NPL Site Narrative for Hooker (S-Area)
Niagara Falls, New York
Federal Register Notice: September 08, 1983
Conditions at listing (December 1982): Hooker's S-Area Landfill covers 8 acres on the Buffalo Avenue Plant in Niagara Falls, Niagara County, New York. The plant is owned by Occidental Chemicals Corp. (OCC--formerly known as Hooker Chemicals and Plastics). From 1947 to 1975, OCC dumped about 65,000 tons of inorganic and organic wastes at S-Area, which is built on partially reclaimed land from the Niagara River. These wastes include: hexachlorobutadiene (C-46), hexachlorocyclopentadiene (C-56), chlorinated benzenes, chlorinated toluenes, trichlorophenols, benzene, and toluene.
Both surface water and ground water are contaminated. Chemicals have migrated through the bedrock and overburden to adjacent areas. Traces of S-Area chemicals have been detected in the finished drinking water from Niagara Falls' water treatment plant, which is about 200 yards east of S-Area. This plant serves 77,000 people. Contaminated run-off and ground water flow into the Niagara River.
The Department of Justice, on behalf of EPA, has brought a Federal civil action against OCC seeking injunctive relief.
Status (July 1983): To alleviate the threat to the drinking water, the city has closed the contaminated main intake tunnel and put an emergency tunnel into service.
In June 1983, EPA allocated a first installment of $700,000 for a remedial investigation/feasibility study to determine the type and extent of contamination at the site and identify alternatives for remedial action.
For more information about the hazardous substances identified in this narrative summary, including general information regarding the effects of exposure to these substances on human health, please see the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) ToxFAQs. ATSDR ToxFAQs can be found on the Internet at ATSDR - ToxFAQs (http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxfaqs/index.asp) or by telephone at 1-888-42-ATSDR or 1-888-422-8737.