Water Resources | Compliance Assistance Resources
Public Water Systems
EPA's Tribal Public Water System & Underground Injection Control Programs Web site is the place to start and obtain information about federal regulation of public water systems in Indian country, including EPA direct implementation and tribal primacy.
EPA's Office of Ground Water & Drinking Water, Small Drinking Water Systems Web site contains a wealth of information pertaining to small drinking water systems.
EPA's Drinking Water Academy provides classroom and Web-based training and materials pertaining to SDWA implementation.
EPA's Drinking Water Infrastructure Grants Tribal Set-Aside Program provides information on the Drinking Water State Revolving Fund (DWSRF) established under SDWA, which make funds available to finance infrastructure improvements of drinking water systems, including those that serve Indian tribes.
EPA Region 10 Tribal Water Program provides information on the Program activities in the Pacific Northwest.
EPA's Radon in Drinking Water Web site provides information on radon in drinking water including public health standards and risk assessment report by the National Academy of Sciences.
Planning and Tracking Forms for Public Water Systems Sampling and Testing provide tribes with specific information and instruction about when to monitor, sample, or test. The goal is to enable systems to remain in compliance with the requirements of CWA and SDWA. Contact Mark Robertson (email@example.com) or at (404) 562-9639.
Tribal and Other Non-Federal Organizations
Native American Water Association provides tribal water and wastewater operators, managers, administrators, utility commissions and Tribal Councils with continued training and technical assistance in their goals to: strengthen tribal sovereignty, self-determination and protect health and environment in Indian country.
Office of Water Programs , a non-profit organization operating under the California State University, Sacramento Foundation, provides training and materials for water treatment plants, water distribution systems, wastewater collection systems, municipal and industrial wastewater treatment and reclamation facilities, and also for pretreatment facility inspectors and environmental compliance inspectors.
National Environmental Services Center provides technical assistance and information about drinking water, wastewater, environmental training, and solid waste management to communities serving fewer than 10,000 individuals.
National Drinking Water Clearinghouse at West Virginia University helps small communities by collecting, developing, and providing timely information relevant to drinking water issues. It is intended for communities with fewer than 10,000 residents and the organizations that work with them. It offers training and free telephone consultation.
Small Utilities Service Corporation received an EPA grant to provide specific training and technical assistance to water systems located in Indian country (which for this grant this means inside of existing reservation boundaries) in Oregon, Washington, Idaho, and Alaska.
EPA's Office of Wastewater Management, Clean Water Indian Program Web site details tribal financial assistance programs and initiatives, contacts, publications and success stories.
EPA's Clean Water Tribal Resource Directory for Wastewater Treatment Assistance identifies sources of financial and technical assistance for Tribal wastewater treatment programs and infrastructure.
EPA's Total Maximum Daily Loads Web site.
Water Quality Training
The Alaska Regional Office of Native American Fish & Wildlife Society is in the fifth year of providing training to Alaskan Native villages on water quality assessment and monitoring.
Our Water Our Future: Saving our Tribal Life Force Together is a video that shows the efforts of the Pueblo of Acoma in New Mexico and the Confederated Tribes of the Chehalis Reservation in Washington in developing water quality standards. Tribal elders and leaders and the directors and staffs of tribal environmental departments recount their experiences.
Reference Guide to Water Quality Standards for Indian Tribes (PDF) (44 pp, 2.79MB, About PDF) provides tribes with an overview of the water quality standards program and a guide to EPA reference materials on the program.
Water Quality Standards Training Academy offers basic and intermediate training on the entire range of water quality and water standards issues.
EPA's Water Quality Reporting Web site provides information on the water quality monitoring and reporting required by CWA 305(b).
EPA's Clean Lakes Program Web site describes the processes related to identification and implementation of pollution controls to mitigate lake water quality problems. Contact EPA Regional Nonpoint Source Coordinators or EPA Regional Indian Coordinators.
Underground Injection Control
Protecting Drinking Water Through Underground Injection Control: Drinking Water Pocket Guide #2 provides an overview of the UIC programs: importance to drinking water, the Safe Drinking Water mandate, the classification system, historical time line, five pathways of contamination, information on each well class, strategic program priorities, contact information and more. Contact (800) 426-4791 for more information.
American Indian Underground Storage Tanks Project creates a reserve of UST Certified Inspectors to provide tribal governments with the technical expertise to develop strong effective UST management programs. Includes information on developing tribal UST laws and regulations and enacting tribal cleanup standards. Co-sponsored by EPA and the Inter Tribal Council of Arizona, Inc .
Source Water Protection
Drinking Water Quality in Indian Country: Protecting the Sources (PDF) (4 pp, 135K, About PDF) contains information on the prevention of contamination of source water, which is one important part of providing safe water at the tap.
EPA's Wellhead Protection (WHPP) Program is a pollution prevention and management program used to protect underground-based sources of drinking water. Visit their Web site for more information.
PROJECT WET (Water Education for Teachers) Curriculum and Activity Guide is a collection of over ninety, broad-based water resource activities. Contact National Headquarters (ProjectWET@montana.edu) or at (406) 994-5392.
Building Site Location & Smart Growth Web site provides comprehensive guidance and recommendations for optimizing site potential.
EPA's Smart Growth Web site provides links and resources on development that serves the economy, the community, and the environment.
Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Green Building Rating System provides information on renovating existing buildings in a manner that maximizes operational efficiency while minimizing environmental impacts.
LEED Information for Commercial Interiors provides information about major interior renovations.
Whole Business Design Guide is the gateway to up-to-date information on integrated whole building design techniques and technologies.
Guide to Designing for Deconstruction and Material Reuse associated with the selective disassembly of buildings to reuse and recycle parts.
Federal Green Construction Guide for Specifiers is designed to help federal building project managers meet various green mandates as established by federal law and Executive Orders, as well as, EPA and DOE program recommendations.
Green Indoor Environments Program provides information on building greener, which includes using healthier, less polluting and more resource-efficient practices.
Comprehensive Guide to the Energy Star Program offers information to help businesses and individuals protect the environment through superior energy efficiency, including savings associated with heating and cooling systems, lighting, and appliances.
EPA's Water Efficiency Program offers information on helping to reduce the need for costly water supply and wastewater treatment facilities through water efficiency practices and products.
Non-Point Source Pollution Reduction Resources, offers resources including information on low-impact development utilizing/retaining stormwater on-site, green roofs, rain gardens.
Overview of Environmentally Beneficial and Water Efficient Landscaping provides resources related to cost efficient and environmentally friendly landscaping.
Comprehensive Guide to the Green Power Partnership by offers information everything needed to know about green power and how to purchase it.
DOE's Gateway to Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Resources provides U.S. Department of Energy links to resources related to renewable energy.
General Assistance Materials
Everything You Wanted to Know About Environmental Regulations..But Were Afraid to Ask offers brief, clear information on many topics and identifies where tribes can turn for in-depth information and assistance. Contact: EPA Region 7, Elizabeth Wendt (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Compliance and Technical Assistance Training
EPA's National Enforcement Training Institute (NETI) trains federal, state, tribal, and local lawyers, inspectors, civil and criminal investigators, and technical experts in the enforcement of the Nation's environmental laws. NETI provides a comprehensive and integrated approach to training in which enforcement and compliance personnel are trained in a range of specialties in order to work together more effectively as a team. The Government Training, National Enforcement Training Institute Web site provides more information.
Emergency Management Framework for Tribal Governments courses offered by the Federal Emergency Management Agency to tribal members who have emergency management responsibilities. The Tribal Information page of the FEMA Web site provides more information.
EPA's Working Effectively with Tribal Governments Training is designed to increase EPA staff understanding of tribal legal and cultural issues, acquaint EPA staff with the EPA Indian policy and its place in the management of environmental programs, and provide suggestions and practical tips for EPA staff members who work with tribes. EPA's Tribal Training Materials page of the American Indian Environmental Office Web site provides more information.
Western Community Policing Center's Tribal Training Program promotes safe, healthy, and stable Indian reservation communities by providing tribal justice systems with the funding and technical assistance necessary to effectively reduce crime and administer justice.
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) Tribal Environmental Health Education Program (PDF) (2 pp, 160K, About PDF) provides resources for tribal health professionals to identify, prevent, and respond to health issues related to environmental contamination.
Training Tribal Environmental Professionals: Using a Project, Not a Projector [by P. Ellsworth, et al.,] offers training that is sensitive to the vast cultural heritage of Native Americans.
EPA's Grant Writing Tutorial is interactive software that walks users through the grant-writing process and helps them learn to write more competitive grants. The program includes detailed information and tips on writing a grant proposal, how to complete a grant application package, and program-specific sections on three EPA grant programs: environmental justice, environmental justice through pollution prevention, and environmental education.
Cherokee Nation Geographic Information System Training Program is for tribal map-making professionals and those interested in learning more about tribal mapping methods and GIS technology. Contact Laura Harjo (email@example.com) or at (800) 256-0671, ext. 2421.
Compliance Assistance Centers
Each Compliance Assistance Center addresses real world issues faced by a specific industry or government sector. The Centers deliver information in many forms: Web sites, telephone assistance lines, fax-back systems, and e-mail discussion groups. The Centers help tribes understand an array of environmental requirements, and offers information on how to save money by preventing pollution in the first place.
Selected Enforcement and Compliance Guidance Related to Indian Country
Protecting Public Health and the Environment Through Enforcement and Compliance Assurance in Indian Country, A Strategy for Results (March 2004) is provided on the Compliance and Enforcement Tribal Resources Web site.
Executive Order 13175, Consultation and Coordination with Indian Tribal Governments (November 2000) is provided on the Federal Register Environmental Documents Web site.
EPA Policy for the Administration of Environmental Programs on Indian Reservations (November 8, 1984) Web site provides information about and the text of the policy.
Guidance on the Enforcement Principles Outlined in the 1984 Indian Policy (January, 17, 2001), the EPA's Tribal Compliance and Enforcement Web site provides links related to the guidance for the 1984 Indian Policy.
EPA Region 4 Policy and Practices for Environmental Protection in Indian Country (November, 2001) provides guidance and information for employees of Region 4 working with federally recognized tribes.
EPA Region 5 Direct Implementation Strategy for Indian Country for Fiscal Year 2005, the Region 5 Indian Environmental Office Web site provides links to the 2005 and 2006 versions of the document.
EPA Region 8 Guidance for Compliance Monitoring, Compliance Assistance and Enforcement Procedures in Indian Country (January 10, 2001) sets the procedures for compliance assistance and enforcement procedures in Region 8 Indian country.
Interim Final National Policy Statement for Underground Storage Tank Program Implementation in Indian Country (OSWER Directive 9610.15A).
For related information visit EPA’s National Indian Country Enforcement and Compliance Assurance Priority site and EPA’s Enforcement and Compliance Assurance Program in Indian country site.