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Tribal Compliance Assistance Center

Waste Management | Compliance Assistance Resources

EPA's Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Compliance Assistance Web site provide links to information, documents, tools, and other material related to waste management and hazardous substances.

Waste Management Resources
  Waste Inspections
  Waste Issues in Indian Country
  Solid Waste, Tribal Codes
  Solid Waste, Backyard Burning
  Hazardous Waste Material
  Training, Solid and Hazardous Waste
  Construction and Demolition Waste
  Underground Storage Tanks
  Emergency Planning
  Mining Waste in Indian Country
  Military Munition Waste
  Radioactive Materials
  Disposal of Spent Laboratory Chemicals in Schools
General Assistance Materials
  Compliance and Technical Assistance Training
  Compliance Assistance Centers
Selected Enforcement Guidance

Waste Management Resources

Waste Inspections

EPA's Waste Compliance Monitoring Web site offers information on conducting inspections at hazardous waste facilities, underground storage tanks, and recycled used oil facilities. This information includes inspection manuals and other guidance and provides a uniform framework for assuring compliance with statutes and regulations on the management of hazardous wastes and underground storage tanks.

Solid Waste Issues in Indian Country

EPA's Waste Management in Indian Country Web site provides waste management information and links to related sites.

Waste Management in Indian Country, Publications provides related publications, highlights and information about grants, regulations, case studies, and education.

Tribal Decision Makers Guide to Solid Waste Management, November 2003 provides an overview of tribal management of solid waste. Chapters can be downloaded individually or the document can be accessed in its entirety.

Decision Maker's Guide to Solid Waste Management provides an informative guide for those who practice waste management. It contains both technical and economic information to help practitioners reduce waste and integrate waste management systems.

Criteria for Solid Waste Disposal Facilities: A Guide for Owners and Operators provides a link to the booklet.

Guide for Initiating Solid Waste Management Planning on Indian Lands, for more information, contact Faith Williams, DOI, BIA.

Site-Specific Flexibility Requests for Municipal Solid Waste Landfills in Indian Country, Draft Guidance can be found on EPA's Regulations and Standards page of the Waste Management in Indian Country Web site.

Source Reduction Program Potential Manual (PDF) (34 pp, 257K, About PDF) A Planning Tool is a manual that provides information concerning the impact of a number of source reduction options.

State and Tribal Implementation Rule discusses the process through which tribes may seek approval of tribal permit programs for MSWLFs to ensure that the landfills comply with the federal criteria. The document explains EPA procedures for evaluating tribal permit programs for solid waste landfills and provides a detailed description of the components of the application and approval process. Document Number: EPA530-F-95-028. Contact EPA's Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response, RCRA Information Center (rcra-docket@epa.gov) or at (800) 424-9346.

Open Dump Cleanup Project Helps Tribes Fight Waste (PDF) (2 pp, 222K, About PDF) is a document that provides information and case studies to help tribes with waste management issues.

Waste Reduction Tips for Hotels and Casinos in Indian Country (PDF) (6 pp, 602K, About PDF) is a document that provides information and case studies to help tribes with waste management issues specifically concerning tribally owned hotels, motels, resorts, casinos and bingo halls.

Training and Technical Assistance Directory for Tribal Solid Waste Managers (PDF) (96 pp, 592K, About PDF) is a document designed to provide various levels of technical help and training resources for tribal solid waste managers.

Grant Resources for Solid Waste Activities in Indian Country provides resources, tips and other information concerning grants for tribal solid waste activities.

Publications on Solid Waste Management in Indian Country provides solid waste management information and other related material.

Partnerships in Solid Waste Management (PDF) (4 pp, 52K, About PDF) describes the benefits of partnering, obstacles to partnering, developing a partnership agreement, and working in partnership after entering into such an agreement. It also provides a case study describing the partnership of the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians with Swain County, North Carolina.

The Site-Specific Flexibility Requests (PDF) (30 pp, 212K, About PDF) for Municipal Solid Waste Landfills in Indian Country, which is a draft guidance document, describes a process by which MSWLF owners and operators in Indian country can request design and operating flexibility.

Preparing Successful Solid Waste Grant Proposals (PDF) (4 pp, 74K, About PDF) describes procedures that tribes and Alaska Native Villages can follow when applying for solid waste management grants.

Landfills in the Bush: A Guide to Opening, Maintaining, and Closing Remote Solid Waste Sites, Exit EPA Disclaimer Developed by the Alaska Native Villages by the Association of Village Council Presidents, Inc, contains:

Recycling Guide for Native American Nations (PDF) (20 pp, 218K, About PDF) provides information on setting up a recycling program (collecting materials, staffing, educating the community, and reducing waste), creating recycling jobs, and buying recycled products.

State and Tribal Partnerships to Promote Jobs Through Recycling (PDF) (5 pp, 257K, About PDF) provides information about two of the program's four components: recycling and reuse business assistance centers (RBAC) and recycling economic development advocates (REDA). It explains how the programs foster recycling-based businesses and identifies the beneficiaries of the REDA and RBAC programs.

Tribal Waste Journal: Alaska Villages Chart their own Course toward Solid Waste Solutions (PDF) (24 pp, 820K, About PDF) highlights some Alaskan villages that have overcome various difficulties concerning waste management.

Tribal Waste Journal: Against All Odds: Transfer Station Triumphs (PDF) (24 pp, 1.3MB, About PDF) highlights successful transfer stations and provides ideas and resources for future improvements and community action.

Tribal Waste Journal: Respect Our Resources: Prevent Illegal Dumping (PDF) (22 pp, 1.2MB, About PDF) features communities that have been successful with preventing illegal dumping as well as community action initiatives and resources.

Design and Guidance for Installation of Final Covers addresses the technical aspects of closure and post-closure plans for each open dump in Indian Country, including how to comply with Federal regulations.

Waste Management on Indian Reservations: An Introduction for Tribal Decision Makers provides information on waste management and how to initiate action to effectively manage waste on reservations. Summarizes applicable laws, regulations, and guidelines governing municipal solid waste and hazardous waste; defines terms; and provides references for further information. Contact DOI, BIA, Branch of Environmental Services at (202) 208-4791.

First Annual Report: Open Dumps on Indian Lands (PDF) (9 pp, 41K, About PDF) provides information on 868 dumps, including ownership, cover status, population served, location, dump contents, and other details.

Proposed Procedures and Criteria for Determining Adequacy of State and Tribal Municipal Solid Waste Landfill Permitting Programs describes what tribes must do to obtain approval of their programs. EPA's Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response, RCRA Information Center (rcra-docket@epa.gov), or at (800) 424-9346.

Publications on Solid Waste Management in Indian Country (txt, 60KB) describes publications of EPA, BIA, and Native American organizations that are designed to assist tribal leaders, environmental personnel, and the general public in developing, expanding, and implementing solid waste management programs. Document Number: EPA530-B-96-008.

Solid Waste Program Development Seminar provides information about effective dates of EPA regulations and closure of existing dumps and addresses the importance of developing a solid waste program. Contact Indian Health Service Organization, Office of Environmental Health and Engineering Room 309 Federal Building Address, Aberdeen, SD 57401.

Solid Waste Resource Guide for Native Americans: Where to Find Funding and Technical Assistance, Spring 1994 identifies potential sources of federal financial and technical assistance for safely managing solid waste, implementing the requirements of RCRA, and enhancing tribal capability. Contact Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response, RCRA Information Center (rcra-docket@epa.gov) or at (800) 424-9346.

Waste Transfer Stations: A Manual for Decision-Making (PDF) (64 pp, 997K, About PDF) defines what a transfer station is and how it relates to municipal solid waste management in the context of a community's total waste management plan. The manual identifies issues and factors to consider when deciding whether or not to build a transfer station, planning and designing it, selecting a site, and involving the community.

Solid Waste, Tribal Codes

EPA's Waste Management in Indian Country Web site provides additional information.

Case Studies of Successful Tribal Solid Waste Management Programs provides examples of successful tribal programs as resources for other communities.

A Model Tribal Solid Waste Management Code by The Inter-Tribal Council of Arizona, Inc. Exit EPA Disclaimer is a generic code, which tribes can customize to suit their own situations and then enact. It is designed to be comprehensive, covering many areas of solid waste management, such as recycling, landfill design and operation, and collection and transportation of solid waste.

Campo Indian Reservation Solid Waste Management Code (txt, 188KB) provides legislative findings and purpose, which defines and explains model waste management code.

Inter-Tribal Council of Arizona Solid Waste Code Model provides information pertinent to models of solid waste codes and compliance assistance related to such projects. Contact Inter-Tribal Council of Arizona, Inc. at (602) 248-0071.

Solid Waste, Backyard Burning

EPA's Backyard Burning Web site provides resources and information about backyard burning with a link to tribal information.

Tribal Leaders are Key to Reducing Backyard Burning (PDF) (2 pp, 285K, About PDF) is a resource for tribal leaders concerning backyard burning in relation to tribal policy, health, and community action.

Reducing Backyard Burning in Indian Country (PDF) (2 pp, 290K, About PDF) provides facts about the health hazards of backyard burning on Indian Lands.

Hazardous Waste Material

RCRA Orientation Manual provides introductory information on solid and hazardous waste management program requirements under RCRA. Covers an introduction to RCRA; managing solid waste, hazardous waste, and underground storage tanks; RCRA's relationship to other environmental statues; and public involvement requirements.

Hazardous Waste Identification describes how to identify whether and why waste is hazardous.

Hazardous Waste Clean-Up Information Exit EPA Disclaimer provides links to a number of hazardous waste clean-up sites such as training, remediation, and databases.

Catalog of Hazardous And Solid Waste Publications lists frequently requested hazardous and solid waste documents released by EPA.

RCRA, Superfund and EPCRA Hotline Training Module: Introduction to: Hazardous Waste Identification (PDF) (30 pp, 144K, About PDF).

Community Emergency Response Training (CERT) for Tribal Nations provides information about CERT for Tribal Nations.

North American Indian Tribes and Nations: Emergency Response Resources Exit EPA Disclaimer provides emergency response resources for Tribes and Nations and links to related FEMA links.

Good Earth and Good Earth Workbook defines hazardous issues facing Alaskan Native villages, includes suggestions on how to assemble a hazardous materials committee, explains how to find, recognize, and handle hazardous materials, and describes how to devise a community hazardous materials plan. Offers a step-by-step guide and checklist for inventorying hazardous materials in communities and preparing for spills and accidents. Contact Alaska Native Health Board Organization's Alaska Health Project at (907) 276-2864.

Training, Solid and Hazardous Waste

Solid Waste Training by the Solid Waste Alaska Network Exit EPA Disclaimer provides information about solid waste training and scheduled events.

National Environmental Training Center for Small Communities Training Packages. Contact Jamie Knotts at West Virginia University Organization, National Environmental Training Center for Small Communities, at (800) 624-8301.

Rural Community Assistance Program Exit EPA Disclaimer provides technical, financial management, and managerial support and training to tribal and rural communities with populations under 10,000.

Training Exchange Web site Exit EPA Disclaimer provides classroom and internet-based course training to environmental staff involved in hazardous waste management and remediation. Partnership with the Interstate Technology Regulatory Council, EPA and the Community Involvement University.

Changing Waste in Changing Times: Solid Waste and Natural Resources Issues in Rural Alaska -- A Teacher's Guide is a curriculum to foster school children's understanding of environmental issues and solid waste management problems in Alaskan Native villages. It emphasizes the involvement of community resources, elders, and health organizations. Contact Northwest Renewable Resources Center Organization at (206) 269-2357.

Indian Health Service Solid Waste Management Training provides information about solid waste management plans, including composition of the waste stream, evaluation of options, development of plans, and implementation of such plans, recycling, and equipment. Contact the Indian Health Service, Office of Environmental Health and Engineering, Room 309 Federal Building Aberdeen, SD 57401.

Compost Operator Training Workshop For Federally-Recognized Native American Tribes, August 16-20, 2004. Qualla Boundary, Cherokee, NC. Contact Davy Simonson (Simonson.davy@epa.gov).

Construction and Demolition Waste

EPA's Construction and Demolition Debris Web site provides basic information, publications and related links.

Construction Industry Compliance Assistance Center Exit EPA Disclaimer.

EPA's Construction and Demolition Debris Publications provides fact sheets, case studies, and references to applicable federal regulations.

Characterization of Building-Related Construction and Demolition Debris (PDF) (94 pp, 1.2MB, About PDF) in the United States characterizes the quantity and composition of building-related construction and demolition (C&D) debris generated in the United States and summarizes the related waste management practices.

Residential Construction Waste Management: A Builder's Field Guide (PDF) Exit EPA Disclaimer (20 pp, 870K, About PDF) How to save money and landfill space is an EPA-funded publication from the National Association of Home Builders Research Center which explains cost-effective techniques for construction waste management. This 32-page field guide presents several approaches builders can take to manage construction waste and provides real case studies to support the recommended actions.

Builder's Guide to Reuse and Recycling: A Directory for Construction and Demolition Materials (PDF) Exit EPA Disclaimer (29 pp, 3.1MB, About PDF) provides practical, cost-saving tips for building professionals on recycling asphalt, glass, and related materials.

Construction and Demolition Waste Publications (PDF) (24 pp, 135K, About PDF) conditionally exempt small quantity generator (CESQG) hazardous waste may be managed at construction and demolition waste landfills if the landfills comply with federal regulations 40 CFR Part 257.

Resource Efficient Residential Construction: Industry Web Directory. The Peaks to Prairies Residential Environment (PDF) Exit EPA Disclaimer (12 pp, 111K, About PDF) Web site provides technical assistance and referrals, industry contacts, and a database of resources and publications.

Environmentally Sound Practices in the Homebuilding Industry Exit EPA Disclaimer is a video training package that covers the basic principles of pollution prevention and environmental compliance for homebuilding projects. Topic areas include the environmental impacts of homebuilding and best management practices for habitat preservation, stormwater management, and erosion and sediment control.

Construction and Demolition (C&D) Waste Management Guide Exit EPA Disclaimer describes resource efficient building practices which will allow residential construction professionals to meet consumer demand, increase profits, provide savings for the consumer and enhance marketing opportunities, while using resources in a sustainable manner.

Haskell Environmental Research Studies Center promotes activities that reduce negative environmental impacts of economic development in Native communities, provide for environmental restoration, and promote environmental health, for the advancement of tribal sovereignty and self-determination. Contact Dan Wildcat at (785) 749-8498.

Underground Storage Tanks

EPA's Office of Underground Storage Tanks Web site provides a variety of resources and links to access information concerning USTs.

EPA's Operating and Maintaining UST Systems provides a wide array of tools to help owners and operators properly operate and maintain UST systems.

Environmental Results Program Workbook Underground Storage Tank helps programs, owners and operators learn how to better comply with UST regulations.

Operating and Maintaining Underground Storage Tank Systems: Practical Help and Checklists contains brief summaries of the federal UST requirements for operation and maintenance as well as practical help that goes beyond the requirements. Checklists link equipment uses and how to keep equipment working properly, including record keeping forms.

Automatic Tank Gauging Systems for Release Detection: Reference Manual for Underground Storage Tank Inspectors provides handouts that UST inspectors can distribute to owners and operators to help them understand the proper operation and maintenance of ATG systems. Contains a summary of specifications, based on third-party evaluations, for ATG systems that detect leaks from USTs and their piping, detectable leak rate/threshold, test period duration, product applicability, calibration requirements, restrictions on the use of the device, vendor contact information, printing and interpreting reports, and sample reports.

Underground Storage Tank Self-Evaluation Checklist helps users comply with most operational requirements for USTs.

Underground Storage Tank Compliance Assistance Package is designed to improve understanding of the regulatory requirements associated with owning or operating USTs. Information is divided into UST-specific subject matter categories, legal requirements, inspections, leak detection, and risk assessment theories, practices and applications.

Preventing Leaks and Spills at Service Stations, A Guide for Facilities for service station owners and operators in Indian Country and the Trust Territories of the Pacific Islands, shows how to comply with federal UST regulations and prevent leaks and spills.

Emergency Planning

Tribal Emergency Management Resource Guide (PDF) (107 pp, 1.4 MB, About PDF) contains resources to build emergency management capabilities. Provides information on legal requirements, risk analysis, emergency operations planning, resource management, and communication and outreach strategies.

Mining Waste in Indian Country

Publications on Mining Waste Management (PDF) (16 pp, 635K, About PDF) in Indian Country provides access to publications and regulations that will help you meet the challenges of managing mining waste.

Mining Waste Rulemaking Docket Supporting Documentation contain technical background information covering EPA's mining waste rulemakings and Report to Congress. These documents identify waste streams produced by mineral processing, potential for mismanagement, waste disposal practices, and human health and environmental damages.

Land Disposal Restrictions, Phase IV, Proposed Rule - Treatment Standards Proposed for Toxicity Characteristic (TC) Metal and Mineral Processing Wastes - April 1997. The proposed rule addresses treatment standards for certain metal wastes and wastes from mineral processing and discusses how the proposed Universal Treatment Standards would apply to wastes from mineral processing operations.

Military Munition Waste

EPA's Military Munitions Final Rule provides information about military munitions waste, which consists of ammunition products and components produced for or used by the military, including unused, damaged, or fired munitions. It includes bombs, rockets, artillery ammunition, small arms ammunition, and mines. If you have military firing ranges on your lands, you should be aware of proper military munitions waste management.

Military Munitions Regulations is the Federal Register page where EPA has finalized regulations that clarify when conventional and chemical military munitions become a hazardous waste under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). Additionally, this rule amends existing regulations regarding emergency responses and RCRA manifest requirements.

Military Munitions Final Rule (62 FR 6622: February 12, 1997).

Environmental Fact Sheet: EPA Finalizes Regulations under RCRA for Military Munitions (txt, 6KB) is a page that provides information about the rule regulating military munitions.

Department of Defense Policy to Implement the EPA's Military Munitions Rule, which is a document that interprets the requirements of EPA's Military Munitions Rule and establishes Department of Defense policy for the management of waste military munitions.

Radioactive Materials

The Transportation Resource Exchange Center (T-REX) Exit EPA Disclaimer is a comprehensive Web site where you will find the answers to complex questions surrounding radioactive materials transportation.

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Disposal of Spent Laboratory Chemicals in Schools

EPA's Chemical Use and Management Web site provides information on the types of chemicals that are used in classrooms and in facility maintenance operations, and suggests thoughtful chemical purchasing and proper chemical use and management (storage, labeling, disposal) for reducing chemical exposures and accidents.

NLM's Tox Town provides an introduction to toxic chemicals and environmental health risks you might encounter in everyday life. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.

Chemicals in Your Community: A Guide to the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act explains a community's rights and opportunities under EPCRA. The guide includes a section on tribes and their roles and responsibilities under EPCRA.

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General Assistance Materials

Everything You Wanted to Know About Environmental Regulations..But Were Afraid to Ask offers brief, clear information on many topics and identifies where tribes can turn for in-depth information and assistance. Contact: EPA Region 7, Elizabeth Wendt (wendt.elizabeth@epa.gov).

Compliance and Technical Assistance Training

EPA's National Enforcement Training Institute (NETI) trains federal, state, tribal, and local lawyers, inspectors, civil and criminal investigators, and technical experts in the enforcement of the Nation's environmental laws. NETI provides a comprehensive and integrated approach to training in which enforcement and compliance personnel are trained in a range of specialties in order to work together more effectively as a team. The Government Training, National Enforcement Training Institute Web site provides more information.

Emergency Management Framework for Tribal Governments courses offered by the Federal Emergency Management Agency to tribal members who have emergency management responsibilities. The Tribal Information page of the FEMA Web site provides more information.

EPA's Working Effectively with Tribal Governments Training is designed to increase EPA staff understanding of tribal legal and cultural issues, acquaint EPA staff with the EPA Indian policy and its place in the management of environmental programs, and provide suggestions and practical tips for EPA staff members who work with tribes. EPA's Tribal Training Materials page of the American Indian Environmental Office Web site provides more information.

Western Community Policing Center's Tribal Training Program Exit EPA Disclaimer promotes safe, healthy, and stable Indian reservation communities by providing tribal justice systems with the funding and technical assistance necessary to effectively reduce crime and administer justice.

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) Tribal Environmental Health Education Program (PDF) (2 pp, 156K, About PDF) provides resources for tribal health professionals to identify, prevent, and respond to health issues related to environmental contamination.

Training Tribal Environmental Professionals: Using a Project, Not a Projector [by P. Ellsworth, et al.,] offers training that is sensitive to the vast cultural heritage of Native Americans.

EPA's Grant Writing Tutorial Exit EPA Disclaimer is interactive software that walks users through the grant-writing process and helps them learn to write more competitive grants. The program includes detailed information and tips on writing a grant proposal, how to complete a grant application package, and program-specific sections on three EPA grant programs: environmental justice, environmental justice through pollution prevention, and environmental education.

Cherokee Nation Geographic Information System Training Program is for tribal map-making professionals and those interested in learning more about tribal mapping methods and GIS technology. Contact Laura Harjo (gis-info@cherokee.org) or at (800) 256-0671, ext. 2421.

Compliance Assistance Centers

Each Compliance Assistance Center Exit EPA Disclaimer addresses real world issues faced by a specific industry or government sector. The Centers deliver information in many forms: Web sites, telephone assistance lines, fax-back systems, and e-mail discussion groups. The Centers help tribes understand an array of environmental requirements, and offers information on how to save money by preventing pollution in the first place.

The Centers Include:
CCAR-GreenLink® Exit EPA Disclaimer ChemAlliance Exit EPA Disclaimer
The Printers' National Environmental Assistance Center Exit EPA Disclaimer The Transportation Center Exit EPA Disclaimer
The Paint and Coatings Resource Center Exit EPA Disclaimer The National Metal Finishing Center Exit EPA Disclaimer
The Printing and Wiring Board Resource Center Exit EPA Disclaimer FedCenter
The Local Government Environmental Assistance Network Exit EPA Disclaimer Environmental Compliance for Automotive Recyclers Exit EPA Disclaimer
The Construction Industry Compliance Assistance Center Exit EPA Disclaimer The Border Compliance Assistance Center Exit EPA Disclaimer

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Selected Enforcement and Compliance Guidance Related to Indian Country

Protecting Public Health and the Environment Through Enforcement and Compliance Assurance in Indian Country, A Strategy for Results (March 2004) is provided on the Compliance and Enforcement Tribal Resources Web site.

Executive Order 13175, Consultation and Coordination with Indian Tribal Governments (November 2000) is provided on the Federal Register Environmental Documents Web site.

EPA Policy for the Administration of Environmental Programs on Indian Reservations (November 8, 1984) Web site provides information about and the text of the policy.

Guidance on the Enforcement Principles Outlined in the 1984 Indian Policy (January, 17, 2001), the EPA's Tribal Compliance and Enforcement Web site provides links related to the guidance for the 1984 Indian Policy.

EPA Region 4 Policy and Practices for Environmental Protection in Indian Country (November, 2001) provides guidance and information for employees of Region 4 working with federally recognized tribes.

EPA Region 5 Direct Implementation Strategy for Indian Country for Fiscal Year 2005, the Region 5 Indian Environmental Office Web site provides links to the 2005 and 2006 versions of the document.

EPA Region 8 Guidance for Compliance Monitoring, Compliance Assistance and Enforcement Procedures in Indian Country (January 10, 2001) sets the procedures for compliance assistance and enforcement procedures in Region 8 Indian country.

Interim Final National Policy Statement for Underground Storage Tank Program Implementation in Indian Country (OSWER Directive 9610.15A).

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For related information visit EPA’s National Indian Country Enforcement and Compliance Assurance Priority site and EPA’s Enforcement and Compliance Assurance Program in Indian country site.

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