Chapter 2: Federal Facilities Response Program
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This volume contains documents that are related specifically to base realignment and closure. One of FFRRO's primary goals is to assist DoD, by working through EPA's regional offices. The Fast-Track Cleanup Program accelerates cleanups and speeds economic recovery of communities affected by the closing and realignment of military bases under the Base alignment and Closure (BRAC) Program. The documents in Volume II focus on issues related to cleanup, property reuse, transfer, and liability. The documents in this volume are organized as follows:
On this page
- Program Overview
- Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC)
- Military Munitions/Unexploded Ordnance
- Quality Assurance
- Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Information System (CERCLIS)
- Superfund Program Implementation Manual (SPIM)
- Institutional Controls (ICs)
- One Cleanup Program
- Lead-Based Paint
- Program Assessment Rating Tool (PART)
- Federal Facilities Hazardous Waste Docket
- Long Term Stewardship (LTS) and Post Construction Completion (PCC)
- Environmental Justice
- Tribes and Federal Facilities
- Community Involvement
In 1994, EPA reorganized its enforcement and program responsibilities thus creating the Federal Facilities Restoration and Reuse Office (FFRRO). FFRRO was charged with the responsibility to expedite the cleanup and reuse of Federal facilities. FFRRO communicates with Congress, other federal agencies, states, local governments, tribes, redevelopment interests, and the public on cleanup and reuse issues at Federal facilities. FFRRO functions with the following specific goals in mind:
- Protecting human health and the environment at and near Federal facilities;
- Promoting reuse of federal properties in a manner that is protective of human health and the environment;
- Enhancing the cleanup process;
- Ensuring effective stakeholder involvement at Federal facilities
In support of these goals, FFRRO is responsible for activities that support national policy development and implementation, outreach and training, stakeholder participation, and interagency coordination. To view a snapshot of the program's cleanup accomplishments, please see the End-of-Year 2006 NPL Program Snapshot and the End-of-Year 2006 BRAC Program Snapshot.
Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC)
Base Reuse Process Overview
Document describes the framework for the base reuse process and the general context for the rest of the information in the DoD Base Reuse Implementation Manual.
Interim Guidance for EPA's Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) Program
This guidance supersedes February 1996's "EPA's Guidance for Implementing the Fast Track Cleanup Program at Closing or Realigning Bases."
Time and Cost Avoidance Attributed to EPA Participation in the Fast Track Cleanup Program (Cumulative) (PDF) (2 pp, 100K)
A cumulative graphic update from FY 1996 to FY 2005.
Base Closure and Property Transfer at Federal Facilities (2005)
Information on BRAC, specific sites, and links to DoD documents. FFRRO helps accelerate the transfer of federal property by coordinating cleanup activities and crafting property transfer arrangements. The Superfund NPL consists of the hazardous waste sites that pose the greatest threats.
Support for Department of Defense (DoD) Cleanup Implementation for Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) Installations Rounds I - IV (PDF) (12 pp, 47K) (10/2005) (http://www.epa.gov/fedfac/pdf/brac_mou.pdf)
2005 Defense Base Closure and Realignment Commission Report (PDF) (758 pp, 9.45MB) (09/08/2005)
The Commission’s 2005 BRAC recommendations proposed by the Secretary of Defense to the President.
Transmittal of the Policy Towards Landowners and Transferees of Federal Facilities (06/13/1997)
This memorandum transmits EPA's "Policy Towards Landowners and Transferees of Federal Facilities," (Policy) which addresses potential liability concerns of landowners and transferees (e.g., lessees) who acquire Federal facility property.
Guidance on EPA Concurrence in the Identification of Uncontaminated Parcels under CERCLA Section 120 (h)(4)
This memorandum is intended to provide guidance concerning the implementation of CERCLA section 120 (h)(4), as amended in 1996.
Fast-Track Cleanup at Closing DoD Installations
Based on the success the Department has had with the Fast Track Cleanup program at installations in previous base closure rounds, the program is being extended to bases selected for closure or realignment in 1995. To implement Fast Track Cleanup at these locations and continue the program at bases in the previous closure rounds, the Fast Track Cleanup policies listed in this document are being reissued with modifications.
Transmittal of the Revised Model Comfort Letter Clarifying NPL Listing, Uncontaminated Parcel Determinations, and CERCLA Liability Involving Transfers of Federally Owned Property (6 pp, 112K)
This memorandum transmits EPA’s revised model comfort letter which addresses various issues concerning perceived National Priorities List (NPL) stigma and Superfund liability.
Memorandum of Understanding between the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Department of Defense
The purpose of this Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) is to establish responsibilities and funding for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) assistance in accelerating cleanup at closing DoD installations.
Base Reuse Implementation Manual (BRIM) - December 1997 (PDF) (449 pp, 2.3MB)
Environmental Requirements for Federal Agency-to-Agency Property Transfer
This policy memorandum clarifies the environmental requirements which must be met for the transfer of Navy/Marine Corps BRAC property to another federal agency.
Asbestos, Lead Paint and Radon Policies at BRAC Properties (Microsoft Word) (4 pp, 9K)
The purpose of this memorandum is to request that you implement the attached Department of Defense (DoD) policies on asbestos, lead paint and radon at base realignment and closure (BRAC) properties.
Military Munitions/Unexploded Ordnance
Handbook on the Management of Munitions Response Actions (05/2005)
The handbook is designed to provide a common nomenclature to aid in the management of munitions and explosives of concern (MEC) which includes unexploded ordnance (UXO), abandoned and/or buried munitions (discarded military munitions, or DMM), and soil with properties that are reactive and/or ignitable due to contamination with munitions constituents.
DoD and EPA Management Principles for Implementing Response Actions at Closed, Transferring, and Transferred (CTT) Ranges (03/07/2000)
A set of management principles to address UXO at Closed, Transferring, and Transferred Ranges, developed jointly by DoD and EPA.
Revised Assessment Guidance for Perchlorate (January 8, 2009) (PDF) (2 pp, 71K)
This memorandum recommends that where no federal or state applicable or relevant and appropriate (ARAR) requirements exist under federal or state laws, 15 μg/L (or 15 ppb) is recommended as the preliminary remediation goal for perchlorate when making CERCLA site-specific cleanup decisions where there is an actual or potential drinking water exposure pathway.
This FFRRO page provides Quality Assurance Policy and Guidance, Data Quality, and Background.
Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Information System (CERCLIS)
Search Superfund Site Information
The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Information System (CERCLIS) Database is an extensive database that contains general information on sites across the nation and U.S. territories, including information on location, contaminants, and cleanup actions taken. CERCLIS is also a planning tool, used in aiding workload forecasts. The regions are responsible for entering the site-specific information.
Superfund Program Implementation Manual (SPIM)
The Superfund Program Implementation Manual (SPIM) is a planning document that defines program management priorities, procedures, and practices for the Superfund program (including Federal facilities). The SPIM provides a link between the Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA), EPA's Strategic Plan, and the Superfund program's internal processes for setting priorities, meeting program goals, and tracking performance. It establishes the process to track overall program progress through program targets and measures.
Measure: The Superfund Comprehensive Accomplishments Plan (SCAP) is used by the Superfund National Program, the managers, the AA OSWER, OECA, and others to monitor the progress each region and the overall program is making towards achieving the Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA) targets and annual performance goals.
To more clearly reflect the relationship between GPRA and the SCAP process, GPRA annual performance goals and measures and program targets and measures are defined as follows:
GPRA Annual Performance Goals (APG) and GPRA Annual Performance Measures (APM) - The Agency’s Annual Plan describes the specific annual performance goals, annual performance measures, and activities aimed at achieving the performance goals at NPL sites that will be carried out during the year. APGs are the specific activities that the Agency plans to conduct during the fiscal year in an effort towards achieving its long-term strategic goals and objectives identified in the EPA Strategic Plan.
APMs are used by managers to determine how well a program or activity is doing in achieving milestones that have been set for the year. Program Targets and Measures are activities deemed essential to tracking overall program progress. Program targets are used to identify and track the number of actions that each region is expected to perform during the year and to evaluate program progress. Program measures are used to show progress made in achieving program priorities.
For a complete list of federal facility program targets and measures please see page D-10, D-11, and D-12 in Appendix D of the Superfund Program Implementation Manual (SPIM) Fiscal Year 2006/2007.
Institutional Controls (ICs)
Institutional controls are actions, such as legal controls, that help minimize the potential for human exposure to contamination by ensuring appropriate land or resource use. Although it is EPA's expectation that treatment or engineering controls should be used to address principle threat wastes and that groundwater should be returned to its beneficial use whenever practicable, ICs can and do play an important role in remedies.
ICs are used when contamination is first discovered, when remedies are ongoing and when residual contamination remains onsite at a level that does not allow for unrestricted use and unlimited exposure after cleanup. The National Contingency Plan (NCP) emphasizes that ICs are meant to supplement engineering controls and that ICs should rarely be the sole remedy at a site.
Institutional Controls: A Guide to Planning, Implementing, Maintaining, and Enforcing Institutional Controls at Contaminated Sites (PIME IC Guidance) (PDF) (44 pp, 452K)
This guide identifies and addresses many of the common issues that may be encountered when using ICs pursuant to several of the Agency’s cleanup programs (Superfund remedial and removal, federal facilities, Brownfields, underground storage tanks, and Resource Conservation and Recovery Act sites). It also provides an overview of the Agency’s policy regarding the roles and responsibilities of stakeholders involved in various aspects of the IC life cycle, namely the planning, implementing, maintaining, and enforcing of ICs.
Institutional Controls: A Guide to Preparing Institutional Control Implementation and Assurance Plans at Contaminated Sites (ICIAP) guidance (PDF)(16 pp, 160K)
This guide provides EPA Regions with a template for developing IC plans (i.e., ICIAPs) at contaminated sites where the response action includes ICs. An ICIAP is a document designed to systematically: (a) establish and document the activities associated with implementing and ensuring the long-term stewardship of ICs: and (b) specify the persons and/or entities that will be responsible for conducting these activities. This guidance is a companion document to the PIME IC Guidance.
Sample Federal Facility Land Use Control ROD Checklist with Suggested Language (LUC Checklist), OSWER Directive 9355.6-12 (PDF) (6 pp, 288K About PDF)
EPA Regional programs are responsible for ensuring that land use controls (LUCs) or ICs are properly documented for federal facility NPL sites and for some BRAC sites. The LUC checklist describes the critical LUC commitments and descriptions which are needed to ensure protectiveness.
Institutional Controls: A Citizen’s Guide to Understanding Institutional Controls at Superfund, Brownfields, Federal Facilities, Underground Storage Tanks, and Resource Conservation and Recovery Act Cleanups (PDF) (9 pp, 1.6MB) (03/01/2005)
This guide defines ICs and other related terms, discusses the different types of lCs, discusses when, why, and how ICs are used, identifies entities that may be involved in the i mplementation, monitoring and enforcement of lCs, and discusses the role of the community throughout the IC life-cycle.
Institutional Controls and Transfer of Real Property under CERCLA Section 120(h)(3)(A), (B) or (C)
This document provides guidance to the EPA on the exercise of EPA's discretion under CERCLA section 120(h)(3)(A),(B), or (C) when EPA is called upon to evaluate institutional controls as part of a remedial action.
One Cleanup Program
Improving RCRA/CERCLA Coordination at Federal Facilities (PDF) (4 pp, 1.7MB) (12/21/2005)
The policy re-emphasizes the 1996 EPA policy on RCRA/CERCLA coordination, and encourages early and continued coordination between Federal facilities and regulatory agencies, including states. EPA encourages regions, states and federal agencies to integrate cleanup activities and regulatory requirements to ensure that activities proceed expeditiously and efficiently, minimizing duplication of effort and second-guessing of remedial decisions.
Policy on Joint Repositories at Mixed-Ownership Hardrock Mine Sites - OSWER Directive (PDF) (15 pp, 1.9MB) (04/26/2005)
The "Policy on Joint Repositories at Mixed-Ownership Hardrock Mine Sites" encourages EPA Regions to work with federal land management agencies in considering the benefits of using joint repositories as a potential cleanup option to address human health and environmental risks at abandoned mixed-ownership, hardrock mine sites, and/or mining-impacted watersheds.
Lead Regulator Policy for Cleanup Activities at Federal Facilities on the National Priorities List (11/06/1997)
This policy furthers the RCRA/CERCLA coordination concepts presented in "Coordination Between RCRA Corrective Action and Closure at CERCLA Site Activities," and focuses on the unique coordination issues associated with Federal facilities listed on the NPL.
Coordination Between RCRA Corrective Action and Closure and CERCLA Site Activities (9 pp, 553K) (09/24/1996)
This memorandum discusses three areas: 1) acceptance of decisions made by other remedial programs, 2) deferral of activities and coordination among EPA RCRA, EPA CERCLA and state/tribal cleanup programs, and 3) coordination of the specific standards and administrative requirements for closure of RCRA regulated units with other cleanup activities.
Lead-Based Paint Guidelines for Disposal of Department of Defense Residential Real Property - A Field Guide (December 1999) (PDF) (58 pp, 597K)
DoD and EPA have developed this joint interim final Field Guide.
Management of Lead-Based Paint in Residential and Non-Residential Areas at Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) Properties (PDF) (3 pp, 357K) (05/17/1999)
Memo transmitting the agreements EPA and DoD reached on August 14, 1998, and to provide a schedule for completing the actions the agencies agreed to jointly undertake.
Program Assessment Rating Tool (PART)
Program Assessment Rating Tool (PART)
Office of Management and Budget's PART website.
Federal Facilities Hazardous Waste Docket
Long Term Stewardship (LTS) and Post Construction Completion (PCC)
Final National Strategy to Manage Post Construction Completion Activities at Superfund Sites (October 2005) (PDF) (15 pp, 241K)
The PCC Strategy is a management framework of goals, with recommended approaches and initiatives, that is designed to provide greater assurance that remedies put in place under CERCLA remain protective over the long-term.
Long Term Stewardship Task Force Report and the Development of Implementation Options for the Task Force Recommendations (10/11/2005)
Long term stewardship (LTS) applies to sites and properties where long-term management of contaminated environmental media is necessary to protect human health and the environment over time. EPA formed the LTS Task Force in 2004 to evaluate the state of long-term stewardship across its various waste cleanup programs. The Task Force released this report to address a variety of challenges facing EPA and its partners responsible for ensuring LTS.
Memorandum Of Understanding on Long-Term Stewardship at Federal Facilities in the United States (04/09/2003)
The purpose of this MOU is to provide a common understanding and basis for discussion and coordination between ECOS and relevant federal agencies regarding LTS.
National Environmental Justice Advisory Council
NEJAC was chartered in 1993 as a federal advisory committee that provides independent advice, consultation, and recommendations to the EPA Administrator on matters related to environmental justice.
OSWER Response to NEJAC Report on Federal Facilities (PDF) (2 pp, 70K) (10/12/2005)
OSWER's response to recommendations made by NEJAC in their October 2004 report.
Environmental Justice and Federal Facilities: Recommendations for Improving Stakeholder Relations Between Federal Facilities and Environmental Justice Communities (October 2004) (PDF) (94 pp, 1.4MB)
This NEJAC Federal facilities Working Group's report provides recommendations to EPA and other federal agencies on how to improve communication, cultural sensitivity, health services, lack of resources and stakeholder influence in the decision-making processes at Federal facilities in communities striving to reach environmental justice.
The Model Plan for Public Participation (February 2000) (PDF) (20 pp, 389K)
This model plan can be used as a tool that will enhance the public participation process.
Environmental Justice Fact Sheet (April 1996)
This fact sheet explains how and why environmental justice came into the EPA.
EPA Insight Policy Paper: Executive Order #12898 on Environmental Justice
A memorandum from President Clinton to the heads of all departments and agencies on "Executive Order on Federal Actions to Address Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations" from February 11, 1994.
Tribes and Federal Facilities
Tribes and Federal Facilities
Tribal governments have distinct roles in cleanups of Federal facilities under treaties with the U.S. government. Accordingly, FFRRO works in partnership with tribal governments, both at the facility level and at the national policy-making level.
National Tribal Environmental Council (NTEC)
NTEC is a national tribal organization that provides outreach and conducts research on a variety of hazardous substance contamination issues that impact tribes.
Federal Facilities Restoration and Reuse Office Tribal Program (PDF) (2 pp, 8.6MB) (March 2011)
In ongoing efforts to strengthen communication with American Indians living on or near Federal facilities regarding progress made throughout the environmental restoration process, FFRRO works to involve tribes in the cleanup process through various forums. This publication is a general brochure about EPA’s involvement at Federal facilities around Indian Country.
Superfund Community Involvement Handbook (April 2005) (PDF) (156 pp, 2.5MB)
This handbook presents legal and policy requirements for Superfund community involvement and additional suggestions for involving the community in the Superfund process.
Federal Facilities Environmental Restoration Dialogue Committee (June 1999) (PDF) (7 pp, 115K)
This introductory brochure outlines the goals and purpose of the FFERDC.
Federal Facilities Environmental Restoration Dialogue Committee (FFERDC) - 1996
A comprehensive document detailing consensus policy recommendations aimed at improving the process by which Federal facility environmental cleanup decisions are made.
Superfund Community Involvement Toolkit
The Superfund Community Involvement Toolkit is a comprehensive and practical tool for promoting successful community participation in the Superfund process. The Toolkit contains 47 tools, each of which describes activities that Superfund Site Teams have used successfully or provides information on available resources.
U.S. Department of Energy Office of Environmental Management - Site-Specific Advisory Board (SSAB)
Site-Specific Advisory Boards (SSAB) provide consensus advice and recommendations to DOE’s environmental restoration and waste management activities.
Department of Defense Restoration Advisory Boards
Restoration Advisory Board Rule Handbook (March 2007) (PDF) (34 pp, 2.2MB)