with stakeholders and encourage greater involvement of all communities in the Superfund process.

Reform 3-18: Pilot Community-Based Remedy Selection Process

EPA is exploring the use of more "consensus-based" approaches that involve community stakeholders in the Superfund remedy selection process.

Reform 3-19: Establish Superfund Ombudsman in Every Region

This initiative established an Ombudsman in each Region to serve as a point of contact for the public and to help resolve stakeholder concerns.

Reform 3-20: Improve Communication with Superfund Stakeholders

This initiative utilizes electronic tools (such as the Internet, multimedia computers, and other electronic means) to both increase communication among all Superfund stakeholders and improve access to Superfund information.

Reform 2-5a: Community Advisory Groups (CAGs):

This initiative encourages Regions to establish CAGs, which provide a public forum for community members to present and discuss their needs and concerns about the decision-making process at Superfund sites affecting them.

Reform 2-5b: Technical Assistance Grants (TAGs)

TAGs provide resources to communities to acquire independent technical assistance to help them understand and comment on Superfund site-related information. EPA is encouraging the Regions to consider means to increase citizen involvement further, such as advance funding of TAGs and the authorization of training for TAG recipients.

Reform 2-6: Community Involvement in the Enforcement Process

EPA fostered the development of innovative approaches for community involvement in technical settlement issues.

Reform 2-7a: Training and Health Service Assistance to Communities

In coordination with the U.S. Public Health Service, EPA established the Medical Assistance Plan (MAP) to provide health services assistance to citizens in proximity to Superfund sites.

Reform 2-7b: Job Training and Development

EPA has developed interagency pilots to train and employ residents living near Superfund sites through classroom instruction and hands-on work experience.

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