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Superfund


   

Chemicals in the Household

Acetone
Methyl
Ethyl
Ketone
Alchohols
Xylene
toluene
Methylene chloride

CHEMICAL
PRODUCTS
HAZARDOUS
INGREDIENTS
POSSIBLE ALTERNATIVES
AND HINTS
Toilet Cleaners Muriatic (hydrochloric) acid Oxalic acid Paradichlorobenzene Calcium hypochlorite Muriatic (hydrochloric) acid
Oxalic acid
Paradichlorobenzene
Calcium hypochlorite
Toilet brush and baking soda; Mild detergent; Vinegar soak for tub and sink fixtures; Avoid direct skin contact and breathing of fumes.
Drain Cleaners Sodium or potassium hydroxide
Sodium hypochloride Hydrochloric acid
Petroleum distillates
Plunger; Flush drain with 1/4 cup baking soda and vinegar; Avoid direct skin contact and breathing of fumes.
Oven Cleaners Potassium or sodium hydroxide
Ammonia
Baking soda and water; Avoid direct skin contact and breathing of fumes.
Bleach Cleaners Sodium or potassium hydroxide
Hydrogen peroxide
Sodium or calcium hypochlorite
1/2 cup white vinegar or baking soda for laundry; Avoid direct skin contact and breathing of fumes.
Dishwashing detergent Chlorine
Surfactants
1 part borax to 1 part baking soda; Handle all cleaning solutions with care.
Ammonia-based cleaners (all purpose cleaners) Ammonia
Ethanol
Vinegar and salt water mix for surfaces; Baking soda and water.
Glass cleaners Ammonia
Naphthalene
Washing windows with 1/4 to 1/2 cup white vinegar to 1 quart warm water, rub dry with newspaper.
Fabric softener Ammonia 1 cup white vinegar or 1/4 cup baking soda in final rinse water.
Air fresheners Cresol
Phenol
Formaldehyde
Open box of baking soda or dish of vanilla; Simmer cloves; Open windows or use exhaust fans.
Laundry detergent Surfactants Avoid breathing powder.
Mothballs Naphthalene
Paradichlorobenzene
Cedar chips; Newspapers; Lavender, flowers, or other aromatic herbs and spices.
Rug and upholstery cleaners Naphthalene
Perchloroethylene
Oxalic acid
Diethylene glycol
Baking soda on rug, then vacuum.
Floor and furniture polish Diethylene glycol
Petroleum distillates
Nitrobenzene
Mineral Spirits
1 part lemon oil, 2 parts olive/ vegetable oil; Vegetable oil soap.
Furniture strippers
Equal portions of boiled linseed oil, turpentine, and vinegar with steel wool; sandpaper or heatgun; Use in well ventilated areas or outdoors; Handle all solvents with care.
Stains/finishes Mineral spirits
Glycol ethers
Ketones
Halogenated hydrocarbons
Naphtha
Xylene
Toluene
Natural earth pigment finishes; Use in well ventilated areas or outdoors; Handle all dyes and paints with care.
Enamel or oil-based paints Pigments
Aliphatic hydrocarbons
Water-based paints if appropriate; Always use in well ventilated areas.
Latex paint Mercury Handle all paints with care.
Antifreeze Ethylene glycol Clean up all spills.
Automobile batteries Sulfuric acid
Lead
Bring old batteries to recycling center; Avoid direct skin contact; Wash spills with plenty of water.
Automobile lubricants (transmission and brake fluids, used oils)
Hydrocarbons (benzene)
Mineral Oils
Glycol ethers
Heavy metals
Seal used oil in plastic container and bring to recycling service station.
    Notes
  • The listed alternatives are offered as options and are not represented as recommended courses of action.
  • Several listed alternatives are also potentially hazardous and can cause harm if handled improperly.
  • Various commercial products which fall into the product categories listed here may not contain all of the listed chemical constituents.

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