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Waste and Cleanup Risk Assessment

RCRA Risk Assessment

EPA's Risk Assessment Programs:

EPA'’s Risk Assessment Portal

View Waste and Cleanup Risk Assessment program-specific resources organized by topic:

Chemical Accident Prevention

Federal Facilities Restoration and Reuse

Resource and Conservation Recovery Act

Superfund

Additional RCRA Information:

Corrective Action

Vapor Intrusion

Combustion

Hazardous Waste Identification

Industrial Waste

EPA's solid and hazardous waste program was established under the Resource and Conservation Recovery Act (RCRA). Within RCRA, risk assessment is used in a variety of ways. Risk information is an essential factor in determining which industrial wastes are judged to be hazardous and should therefore be managed under the RCRA hazardous waste system. Risk assessment is also used in targeting waste minimization efforts and in issuing operating permits. Similar to its use in the Superfund program, risk assessment is also used to determine the need for cleanup actions at permitted facilities and in setting cleanup goals for human health and ecological receptors. The goal of all these efforts is to avoid or minimize risks from the generation and management of hazardous wastes.

Choose a topic at the top of the page to view RCRA-related Risk Assessment information.

RCRA Risk Assessment Paradigm
This diagram represents the components of ecological and human health risk assessments in the CERCLA (Superfund) and RCRA programs. Risk Assessments may proceed in a straightforward, linear fashion, but often repeat stages depending on sampling and analytical results and on decisions made by risk assessors and risk managers. Hence, the components of a risk assessment are shown in a circular fashion, rather than strictly linear (click on the map for more information on the various topics).

RCRA Risk Assessment: Ecological: Planning and Scoping RCRA Risk Assessment: Ecological: Problem Formulation RCRA Risk Assessment: Ecological: Stressor Response and Exposure Analysis RCRA Risk Assessment: Ecological: Risk Characterization RCRA Risk Assessment: Human Health: Risk Characterization RCRA Risk Assessment: Human Health: Planning and Scoping RCRA Risk Assessment: Human Health: Acute Hazards RCRA Risk Assessment: Human Health: Toxicity (Hazard Identification and Dose Response) Human Health: Exposure Assessment RCRA Risk Assessment: Risk Management

Although Ecological Risk Assessments in RCRA are often done in an eight-step process, those steps can be combined into the four categories in the "Ecological Risk Assessment" circle. For more information on the eight-step process please visit either of the following links:

For additional information on the Human Health process in RCRA, see Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund (RAGS) Part A

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