Sustainability Analytics - Economic Pillar
Sustainability assessment tools that are based on the economic sciences assess conditions and processes, such as: production, employment, income, wealth, markets, trade, and the technologies that facilitate them.
Benefit-cost analysis (also known as cost-benefit analysis) is a tool for assessing the net economic effects of policies.
Eco-efficiency analysis (EEA) is a tool for quantifying the relationship between economic value creation and environmental impacts, throughout the entire lifecycle of a product or service.
Ecosystem Service Valuation
Ecosystem Service Valuation assesses the consequences of altering ecosystems or using ecosystem services for human well-being.
Green accounting seeks to better measure sustainability by expanding gross measures of national welfare (product, investment, etc.) to include non-market values, in particular ones associated with environmental goods and services.